Divisions of the Australian House of Representatives

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Map of the 151 electoral divisions to the House of Representatives (blank) in use for the 2019 election. Australian Electoral Divisions 2019.png
Map of the 151 electoral divisions to the House of Representatives (blank) in use for the 2019 election.
The population of each Australian electoral division Population per Australian electoral division.png
The population of each Australian electoral division

In Australia, electoral districts for the Australian House of Representatives are called divisions or more commonly referred to as electorates or seats. There are currently 151 single-member electorates for the Australian House of Representatives.

Contents

Section 24 of the Constitution of Australia requires that the total number of members of the Australian House of Representatives shall be "as nearly as practicable" twice as many as the number of members of the Australian Senate. The section also requires that electorates be apportioned among the states in proportion to their respective populations; provided that each original state has at least 5 members in the House of Representatives, a provision that has given Tasmania higher representation than its population would justify. There are also three electorates in the Australian Capital Territory and two in the Northern Territory.

In addition, Section 29 forbids electorate boundaries from crossing state lines, forcing populated areas along state and territory borders to be placed in different electorates, such as Albury in New South Wales being part of the electorate of Farrer, while nearby Wodonga in Victoria is part of the electorate of Indi. The same restriction does not apply to territories, and several current electoral divisions incorporate electors from multiple territories. This is currently the case for the Division of Bean (covering part of the ACT and the whole of Norfolk Island), the Division of Fenner (covering part of the ACT and the whole of Jervis Bay Territory), and the Division of Lingiari (covering part of the Northern Territory and the whole of Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands).

The Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 sets out further provisions. [1]

Apportionment

The Australian Electoral Commission (AEC) determines from time to time the number of members to which each state and territory is entitled and the boundaries of each electorate, in a process known in Australia as redistribution.

Within each state and territory, electoral boundaries are redrawn from time to time. This takes place at least once every 7 years, or when the state's entitlement to the number of members of the House of Representatives changes. Boundaries are drawn by a Redistribution Committee, and apportionment within a state is on the basis of the number of enrolled voters rather than total residents or "population".

The number of enrolled voters in each division cannot vary by more than 10% from the average across a state or territory, nor can the number of voters vary by more than 3.5% from the average projected enrolment 3.5 years into the future. However, due to various reasons, larger seats like Cowper (New South Wales) contain 80% more electors than that of smaller seats like Solomon (Northern Territory).

The last redistribution was completed in 2018, in time for the 2019 federal election. In this redistribution, the AEC added a seat to Victoria and the Australian Capital Territory, and also determined that South Australia would lose a seat. The total number of seats in the House of Representatives therefore increased to 151. Seats in Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia were also abolished, in order to make way for seats in similar locations but with different names. [2] [3]

The historical apportionment of seats for the various states is: [4] [5]

State1901'03'06'13'22'34'37'49'55'68'69'74'77'80'8489'92'94'97'992000'03'05'06'08'09'10'11'16'17'18'20
New South Wales262727282847464543515050494847
Victoria23222020203333343339383737373839
Queensland99101010181818192425262728293030
Western Australia5555589910101013141415151615
South Australia77610111210131212111110
Tasmania55555555555
Australian Capital Territory22232223
Northern Territory12221
Total75757575757474121122124125127124125148148147148148148150150150150150150150150150150151150

Naming

The Divisions of the House of Representatives are unusual in that many of them are not named after geographical features or numbered, as is the case in most other legislatures around the world. Most Divisions are named in honour of prominent historical people, such as former politicians (often Prime Ministers), explorers, artists and engineers.

In some cases where a Division is named after a geographical locality, the connection to that locality is sometimes tenuous. For instance, the Division of Werriwa, created in 1901, was named after the Aboriginal word for Lake George in the Canberra region. However, Werriwa has not contained Lake George for many decades, and has steadily moved some 200 km north to the south-western suburbs of Sydney over the past century.

List of Divisions in 2019

The lists below show the Divisions as they exist at the 2019 Australian federal election. There were 47 Divisions in New South Wales, 38 in Victoria, 30 in Queensland, 16 in Western Australia, 10 in South Australia, 5 in Tasmania, 3 in the ACT and 2 in Northern Territory.

NameFormedStateNamesakeKnown for
Adelaide 1903South AustraliaCity of Adelaide Geographic location
Aston 1984Victoria Tilly Aston Teacher
Ballarat 1901VictoriaCity of Ballarat Geographic location
Banks 1949New South Wales Joseph Banks Botanist
Barker 1903South Australia Collet Barker Explorer
Barton 1922New South Wales Edmund Barton Prime Minister
Bass 1903Tasmania George Bass Explorer
Bean 2019Australian Capital Territory Charles Bean War correspondent, historian
Bendigo 1901VictoriaCity of Bendigo Geographic location
Bennelong 1949New South Wales Bennelong Aboriginal elder
Berowra 1969New South WalesSuburb of Berowra Geographic location
Blair 1998Queensland Harold Blair Aboriginal singer
Blaxland 1949New South Wales Gregory Blaxland Explorer
Bonner 2004Queensland Neville Bonner Aboriginal politician
Boothby 1903South Australia William Boothby Electoral commissioner
Bowman 1949Queensland David Bowman Politician
Braddon 1955Tasmania Edward Braddon Premier of Tasmania
Bradfield 1949New South Wales John Bradfield Designer of the Sydney Harbour Bridge
Brand 1984Western Australia David Brand Premier of Western Australia
Brisbane 1901QueenslandCity of Brisbane Geographic location
Bruce 1955Victoria Stanley Bruce Prime Minister
Burt 2016Western Australia Archibald, Septimus and Francis Burt
Calare 1906New South WalesAboriginal name for the Lachlan River Geographic location
Calwell 1984Victoria Arthur Calwell Leader of the opposition
Canberra 1974Australian Capital TerritoryCity of Canberra Geographic location
Canning 1949Western Australia Alfred Canning Surveyor of the Rabbit-proof fence
Capricornia 1901Queensland Tropic of Capricorn Geographic location
Casey 1969Victoria Richard Casey Governor General
Chifley 1969New South Wales Ben Chifley Prime Minister
Chisholm 1949Victoria Caroline Chisholm Philanthropist
Clark 2019Tasmania Andrew Inglis Clark Co-author of the Australian Constitution
Cook 1969New South Wales James Cook Explorer
Cooper 2019Victoria William Cooper Aboriginal Activist
Corangamite 1901Victoria Lake Corangamite Geographic location
Corio 1901Victoria Corio Bay Geographic location
Cowan 1984Western Australia Edith Cowan Politician and activist
Cowper 1901New South Wales Charles Cowper NSW premier
Cunningham 1949New South Wales Allan Cunningham Explorer
Curtin 1949Western Australia John Curtin Prime Minister
Dawson 1949Queensland Anderson Dawson Premier of Queensland
Deakin 1937Victoria Alfred Deakin Prime Minister
Dickson 1992Queensland James Robert Dickson Premier of Queensland
Dobell 1984New South Wales William Dobell Painter
Dunkley 1984Victoria Louisa Margaret Dunkley Labour unionist and women's rights campaigner
Durack 2010Western Australia Mary Durack Author
Eden-Monaro 1901New South WalesTown of Eden and region of Monaro Geographic location
Fadden 1977Queensland Arthur Fadden Prime Minister
Fairfax 1984Queensland Ruth Fairfax Founder of the Country Women's Association
Farrer 1949New South Wales William Farrer Scientist
Fenner 2016Australian Capital Territory Frank Fenner Scientist
Fisher 1949Queensland Andrew Fisher Prime Minister
Flinders 1901Victoria Matthew Flinders Explorer
Flynn 2006Queensland John Flynn Founder of the Royal Flying Doctor Service
Forde 1984Queensland Frank Forde Prime Minister
Forrest 1922Western Australia John Forrest Explorer, Premier of Western Australia
Fowler 1984New South Wales Lilian Fowler Mayor of Newtown
Franklin 1903Tasmania John Franklin Explorer
Fraser 2019Victoria Malcolm Fraser Prime Minister
Fremantle 1901Western AustraliaCity of Fremantle Geographic location
Gellibrand 1949Victoria Joseph Gellibrand Attorney General of Tasmania
Gilmore 1984New South Wales Mary Gilmore Poet and author
Gippsland 1901VictoriaRegion of Gippsland Geographic location
Goldstein 1984Victoria Vida Goldstein Suffragette
Gorton 2004Victoria John Gorton Prime Minister
Grayndler 1949New South Wales Edward Grayndler Politician and unionist
Greenway 1984New South Wales Francis Greenway Architect
Grey 1903South Australia George Grey Governor of South Australia
Griffith 1934Queensland Samuel Griffith Premier of Queensland, Chief Justice of Australia
Groom 1984Queensland Littleton Groom Politician
Hasluck 2001Western Australia Paul and Alexandra Hasluck Governor General and author
Herbert 1901Queensland Robert Herbert Premier of Queensland
Higgins 1949Victoria H. B. Higgins Politician and judge
Hindmarsh 1903South Australia John Hindmarsh Governor of South Australia
Hinkler 1984Queensland Bert Hinkler Aviator
Holt 1969Victoria Harold Holt Prime Minister
Hotham 1969Victoria Charles Hotham Governor of Victoria
Hughes 1955New South Wales Billy Hughes Prime Minister
Hume 1901New South Wales Hamilton Hume Explorer
Hunter 1901New South Wales John Hunter NSW Governor
Indi 1901VictoriaAboriginal name for the Murray River Geographic location
Isaacs 1969Victoria Isaac Isaacs Governor General, Chief Justice of Australia
Jagajaga 1984VictoriaThree Wurundjeri elders
Kennedy 1901Queensland Edmund Kennedy Explorer
Kingsford Smith 1949New South Wales Charles Kingsford Smith Aviator
Kingston 1949South Australia Charles Kingston Premier of South Australia
Kooyong 1901VictoriaSuburb of Kooyong Geographic location
La Trobe 1949Victoria Charles La Trobe Governor of Victoria
Lalor 1949Victoria Peter Lalor Leader of the Eureka Rebellion
Leichhardt 1949Queensland Ludwig Leichhardt Explorer
Lilley 1913Queensland Charles Lilley Premier and Chief Justice of Queensland
Lindsay 1984New South Wales Norman Lindsay Artist
Lingiari 2001Northern Territory Vincent Lingiari Aboriginal activist
Longman 1996Queensland Irene Longman Politician
Lyne 1949New South Wales William Lyne NSW premier
Lyons 1984Tasmania Joseph and Enid Lyons Prime Minister and politician
Macarthur 1949New South Wales John and Elizabeth Macarthur Pioneers of early settlement
Mackellar 1949New South Wales Charles and Dorothea Mackellar Politician and poet
Macnamara 2019Victoria Jean Macnamara Scientist
Macquarie 1901New South Wales Lachlan Macquarie Governor of NSW
Makin 1984South Australia Norman Makin Politician
Mallee 1949VictoriaRegion of The Mallee Geographic location
Maranoa 1901Queensland Maranoa River Geographic location
Maribyrnong 1906Victoria Maribyrnong River Geographic location
Mayo 1984South Australia Helen Mayo Doctor
McEwen 1984Victoria John McEwen Prime Minister
McPherson 1949Queensland McPherson Range Geographic location
McMahon 2010New South Wales William McMahon Prime Minister
Melbourne 1901VictoriaCity of Melbourne Geographic location
Menzies 1984Victoria Robert Menzies Prime Minister
Mitchell 1949New South Wales Thomas Mitchell Explorer
Monash 2019Victoria John Monash General and head of the armed forces
Moncrieff 1984Queensland Gladys Moncrieff Singer
Moore 1949Western Australia George Fletcher Moore Early WA settler
Moreton 1901Queensland Moreton Bay Geographic location
New England 1901New South WalesRegion of New England Geographic location
Newcastle 1901New South WalesCity of Newcastle Geographic location
Nicholls 2019Victoria Douglas and Gladys Nicholls Aboriginal activists
North Sydney 1901New South WalesSuburb of North Sydney Geographic location
O'Connor 1980Western Australia C. Y. O'Connor Engineer
Oxley 1949Queensland John Oxley Explorer
Page 1984New South Wales Earle Page Prime Minister
Parkes 1984New South Wales Henry Parkes Governor of NSW
Parramatta 1901New South WalesSuburb of Parramatta Geographic location
Paterson 1949, 1993New South Wales Banjo Paterson Author and poet
Pearce 1989Western Australia George Pearce Politician
Perth 1901Western AustraliaCity of Perth Geographic location
Petrie 1949Queensland Andrew Petrie Architect
Rankin 1984Queensland Annabelle Rankin Politician
Reid 1922New South Wales George Reid Prime Minister
Richmond 1901New South Wales Richmond River Geographic location
Riverina 1901, 1993New South WalesRegion of The Riverina Geographic location
Robertson 1901New South Wales John Robertson Premier of NSW
Ryan 1949Queensland T. J. Ryan Premier of Queensland
Scullin 1968Victoria James Scullin Prime Minister
Shortland 1949New South Wales John Shortland Explorer
Solomon 2000Northern Territory Vaiben Louis Solomon Premier of South Australia
Spence 2019South Australia Catherine Helen Spence Politician, author
Stirling 1955Western Australia James Stirling Governor of Western Australia
Sturt 1949South Australia Charles Sturt Explorer
Swan 1901Western Australia Swan River Geographic location
Sydney 1968New South WalesCity of Sydney Geographic location
Tangney 1974Western Australia Dorothy Tangney Politician
Warringah 1922New South Wales Warringah Council Geographic location
Wannon 1901Victoria Wannon River Geographic location
Watson 1992New South Wales Chris Watson Prime Minister
Wentworth 1901New South Wales William Wentworth Explorer
Werriwa 1901New South WalesAboriginal name for Lake George Geographic location
Whitlam 2016New South Wales Gough Whitlam Prime Minister
Wide Bay 1901QueenslandRegion of Wide Bay–Burnett Geographic location
Wills 1949Victoria William John Wills Explorer
Wright 2009Queensland Judith Wright Poet

Abolished divisions

These Australian Divisions no longer exist:

NameFormedAbolishedStateNamesakeKnown for
Angas (I) 19031934SA George Fife Angas Businessman and banker
Angas (II) 19491977SA
Australian Capital Territory 19491974ACTAustralian Capital TerritoryGeographic location
Balaclava 19011984VICSuburb of Balaclava Geographic location
Barrier 19011922NSW Barrier Ranges Geographic location
Batman 19062019VIC John Batman Founder of Melbourne
Bland 19011906NSW William Bland Doctor
Bonython 19552004SA John Langdon Bonython Editor and newspaper proprietor
Bourke 19011949VIC Richard Bourke Governor of NSW
Burke (I) 19491955VIC Robert O'Hara Burke Explorer
Burke (II) 19692004VIC
Canobolas 19011906NSW Mount Canobolas Geographic location
Charlton 19842016NSW Matthew Charlton Politician
Cook (I) 19061955NSW James Cook Explorer
Coolgardie 19011913WATown of Coolgardie Geographic location
Corinella (I) 19011906VIC Corinella regionGeographic location
Corinella (II) 19901996VIC
Dalley 19011969NSW William Bede Dalley Politician and barrister
Dampier 19131922WA William Dampier Explorer
Darebin 19491969VIC Darebin Creek Geographic location
Darling 19011977NSW Darling River Geographic location
Darling Downs 19011984QLD Darling Downs Geographic location
Darwin 19031955TAS Charles Darwin Scientist
Denison 19032019TAS William Denison Governor of Van Diemen's Land and NSW
Diamond Valley 19691984VIC Diamond Creek Geographic location
Dundas 19771993NSW Henry Dundas Scottish politician and aristocrat
East Sydney 19011969NSW East Sydney Geographic location
Echuca 19011937VICTown of Echuca Geographic location
Evans 19491977NSW George Evans Explorer
Fawkner 19061969VIC John Pascoe Fawkner Pioneer
Fraser (I) 19742016ACT Jim Fraser Politician
Grampians 19011922VIC Grampians Ranges Geographic location
Gwydir 19012007NSW Gwydir River Geographic location
Hawker 19691993SA Charles Hawker Politician
Henty 19131990VIC Henty familyPioneers
Higinbotham 19491969VIC George Higinbotham Chief Justice of Victoria
Hoddle 19491955VIC Robert Hoddle Surveyor, artist
Illawarra 19011922NSWRegion of Illawarra Geographic location
Isaacs (I) 19491969VIC Isaac Isaacs Governor General, Chief Justice of Australia
Kalgoorlie 19012010WACity of Kalgoorlie Geographic location
Laanecoorie 19011913VIC Laanecoorie Geographic location
Lang 19011977NSW John Dunmore Lang Politician and activist
Lawson 19491969NSW Henry Lawson Writer and poet
Lowe 19492010NSW Robert Lowe British statesman
Martin 19221955NSW James Martin Premier of NSW, Chief Justice of NSW
McMillan 19492019VIC Angus McMillan Pioneer
Melbourne Ports 20012019VICSuburb of Port Melbourne Geographic location
Mernda 19011913VICTown of Mernda Geographic location
Moira 19011906VIC Shire of Moira Geographic location
Murray 19492019VIC Murray River Geographic location
Namadgi 19961998ACT Namadgi National Park Geographic location
Nepean 19061922NSW Evan Nepean British politician
Northern Melbourne 19011906VIC North Melbourne Geographic location
Northern Territory 19222001NT Northern Territory Geographic location
Oxley (I) 19011934QLD John Oxley Explorer
Parkes (I) 19011969NSW Henry Parkes Premier of NSW
Phillip 19491993NSW Arthur Phillip Governor of NSW
Port Adelaide 19492019SASuburb of Port Adelaide Geographic location
Prospect 19692010NSW Prospect Reservoir Geographic location
Riverina-Darling 19841993NSW Riverina regionGeographic location
Scullin (I) 19551969VIC James Scullin Prime Minister
South Australia 19011903SA South Australia Geographic location
South Sydney 19011934NSW Southern Sydney Geographic location
Southern Melbourne 19011906VIC South Melbourne Geographic location
St George 19491993NSW St George areaGeographic location
Streeton 19841990VIC Arthur Streeton Painter
Tasmania 19011903TAS Tasmania Geographic location
Throsby 19842016NSW Charles Throsby Explorer
Wakefield 19032019SA Edward Gibbon Wakefield Pioneer
Watson (I) 19341969NSW Chris Watson Prime Minister
West Sydney 19011969NSWArea of Western Sydney Geographic location
Wilmot 19031984TAS Sir John Eardley-Wilmot Lieutenant-Governor of Van Diemen's Land
Wimmera 19011977VIC Wimmera region Geographic location
Yarra 19011969VIC Yarra River Geographic location

See also

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References

  1. "Research Report 4 – Australian Federal Redistributions 1901–2003: The Redistribution process". aec.gov.au. Australian Electoral Commission. 30 May 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2008.
  2. "Determination of membership entitlement to the House of Representatives". aec.gov.au. Australian Electoral Commission. 31 August 2017. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  3. Green, Antony. "2017-18 Federal Redistributions". abc.com.au. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  4. "Australian Federal Redistributions 1901 -2003" (PDF).
  5. corporateName=Australian Electoral Commission; address=50 Marcus Clarke Street, Canberra ACT 2600; contact=13 23 26. "Previous redistributions". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 12 July 2020.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)