A county is a geographic region within Gaelic games, controlled by a county board of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) and originally based on the 32 counties of Ireland as they were in 1884. While the administrative geography of Ireland has since changed, with several new counties created and the six that make up Northern Ireland superseded by 11 local government districts, the counties in Gaelic games have remained largely unchanged.
However, the county as used in Gaelic games does not always and everywhere cover precisely the same territory as the traditional county. Particularly in the first 50 years of the Association but also in more recent times, there are many examples of clubs based in one of the administrative counties being allowed to participate in the leagues or championships of a neighbouring county. There are also instances where the official county boundary does not coincide precisely with the county as used in Gaelic games, for example where a club is based on a parish that crosses the county border. While in most cases the name of the county as used in Gaelic games is the same as that of the current or former administrative county, there have been exceptions: Derry has never used the official county name of Londonderry, and the board of the county then officially known as Queen's County changed its name in 1907 to Leix and Ossary, later becoming Laois. Each county board is responsible for organising GAA club fixtures within the county, and for the promotion and development of Gaelic games and the other objectives of the Association.
The county can also refer to the inter-county teams fielded by each county board. While in general any county, and only a county, is eligible to compete in the provincial and national championships and leagues, and almost all do so, again there can be anomalies: in the National Hurling League, for example, a team representing Fingal — a sub-region of the GAA county of Dublin, corresponding to the modern administrative county of Fingal — previously competed against other counties.
Since the inception of the county system, there have been changes to the respective regions of control of the overseas units. In Ireland the concept of the county is very strong and changing the county boundary is extremely controversial. In 2002 a proposal to divide Dublin in two was quickly and strongly opposed.
Listed below are the 32 county boards based in Ireland and the province (and, hence, the provincial council) to which each is affiliated. Also provided is a map showing the location of the province, i.e. north, south, east, west.
(Contae Ard Mhacha)
(Contae an Chabháin)
(Contae an Chláir)
|Donegal||Dún na nGall|
(Contae Dhún na nGall)
(Contae an Dúin)
(Contae Átha Cliath)
(Contae Fhear Manach)
(Contae na Gaillimhe)
(Contae Chill Dara)
(Contae Chill Chainnigh)
(Contae an Longfoirt)
(Contae Mhaigh Eo)
(Contae na Mí)
(Contae Uíbh Fhailí)
(Contae Ros Comáin)
(Contae Thiobraid Árann)
(Contae Thír Eoghain)
(Contae Phort Láirge)
(Contae na hIarmhí)
(Contae Loch Garman)
(Contae Chill Mhantáin)
Listed below are the county teams based in Ireland. The football teams are shown by their current status within the National Football League, while the hurling teams are shown by their status within the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship (as of 2021).
Counties as used in Gaelic games outside Ireland cover large geographic non-traditional areas which are not considered as counties in any other context. For example, Scotland is a county for GAA purposes, as is London, while the remaining counties of Great Britain cover wider areas than their names suggest. The Hertfordshire County Board, for example, oversees clubs in Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Oxfordshire; Gloucestershire GAA reaches into South Wales, Warwickshire GAA includes Staffordshire and Birmingham, and so on.There are also "county boards" for Australasia, Canada, New York, the rest of North America, Europe and Asia, while other overseas GAA regions such as the Cayman Islands operate with their own structures not including county boards.
London enters a county team in the National Football League and the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship, while it also enters another county team in the National Hurling League and the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship. London's county football team reached the 2013 Connacht Senior Football Championship final.
New York enters a a county team in the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship.
Warwickshire enters a county team in the National Hurling League and All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship, while Lancashire enters a county team in both.
Scotland does not currently enter a team, nor do Gloucestershire, Hertfordshire or Yorkshire.
As of 2020, no team from continental Europe, Canada, the rest of the United States, Asia or Australasia competes against the counties of Ireland in any of the Gaelic games.
The GAA Hurling All-Ireland Senior Championship, known simply as the All-Ireland Championship, is an annual inter-county hurling competition organised by the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA). It is the highest inter-county hurling competition in Ireland, and has been contested every year except one since 1887.
The Dublin County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) or Dublin GAA is one of the 32 county boards of the GAA in Ireland, and is responsible for Gaelic games in the Dublin Region and the Dublin county teams. The teams and their fans are known as "The Dubs" or "Boys in Blue". The fans have a special affiliation with the Hill 16 end of Croke Park.
The Derry County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) or Derry GAA is one of the 32 county boards of the GAA in Ireland. It is responsible for Gaelic games in County Londonderry in Northern Ireland. The county board is also responsible for the Derry county teams.
The Galway County Boards of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) or Galway GAA are one of the 32 county boards in Ireland; they are responsible for Gaelic games in County Galway, and for the Galway county teams.
The Down County Board or Down GAA is one of the 32 county boards of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) in Ireland, and is responsible for the administration of Gaelic games in County Down.
The Leitrim County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) or Leitrim GAA is one of the 32 county boards of the GAA in Ireland, and is responsible for Gaelic games in County Leitrim. The county board is also responsible for the Leitrim co"Connacht's traditional minnows" and "one of the GAA's Cinderella counties", Leitrim are never considered seriously as likely to win a major title. The county football team play in the Connacht Senior Football Championship and compete in Division 3 of the National Football League. They have won the Connacht Senior Football Championship on two occasions, the first in 1927 and their second in 1994. Leitrim have created a significant impact on GAA history.
The British Council of the Gaelic Athletic Association or Britain GAA is the only provincial council of the Gaelic Athletic Association outside Ireland, and is responsible for Gaelic games in Great Britain. The board is also responsible for the British Gaelic football, hurling, camogie and ladies' Gaelic football inter-county teams.
The London County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) or London GAA is one of the county boards outside Ireland, and is responsible for Gaelic games in London. The county board is also responsible for the London county teams.
Connacht GAA or formally the Connacht Provincial Council of the Gaelic Athletic Association is the governing body for Gaelic games that are played in the province of Connacht, Ireland. It performs a supervisory and appeal role for the five County Boards within the province. Anomalously, it also exercises its functions for an additional two county boards that are not located in the province: London and New York. Teams from these administrative areas play in the Connacht Senior Football Championship.
The 2000 All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship was the 114th staging of the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship, the Gaelic Athletic Association's premier inter-county hurling tournament. The draw for the 2000 fixtures took place on 14 November 1999. The championship began on 6 May 2000 and ended on 10 September 2000.
The New York County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association, or New York GAA, is one of the county boards of the Gaelic Athletic Association outside Ireland, and is responsible for Gaelic games in the New York metropolitan area. The county board is also responsible for the New York county teams.
The history of the Gaelic Athletic Association is much shorter than the history of Gaelic games themselves. Hurling and caid were recorded in early Irish history and they pre-date recorded history. The Gaelic Athletic Association itself was founded in 1884.
CLG Eoghan Rua Cúil Raithin is a Gaelic Athletic Association club based in Coleraine, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. Despite some of the club's catchment area being in County Antrim, the club is a member of the Derry GAA. Eoghan Rua currently cater for Gaelic Football, Hurling, Camogie, and Ladies' Gaelic football and also compete in Scór and Scór n nÓg. The club's name commemorates Eoghan Rua Ó Néill.
The Scotland Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) or Scotland GAA is one of the county boards of the GAA outside Ireland, and is responsible for Gaelic games in Scotland. The county board is also responsible for the Scottish county teams. The Board participates with London, Gloucestershire, Hertfordshire, Lancashire, Warwickshire, and Yorkshire under the British GAA.
The following is an alphabetical list of terms and jargon used in relation to Gaelic games. See also list of Irish county nicknames
Gaelic games in North America includes gaelic football and hurling played in the United States and Canada. They do not have a high profile in North America, but are developing sports.
Castleknock Hurling and Football Club is a Dublin GAA club centered on the townlands of Carpenterstown and Diswellstown in the civil parish of Castleknock in Fingal, Ireland. It serves large parts of the suburban areas of Castleknock, Hartstown, Coolmine, Blanchardstown, Laurel Lodge and Clonsilla. The club plays the following Gaelic games at all age levels from nursery to adult: Hurling, Gaelic football, Camogie and Ladies' Gaelic football.
Wild Geese are a GAA club based in Oldtown, Fingal. They currently field a single junior football, two junior hurling and previously a ladies football team. At juvenile level they field at hurling only with teams at Under 9, 10, 12, 14 and 16. In Los Angeles there is a Gaelic football club who also go by the same name and at Lakenheath U.S. air force base there is a hurling club also called Wild Geese.
The 2017–18 All-Ireland Senior Club Football Championship was the 48th annual gaelic football club championship since its establishment in the 1970–71 season. The winners receive the Andy Merrigan Cup.