Ciudad Constitución

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Ciudad Constitución
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Ciudad Constitución
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Ciudad Constitución
Location in Baja California Sur
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Ciudad Constitución
Ciudad Constitución (Mexico)
Coordinates: 25°01′56″N111°40′13″W / 25.03222°N 111.67028°W / 25.03222; -111.67028 Coordinates: 25°01′56″N111°40′13″W / 25.03222°N 111.67028°W / 25.03222; -111.67028
CountryFlag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
State Baja California Sur
Municipality Comondú
Elevation
187 ft (57 m)
Population
(2019)
  City45,888 [1]
  Density160/sq mi (62/km2)
   Metro
45,201
  Metro density140/sq mi (53/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Pacific (US Mountain))
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (Pacific)

Ciudad Constitución is a city in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It is the seat of Comondú Municipality. As of 2015, the city had a total population of 44,918 inhabitants. [2] . Ciudad Constitución is a small city which serves as a gateway to Magdalena Bay.

Baja California Sur State of Mexico

Baja California Sur, officially the Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California Sur, is the second-smallest Mexican state by population and the 31st admitted state of the 31 states which, with Mexico City, make up the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.

Comondú Municipality Municipality in Baja California Sur, Mexico

Comondú is a municipality of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It had a population of 70,816 inhabitants in 2010 census (INEGI). With a land area of 16,858.3 km², it is the seventh-largest municipality in area in Mexico. The municipal seat is located in Ciudad Constitución.

Magdalena Bay

Magdalena Bay is a 50 km long bay in Comondú Municipality along the western coast of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It is protected from the Pacific Ocean by the unpopulated sandy barrier islands of Isla Magdalena and Isla Santa Margarita.

Contents

History

The colonization of Valle de Santo Domingo (Valley of Santo Domingo) originated around 1940. A ranch called El Crucero (The Crossroad) was settled in a crossroad. Because of this, people started to gather around it and the population started to grow. It quickly became a commercial hub and an obligatory travel stop for all the inhabitants of Valle de Santo Domingo, as well as for people going north or south on the peninsula. Then, it became known as Villa Constitución, and later, Ciudad Constitución. Even today, many locals still call it "El Crucero". Every 5 February the city becomes the state's capital for one day. Since 1996, the Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Ciudad Constitución serves as a higher education institution.

Economy

Ciudad Constitución's mainstay is the cultivation of wheat, chickpea, cotton, asparagus, citrics, vegetables, among others crops. The city also has a dairy products processing plant (pasteurized milk, yogurt, fruit beverages): "Unión de Ejidos 20 de Noviembre". Ciudad Constitución has a few small hotels (Hotel El Conquistador, Hotel Conchita, Hotel Maribel, Hotel Ryal), supermarkets (Super Ley, Super Murillo), gas stations, travel agencies (Viajes Pedrín), etc. The Mexican long distance area code for the municipalities of Comondú and Loreto is 613. Internet access is possible in cybercafes through the city's downtown, as well as by dial-up access from regular landlines. Communication with remote areas of Valle de Santo Domingo, nearby islands, and other remote regions of the municipality of Comondú is mainly possible by means of a local AM radio station (XEVSD 1440 kHz).

Climate

Climate data for Ciudad Constitución (1981–2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)37.7
(99.9)
34.0
(93.2)
41.6
(106.9)
43.0
(109.4)
41.0
(105.8)
45.5
(113.9)
45.8
(114.4)
43.0
(109.4)
44.6
(112.3)
42.9
(109.2)
39.4
(102.9)
35.6
(96.1)
45.8
(114.4)
Average high °C (°F)26.3
(79.3)
28.0
(82.4)
29.3
(84.7)
31.0
(87.8)
31.6
(88.9)
34.7
(94.5)
37.3
(99.1)
37.8
(100.0)
36.3
(97.3)
34.4
(93.9)
29.9
(85.8)
26.4
(79.5)
31.9
(89.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)17.4
(63.3)
18.7
(65.7)
19.7
(67.5)
21.3
(70.3)
22.4
(72.3)
25.2
(77.4)
28.7
(83.7)
29.7
(85.5)
28.6
(83.5)
25.6
(78.1)
21.0
(69.8)
18.0
(64.4)
23.0
(73.4)
Average low °C (°F)8.5
(47.3)
9.3
(48.7)
10.1
(50.2)
11.6
(52.9)
13.3
(55.9)
15.6
(60.1)
20.2
(68.4)
21.7
(71.1)
21.0
(69.8)
16.7
(62.1)
12.0
(53.6)
9.6
(49.3)
14.1
(57.4)
Record low °C (°F)−4.7
(23.5)
1.0
(33.8)
0.4
(32.7)
2.7
(36.9)
4.0
(39.2)
6.2
(43.2)
11.5
(52.7)
15.8
(60.4)
6.5
(43.7)
4.0
(39.2)
2.4
(36.3)
0.7
(33.3)
−4.7
(23.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches)12.9
(0.51)
4.8
(0.19)
2.6
(0.10)
1.1
(0.04)
0.1
(0.00)
0.1
(0.00)
15.6
(0.61)
32.5
(1.28)
30.0
(1.18)
2.6
(0.10)
11.1
(0.44)
27.1
(1.07)
140.6
(5.54)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)1.11.40.60.30.10.11.33.23.40.61.42.315.7
Average relative humidity (%)68676665666564646966666866
Mean monthly sunshine hours 2392332752873203263082922662812422273,296
Source #1: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional [3]
Source #2: Ogimet (sun 1981–2010) [4]

Transportation

For air travel, the city is served by the Ciudad Constitución Airport, which is a small airfield where two regional airlines provide service to Los Mochis and Ciudad Obregón. The airport also handles air taxi service. The city's nearest major airports are located in Loreto (Loreto International Airport), La Paz (Manuel Márquez de León International Airport) and San José del Cabo (Los Cabos International Airport). Small aircraft make use of local dirt runaways. Autotransportes Águila is a bus line which covers all the length of the Baja California Peninsula, mainly along Mexican Federal Highway 1 (also known as "Carretera Transpeninsular"), and has an office in Ciudad Constitución.

Ciudad Constitución Airport airport in Comondú Municipality, Mexico

Ciudad Constitución Airport is a small airfield located 6 km east of the central business district (CBD) of Ciudad Constitución, Comondú Municipality of Baja California Sur state, Mexico. The city of Ciudad Constitución is located in the Santo Domingo Valley, in the middle of the state.

Los Mochis Municipal seat in Sinaloa, Mexico

Los Mochis is a coastal city in northern Sinaloa, Mexico. It serves as the municipal seat of the municipality of Ahome. As of the 2010 census, the population was 362,613, which was 61 percent of the municipality's population.

Ciudad Obregón City in Sonora, Mexico

Ciudad Obregón is the second largest city in the northern Mexican state of Sonora and named for Sonoran revolutionary general and president of Mexico, Álvaro Obregón. It is situated 525 km (326 mi) south of the state's northern border with the U.S. state of Arizona. It is also the municipal seat of Cajeme municipality, located in the Yaqui Valley.

Demographics

As of 2015, the city had a total population of 44,918 inhabitants. [5] It is the fifth-largest community in the state (behind La Paz, San José del Cabo, Cabo San Lucas, and Colonia del Sol). Ciudad Constitución is a small city which serves as a gateway to Magdalena Bay. It is also close to the Baja 1000 course.

La Paz, Baja California Sur City in Baja California Sur, Mexico

La Paz is the capital city of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur and an important regional commercial center. The city had a 2015 census population of 244,219 inhabitants, making it the most populous city in the state. Its metropolitan population is somewhat larger because of the surrounding towns, such as El Centenario, Chametla and San Pedro. It is in La Paz Municipality, which is the fourth-largest municipality in Mexico in geographical size and reported a population of 290,286 inhabitants on a land area of 20,275 km2 (7,828 sq mi).

San José del Cabo Place in Baja California Sur, Mexico

San José del Cabo is a city located in southern Baja California Sur state, Mexico. It is the seat of Los Cabos Municipality lying at a shallow bay 20 miles (32 km) northeast of Cabo San Lucas on the Gulf of California. The city has a population of 93,069 as of 2015. San José del Cabo together with Cabo San Lucas are known as Los Cabos. Together they form a metropolitan area of 305,983 inhabitants.

Cabo San Lucas City in Baja California Sur, Mexico

Cabo San Lucas, or simply Cabo, is a resort city at the southern tip of the Baja California Peninsula, in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. As of 2015, the population of the city was 81,111 inhabitants. Cabo San Lucas together with San José del Cabo is known as Los Cabos. Together they form a metropolitan area of 305,983 inhabitants.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1995 33,948    
2000 35,220+3.7%
2005 37,220+5.7%
2010 40,935+10.0%
2015 44,918+9.7%
2019 45,888+2.2%
[6]     

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References

  1. http://www.saludbcs.gob.mx/estadistica/Tarjetas%20Estadisticas%20Ejecutivas%202015.pdf
  2. http://www.saludbcs.gob.mx/estadistica/Tarjetas%20Estadisticas%20Ejecutivas%202015.pdf
  3. "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1981–2000" (PDF) (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  4. "CLIMAT summary for 76402: Ciudad Constitucion, B. C. S. (Mexico) – Section 2: Monthly Normals". CLIMAT monthly weather summaries. Ogimet. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  5. http://www.saludbcs.gob.mx/estadistica/Tarjetas%20Estadisticas%20Ejecutivas%202015.pdf
  6. http://www.inegi.org.mx/sistemas/TabuladosBasicos/LeerArchivo.aspx?ct=993&c=16762&s=est&f=1

Notes

    Google Earth 3D globe-based map program created by Google

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