|Hemingway & Gellhorn|
|Directed by||Philip Kaufman|
|Produced by||Peter Kaufman |
|Written by|| Jerry Stahl |
|Starring|| Nicole Kidman |
|Music by||Javier Navarrete|
|Edited by||Walter Murch|
Hemingway & Gellhorn is a 2012 television film directed by Philip Kaufman about the lives of journalist Martha Gellhorn and her husband, writer Ernest Hemingway. The film premiered at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival and aired on HBO on May 28, 2012.
Telling the story of one of America’s most famous literary couples, the movie begins in 1936 when the pair meet for the first time in a chance encounter in a Key West bar in Florida.
They encounter each other again a year later in Spain, while both are covering the Spanish Civil War, and staying in the same hotel on the same floor. Initially, Gellhorn resists romantic advances made by the famous author, but during a bombing raid, the two find themselves trapped alone in the same room, and lust overcomes them. They become lovers, and stay in Spain until 1939. Hemingway collaborates with Joris Ivens to produce The Spanish Earth .
In 1940 Hemingway divorces his second wife so that he and Gellhorn can be married.He credits her with having inspired him to write the novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940), and dedicates the work to her.
Over time, however, Gellhorn becomes more prominent in her own right, leading to certain career jealousies between the two. Gellhorn leaves Hemingway to go to Finland to cover the Winter War by herself. When she returns to the Lookout Farm in Havana, Hemingway tells her that he has divorced Pauline.
The two marry and, together, travel to China to cover the bombing attacks by Japan. In China, they interview Chiang Kai-shek and his spouse. Gellhorn is horrified after visiting an opium den. Chiang Kai-shek is fighting the Chinese Communists and Japanese invaders. The two secretly visit Zhou Enlai. Gellhorn covered D-Day in Normandy. She reported on the Dachau and Auschwitz concentration camps.
Lastly, in 1945, Gellhorn became the only one of Hemingway's four wives to ask him for a divorce.
Pat Jackson, the film's sound effects editor, said that the biggest challenge in doing sound for the film was "making the archival footage and the live-action footage shot locally appear seamless."Much of the film was shot in the San Francisco Bay Area, with the abandoned 16th Street station in Oakland standing in for the Hotel Florida.
The film received mixed reviews with much praise going for Nicole Kidman's portrayal of Martha Gellhorn.Mark Rozeman of Paste commented "In terms of the acting, there’s little room for complaint. At 45, Kidman remains a fetching and powerful screen presence. Here, she captures Gellhorn’s idealistic, gung-ho leftism without making herself sound overly self-righteous" but was less positive about Clive Owen's role as Ernest Hemingway stating "While Owen easily embodies Hemingway’s extraordinary charisma (and certainly his legendary temper), his performance is often undermined by the British actor’s inability to hold his American accent." Jeremy Heilman of MovieMartyr.com agreed with Roseman's opinions stating "Kidman is strong here as Martha Gellhorn, using her exceptional figure and old-fashioned movie star glamour to full effect" and that Owen's performance was "inconsistent, goofy one moment and strongly seductive the next." Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reporter said, "Kidman is terrific in certain scenes and merely very good in others; there are a few too many moments of her traipsing around Spain, blond hair flying glamorously, not knowing quite what she’s doing there. But for the most part, she rivets one’s attention, lifting the entire enterprise by her presence. Odie Henderson, writing for Roger Ebert.com, praised both actors performances while lauding the film's throwback feeling of romance. "The actors are first-rate, down to the supporting roles...This is Kidman's best work in years, smart, brassy, funny, sexy and tough. She brings her A-game because Owen's showier role must be legendary, a larger than life evocation of masculinity suited for the name Hemingway. Cinematographer Rogier Stoffers introduces Owen in a desaturated fishing sequence that culminates in an explosion of bright red blood. Owen's Hemingway grabs the bull by the horns, resisting cliché just barely enough to feel the breath of caricature on his neck. His Russian Roulette pissing contest with an uncredited, equally macho and over the top Robert Duvall is a highlight of the film. Anyone with a romantic appreciation of the male gender will swoon at Owen's constantly revealed chest hair. Everyone else can worship, as Kaufman's camera does, at the altar of Kidman's lower body, with its "legs that start at her shoulders."
The New York Times panned the film, characterizing it as "a disheartening misfire: a big, bland historical melodrama built on platitudes about honor and the writing life that crams in actual figures and incidents but does little to illuminate them, or to make us care about the romance at its center."In a similar vein Vanity Fair observed that "none of the reviews quite prepared me for the unchained malady of Hemingway & Gellhorn." Of the director they say "it’s as if Kaufman answered the call of wild and it turned out to be a loon." The Huffington Post described it as "a gigantic missed opportunity, a jaw-droppingly trying waste of time. Don't let the fancy names in the cast fool you: This is a stupid, stupid movie." Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a 49% score based on 49 reviews, with an average rating of 5.33/10.
|17th Satellite Awards||Best Miniseries or Television Film||Nominated|
|Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film||Clive Owen||Nominated|
|Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film||Nicole Kidman||Nominated|
|19th Screen Actors Guild Awards||Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie||Clive Owen||Nominated|
|Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie||Nicole Kidman||Nominated|
|28th TCA Awards||Outstanding Movie, Miniseries, or Special||Nominated|
|64th Primetime Emmy Awards||Outstanding Miniseries or Movie||James Gandolfini, Alexandra E. Ryan, Barbara Turner, Peter Kaufman, Nancy Sanders, Trish Hofmann, and Mark Armstrong||Nominated|
|Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or Movie||Clive Owen||Nominated|
|Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or Movie||Nicole Kidman||Nominated|
|Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or Movie||David Strathairn||Nominated|
|Outstanding Directing for a Miniseries, Movie, or Dramatic Special||Philip Kaufman||Nominated|
|Outstanding Art Direction for a Miniseries, Movie, or Special||Jim Erickson, Nanci Noblett, and Geoffrey Kirkland||Nominated|
|Outstanding Cinematography for a Miniseries, Movie, or Special||Rogier Stoffers||Nominated|
|Outstanding Costumes for a Miniseries, Movie, or Special||Ruth Myers||Nominated|
|Outstanding Hairstyling for a Miniseries, Movie, or Special||Frances Mathias and Yvette Rivas||Nominated|
|Outstanding Makeup for a Miniseries or Movie (Non-Prosthetic)||Kyra Panchenko, Gretchen Davis, and Paul Pattison||Nominated|
|Outstanding Music Composition for a Miniseries, Movie, or Special (Original Dramatic Score)||Javier Navarrete||Won|
|Outstanding Single-Camera Picture Editing for a Miniseries, Movie, or Special||Walter Murch||Nominated|
|Outstanding Sound Editing for a Miniseries, Movie, or Special||Kim Foscato, Andy Malcolm, Casey Langfelder, Pete Horner, Joanie Diener, Goro Koyama, Steve Boeddeker, Pat Jackson, Douglas Murray, Andrea S. Gard, and Daniel Laurie||Won|
|Outstanding Sound Mixing for a Miniseries, Movie, or Special||Douglas Murray, Pete Horner, Lora Hirschberg, and Nelson Stoll||Nominated|
|Outstanding Supporting Visual Effects in a Miniseries or Movie||Nathan Abbot, Kip Larsen, Chris Morley, and Chris Paizis||Nominated|
|70th Golden Globe Awards||Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film||Clive Owen||Nominated|
|Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film||Nicole Kidman||Nominated|
|Directors Guild of America Award||Outstanding Directing – Television Film||Philip Kaufman||Nominated|
|Visual Effects Society Awards||Outstanding Supporting Visual Effects in a Broadcast Program||Nathan Abbot, Kip Larsen, Chris Morley, Christopher Paizis||Nominated|
|Outstanding Compositing in a Broadcast Program||Nathan Abbot, Shelley Campbell, Chris Morley, Christopher Paizis||Nominated|
|Writers Guild of America Award||Long Form – Original||Jerry Stahl and Barbara Turner||Nominated|
Ernest Miller Hemingway was an American novelist, short-story writer, journalist, and sportsman. His economical and understated style—which he termed the iceberg theory—had a strong influence on 20th-century fiction, while his adventurous lifestyle and his public image brought him admiration from later generations. Hemingway produced most of his work between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s, and he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. He published seven novels, six short-story collections, and two nonfiction works. Three of his novels, four short-story collections, and three nonfiction works were published posthumously. Many of his works are considered classics of American literature.
Georg Henri Anton "Joris" Ivens was a Dutch documentary filmmaker. Among the notable films he directed or co-directed are A Tale of the Wind, The Spanish Earth, Rain, ...A Valparaiso, Misère au Borinage (Borinage), 17th Parallel: Vietnam in War, The Seine Meets Paris, Far from Vietnam, Pour le Mistral and How Yukong Moved the Mountains.
Nicole Mary Kidman is an American-born Australian actress, producer and singer. She has received many accolades throughout her career, including two Primetime Emmy Awards, five Golden Globe Awards, and an Academy Award from four nominations. She was ranked among the world's highest-paid actresses in 2006, 2018, and 2019. Time magazine named her one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2004 and again in 2018. In 2020, The New York Times ranked her fifth on its list of the greatest actors of the 21st century up to that point.
Gloria Rose "Barbara" Turner was an American screenwriter and actress. One of her daughters is the actress Jennifer Jason Leigh.
Martha Ellis Gellhorn was an American novelist, travel writer, and journalist who is considered one of the great war correspondents of the 20th century.
Jerry Stahl is an American novelist and screenwriter. His works include the 1995 memoir of addiction Permanent Midnight. A 1998 film adaptation followed with Ben Stiller in the lead role.
Philip Kaufman is an American film director and screenwriter who has directed fifteen films over a career spanning more than six decades. He has been described as a "maverick" and an "iconoclast," notable for his versatility and independence. He is considered an "auteur", whose films have always expressed his personal vision.
Clive Owen is an English actor. He first gained recognition in the United Kingdom for playing the lead role in the ITV series Chancer from 1990 to 1991. He received critical acclaim for his work in the film Close My Eyes (1991) before earning international attention for his performance as a struggling writer in Croupier (1998). In 2005, he won a Golden Globe and a BAFTA Award and was nominated for an Academy Award for his performance in the drama Closer (2004).
Carlos Baker was an American writer, biographer and former Woodrow Wilson Professor of Literature at Princeton University. He received his B.A. from Dartmouth College and his M.A. from Harvard University. He then received his Ph.D. in English from Princeton University in 1940 after completing a doctoral dissertation titled "The influence of Spencer on Shelley's major poetry." Baker's published works included several novels and books of poetry and various literary criticisms and essays.
Molly Parker is a Canadian actress, writer, and director. She is best known for her roles in independent films, as well as television. Her accolades include two Genie Awards, one Independent Spirit Awards nomination, one Primetime Emmy Award nomination, and three nominations for the Screen Actors Guild Award.
Finca Vigía is a house in San Francisco de Paula Ward in Havana, Cuba which was once the residence of Ernest Hemingway. Like Hemingway's Key West home, it is now a museum. The building was constructed in 1886.
Steven Ray Wiig is an American film actor, director, producer and musician. He appeared in the films Into the Wild, Metallica: Some Kind of Monster, Milk, and The Master. He is also the drummer in the band Papa Wheelie. Wiig is the primary songwriter in his band The Martichora along with Rich Doucette.
Javier Navarrete is a Spanish composer of film scores. His best known score, for which he received an Oscar nomination, was for Pan's Labyrinth.
Pauline Marie Pfeiffer was an American journalist, and the second wife of writer Ernest Hemingway.
Anna Gunn is an American actress. She is best known for her role as Skyler White on the AMC drama series Breaking Bad (2008–2013), for which she won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series in 2013 and 2014, Jean Ward in The Practice (1997-2002), and Martha Bullock in Deadwood (2004-2006).
The influence of the Winter War in popular culture has been deep and wide, both in Finnish culture and worldwide. The Winter War began three months after World War II started, and the war had full media attention as other European fronts had a calm period.
The Hotel Florida was situated in Callao Square in central Madrid, Spain. It was built in 1924 and was used as a base by many of the foreign correspondents stationed in Madrid during the Spanish Civil War. While based in Spain as a correspondent for the North American News Association (NANA), Ernest Hemingway stayed at the hotel, where he wrote a play. The hotel was demolished in 1964 and a department store was built on the site.
Australian-American actress and producer Nicole Kidman made her film debut in the Australian drama Bush Christmas in 1983. Four years later, she starred in the television miniseries Bangkok Hilton, for which she received the AACTA Award for Best Lead Actress in a Television Drama. Kidman's breakthrough role was as a married woman trapped on a yacht with a murderer in the 1989 thriller Dead Calm. She followed this with her Hollywood debut opposite Tom Cruise in Tony Scott's auto-racing film Days of Thunder (1990). Her role as a homicidal weather forecaster in Gus Van Sant's crime comedy-drama To Die For garnered Kidman a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Comedy or Musical in 1996. She worked with Cruise again on Stanley Kubrick's erotic thriller Eyes Wide Shut in 1999.
Gellhorn is a surname and may refer to:
Hemingway is a documentary film on the life of Ernest Hemingway, produced by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick in 2021 which aired on the Public Broadcasting System in April, 2021.
This book is for MARTHA GELLHORN.
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