Branxholme, Victoria

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Branxholme
Victoria
Branxholme Community Hall 002.JPG
Community hall
Australia Victoria Southern Grampians Shire location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Branxholme
Coordinates 37°52′S141°48′E / 37.867°S 141.800°E / -37.867; 141.800 Coordinates: 37°52′S141°48′E / 37.867°S 141.800°E / -37.867; 141.800
Population351 (2016 census) [1]
Postcode(s) 3302 [2]
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Southern Grampians
State electorate(s) Lowan
Federal Division(s) Wannon

Branxholme is a township in the Shire of Southern Grampians in the Western District of Victoria, Australia on the Henty Highway between Heywood and Hamilton. At the 2016 census, Branxholme and the surrounding area had a population of 351. [1]

Contents

History

Early settlement

The traditional owners of the land now known as Branxholme, are the Gunditjmara people. [3] The first non-indigenous settlement of Branxholme was established around 1842 when several pastoral runs were established. As was common across Western Victoria, the initial white settlers were predominantly Scottish. In 1843 the first hotel 'The Travellers Rest' was opened. [4]

Birth of the township

Branxholme township was formally surveyed in 1852, and the name Branxholme was chosen, in reference to Branxholme, a hamlet in the Scottish Borders region of Scotland.

The township was laid out in a gridded street design, straddling the banks of the Arrandoovong Creek. [5] Several of the streets carry the names of notable and prominent early landowners (Best, McNichol.)

The Branxholme Post Office opening on 1 June 1858. [6]

The township's first church, Branxholme Presbyterian Church, was opened in 1862, on Monroe Street, with the accompanying manse completed shortly after.

Heritage listings [7]

The township of Branxholme contains a large number of historically significant places, which are recorded on the Victorian Heritage Database as follows:

Lynch Street – Former Colonial Bank

The former Colonial Bank was the only bank in Branxholme. Unusual in its style, built originally as a house prior to 1870. [8]

Branxholme Cemetery, Henty Highway

Branxholme Cemetery is located 6 km North of the township, on the Henty Highway. The cemetery is laid out in a conventional manner with graves grouped by denomination, and earliest burials date from the mid 1850s. [9]

98–102 McNichol Street – Mechanic's Institute Hall (Former)

The construction of the original building was completed by builder George Foster in 1884. Additional rooms were added to the rear in 1888 and supper room and kitchen were added in 1936. [10]

Railway Water Tower, Railway Parade

The water tower is located on the western side of Railway Parade as one of the few remaining structures of what was once a substantial complex of railway buildings and siding. [11]

Others

6235 Henty Highway – Royston

Monroe Street – State School No.1978

75 Monroe Street – St Andrews Uniting Church (Former Presbyterian Church)

21 Railway Parade – Former Railway Stationmaster's Residence

Branxholme-Byaduk Road – Audley Homestead Complex

Henty Highway – Koornang Homestead Complex

119 Bassett Road – Bassett Homestead Complex and lone grave

1320 Condah-Coleraine Road – Treasland Homestead Complex

5050 Dartmoor-Hamilton Road – Ardachy Homestead Complex

40 Chrome Road – Aarandoovong Homestead Complex

5863 Henty Highway – Brae Park Homestead Complex

2–4 Brown Street – Remnant Garden

44–48 Brown Street – Former Post Office

45–47 Brown Street – Kookaburra Cafe

24–42 Elliot Street – Timber Cottage and Orchard

84–86 McNichol Street – Junction Hotel

91–97 McNichol Street – Prices Bakery, Shop and Residence

94–96 McNichol Street – Coffee Palace (Former)

91 Monroe Street – Free Presbyterian Church

71–73 Monroe Street – St Andrews Presbyterian Manse

63–65 Monroe Street – William Howarth's house

99–101 Monroe Street – Doctor's Residence

Education

Branxholme-Wallacedale Community School operates within the township serving years P-6.

Sports

Branxholme township maintains a recreation reserve containing a football field and netball courts. It has a football team playing in the South West District Football League under the name Branxholme-Wallacedale.

Branxholme recreation reserve also hosts the popular annual Branxholme Community Rodeo.

Transport

Branxholme is on the Portland railway line, and was a junction station for the branch line to Casterton from 1884 to 1977. [12]

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References

  1. 1 2 "2016 Census QuickStats: Branxholme". quickstats.censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 19 March 2021.
  2. Branxholme Postcode Australia Post
  3. "Acknowledgement of Traditional Owners | Aboriginal Victoria". www.aboriginalvictoria.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  4. "Branxholme | Victorian Places". www.victorianplaces.com.au. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  5. "State Library Victoria – Viewer". State Library Victoria. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  6. Phoenix Auctions History, Post Office List , retrieved 10 February 2021
  7. "Schedule to Clause 41.0 Heritage Overlay" (PDF). Planning Schemes Online.
  8. "Colonial Bank (Former)". vhd.heritagecouncil.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  9. "Branxholme Cemetery". vhd.heritagecouncil.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  10. "Mechanic's Institute". vhd.heritagecouncil.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  11. "Railway Water Tower". vhd.heritagecouncil.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  12. "Branxholme to Casterton". victorianrailways.net. Retrieved 10 August 2015.

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