Baron Lisle

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Arms of Lisle of Rougemont: Or, a fess between two chevrons sable Blason Lisle de Rougemont.svg
Arms of Lisle of Rougemont: Or, a fess between two chevrons sable
Arms of Lisle of Kingston Lisle: Gules, a lion statant guardant argent crowned or LisleOfKingstonLisleArms.PNG
Arms of Lisle of Kingston Lisle: Gules, a lion statant guardant argent crowned or
Arms of Berkeley, Baroness Lisle: Gules, a chevron between ten crosses pattee six in chief and four in base argent Berkeley arms.svg
Arms of Berkeley, Baroness Lisle: Gules, a chevron between ten crosses pattée six in chief and four in base argent
Arms of Talbot, Barons and Viscount Lisle: Gules, a lion rampant within a bordure engrailled or. Talbot arms.svg
Arms of Talbot, Barons and Viscount Lisle: Gules, a lion rampant within a bordure engrailled or.
Arms of Grey, Barons and Viscount Lisle: Barry of six argent and azure in chief three torteaux Coat of Arms of Grey.svg
Arms of Grey, Barons and Viscount Lisle: Barry of six argent and azure in chief three torteaux

Baron Lisle was a title which was created five times in the Peerage of England during the Middle Ages and Tudor period, and once in the Peerage of Ireland in the 18th century.

Contents

First Creation (of Wootton), (1299-1311/14)

Arms of Lisle of Wootton, Isle of Wight: Or, on a chief azure three lions rampant of the first Lisle of Crux Easton arms.svg
Arms of Lisle of Wootton, Isle of Wight: Or, on a chief azure three lions rampant of the first

The earliest creation was in 1299 for Sir John I Lisle, of Wootton on the Isle of Wight, then in Hampshire. [2] The family's name in French was de l'Isle and in Latin de Insula , both meaning "of the Island", though some texts refer to them as de Bosco [3] from their home at Wootton. They are assumed to have arrived on the Isle of Wight as followers of the magnate Richard de Redvers (died 1107), [4] who was Lord of the Isle of Wight [5] and father of Baldwin de Redvers, 1st Earl of Devon. After the de Redvers family, that of Lisle was the most important on the Island. [6]

Sir John I Lisle was summoned to Parliament by writs from 29 December 1299 to 13 September 1302 and died shortly before 10 June 1304. [7] His son and heir Sir John II Lisle was summoned from 12 November 1304 to 19 December 1311 (or possibly 29 July 1314). As no further summons arrived for the rest of his life, and no lawful descendant was ever summoned, [8] the barony expired.

Second Creation (of Rougemont), (1311)

The barony of 1311 was created for De Lisle "of Rougemont", another unrelated family, thought to have originated on the Isle of Ely in Cambridgeshire, East Anglia, where they were feudal tenants of the Bishop of Ely, [9] They were seated at Rougemont Castle in the parish of Weeton, North Yorkshire and bore arms: Or, a fess between two chevrons sable.

Third Creation (of Kingston Lisle), (1357)

The barony of 1357 was for Lisle "of Kingston Lisle" in the parish of Sparsholt in Berkshire (now in Oxfordshire), a junior branch of Lisle of Rougemont. Robert de Lisle of Rougemont married Alice FitzGerold (granddaughter of Henry FitzGerold I (d.1173/4)), the heiress of Kingston, Sparsholt. In 1269 Alice granted the manor of Kingston to her younger son Gerard I de Lisle, whose family adopted the arms of FitzGerold: Gules, a lion statant guardant argent crowned or. Gerard I's grandson was Gerard II de Lisle (1305–1360), created Baron Lisle in 1357. [10]

Sixth Creation (1758)

The most recent creation came in the Peerage of Ireland in 1758, when John Lysaght was made Baron Lisle, of Mountnorth in the County of Cork. He had previously represented Charleville in the Irish House of Commons. As of 2013 the title is held by his descendant, the ninth Baron, who succeeded his father in 2003. The barony is pronounced "Lyle", the family surname of Lysaght "Lycett".

Barons Lisle, First Creation (1299)

Barons Lisle (of Rougemont), Second Creation (1311)

"[T]he barony presumably fell into abeyance between the issue of the daughters of Robert, 1st Lord Lisle [1311]." [11]

Barons Lisle (of Kingston Lisle), Third Creation (1357)

Barons Lisle, Fourth Creation (1444)

Attainder of heirs from 1st marriage of the 6th Baroness Lisle and abeyance of heirs from her 2nd marriage.

Barons Lisle, Fifth Creation (1561)

Barons Lisle, Sixth Creation (1758)

John Lysaght was created the first Baron Lisle of Mountnorth in the County of Cork in the Peerage of Ireland on 18 September 1758.

Arms: Argent, three spears erect gules, on a chief azure a lion passant guardant or.

Crest: A dexter arm embowed in armour, the hand holding a sword, all ppr.
Supporters: Two lions or.
Motto: Bella! horrida bella!

Creation: B. (I) 18 Sept 1758.

The heir presumptive is the present holder's brother David James Lysaght (born 1963).
The heir presumptive's heir apparent is his son George Gabriel Abbott Lysaght (born 1997).

Further reading

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Baron Berkeley</span> Title in the Peerage of England

The title Baron Berkeley originated as a feudal title and was subsequently created twice in the Peerage of England by writ. It was first granted by writ to Thomas de Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley (1245–1321), 6th feudal Baron Berkeley, in 1295, but the title of that creation became extinct at the death of his great-great-grandson, the fifth Baron by writ, when no male heirs to the barony by writ remained, although the feudal barony continued. The next creation by writ was in 1421, for the last baron's nephew and heir James Berkeley. His son and successor William was created Viscount Berkeley in 1481, Earl of Nottingham in 1483, and Marquess of Berkeley in 1488. He had no surviving male issue, so the Marquessate and his other non-inherited titles became extinct on his death in 1491, whilst the barony passed de jure to his younger brother Maurice. However William had disinherited Maurice because he considered him to have brought shame on the noble House of Berkeley by marrying beneath his status to Isabel, daughter of Philip Mead of Wraxhall, an Alderman and Mayor of Bristol. Instead he bequeathed the castle, lands and lordships comprising the Barony of Berkeley to King Henry VII and his heirs male, failing which to descend to William's own rightful heirs. Thus on the death of King Edward VI in 1553, Henry VII's unmarried grandson, the Berkeley inheritance returned to the family. Therefore, Maurice and his descendants from 1492 to 1553 were de jure barons only, until the return of the title to the senior heir Henry, becoming de facto 7th Baron in 1553. Upon his death he was succeeded by his relative George Harding.

References

  1. Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.1015, E. of Shrewsbury & Waterford
  2. G. E. Cokayne, The Complete Peerage , n.s., Vol.VIII, p.39
  3. Whitehead, p.115
  4. Whitehead, p.112
  5. Sanders, I.J., English Baronies, Oxford, 1960, p.137, Plympton
  6. Whitehead, p.111
  7. G. E. Cokayne, The Complete Peerage , n.s., Vol.VIII, p.39
  8. G. E. Cokayne, The Complete Peerage , n.s., Vol.VIII, pp.40-41
  9. G. E. Cokayne, The Complete Peerage , n.s., Vol.VIII, p.69, note d
  10. Victoria County History, Berkshire: Volume 4, 1924, pp 311–319, Parishes: Sparsholt (Kingston Lisle) . Arms of Lisle of Kingston Lisle Gules, a lion statant guardant argent crowned or, per Byrne, Muriel St Clare, (ed.), The Lisle Letters, London & Chicago, 1981, p.178
  11. Cokayne 1932, pp. 49, 78.
Secondary Sources