De Grootste Nederlander ('The Greatest Dutchman') was a public poll held in 2004 by the broadcasting company KRO of the Publieke Omroep. The series has the BBC's 100 Greatest Britons TV format. During the series, it included individual programmes on the top ten, with viewers having further opportunities to vote after each programme.
The recently assassinated politician Pim Fortuyn was announced as the winner in a live television broadcast on 15 November 2004, two weeks after Theo van Gogh was murdered. This was controversial, and was said to be an "embarrassing" choice by several journalists and historians.Later it became revealed that William of Orange had received the most votes in total, but only the votes that were tallied before the end of the live programme counted (the number of calls was so large that not all could be counted before the end of the show). And thus Fortuyn remained the official number one according to the rules, as announced originally.
|Rank||Personality||Notability||Nomination defended by||Ref.|
|1||Pim Fortuyn||Politician. Admired by his followers for breaking with political correctness and criticizing Dutch politics. His murder made him a martyr for his case. His high position in the list was affected by the murder of Theo van Gogh only a few days before the contest was held. The program later revealed that William of Orange had received the most votes, but many could not be counted until after the official closing time of the television show (and the proclamation of the winner), due to technical problems. The official rules of the show said that votes counted before the end of the show would be decisive, but it was suggested that all votes correctly cast before the closing of the vote would be counted. Following the official rules, the outcome was not changed.||Yoeri Albrecht, journalist.|
|2||William of Orange||Politician. Led the Dutch people during the Eighty Years' War against Spain, which eventually led to their independence. He himself never lived to see this, as he was assassinated. Is considered the "Father of the Nation" to this day.||Jacobine Geel, theologist, TV presenter and columnist.|
|3||Willem Drees||Prime Minister (1948–1958). Re-elected four times in a row. Admired for helping the post-war country to get back on its legs and for his introduction of various social reform laws.||Wouter Bos, Dutch politician.|
|4||Antonie van Leeuwenhoek||Biologist and microbiologist. Inventor of the microscope. Did pioneer work in cell biology and microbiology.||André Kuipers, astronaut.|
|5||Desiderius Erasmus||Philosopher and novelist. Author of In Praise of Folly . Admired for his humanist philosophies.||Herman Pleij, medievalist.|
|6||Johan Cruyff||Association football player and trainer. Universally considered to be one of the greatest and most influential football players of all time.||Michael van Praag, association football trainer and administrator.|
|7||Michiel de Ruyter||Dutch admiral. Successfully defended his country during the 17th century from invaders at sea.||Rob de Wijk, historian.|
|8||Anne Frank||Victim of the Holocaust, famous for her posthumously released diary which gives an unforgettable eyewitness account of her tragic life.||Xandra Schutte, journalist.|
|9||Rembrandt van Rijn||Painter ( The Night Watch , The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp , The Conspiracy of Claudius Civilis , The Jewish Bride , Syndics of the Drapers' Guild , Self-Portrait with Two Circles ). Considered one of the greatest painters of all time, admired for his humanity and amazing mastery of the brush.||Ronald de Leeuw, art historian.|
|10||Vincent van Gogh||Painter ( Sunflowers , Starry Night , Bedroom in Arles , Café Terrace at Night ). Admired for his groundbreaking techniques, which weren't recognized in his own lifetime. Lived and died as the classic example of the "suffering artist" and "misunderstood genius".||Jochum ten Haaf, actor.|
Willem is a Dutch and West Frisian masculine given name. The name is Germanic, and can be seen as the Dutch equivalent of the name William in English, Guillaume in French, Guilherme in Portuguese, Guillermo in Spanish and Wilhelm in German. Nicknames that are derived from Willem are Jelle, Pim, Willie, Willy and Wim.
Gerrit is a Dutch male name meaning "brave with the spear", the Dutch and Frisian form of Gerard. People with this name include:
Meijer is a Dutch surname. It refers to a profession similar to a bailiff or steward. It originates from the Latin word maior and is often rendered Meyer abroad.
Van Leeuwen is a Dutch toponymic surname meaning "from Leeuwen". In 2007, nearly 28,000 people in the Netherlands carried the name, making it the 18th most common name there. There are two places named Leeuwen in Gelderland and two in Limburg. Considering the frequency of the name and the small size of these places, it has been speculated that people from the city of Leuven may have come to be called "van Leeuwen" as well. Although translated as "lions" in modern Dutch, the place name may be explained originating from Germanic hlaiw, meaning (burial) mound. The name appeared in records since the 13th-century in South Holland. People with this surname include:
The Dutch male given name Hendrik is a cognate of the English Henry. The spelling Hendrick was interchangeable until the 19th century. Birth names of people with this name can be Latinized to Henderikus, Hendricus, Hendrikus, or Henricus, while common nicknames for Hendrik are Han, Hein, Henk, Hennie, Henny, Henri, Henry, Rijk, and Rik. People with Hendrik or Hendrick as their first name include:
Zorgvlied is a cemetery on the Amsteldijk in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, on the left bank of the river Amstel. The cemetery was opened in 1870 by the city of Amstelveen which still owns and operates it, though since 1896 it is located within the boundaries of the city of Amsterdam. One of the country's best-known cemeteries, it is notable for the large number of celebrities, especially from the literary and theater worlds, buried there.
The Bureau Bijzondere Opdrachten was a Dutch secret service during World War II. The BBO dispatched secret agents to the German-occupied Netherlands, where they supported the local resistance and carried out sabotage activities.
Oud Eik en Duinen is a cemetery in The Hague, the Netherlands, formerly called Eik en Duinen and also nicknamed "the Dutch Père-Lachaise". The cemetery is built around a chapel constructed around 1247 by William II of Holland in honor of his father, Floris IV, Count of Holland. This chapel was partially demolished in 1581, and in the 17th century the area was again used as a cemetery. When Eik en Duinen was full, a new cemetery, Nieuw Eykenduynen, was constructed in 1891 across the road, and since then the old cemetery is known as "Old" Eik en Duinen.
Events in the year 1945 in the Netherlands.