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|Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar|
|Directed by||Jabbar Patel|
|Produced by||Tirlok Malik|
|Written by||Daya Pawar|
|Starring|| Mammootty |
|Music by||Amar Haldipur|
|Edited by||Vijay Khochikar|
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar : The Untold Truth is a 2000 Indian feature film in English language, directed by Jabbar Patel. It tells the story of B. R. Ambedkar, known mainly for his contributions in the emancipation of the downtrodden and oppressed classes in India and shaping the Constitution of India, as the chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Indian Constituent Assembly. The film was a project funded jointly by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment and the Government of Maharashtra. It was made at a budget of ₹ 8.95 crore. The production was managed by the government-owned National Film Development Corporation of India. The film was dubbed in nine Indian languages.
A feature film, feature-length film, or theatrical film is a film with a running time long enough to be considered the principal or sole film to fill a program. The term feature film originally referred to the main, full-length film in a cinema program that also included a short film and often a newsreel. The notion of how long a feature film should be has varied according to time and place. According to the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, the American Film Institute and the British Film Institute, a feature film runs for more than 40 minutes, while the Screen Actors Guild asserts that a feature's running time is 75 minutes or longer.
Dr. Jabbar Patel is a Marathi-language theatre and film director of India. His production of the play Vijay Tendulkar's play Ghashiram Kotwal, in 1973 is considered a classic in Modern Indian Theatre.
Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly known as Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who inspired the Dalit Buddhist movement and campaigned against social discrimination towards the untouchables (Dalits), while also supporting the rights of women and labour. He was independent India's first law and justice minister, the architect of the Constitution of India, and a founding father of the Republic of India. In India and elsewhere, he was often called Babasaheb, meaning "respected father" in Marathi and Hindi.
The role of Ambedkar was played by actor Mammootty:He won the National Film Award for Best Actor that year. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar won the National Film Awards for Best feature film in English and Best Art Direction (Nitin Chandrakant Desai) in 1999. The film was screened retrospective on August 15, 2016 at the Independence Day Film Festival jointly presented by the Indian Directorate of Film Festivals and Ministry of Defence, commemorating 70th Indian Independence Day.
Muhammad Kutty Paniparambil Ismail, better known by his stage name Mammootty is an Indian film actor and producer who works in Malayalam cinema. In a career spanning four decades, he has appeared in over 400 films, predominantly in Malayalam language and also in Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Hindi and English.
The National Film Award for Best Actor, officially known as the Rajat Kamal Award for the Best Actor, is an honour presented annually at the National Film Awards of India instituted since 1967 to actors who have delivered the best performance in a leading role within the Indian film industry. Called the "State Awards for Films" when established in 1954, the National Film Awards ceremony is older than the Directorate of Film Festivals. The State Awards instituted the individual award in 1968 as the "Bharat Award for the Best Actor"; in 1975, it was renamed as the "Rajat Kamal Award for the Best Actor". Throughout the past 45 years, accounting for ties and repeat winners, the Government of India has presented a total of 52 "Best Actor" awards to 40 actors. Until 1974, winners of the National Film Award received a figurine and certificate; since 1975, they have been awarded with a "Rajat Kamal", certificate and a cash prize.
The National Film Awards is the most prominent film award ceremonies in India. Established in 1954, it has been administered, along with the International Film Festival of India and the Indian Panorama, by the Indian government's Directorate of Film Festivals since 1973.
Although Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was certified in 1998, it was released commercially in 2000. It was considered for National Award for Best Film in 1998.
Bhimrao Ambedkar studying in Columbia University library and is approached by Lala Lajpat Rai to join his home rule league but Ambedkar refuses to do so as he came here on the scholarship of his highness Sayajirao Gaekwad III of Baroda State. Ambedkar is unable to afford studying in America so he also works part-time jobs washing plates and cleaning. One night Ambedkar is reading the Manusmriti which reminds him about his childhood days as the way upper caste treat the lower caste people. The first incident is the way shopkeeper sells saree to his mother by first putting water on the ground and then rubbing the saree on muddy water and then throws it towards his mother. When Ambedkar approaches to a barber to cut his hair, Ambedkar argue with the barber if you can cut the buffaloes hair why not mine, the barber replies him that you people are more filthy and dirty then buffaloes, dogs and cats. In school days Ambedkar was keen to learn Sanskrit but his Brahmin teacher didn't want to teach him Sanskrit because if an untouchable person learns it, It will pollute Sanskrit language and after getting insulted by teacher when Ambedkar comes crying from school as he is insulted by his teacher his father console him and tell him not to cry as goats are sacrificed for the rituals and not lions.
Columbia University is a private Ivy League research university in New York City. Established in 1754, Columbia is the oldest institution of higher education in New York and the fifth-oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. It is one of nine colonial colleges founded prior to the Declaration of Independence, seven of which belong to the Ivy League. It has been ranked by numerous major education publications as among the top ten universities in the world.
Lala Lajpat Rai
Sayajirao Gaekwad III was the Maharaja of Baroda State from 1875 to 1939, and is notably remembered for reforming much of his state during his rule. He belonged to the royal Gaekwad dynasty of the Marathas which ruled parts of present-day Gujarat.
He passed his M.A. exam in June 1915, majoring in economics, and other subjects of sociology, history, philosophy and anthropology. He presented a thesis, Ancient Indian Commerce. Ambedkar was influenced by John Dewey and his work on democracy. In 1916 he completed his second thesis, National Dividend of India - A Historic and Analytical Study for another M.A. In October 1916, he enrolled for the Bar course at Gray's Inn, and at the same time enrolled at the London School of Economics where he started working on a doctoral thesis. 1917 The term of his scholarship from Baroda ended, so that he was obliged to go back to India in June with his work unfinished; he was, however, given permission to return and finish within four years. He sent his precious and much-loved collection of books back on a steamer—but it was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine Ambedkar went to Baroda State to work as a probationer in the Accountant General's Office . A scholarship of 11.50 British pounds a month, for three years, was awarded to the young Ambedkar and per the agreement he has to serve baroda for 10 years after the completion of his studies. However, upon arriving in Baroda, he realized that none of the Hindu hotels would allow his to stay due to his lower caste. He found a Parsi inn, but here, non-Parsis were not allowed to stay. He and the Parsi inn-keeper reached a compromise, where by Ambedkar gave his name as a Parsi, and was allowed to stay. After joining the new office as a new senior officer (Probationary officer) being an untouchable the peon of the office doesn't give him file in his hand he throw files on his table, Ambedkar feel thirsty and ask for a glass of water, the peon says there is no water when he goes to drink water from the pot, Upper caste people finds this very uncomfortable and insults him as he is not allowed to drink water from that pot as they think by his touch it will pollute the water so they tell him to bring his own water and calls him dirty and untouchable. After a few days of stay in Baroda it is discovered by other Parsis, that he is not Parsi and on the eleventh day of his stay, a group of angry Parsi men, armed with sticks, arrived to remove him from the inn. He had to leave the inn that very day, and not having a place to stay, was forced to leave Baroda and return to Bombay to find work elsewhere.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
Sociology is the study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction and culture of everyday life. It is a social science that uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about social order, acceptance, and change or social evolution. While some sociologists conduct research that may be applied directly to social policy and welfare, others focus primarily on refining the theoretical understanding of social processes. Subject matter ranges from the micro-sociology level of individual agency and interaction to the macro level of systems and the social structure.
History is the past as it is described in written documents, and the study thereof. Events occurring before written records are considered prehistory. "History" is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information about these events. Scholars who write about history are called historians.
In Bombay, Ambedkar applies for the post of professorship as professor of political economy in Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics. On the first day of his job the students makes fun of him thinking what this untouchable will teach them does he know how to speak English. In the staff room when Ambedkar approaches towards water pot to drink water a professor named Trivedi doesn't like it and insults him. Ambedkar is approached by Shri Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur and Ambedkar starts a newspaper called Mooknayak in the year 1920. Ambedkar took a conference in Mangaon in Kolhapur it was attended by Shri Shahu Maharaj. The Maharaj declared in a prophetic vein "You have found your saviour in Ambedkar and I am confident that he will break your shackles".
Political economy is the study of production and trade and their relations with law, custom and government; and with the distribution of national income and wealth. As a discipline, political economy originated in moral philosophy, in the 18th century, to explore the administration of states' wealth, with "political" signifying the Greek word polity and "economy" signifying the Greek word "okonomie". The earliest works of political economy are usually attributed to the British scholars Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, and David Ricardo, although they were preceded by the work of the French physiocrats, such as François Quesnay (1694–1774) and Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot (1727–1781).
Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics is a prestigious college located in Mumbai which is also the oldest college of commerce in Asia. Affiliated to the Dr. Homi Bhabha State University, the college offers undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in commerce and management. It was awarded a re-accreditation 'A' grade and 3.42 GPA in the first cycle assessment conducted by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council. In the year 2019, Sydenham college was de-affiliated from Mumbai University and affiliated to Maharashtra State's first cluster University and India's second University named Dr. Homi Bhabha State University
Trivedi is a Northern and Western family name from India reflecting the mastery over three of the four vedas. In Sanskrit Trivedi means ‘one that knows the three Vedas’, from tri = ‘three’ + veda ‘(sacred) knowledge’ leading to vedi = 'to see'. Similar family names are Chaturvedi and Dwivedi.
Sonali Kulkarni is an Indian actress. She was born in Pune. She has worked in Kannada, Gujarati, Marathi, Hindi, and Tamil films. She is known for her roles in Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, Doghi, Deool, Dil Chahta Hai, Singham and Taxi No 9211.
Ramabai Bhimrao Ambedkar was the first wife of B. R. Ambedkar, who said her support was instrumental in helping him pursue his higher education and his true potential. She has been the subject of a number of biographical movies and books. A number of landmarks across India have been named after her.
Priya Bapat is an Indian actress who works in Hindi and Marathi films. She is best known for her roles in the movies Kaksparsh and Aamhi Doghi, for which she won the Best Actress award at the Screen Awards in 2013, and Happy Journey, for which she won the Best Actress Maharashtra State Award and was nominated in the Best Actress category at the Marathi Filmfare Awards in 2014.
The film won three National Film Awards (India) in 1999.
Shahu of the Bhosle dynasty of Marathas was a Raja and a Maharaja (1900-1922) of the Indian princely state of Kolhapur. Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj, also known as Rajarshi Shahu was considered a true democrat and social reformer. First Maharaja of the princely state of Kolhapur, he was an invaluable gem in the history of Maharashtra. Greatly influenced by the contributions of social reformer Jyotiba Phule, Shahu Maharaj was an ideal leader and able ruler who was associated with many progressive and path breaking activities during his rule. From his coronation in 1894 till his demise in 1922, he worked tirelessly for the cause of the lower caste subjects in his state. Primary education to all regardless of caste and creed was one of his most significant priorities.
The Faculty of Fine Arts, Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda is one of the major art colleges in India. It has a reputation for promoting a creative and individualist approach among its students, and has historically adhered to secularist, humanist, and modernist ideals.
Kirti Mandir, or Temple of Fame, is the cenotaph of the Gaekwads, located in the city of Vadodara.
Mahrshi Vitthal Ramji Shinde was one of the most important social and religious reformers in Maharashtra, India. He was prominent among the liberal thinkers and reformists in India, prior to his independence. His greatest contribution was to attempt to remove the practice of untouchability and bring about equality to the depressed classes in Indian society.
Babasaheb is an honorary title and given name. "Babasaheb" is a Marathi phrase which means "Respected Father". This epithet is commonly applied to B. R. Ambedkar.
Waiting for a Visa is a 20-page autobiographical life story of B. R. Ambedkar written in the period of 1935–36. It consists of reminiscences drawn by Ambedkar, related to his experiences with untouchability, in his own handwriting. The book is used as a textbook in Columbia University.
Hari Narke is an Indian scholar, author and orator of International repute. He is serving as professor and Head of Mahatma Phule Chair, in the University of Pune.
Gaekwad is a surname native to Indian state of Maharashtra. The surname is found among Maratha Kolis caste and Scheduled caste people. It is also a common surname among Bharadis, Dhor, and Mahar communities of Maharashtra.
Anant Vithal, known by his alias Dhananjay Keer (1913–1984) was an Indian writer who wrote biographies of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, Jyotiba Phule, Rajarshi Shahu Maharaj and Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
The 1997 Ramabai killings were a mass killing of Dalit residents of the Ramabai Ambedkar Nagar colony in Mumbai on 11 July 1997. A team of State Reserve Police Force members fired upon a crowd protesting the recent desecration of a statue of Dalit activist B. R. Ambedkar. 10 Dalits were killed and 26 injured in the incident.
Eleanor Zelliot was an American writer, retired professor of Carleton College and specialist on the history of India, Southeast Asia, Vietnam, women of Asia, Untouchables, and social movements.
Mahad Satyagraha or Chavdar Tale Satyagraha was a satyagraha led by B. R. Ambedkar on 20 March 1927 to allow untouchables to use water in a public tank in Mahad, Maharashtra, India. The day observed as Social Empowerment day in India.
Bhimayana: Incidents in the Life of Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar is a graphic biography of Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar published in 2011 by Navayana and was hailed by CNN as being among the top five political comic books. It was created by artists Durgabai Vyam, Subhash Vyam and writers Srividya Natarajan and S. Anand. It depicts the experiences of caste discrimination and resistance that Bhimrao Ambedkar recorded in his autobiographical illustrations, later compiled and edited in Babasaheb Ambedkar: Writings and Speeches by Vasant Moon under the title “Waiting for a Visa”. It is one of India's top selling graphic books.
Ramchandra Babaji More was a political leader and campaigner with a particular focus around the struggle against the Caste system in India and Class exploitation in the Indian subcontinent.
Savita Bhimrao Ambedkar, was an Indian social activist, doctor and the second wife of Babasaheb Ambedkar, the father of the Indian Constitution. Ambedkarites and Buddhists refer to her as Mai or Maisaheb, which stands for 'Mother' in Marathi language.
Dr. B. R. Ambedkar is a 2005 Indian biographical film in Kannada language, based on the life history of the father of the Indian Constitution, Babasaheb Ambedkar. The film covers the period from his birth right up to his death. The actress Tara plays the role of Ambedkar's first wife Ramabai Ambedkar, while actress Bhavya plays Savita Ambedkar, his second wife. The film is directed by Sharan Kumar Kabbur.
The Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar Memorial, also known as the Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Memorial, is a memorial in London, United Kingdom. A statue is dedicated to B. R. Ambedkar, Indian polymath, and the architect of the Constitution of India, and is situated outside the house he lived in during the 1920s, which is open to the public. The memorial was inaugurated by the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on 14 November 2015.
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar : Mahamanvachi Gauravgatha is an 2019 Indian historical drama television series based on the life of B. R. Ambedkar, the architect of the Constitution of India. B. R. Ambedkar is popularly known as 'Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar'. The show is airing on Star Pravah from 18 May 2019 and has starred Sagar Deshmukh in the lead role. The TV show broadcasts at 9 p.m. every Monday to Saturday.