Map of Guyana showing Barima-Waini region
|Country|| Guyana |
Claimed by Venezuela (as part of Delta Amacuro state)
|• Total||20,399 km2 (7,876 sq mi)|
|• Density||1.3/km2 (3.4/sq mi)|
Barima-Waini (Region 1) is a region of Guyana. Venezuela claims the territory as part of Guayana Esequiba.
The region is located in the northwest of the country. It covers an area of 20,339 km². It borders the Atlantic Ocean to the north, the region of Pomeroon-Supenaam to the east, the region of Cuyuni-Mazaruni to the south and Venezuela to the west.
Barima-Waini has 3 sub-regions; Mabaruma, Matakai, and Moruca.
Prior to the 1980 administrative reform in Guyana, the Barima-Waini Region was known as the 'North West district'.
Mabaruma became the administrative centre when it was decided that the former centre, Morawhanna, was too susceptible to flooding.
The region is named after two rivers that flow through the region; the Barima River and the Waini River.
Barima-Waini is a heavily forested region. The Atlantic coastal strip of Region One features a number of beaches, including, from west to east, Almond Beach, Luri Beach, Shell Beach, Turtle Beach, Foxes Beach, Iron-punt Beach, Pawpaw Beach and Father's Beach. Marine turtles nest on some of these beaches. There are also a number of Amerindian communities in this area, including Santa Rosa Mission.
The main economic activities in the Barima-Waini region are forestry and gold mining.The northern and northeastern sections include thousands of acres of rich alluvial soil, of which its main crops include coffee, ground provisions (such as cassava, eddoes and yams), cabbage, beans, corn, peanuts, and citrus fruits. (This is the area which supplies the famous Pomeroon casareep).
The Matthews Ridge-Port Kaituma manganese industry was discontinued in 1968when falling world prices made it uneconomical to continue. Mining has resumed as of 2011.
The Mabaruma sub-region includes the region's capital of Mabaruma, as well as Barabina, Hosororo, Wauna and Kumaka.White Water and Kamwatta.
Moruca sub-region include Waramuri, Warapoka, Santa Cruz, Kokerite, Chinese Landing, Kwebena and Santa Rosa,and Haimacabra
Matakai sub-region includes Sebai,Port Kaituma, Matthew's Ridge, Baramita, Arakaka, Morawhanna.
The region has two secondary schools, North West Secondary School in Mabaruma, established in 1965, and Santa Rosa Secondary School, established in 1992.
The Government of Guyana has administered three official censuses since the 1980 administrative reforms, in 1980, 1991 and 2002.In 2002, the population of Barima-Waini was recorded at 24,275 people. Official census records for the population of Barima-Waini are as follows:
(including name variants):
Port Kaituma is a small town within the Barima-Waini administrative region of Guyana. It became known internationally as a gateway village to the People's Temple settlement at Jonestown. It has long been a hub for mining in the area.
Matthews Ridge is a small town within the Barima-Waini administrative region of Guyana. The village name comes from the name of a public official, Matthew Young, as well as the ridges in the area. The village is divided into three sections, Heaven’s Hill, Hell Hill and the valley.
Mabaruma is the administrative centre for Region One (Barima-Waini) of Guyana. It is located close to the Aruka River on a narrow plateau above the surrounding rainforest at an elevation of 13 metres.
Trans Guyana Airways Limited is a Guyanese airline which commenced operations in 1956 in Georgetown, Guyana, with a single float airplane. Since then, the company has expanded their fleet to provide domestic and regional transportation, and to Guyana's remote areas.
East Berbice-Corentyne is one of ten regions in Guyana covering the whole of the east of the country. It borders the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Suriname to the east, Brazil to the south and the regions of Mahaica-Berbice, Upper Demerara-Berbice, Potaro-Siparuni and Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo to the west.
Demerara-Mahaica is a region of Guyana, bordering the Atlantic Ocean to the north, the region of Mahaica-Berbice to the east, the region of Upper Demerara-Berbice to the south and the region of Essequibo Islands-West Demerara to the west.
Essequibo Islands-West Demerara is a region of Guyana. It is claimed with additional territories by Venezuela as Guayana Esequiba.
Pomeroon-Supenaam is a region of Guyana. Venezuela claims the territory as part of Guayana Esequiba.
Upper Demerara-Berbice is a region of Guyana, bordering the regions of Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Demerara-Mahaica and Mahaica-Berbice to the north, the region of East Berbice-Corentyne to the east, and the regions of Potaro-Siparuni and Cuyuni-Mazaruni to the west.
Potaro-Siparuni is a region of Guyana. Venezuela claims the territory as part of Guayana Esequiba.
Upper Takutu-Upper Esequibo is a region of Guyana. Venezuela claims the territory as part of Esequiban Guyana.
Santa Rosa is a community in the Barima-Waini region of northern Guyana. Santa Rosa mission was established in 1840, and is one of the earliest Catholic Missions in Guyana. The village is part of the North West Amerindian District.
The Moruka River or Moruca River is a river in the Barima-Waini region of northern Guyana.
Assakata or Asakata is a village in Barima-Waini region, in the north of Guyana. Assakata is an Amerindian village inhabited by Warao and Arawak people, located in the swamps and marshes between the Barima and Pomeroon River.
Baramita, is a community in the Barima-Waini region of northern Guyana, standing about 20 miles west of Matthew's Ridge, at an altitude of 99 metres.
Hosororo is a community in the Barima-Waini region of northern Guyana, on the west bank of the Aruka River, 10 km (6.2 mi) from the river's mouth, and three miles from Mabaruma.
Arakaka is a community in the Barima-Waini region of Guyana, standing on the Barima River and 12 miles southerly of Port Kaituma, at an altitude of 63 metres (209 feet).
The Barama River is a tributary of the Waini River, both being in the Barima-Waini administrative region of Guyana.
Morawhanna is a small Atlantic coast village in Guyana, on the left side of the Barima River and in close proximity to Venezuela.