Ailleville

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Ailleville
Ailleville Street.JPG
The church and surroundings in Ailleville
Location of Ailleville
Ailleville
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Ailleville
Grand Est region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Ailleville
Coordinates: 48°15′12″N4°40′55″E / 48.2533°N 4.6819°E / 48.2533; 4.6819 Coordinates: 48°15′12″N4°40′55″E / 48.2533°N 4.6819°E / 48.2533; 4.6819
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Aube
Arrondissement Bar-sur-Aube
Canton Bar-sur-Aube
Intercommunality Région de Bar-sur-Aube
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Claude Hackel
Area
1
5.01 km2 (1.93 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [1]
244
  Density49/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
10002 /10200
Elevation156–296 m (512–971 ft)
(avg. 164 m or 538 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Ailleville (French pronunciation:  [ajvil] ) is a commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of northern-central France.

Contents

The inhabitants are known as Aillevillois or Aillevilloises.

Geography

Ailleville is located in the valley of the Aube river some 2 km north-west of Bar-sur-Aube. The commune is traversed from Bar-sur-Aube in the south-east crossing the heart of the commune and the town to exit towards Arsonval in the north-west. There are no other highways in the commune other than small country lanes. There are no villages or hamlets other than Ailleville. The north-east of the commune is dominated by the forests of Envers de Bretonvau and Bois de Val Joudry. The rest of the commune is farmland. The southern part of the commune is traversed by a railway line running from Bar-sur-Aube railway station in the south-east to the next station at Arret-de-Jessains in the north-west. There is no station in the commune with the nearest station at Bar-sur-Aube. The nearest cities are Chaumont some 40 km to the south-east and Troyes some 40 km west.

The Aube river crosses the southern boundary of the commune and forms a small portion of the southern border of the commune. There are no discernible streams in the commune. [2]

Neighbouring Communes and Villages

[2]

History

The village was founded in 6 A.D. with the name "Aquilavilla" (a villa belonging to a Roman legionnaire in Latin). This villa was undoubtedly given to a Roman soldier at the end of his military service next to the famous Agrippa Roman road (Boulogne/Langres/Lyon/Turin). The name of the village changed many times:

The Merovingians established themselves in the Roman village and in 1076 the village changed dramatically with its attachment, along with all the County of Bar sur Aube, to the County of Champagne. With the reputation of the fairs in Champagne and its proximity to Bar sur Aube, the village increased in importance. A Church, an Abbey (the Abbey of Val des Vignes), and a Chateau were built. The old vineyards planted by the Romans became reputable under Louis XIV.

The history of Ailleville was relatively peaceful until the Napoleonic Campaign of 1814. In February, during the Bar-sur-Aube battle, the village was devastated as many others in the area. Twenty-two families in all, most of the inhabitants, were sheltered in the castle. They rebuilt the village afterwards, although several, who were destitute, deprived and helpless, had to depart. [3]

There are some remains of the Gallo-Roman era in the commune. The inhabitants were once known as "Braments."

Administration

The Town Hall Ailleville Mairie.JPG
The Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors of Ailleville [4]

FromToNamePartyPosition
1857Poignee
20012008Jean Beaumont
2008CurrentGérard Carrier [5]

(Not all data is known)

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
2004268    
2006270+0.7%
2007271+0.4%
2008272+0.4%
2009273+0.4%
2010276+1.1%
2011277+0.4%
2012273−1.4%
2013269−1.5%
2014265−1.5%
2015262−1.1%
2016258−1.5%
Ailleville War Memorial Ailleville War Memorial.JPG
Ailleville War Memorial

Politics

Presidential Elections Second Round: [6]

ElectionWinning CandidateParty%
2017 Emmanuel Macron EM 58.62
2012 François Hollande PS 50.92
2007 Nicolas Sarkozy UMP 60.34
2002 Jacques Chirac RPR 76.35

Sites and Monuments

A Sarcophagus and the Cistercian Cross Ailleville Sarcophagus and Cistercian Cross.JPG
A Sarcophagus and the Cistercian Cross
The Lavoir (Public Laundry) Ailleville Lavoir.JPG
The Lavoir (Public Laundry)
Surviving houses from 1814 Ailleville Houses.JPG
Surviving houses from 1814
The Church of Saint Martin Ailleville Church.JPG
The Church of Saint Martin

See also

Notes and references

Notes

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    References

    1. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
    2. 1 2 Google Maps
    3. Peudon, Jean-Louis (2014-07-18). La campagne de 1814 récit et lieux de mémoire: Le jugement de Clausewitz - Les rapports entre populations et troupes alliées (in French). Books on Demand. ISBN   9782322028658.
    4. List of Mayors of France (in French)
    5. Consul General of Aube consulted on 10 April 2008
    6. http://www.lemonde.fr/data/france/presidentielle-2017/
    7. 1 2 Sign on the Church
    8. Marguerite Beau: Essay on the Religious Architecture of Southern Champagne of Aube near Troyes (1991)
    9. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10004539 Statuette: Education of the Virgin (in French) Camera aabb.svg
    10. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10004538 4 Bas-reliefs: the Evangelists (in French) Camera aabb.svg
    11. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10004537 Statue: Saint Nicholas (in French) Camera aabb.svg
    12. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10004536 Statuette: Saint Martin (in French) Camera aabb.svg
    13. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10004535 Altar, Retable, and Tabernacle (in French) Camera aabb.svg
    14. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10000001 Tombstone of Jean de Lauparet (in French)
    15. Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011605 Tombstone for the Guillard family (in French) Camera aabb.svg
    16. Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011266 Ciborium (in French) Camera aabb.svg
    17. Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011265 Chalice (in French) Camera aabb.svg
    18. Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011264 Chalice (in French) Camera aabb.svg
    19. Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011263 Paten (in French) Camera aabb.svg
    20. Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011262 Incense lamp (in French) Camera aabb.svg
    21. Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011261 Monstrance (in French) Camera aabb.svg
    22. Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011260 Statue: Saint Ambroise (in French) Camera aabb.svg
    23. Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011259 Statue: Saint Radegonde (in French) Camera aabb.svg
    24. Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100010975 Statue: Christ on the Cross (in French) Camera aabb.svg
    25. Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100010914 Stoup (in French) Camera aabb.svg
    26. Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011696 Furniture in the Church (in French)