Coreopsideae

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Coreopsideae
Cosmos 001.JPG
Cosmos bipinnatus field
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Coreopsideae
(Less.) Lindl., 1829
Genera

See text

Coreopsideae is a tribe of flowering plants belonging to the Asteroideae subfamily. [1] It includes widely cultivated genera such as Cosmos and Dahlia .

Contents

A similar group has been recognized since 1829, generally as part of the tribe Heliantheae (Cassini, 1819). [2] In the late 20th century, molecular studies caused a slightly redefined version of this group to be recognized as its own tribe, Coreopsideae. [2] The larger version of Heliantheae was split into tribes including Bahieae, Chaenactideae, Coreopsideae, Helenieae and, finally, Heliantheae (sensu stricto). [3] Within the tribe, the traditional definition of genera based on flower and fruit characters does not reflect evolutionary relationships as inferred through molecular phylogenetics. [4]

The tribe is characterized by shiny green bracts at the base of the flower head in two rows: an inner row of tightly spaced bracts and an outer row of a smaller number pointing downward. [5] It includes five genera that use C4 carbon fixation: Chrysanthellum , Eryngiophyllum , Glossocardia (including Guerreroia), Isostigma , and Neuractis . These genera are thought to share a common ancestor and thus a single origin of C4 carbon fixation. [6]

Genera

Coreopsideae genera recognized by the Global Compositae Database: [7]

Related Research Articles

Asteraceae Large family of flowering plants

The family Asteraceae, alternatively Compositae, consists of over 32,000 known species of flowering plants in over 1,900 genera within the order Asterales. Commonly referred to as the aster, daisy, composite, or sunflower family, Compositae were first described in the year 1740. The number of species in Asteraceae is rivaled only by the Orchidaceae, and which is the larger family is unclear as the quantity of extant species in each family is unknown.

<i>Bidens</i> Genus of flowering plants

Bidens is a genus of flowering plants in the aster family, Asteraceae. The common names beggarticks, black jack, burr marigolds, cobbler's pegs, Spanish needles, stickseeds, tickseeds and tickseed sunflowers refer to the fruits of the plants, most of which are bristly and barbed, with two sharp pappi at the end. The generic name refers to the same character; Bidens comes from the Latin bis ("two") and dens ("tooth").

Rhamnaceae Family of flowering plants

Rhamnaceae is a large family of flowering plants, mostly trees, shrubs, and some vines, commonly called the buckthorn family. Rhamnaceae is included in the order Rosales.

Senecioneae Tribe of flowering plants

Senecioneae is the largest tribe of the Asteraceae, or the sunflower family, comprising about 150 genera and 3,000 species. Almost one-third of the species in this tribe are placed in the genus Senecio. Its members exhibit probably the widest possible range of form to be found in the entire plant kingdom, and include annuals, minute creeping alpines, herbaceous and evergreen perennials, shrubs, climbers, succulents, trees, and semiaquatic plants.

Harold Ernest Robinson was an American botanist and an entomologist.

Sterculiaceae was a family of flowering plant based on the genus Sterculia. Genera formerly included in Sterculiaceae are now placed in the family Malvaceae, in the subfamilies: Byttnerioideae, Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae.

Heliantheae Tribe of sunflower plants

The Heliantheae are the third-largest tribe in the sunflower family (Asteraceae). With some 190 genera and nearly 2500 recognized species, only the tribes Senecioneae and Astereae are larger. The name is derived from the genus Helianthus, which is Greek for sun flower. Most genera and species are found in North America and South America. A few genera are pantropical.

Eupatorieae Tribe of plants

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Mutisioideae Subfamily of flowering plants

The Mutisioideae are a subfamily in the plant family Asteraceae that includes about 630 species assigned to 44 different genera. This subfamily is mainly native in South America, except for Adenocaulon, Chaptalia, Gerbera, Trichocline, which have species in all continents other than Europe and Antarctica. Common characters are the deeply incised corollas of the disc florets, with five lobes, sometimes merged in two lips, flower heads with overlapping involucral bracts, anthers with tails and pointy tips, the styles usually stick far out of the florets and are essentially hairless. Most species are herbs, but some are vines, shrubs, or small trees.

Asteroideae Subfamily of flowering plants

Asteroideae is a subfamily of the plant family Asteraceae. It contains about 70% of the species of the family. It consists of several tribes, including Astereae, Calenduleae, Eupatorieae, Gnaphalieae, Heliantheae, Senecioneae and Tageteae. Asteroideae contains plants found all over the world, many of which are shrubby. There are about 1,135 genera and 17,200 species within this subfamily; the largest genera by number of species are Helichrysum (500–600) and Artemisia (550).

Vernonieae Tribe of flowering plants

Vernonieae is a tribe of about 1300 species of plants in the aster family. They are mostly found in the tropics and warmer temperate areas, both in the Americas and the Old World. They are mostly herbaceous plants or shrubs, although there is at least one tree species, Vernonia arborea.

Cichorioideae Subfamily of plants

The Cichorioideae are a subfamily of the family Asteraceae of flowering plants. Familiar members of Cichorioideae include lettuce, dandelions, chicory and Gazania species. The subfamily comprises about 240 genera and about 2900 species. It is heterogeneous and hard to characterize except with molecular characters.

Anthemideae Tribe of flowering plants

Anthemideae is a tribe of flowering plants in the aster family, Asteraceae, and the subfamily Asteroideae. They are distributed worldwide with concentrations in central Asia, the Mediterranean Basin, and southern Africa. Most species of plant known as chamomile belong to genera of this tribe.

Pieter B. Pelser New Zealand botanist

Pieter B. Pelser is a Lecturer in Plant Systematics and the curator of the herbarium at the University of Canterbury in Christchurch, New Zealand. One research interest is the evolutionary history of the tribe Senecioneae, one of the largest tribes in the largest family of flowering plants. He wrote the most recent attempt to define and delimit this tribe and its problematic founding species Senecio. He also studies insects that eat these plants (Longitarsus) which contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids and what makes them choose which plants they eat.

Inuleae Tribe of flowering plants

Inuleae is a tribe of flowering plants in the subfamily Asteroideae.

Plucheeae Tribe of flowering plants

Plucheeae, sometimes also spelt as Plucheae, is a tribe of flowering plants in the subfamily Asteroideae.

<i>Simsia</i>

Simsia is a genus of flowering plants in the sunflower tribe within the daisy family. It includes annuals, herbaceous perennials, and shrubs. They range from the western United States south through Central and South America to Argentina, with the center of diversity occurring in Mexico. The genus is named for British physician and botanist John Sims (1749–1831). Although some species are relatively rare, others have become common weeds that line the roadsides and fields of Mexico, often forming dense stands mixed with Tithonia and other Asteraceae. Some species are known by the common name bushsunflower.

<i>Iostephane</i> Genus of flowering plants

Iostephane is a genus of Mexican flowering plants in the sunflower family.

Helenieae Tribe of flowering plants

Helenieae is a tribe of the plant family Asteraceae. The type genus is Helenium, but the best known members of the tribe are the Gaillardia. Helenieae are usually placed in their own tribe, but some authors include this and several other tribes as subtribes within a broader definition of the tribe Heliantheae.

References

  1. Asteroideae - Taxonomy
  2. 1 2 Ryding, Olof; Bremer, Kare (1992), "Phylogeny, Distribution, and Classification of the Coreopsideae (Asteraceae)", Systematic Botany, 17 (4): 649–659, doi:10.2307/2419733, JSTOR   2419733
  3. Klaus Kubitzki, Joachim W. Kadereit, Charles Jeffrey; The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants
  4. Rebecca T. Kimballa, Daniel J. Crawford (2004), "Phylogeny of Coreopsideae (Asteraceae) using ITS sequences suggests lability in reproductive characters", Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 33 (1): 127–139, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2004.04.022, PMID   15324843
  5. Niehaus, Theodore F.; Ripper, Charles L. (1976), Pacific States Wildflowers , New York: Houghton Mifflin, ISBN   0-395-91095-1
  6. Kellogg, E.A. (1999). "Phylogenetic aspects of the evolution of C4 photosynthesis". In Sage, R.F.; Monson, R.K. (eds.). C4 plant biology (PDF). San Diego, CA: Academic Press. pp. 411–444. ISBN   0126144400 . Retrieved 2018-05-26.
  7. "Coreopsideae Lindl". Global Compositae Database. Compositae Working Group (CWG). Retrieved 2022-04-04.