Jostedalsbreen National Park

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Jostedalsbreen National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Jostedalsbreen National Park logo.svg
Briksdalsbreen.JPG
Briksdalsbreen (Briksdal glacier) attracts over 300,000 visitors every year.
Location Vestland, Norway
Coordinates 61°41′N6°59′E / 61.683°N 6.983°E / 61.683; 6.983 Coordinates: 61°41′N6°59′E / 61.683°N 6.983°E / 61.683; 6.983
Area1,310 km2 (510 sq mi)
Established25 October 1991
Governing body Norwegian Environment Agency
Map of National Parks in Norway. Jostedalsbreen National Park is #10 Nasjonalparker Syd-Norge.JPG
Map of National Parks in Norway. Jostedalsbreen National Park is #10

Jostedalsbreen National Park (Norwegian : Jostedalsbreen nasjonalpark) is a national park in Norway that encompasses the largest glacier on the European mainland, Jostedalsbreen. The park was established by royal decree on 25 October 1991, and then in 1998, it was enlarged to the northwest. The park now covers 1,310 square kilometres (510 sq mi), with the glaciers covering about 800 square kilometres (310 sq mi) of the park.

Contents

Location

The park lies in the municipalities of Luster, Sogndal, Gloppen, Sunnfjord, and Stryn, all of which are in Vestland county. There are three museums and also visitors centers: the Breheimsenteret in Jostedalen, Jostedalsbreen nasjonalparksenter in Oppstryn (Stryn Municipality) and Norsk bremuseum in Fjærland (Sogndal Municipality).

Topography

The highest peak in the park is Lodalskåpa at 2,083 metres (6,834 ft). The glacier's highest point, Brenibba, lies 2,018 metres (6,621 ft) above sea level while its lowest point is 350 metres (1,150 ft) above sea level. The glacier has shrunk in recent years, and there are ruins of farms that were overtaken by the glacier in 1750. [1]

Name

The park was named after the main glacier in it, Jostedalsbreen. The first element of that name is the name of the old municipality Jostedal, the last element is the finite form of the word bre which means "glacier".

See also

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Jostedal Glacier

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Myklebustbreen

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Spørteggbreen

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Folgefonna National Park

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Lierne National Park

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Oppstrynsvatn

Oppstrynsvatn is a lake in the municipality of Stryn in Vestland county, Norway. It is located about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) east of the village of Stryn. The villages of Flo, Oppstryn, and Erdal are located on the shores of the lake.

Briksdalsbreen

Briksdalsbreen is one of the most accessible and best known arms of the Jostedalsbreen glacier. Briksdalsbreen is located in the municipality of Stryn in Vestland county, Norway. The glacier lies on the north side of the Jostedalsbreen, in Briksdalen which is located at the end of the Oldedalen valley, about 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of the village of Olden. It is located inside Jostedalsbreen National Park. Briksdalsbreen terminates in a small glacial lake, Briksdalsbrevatnet, which lies 346 metres (1,135 ft) above sea level.

Lodalskåpa

Lodalskåpa is the highest nunatak on the Norwegian glacier Jostedalsbreen. It is located on the border between the municipalities of Stryn and Luster in Vestland county, Norway, within Jostedalsbreen National Park.

Hallingskarvet National Park

Hallingskarvet National Park is a national park in central Norway that was established by the government on 22 December 2006. The park is located in the municipalities of Hol, Ulvik and Aurland. More precisely, the park comprises the Hallingskarv plateau and the high mountain areas to the west of it. It includes the Vargebreen glacier as well as the valleys of Såtedalen, Lengjedalen, Ynglesdalen, and parts of Raggsteindalen.

Seiland National Park

Seiland National Park lies in Alta Municipality and Hammerfest Municipality in Troms og Finnmark county, Norway. The park includes the majority of the island of Seiland, the second largest island in Finnmark after Sørøya. The park includes two glaciers: Seilandsjøkelen and Nordmannsjøkelen. The highest point in the park is the 1,078-metre (3,537 ft) tall mountain Seilandstuva. The 316-square-kilometre (122 sq mi) park was established on 8 December 2006. The 9.6 square kilometres (3.7 sq mi) of the water inside the park's area, includes the surrounding sea and many fjords including the Nordefjorden, Sørefjorden, and Flaskefjorden.

Breheimsenteret


The Breheimsenteret is a museum and one of the three visitors centers for Jostedalsbreen National Park. Opened in 1993, it was located near the Jostedøla river in the village of Jostedal, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of Gaupne and about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of the Jostedalsbreen glacier in the municipality of Luster in Vestland county, Norway.

Tindefjellbreen

Tindefjellbreen is a glacier in the municipality of Stryn in Vestland county, Norway. The 20-square-kilometre (7.7 sq mi) glacier lies about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) east of the mountain Skåla, roughly halfway between the villages of Bødalen and Erdalen. The glacier is in the mountains east of the lake Lovatnet and south of the lake Oppstrynsvatn. The glacier is part of Jostedalsbreen National Park, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of the village of Loen.

Grovabreen

The Grovabreen glacier is located in Vestland county, Norway. It covers an area of about 20 square kilometres (7.7 sq mi) in Sunnfjord Municipality in the Sunnfjord region. The highest point on the glacier sits at an elevation of 1,636 metres (5,367 ft) above sea level. The glacier is part of Jostedalsbreen National Park, just south of the lake Jølstravatnet. The village of Skei lies about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) north of the glacier and the village of Haukedalen lies about 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) southwest of the glacier. The Jostefonn glacier lies about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) to the south of this glacier; both are located at the north end of the Gaularfjellet mountains.

Jostefonn

The Jostefonn glacier is located in Vestland county, Norway. It covers an area of around 11 square kilometres (4.2 sq mi) in the municipalities of Sunnfjord and Sogndal. Jostefonn was formerly a part of the large Jostedalsbreen glacier, but it is no longer connected to the main glacier. It sits inside the Jostedalsbreen National Park, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of the village of Haukedalen and about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) northwest of the village of Fjærland. The Grovabreen glacier lies about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) north of this glacier.

Supphellebreen

Supphellebreen is a glacier in the Fjærland area of Sogndal Municipality in Vestland county, Norway. It is located about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north of the village of Fjærland.

References

  1. Store norske leksikon. "Jostedalsbreen nasjonalpark" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2010-07-24.