Divisions of the Australian House of Representatives

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Map of the 151 electoral divisions to the House of Representatives (blank) in use for the 2019 election. Australian Electoral Divisions 2019.png
Map of the 151 electoral divisions to the House of Representatives (blank) in use for the 2019 election.
The voting population of each Australian electoral division, as of the 2022 election. Number of electors in Australia per federal division (as of 2022 federal election).png
The voting population of each Australian electoral division, as of the 2022 election.

In Australia, electoral districts for the Australian House of Representatives are called divisions or more commonly referred to as electorates or seats. There are currently 151 single-member electorates for the Australian House of Representatives.

Contents

Section 24 of the Constitution of Australia specifies that the total number of members of the Australian House of Representatives shall be "as nearly as practicable" twice as many as the number of members of the Australian Senate. The section also requires that electorates be apportioned among the states in proportion to their respective populations; provided that each original state has at least 5 members in the House of Representatives, a provision that has given Tasmania higher representation than its population would otherwise justify. There are three electorates in the Australian Capital Territory and even though the Northern Territory should have only one electorate based on their population, parliament have legislated that they receive two (by setting the quota for seat allocation using the harmonic mean for territories, meaning only around 1.3 quotas rather than 1.5 quotas are needed to have two seats).

In addition, Section 29 forbids electorate boundaries from crossing state lines, forcing populated areas along state and territory borders to be placed in different electorates, such as Albury in New South Wales being part of the electorate of Farrer, while nearby Wodonga in Victoria is part of the electorate of Indi. The same restriction does not apply to territories, and several current electoral divisions incorporate electors from multiple territories. This is currently the case for the Division of Bean (covering part of the ACT and the whole of Norfolk Island), the Division of Fenner (covering part of the ACT and the whole of Jervis Bay Territory), and the Division of Lingiari (covering part of the Northern Territory and the whole of Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands).

The Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 sets out further provisions. [1]

Apportionment and redistribution

The Australian Electoral Commission (AEC) determines the number of members of the House of Representatives to which each state and territory is entitled (called apportionment) and the boundaries of each electorate, in a process known as redistribution. Such apportionment and redistributions apply to the next federal election, but not to any by-elections. The last apportionment determination was made in July 2020, and the resulting redistribution is to take place during 2021, in time for the 2022 federal election, which was held on 21 May 2022.

Within each state and territory, electoral boundaries are redrawn from time to time. This takes place at least once every 7 years, or when the state's entitlement to the number of members of the House of Representatives changes. Boundaries are drawn by a Redistribution Committee, and redistributions within a state are on the basis of the number of enrolled voters, rather than total residents or "population". The number of enrolled voters in each division cannot vary by more than 10% from the average across a state or territory, nor can the number of voters vary by more than 3.5% from the average projected enrolment 3.5 years into the future. However, due to various reasons, larger seats like Cowper in New South Wales contain 80% more electors than that of smaller seats like Solomon in the Northern Territory. In 2018, seats in Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia were also abolished, in order to make way for seats in similar locations but with different names. [2] [3]

At the 2022 Australian federal election, based on the 2021 apportionment, there were 151 divisions: 47 in New South Wales, 39 in Victoria, 30 in Queensland, 15 in Western Australia, 10 in South Australia, 5 in Tasmania, 3 in the ACT and 2 in Northern Territory.

Naming

The divisions of the House of Representatives are unusual in that many of them are not named after geographical features or numbered, as is the case in most other legislatures around the world. Most divisions are named in honour of prominent historical people, such as former politicians (often Prime Ministers), explorers, artists and engineers. There is also a preference for retaining names used since Federation. [4]

In some cases where a division is named after a geographical locality, the connection to that locality is sometimes tenuous. For instance, the Division of Werriwa, created in 1901, was named after the Aboriginal word for Lake George in the Canberra region. However, Werriwa has not contained Lake George for many decades, and has steadily moved some 200 km north to the south-western suburbs of Sydney over the past century.[ citation needed ]

List of current electoral divisions

The divisions that existed at the 2022 Australian federal election appear in the table below.

NameFormedStateSize (km2)NamesakeKnown forCurrent MemberMember's Party
Adelaide 1903South Australia76City of Adelaide Geographic location Steve Georganas Labor
Aston 1984Victoria113 Tilly Aston Teacher Alan Tudge Liberal
Ballarat 1901Victoria4,322City of Ballarat Geographic location Catherine King Labor
Banks 1949New South Wales53 Joseph Banks Botanist David Coleman Liberal
Barker 1903South Australia63,886 Collet Barker Explorer Tony Pasin Liberal
Barton 1922New South Wales40 Edmund Barton Prime Minister Linda Burney Labor
Bass 1903Tasmania7,975 George Bass Explorer Bridget Archer Liberal
Bean 2019Australian Capital Territory
Norfolk Island
1,913 Charles Bean War correspondent, historian David Smith Labor
Bendigo 1901Victoria5,496City of Bendigo Geographic location Lisa Chesters Labor
Bennelong 1949New South Wales60 Bennelong Aboriginal elder Jerome Laxale Labor
Berowra 1969New South Wales786Suburb of Berowra Geographic location Julian Leeser Liberal
Blair 1998Queensland6,472 Harold Blair Aboriginal singer Shayne Neumann Labor
Blaxland 1949New South Wales61 Gregory Blaxland Explorer Jason Clare Labor
Bonner 2004Queensland374 Neville Bonner Aboriginal politician Ross Vasta Liberal Nationals
Boothby 1903South Australia130 William Boothby Electoral commissioner Louise Miller-Frost Labor
Bowman 1949Queensland536 David Bowman Politician Henry Pike Liberal Nationals
Braddon 1955Tasmania21,369 Edward Braddon Premier of Tasmania Gavin Pearce Liberal
Bradfield 1949New South Wales101 John Bradfield Designer of the Sydney Harbour Bridge Paul Fletcher Liberal
Brand 1984Western Australia377 David Brand Premier of Western Australia Madeleine King Labor
Brisbane 1901Queensland57City of Brisbane Geographic location Stephen Bates Greens
Bruce 1955Victoria95 Stanley Bruce Prime Minister Julian Hill Labor
Burt 2016Western Australia172 Archibald, Septimus and Francis Burt Family Of Lawyers Matt Keogh Labor
Calare 1906New South Wales32,666Aboriginal name for the Lachlan River Geographic location Andrew Gee Nationals
Calwell 1984Victoria265 Arthur Calwell Leader of the opposition Maria Vamvakinou Labor
Canberra 1974Australian Capital Territory312City of Canberra Geographic location Alicia Payne Labor
Canning 1949Western Australia6,304 Alfred Canning Surveyor of the Rabbit-proof fence Andrew Hastie Liberal
Capricornia 1901Queensland90,903 Tropic of Capricorn Geographic location Michelle Landry Liberal Nationals
Casey 1969Victoria2,466 Richard Casey Governor General Aaron Violi Liberal
Chifley 1969New South Wales126 Ben Chifley Prime Minister Ed Husic Labor
Chisholm 1949Victoria65 Caroline Chisholm Philanthropist Carina Garland Labor
Clark 2019Tasmania292 Andrew Inglis Clark Co-author of the Australian Constitution Andrew Wilkie Independent
Cook 1969New South Wales94 James Cook Explorer Scott Morrison Liberal
Cooper 2019Victoria60 William Cooper Aboriginal activist Ged Kearney Labor
Corangamite 1901Victoria5,441 Lake Corangamite Geographic location Libby Coker Labor
Corio 1901Victoria773 Corio Bay Geographic location Richard Marles Labor
Cowan 1984Western Australia180 Edith Cowan Politician and activist Anne Aly Labor
Cowper 1901New South Wales7,296 Charles Cowper NSW premier Pat Conaghan Nationals
Cunningham 1949New South Wales519 Allan Cunningham Explorer Alison Byrnes Labor
Curtin 1949Western Australia98 John Curtin Prime Minister Kate Chaney Independent
Dawson 1949Queensland14,630 Anderson Dawson Premier of Queensland Andrew Willcox Liberal National
Deakin 1937Victoria79 Alfred Deakin Prime Minister Michael Sukkar Liberal
Dickson 1992Queensland724 James Dickson Premier of Queensland Peter Dutton Liberal National
Dobell 1984New South Wales787 William Dobell Painter Emma McBride Labor
Dunkley 1984Victoria152 Louisa Margaret Dunkley Labour unionist and women's rights campaigner Peta Murphy Labor
Durack 2010Western Australia1,383,954 Mary Durack Author Melissa Price Liberal
Eden-Monaro 1901New South Wales41,617Town of Eden and region of Monaro Geographic location Kristy McBain Labor
Fadden 1977Queensland387 Arthur Fadden Prime Minister Stuart Robert Liberal Nationals
Fairfax 1984Queensland1,004 Ruth Fairfax Founder of the Country Women's Association Ted O'Brien Liberal Nationals
Farrer 1949New South Wales126,590 William Farrer Scientist Sussan Ley Liberal
Fenner 2016Australian Capital Territory
Jervis Bay Territory
238 Frank Fenner Scientist Andrew Leigh Labor
Fisher 1949Queensland1,198 Andrew Fisher Prime Minister Andrew Wallace Liberal Nationals
Flinders 1901Victoria871 Matthew Flinders Explorer Zoe McKenzie Liberal
Flynn 2006Queensland132,824 John Flynn Founder of the Royal Flying Doctor Service Colin Boyce Liberal Nationals
Forde 1984Queensland418 Frank Forde Prime Minister Bert van Manen Liberal Nationals
Forrest 1922Western Australia11,072 John Forrest Explorer, Premier of Western Australia Nola Marino Liberal
Fowler 1984New South Wales69 Lilian Fowler Mayor of Newtown Dai Le Independent
Franklin 1903Tasmania10,009 John Franklin Explorer Julie Collins Labor
Fraser 2019Victoria106 Malcolm Fraser Prime Minister Daniel Mulino Labor
Fremantle 1901Western Australia196City of Fremantle Geographic location Josh Wilson Labor
Gellibrand 1949Victoria124 Joseph Gellibrand Attorney General of Tasmania Tim Watts Labor
Gilmore 1984New South Wales6,342 Mary Gilmore Poet and author Fiona Phillips Labor
Gippsland 1901Victoria33,182Region of Gippsland Geographic location Darren Chester Nationals
Goldstein 1984Victoria50 Vida Goldstein Suffragette Zoe Daniel Independent
Gorton 2004Victoria540 John Gorton Prime Minister Brendan O'Connor Labor
Grayndler 1949New South Wales32 Edward Grayndler Politician and unionist Anthony Albanese Labor
Greenway 1984New South Wales81 Francis Greenway Architect Michelle Rowland Labor
Grey 1903South Australia904,881 George Grey Governor of South Australia Rowan Ramsey Liberal
Griffith 1934Queensland57 Samuel Griffith Premier of Queensland, Chief Justice of Australia Max Chandler-Mather Greens
Groom 1984Queensland5,586 Littleton Groom Politician Garth Hamilton Liberal National
Hasluck 2001Western Australia1,192 Paul and Alexandra Hasluck Governor General and author Tania Lawrence Labor
Hawke 2022Victoria1,842 Bob Hawke Prime Minister Sam Rae Labor
Herbert 1901Queensland946 Robert Herbert Premier of Queensland Phillip Thompson Liberal Nationals
Higgins 1949Victoria41 H. B. Higgins Politician and judge Michelle Ananda-Rajah Labor
Hindmarsh 1903South Australia78 John Hindmarsh Governor of South Australia Mark Butler Labor
Hinkler 1984Queensland3,504 Bert Hinkler Aviator Keith Pitt Liberal Nationals
Holt 1969Victoria266 Harold Holt Prime Minister Cassandra Fernando Labor
Hotham 1969Victoria83 Charles Hotham Governor of Victoria Clare O'Neil Labor
Hughes 1955New South Wales369 Billy Hughes Prime Minister Jenny Ware Liberal
Hume 1901New South Wales17,240 Hamilton Hume Explorer Angus Taylor Liberal
Hunter 1901New South Wales10,640 John Hunter NSW Governor Dan Repacholi Labor
Indi 1901Victoria29,187Aboriginal name for the Murray River Geographic location Helen Haines Independent
Isaacs 1969Victoria155 Isaac Isaacs Governor General, Chief Justice of Australia Mark Dreyfus Labor
Jagajaga 1984Victoria104Three Wurundjeri elders Kate Thwaites Labor
Kennedy 1901Queensland567,377 Edmund Kennedy Explorer Bob Katter Katter's Australian
Kingsford Smith 1949New South Wales91 Charles Kingsford Smith Aviator Matt Thistlethwaite Labor
Kingston 1949South Australia171 Charles Kingston Premier of South Australia Amanda Rishworth Labor
Kooyong 1901Victoria55Suburb of Kooyong Geographic location Monique Ryan Independent
La Trobe 1949Victoria748 Charles La Trobe Governor of Victoria Jason Wood Liberal
Lalor 1949Victoria493 Peter Lalor Leader of the Eureka Rebellion Joanne Ryan Labor
Leichhardt 1949Queensland109,455 Ludwig Leichhardt Explorer Warren Entsch Liberal Nationals
Lilley 1913Queensland144 Charles Lilley Premier and Chief Justice of Queensland Anika Wells Labor
Lindsay 1984New South Wales339 Norman Lindsay Artist Melissa McIntosh Liberal
Lingiari 2001Northern Territory
Christmas Island
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
1,352,371 Vincent Lingiari Aboriginal activist Marion Scrymgour Labor
Longman 1996Queensland1,237 Irene Longman Politician Terry Young Liberal Nationals
Lyne 1949New South Wales16,099 William Lyne NSW premier David Gillespie Nationals
Lyons 1984Tasmania35,721 Joseph and Enid Lyons Prime Minister and politician Brian Mitchell Labor
Macarthur 1949New South Wales363 John and Elizabeth Macarthur Pioneers of early settlement Mike Freelander Labor
Mackellar 1949New South Wales233 Charles and Dorothea Mackellar Politician and poet Sophie Scamps Independent
Macnamara 2019Victoria41 Jean Macnamara Scientist Josh Burns Labor
Macquarie 1901New South Wales4,374 Lachlan Macquarie Governor of NSW Susan Templeman Labor
Makin 1984South Australia130 Norman Makin Politician Tony Zappia Labor
Mallee 1949Victoria81,962Region of The Mallee Geographic location Anne Webster Nationals
Maranoa 1901Queensland729,897 Maranoa River Geographic location David Littleproud Liberal Nationals
Maribyrnong 1906Victoria64 Maribyrnong River Geographic location Bill Shorten Labor
Mayo 1984South Australia9,315 Helen Mayo Doctor Rebekha Sharkie Centre Alliance
McEwen 1984Victoria2,670 John McEwen Prime Minister Rob Mitchell Labor
McPherson 1949Queensland229 McPherson Range Geographic location Karen Andrews Liberal Nationals
McMahon 2010New South Wales168 William McMahon Prime Minister Chris Bowen Labor
Melbourne 1901Victoria40City of Melbourne Geographic location Adam Bandt Greens
Menzies 1984Victoria184 Robert Menzies Prime Minister Keith Wolahan Liberal
Mitchell 1949New South Wales101 Thomas Mitchell Explorer Alex Hawke Liberal
Monash 2019Victoria8,879 John Monash General and head of the armed forces Russell Broadbent Liberal
Moncrieff 1984Queensland100 Gladys Moncrieff Singer Angie Bell Liberal Nationals
Moore 1949Western Australia90 George Fletcher Moore Early WA settler Ian Goodenough Liberal
Moreton 1901Queensland109 Moreton Bay Geographic location Graham Perrett Labor
New England 1901New South Wales66,394Region of New England Geographic location Barnaby Joyce Nationals
Newcastle 1901New South Wales171City of Newcastle Geographic location Sharon Claydon Labor
Nicholls 2019Victoria14,768 Douglas and Gladys Nicholls Aboriginal activists Sam Birrell Nationals
North Sydney 1901New South Wales53Suburb of North Sydney Geographic location Kylea Tink Independent
O'Connor 1980Western Australia1,126,937 C. Y. O'Connor Engineer Rick Wilson Liberal
Oxley 1949Queensland159 John Oxley Explorer Milton Dick Labor
Page 1984New South Wales19,342 Earle Page Prime Minister Kevin Hogan Nationals
Parkes 1984New South Wales393,413 Henry Parkes Governor of NSW Mark Coulton Nationals
Parramatta 1901New South Wales57Suburb of Parramatta Geographic location Andrew Charlton Labor
Paterson 1949, 1993New South Wales1,123 Banjo Paterson Author and poet Meryl Swanson Labor
Pearce 1989Western Australia13,250 George Pearce Politician Tracey Roberts Labor
Perth 1901Western Australia80City of Perth Geographic location Patrick Gorman Labor
Petrie 1949Queensland152 Andrew Petrie Architect Luke Howarth Liberal Nationals
Rankin 1984Queensland131 Annabelle Rankin Politician Jim Chalmers Labor
Reid 1922New South Wales55 George Reid Prime Minister Sally Sitou Labor
Richmond 1901New South Wales2,148 Richmond River Geographic location Justine Elliot Labor
Riverina 1901, 1993New South Wales48,988Region of The Riverina Geographic location Michael McCormack Nationals
Robertson 1901New South Wales980 John Robertson Premier of NSW Gordon Reid Labor
Ryan 1949Queensland370 T. J. Ryan Premier of Queensland Elizabeth Watson-Brown Greens
Scullin 1968Victoria116 James Scullin Prime Minister Andrew Giles Labor
Shortland 1949New South Wales265 John Shortland Explorer Pat Conroy Labor
Solomon 2000Northern Territory337 Vaiben Louis Solomon Premier of South Australia Luke Gosling Labor
Spence 2019South Australia532 Catherine Helen Spence Politician, author Matt Burnell Labor
Sturt 1949South Australia85 Charles Sturt Explorer James Stevens Liberal
Swan 1901Western Australia134 Swan River Geographic location Zaneta Mascarenhas Labor
Sydney 1968New South Wales44City of Sydney Geographic location Tanya Plibersek Labor
Tangney 1974Western Australia83 Dorothy Tangney Politician Sam Lim Labor
Warringah 1922New South Wales68 Warringah Council Geographic location Zali Steggall Independent
Wannon 1901Victoria33,419 Wannon River Geographic location Dan Tehan Liberal
Watson 1992New South Wales47 Chris Watson Prime Minister Tony Burke Labor
Wentworth 1901New South Wales38 William Wentworth Explorer Allegra Spender Independent
Werriwa 1901New South Wales172Aboriginal name for Lake George Geographic location Anne Stanley Labor
Whitlam 2016New South Wales1,331 Gough Whitlam Prime Minister Stephen Jones Labor
Wide Bay 1901Queensland14,227Region of Wide Bay–Burnett Geographic location Llew O'Brien Liberal Nationals
Wills 1949Victoria46 William John Wills Explorer Peter Khalil Labor
Wright 2009Queensland7,577 Judith Wright Poet Scott Buchholz Liberal Nationals

Abolished divisions

These divisions no longer exist:

NameFormedAbolishedStateNamesakeKnown for
Angas (I) 19031934SA George Fife Angas Businessman and banker
Angas (II) 19491977SA
Australian Capital Territory 19491974ACTAustralian Capital TerritoryGeographic location
Balaclava 19011984VICSuburb of Balaclava Geographic location
Barrier 19011922NSW Barrier Ranges Geographic location
Batman 19062019VIC John Batman Founder of Melbourne
Bland 19011906NSW William Bland Doctor
Bonython 19552004SA John Langdon Bonython Editor and newspaper proprietor
Bourke 19011949VIC Richard Bourke Governor of NSW
Burke (I) 19491955VIC Robert O'Hara Burke Explorer
Burke (II) 19692004VIC
Canobolas 19011906NSW Mount Canobolas Geographic location
Charlton 19842016NSW Matthew Charlton Politician
Cook (I) 19061955NSW James Cook Explorer
Coolgardie 19011913WATown of Coolgardie Geographic location
Corinella (I) 19011906VIC Corinella regionGeographic location
Corinella (II) 19901996VIC
Dalley 19011969NSW William Bede Dalley Politician and barrister
Dampier 19131922WA William Dampier Explorer
Darebin 19491969VIC Darebin Creek Geographic location
Darling 19011977NSW Darling River Geographic location
Darling Downs 19011984QLD Darling Downs Geographic location
Darwin 19031955TAS Charles Darwin Scientist
Denison 19032019TAS William Denison Governor of Van Diemen's Land and NSW
Diamond Valley 19691984VIC Diamond Creek Geographic location
Dundas 19771993NSW Henry Dundas Scottish politician and aristocrat
East Sydney 19011969NSW East Sydney Geographic location
Echuca 19011937VICTown of Echuca Geographic location
Evans 19491977NSW George Evans Explorer
Fawkner 19061969VIC John Pascoe Fawkner Pioneer
Fraser (I) 19742016ACT Jim Fraser Politician
Grampians 19011922VIC Grampians Ranges Geographic location
Gwydir 19012007NSW Gwydir River Geographic location
Hawker 19691993SA Charles Hawker Politician
Henty 19131990VIC Henty familyPioneers
Higinbotham 19491969VIC George Higinbotham Chief Justice of Victoria
Hoddle 19491955VIC Robert Hoddle Surveyor, artist
Illawarra 19011922NSWRegion of Illawarra Geographic location
Isaacs (I) 19491969VIC Isaac Isaacs Governor General, Chief Justice of Australia
Kalgoorlie 19012010WACity of Kalgoorlie Geographic location
Laanecoorie 19011913VIC Laanecoorie Geographic location
Lang 19011977NSW John Dunmore Lang Politician and activist
Lawson 19491969NSW Henry Lawson Writer and poet
Lowe 19492010NSW Robert Lowe British statesman
Martin 19221955NSW James Martin Premier of NSW, Chief Justice of NSW
McMillan 19492019VIC Angus McMillan Pioneer
Melbourne Ports 19012019VICSuburb of Port Melbourne Geographic location
Mernda 19011913VICTown of Mernda Geographic location
Moira 19011906VIC Shire of Moira Geographic location
Murray 19492019VIC Murray River Geographic location
Namadgi 19961998ACT Namadgi National Park Geographic location
Nepean 19061922NSW Evan Nepean British politician
Northern Melbourne 19011906VIC North Melbourne Geographic location
Northern Territory 19222001NT Northern Territory Geographic location
Oxley (I) 19011934QLD John Oxley Explorer
Parkes (I) 19011969NSW Henry Parkes Premier of NSW
Phillip 19491993NSW Arthur Phillip Governor of NSW
Port Adelaide 19492019SASuburb of Port Adelaide Geographic location
Prospect 19692010NSW Prospect Reservoir Geographic location
Riverina-Darling 19841993NSW Riverina regionGeographic location
Scullin (I) 19551969VIC James Scullin Prime Minister
South Australia 19011903SA South Australia Geographic location
South Sydney 19011934NSW Southern Sydney Geographic location
Southern Melbourne 19011906VIC South Melbourne Geographic location
Streeton 19841990VIC Arthur Streeton Painter
Stirling 19552022WA James Stirling Governor of Western Australia
St George 19491993NSW St George areaGeographic location
Tasmania 19011903TAS Tasmania Geographic location
Throsby 19842016NSW Charles Throsby Explorer
Wakefield 19032019SA Edward Gibbon Wakefield Pioneer
Watson (I) 19341969NSW Chris Watson Prime Minister
West Sydney 19011969NSWArea of Western Sydney Geographic location
Wilmot 19031984TAS Sir John Eardley-Wilmot Lieutenant-Governor of Van Diemen's Land
Wimmera 19011977VIC Wimmera region Geographic location
Yarra 19011969VIC Yarra River Geographic location

See also

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References

  1. "Research Report 4 – Australian Federal Redistributions 1901–2003: The Redistribution process". aec.gov.au. Australian Electoral Commission. 30 May 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2008.
  2. "Determination of membership entitlement to the House of Representatives". aec.gov.au. Australian Electoral Commission. 31 August 2017. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  3. Green, Antony. "2017-18 Federal Redistributions". abc.com.au. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  4. "Guidelines for naming federal electoral divisions". Australian Electoral Commission. 11 April 2018. Retrieved 14 February 2022.