|Established||1 Jan 2020|
|• Preceded by||Hordaland and Sogn og Fjordane counties|
|Administrative centre||Bergen and Leikanger|
|• Body||Vestland County Municipality|
|• Governor (2019)||Lars Sponheim (V)|
|• County mayor||Jon Askeland (Sp)|
|• Total||33,871 km2 (13,078 sq mi)|
|• Land||31,969 km2 (12,343 sq mi)|
|• Water||1,902 km2 (734 sq mi) 5.6%|
|• Rank||#5 in Norway|
|• Rank||#3 in Norway|
|• Density||20/km2 (50/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||+8.1%|
|• Norwegian form||Nynorsk|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-46|
Vestland is a county in Norway established on 1 January 2020.The county is located in Western Norway and it is centred around the city of Bergen, Norway's second largest city. The administrative centre of the county is the city of Bergen, where the executive and political leadership is based, but the County Governor is based in Hermansverk. The county is one of two counties in Norway that have Nynorsk as their official written language form (the others are neutral as to which form people use).
Vestland was created in 2020 when the former counties of Hordaland and Sogn og Fjordane (with the exception of Hornindal municipality, which became part of Volda municipality in Møre og Romsdal county) were merged.
Vestland county is a newly created county, but it has been inhabited for centuries. The area was made up of many petty kingdoms under the Gulating during the Middle Ages. The northern part was the known as Firdafylke (now the Fjordane region; Nordfjord-Sunnfjord), the central are was known as Sygnafylke (now the Sogn region), and the southern part was known as Hordafylke.
In the early 16th century, Norway was divided into four len. The Bergenhus len was headquartered in Bergen and encompassed much of western and northern Norway including Firdafylke, Sygnafylke, Hordafylke, and Sunnmørafylke (in the present day Møre og Romsdal county). The new Bergenhus len was administered from the Bergenhus Fortress in the city of Bergen.
In 1662, the lens were replaced by amts. On 19 February 1662, a royal decree changed the name to Bergenhus amt. The new Bergenhus amt originally consisted of the present-day areas of Vestland and the Sunnmøre region of Møre og Romsdal, plus the far northern Nordlandene amt was subordinate to Bergenhus amt. The Sunnmøre region was transferred to Romsdalen amt in 1689 and the Nordlandene amt was separated around that time as well.
In 1763, the amt was divided into northern and southern parts: Nordre Bergenhus amt and Søndre Bergenhus amt. When the amt was split, the present day municipality of Gulen was split with the southern part ending up in Søndre Bergenhus amt. In 1773, the border was re-drawn so that all of Gulen was located in the northern part.
On 1 January 1919, Nordre Bergenhus amt was renamed Sogn og Fjordane fylke and Søndre Bergenhus amt was renamed Hordaland fylke during a period of time when many location names in Norway were changed.
The city of Bergen was removed from the Bergenhus amt in 1831 and it was classified as a city-county (byamt) from 1831 to 1972. During that time in 1915, the municipality of Årstad was annexed into Bergen. In 1972, the neighbouring municipalities of Arna, Fana, Laksevåg and Åsane were annexed into the city of Bergen. Also at that same time, the city of Bergen lost its county status, and became a part of Hordaland county once again.
On 1 January 2020, Hordaland and Sogn og Fjordane counties were merged back together once again, forming Vestland county.
Vestland is located on the western coast of Norway. It is split up by several long, deep fjords including the Nordfjorden, Sognefjorden, and Hardangerfjorden, some of Norway's most notable fjords and great tourist attractions. About half of the Hardangervidda National Park is in the county. It also includes the Jostedal, Folgefonna, and Hardangerjøkulen glaciers. The county also includes many well-known waterfalls, such as Vøringsfossen and Stykkjedalsfossen. Ramnefjellsfossen (previously called Utigardfossen) is the tallest in Norway and third tallest in the world and Vettisfossen is one of Norway's highest waterfalls with a vertical drop of 275 metres (902 ft). Both are located in the Jotunheim mountains.
Outside of the Bergen metropolitan area, the county is mostly a rural area with a scattered population. Cruise ships visit Vestland all summer because of the unique vistas of high mountains and deep blue fjords. The famous Nærøyfjord is located in the south of the county. This is a UNESCO listed fjord area. There are several archipelagos, including Øygarden, Austevoll, Bulandet, Bremangerlandet, and Kinn. The westernmost point in Norway proper is Holmebåen in Solund municipality. The island of Unst, part of Shetland Islands is around 300 kilometres (190 mi) west of Holmebåen.
The terrain changes quite rapidly with mostly smaller mountains on the coastline, gradually increasing to mountains reaching more than 2,000 metres (6,600 ft). Because of the steep rise in elevation and fjords cutting through the terrain, the amount of precipitation is very high. Low pressure systems come in from the west and meet the mountains (a phenomenon known as orographic lifting) and cause rain and snowfall.
A county (fylke) is the chief local administrative area in Norway. The whole country is divided into 11 counties. A county is also an election area, with popular votes taking place every 4 years. In Vestland, the government of the county is the Vestland County Municipality. It includes 65 members who are elected to form a county council (Fylkesting). Heading the Fylkesting is the county mayor (fylkesordførar). Since 2020, the Vestland County Municipality has been led by Jon Askeland, the county mayor.
The county also has a County Governor (fylkesmann) who is the representative of the King and Government of Norway. Lars Sponheim is the current County Governor of Vestland and this office is based in Hermansverk.
The municipalities in Vestland are divided among several district courts (tingrett): Nordhordland District Court, Sunnhordland District Court, Bergen District Court, Hardanger District Court, and Sogn og Fjordane District Court. All of these courts are subordinate to the Gulating Court of Appeal district based in Bergen.
Vestland County has a total of 43 municipalities:
|Name||Adm. Centre||Location in|
|Established||Old Municipal No.|
|4601||Bergen||Bergen||1 Jan 1972||1201 Bergen||Hordaland|
|4602||Kinn||Florø||1 Jan 2020||1401 Flora |
1439 Vågsøy (part)
|Sogn og Fjordane|
|4611||Etne||Etnesjøen||1 Jan 1838||1211 Etne||Hordaland|
|4612||Sveio||Sveio||1 Jan 1865||1216 Sveio|
|4613||Bømlo||Svortland||1 Jan 1916||1219 Bømlo|
|4614||Stord||Leirvik||1 Jan 1838||1221 Stord|
|4615||Fitjar||Fitjar||1 Jan 1863||1222 Fitjar|
|4616||Tysnes||Uggdal||1 Jan 1838||1223 Tysnes|
|4617||Kvinnherad||Rosendal||1 Jan 1838||1224 Kvinnherad|
|4618||Ullensvang||Odda||1 Jan 1838||1227 Jondal |
|4619||Eidfjord||Eidfjord||1 Jan 1977||1232 Eidfjord|
|4620||Ulvik||Ulvik||1 Jan 1838||1233 Ulvik|
|4621||Voss||Vossevangen||1 Jan 1838||1234 Granvin |
|4622||Kvam||Norheimsund||1 Jan 1838||1238 Kvam|
|4623||Samnanger||Tysse||1 Jan 1907||1242 Samnanger|
|4624||Bjørnafjorden||Osøyro||1 Jan 2020||1241 Fusa |
|4625||Austevoll||Storebø||1 Jan 1886||1244 Austevoll|
|4626||Øygarden||Straume||1 Jan 1964||1245 Sund |
|4627||Askøy||Kleppestø||1 Jan 1838||1247 Askøy|
|4628||Vaksdal||Dale||1 Jan 1964||1251 Vaksdal|
|4629||Modalen||Mo||1 Jan 1910||1252 Modalen|
|4630||Osterøy||Lonevåg||1 Jan 1964||1253 Osterøy|
|4631||Alver||Knarvik||1 Jan 2020||1256 Meland |
|4632||Austrheim||Årås||1 Jan 1910||1264 Austrheim|
|4633||Fedje||Fedje||1 Jan 1947||1265 Fedje|
|4634||Masfjorden||Masfjordnes||1 Mar 1879||1266 Masfjorden|
|4635||Gulen||Eivindvik||1 Jan 1838||1411 Gulen||Sogn og Fjordane|
|4636||Solund||Hardbakke||1 Jan 1858||1412 Solund|
|4637||Hyllestad||Hyllestad||1 Jan 1862||1413 Hyllestad|
|4638||Høyanger||Høyanger||1 Jan 1964||1416 Høyanger|
|4639||Vik||Vikøyri||1 Jan 1838||1417 Vik|
|4640||Sogndal||Hermansverk||1 Jan 1838||1418 Balestrand |
|4641||Aurland||Aurlandsvangen||1 Jan 1838||1421 Aurland|
|4642||Lærdal||Lærdalsøyri||1 Jan 1838||1422 Lærdal|
|4643||Årdal||Årdalstangen||1 Jan 1863||1424 Årdal|
|4644||Luster||Gaupne||1 Jan 1838||1426 Luster|
|4645||Askvoll||Askvoll||1 Jan 1838||1428 Askvoll|
|4646||Fjaler||Dale||1 Jan 1838||1429 Fjaler|
|4647||Sunnfjord||Førde||1 Jan 2020||1430 Gaular |
|4648||Bremanger||Svelgen||1 Jan 1866||1438 Bremanger|
|4649||Stad||Nordfjordeid||1 Jan 2020||1439 Vågsøy (part)|
|4650||Gloppen||Sandane||1 Jan 1838||1445 Gloppen|
|4651||Stryn||Stryn||1 Jan 1843||1449 Stryn|
Hordaland was a county in Norway, bordering Sogn og Fjordane, Buskerud, Telemark, and Rogaland counties. Hordaland was the third largest county, after Akershus and Oslo, by population. The county government was the Hordaland County Municipality, which is located in Bergen. Before 1972, the city of Bergen was its own separate county, apart from Hordaland. On 1 January 2020, the county was merged with neighbouring Sogn og Fjordane county, to form the new Vestland county.
Sogn og Fjordane was, up to 1 January 2020, a county in western Norway, when it was merged to become part of Vestland county. Bordering previous counties Møre og Romsdal, Oppland, Buskerud, and Hordaland, the county administration was in the village of Hermansverk in Leikanger municipality. The largest town in the county was Førde.
Gulen (help·info) is a municipality in the southwestern part of Vestland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional district of Sogn. The administrative center of the municipality is the village of Eivindvik. Other villages in Gulen include Brekke, Byrknes, Dalsøyra, Dingja, Instefjord, Mjømna, Rutledal, and Ytre Oppedal.
Hyllestad is a municipality in the county of Vestland, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Sogn. The administrative center is the village of Hyllestad. Other villages in the municipality include Sørbøvågen and Leirvik. Hyllestad municipality has existed since 1862 when it was created from parts of the neighboring municipalities of Askvoll and Lavik. Hyllestad is located on the north side of the Sognefjorden, near the mouth of the fjord.
Fjaler is a municipality in the county of Vestland, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Sunnfjord. The administrative centre is the village of Dale. Other places in Fjaler include Espedal, Flekke, Folkestad, Guddal, and Hellevika.
Gloppen is a municipality in the county of Vestland, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Nordfjord. Gloppen is generally subdivided into three areas: Hyen in the west, Gloppen in the center, and Breim in the east.
Norway is divided into 11 administrative regions, called counties which until 1918 were known as amter. The counties form the first-level administrative divisions of Norway and are further subdivided into 356 municipalities. The island territories of Svalbard and Jan Mayen are outside the county division and ruled directly at the national level. The capital Oslo is considered both a county and a municipality.
The Gulating Court of Appeal is one of six courts of appeal in the Kingdom of Norway. The Court is located in the city of Bergen. The court has jurisdiction over the counties of Vestland and Rogaland plus Sirdal Municipality in Agder county. These areas constitute the Gulating judicial district. This court can rule on both civil and criminal cases that are appealed from one of its subordinate district courts. Court decisions can be, to a limited extent, appealed to the Supreme Court of Norway. There are 33 permanent judges seated on this court. The chief judicial officer of the court is currently Magni Elsheim. The court is administered by the Norwegian National Courts Administration.
Lavik og Brekke is a former municipality in the old Sogn og Fjordane county in Norway. It is in the present-day municipalities of Gulen and Høyanger in Vestland county. It was part of the traditional district of Sogn. The 427-square-kilometre (165 sq mi) municipality was located along the Sognefjorden, at the western end of the fjord, just east of the mouth. The municipality existed from 1861 until 1905. The administrative center of Lavik og Brekke was the village of Lavik. There were two churches in the municipality: Lavik Church in Lavik on the north side of the fjord and Brekke Church in Brekke on the south side of the fjord.
Bergenhus len was an administrative division of the Kingdom of Norway that existed from 1503 to 1662, with the Bergenhus Fortress in Bergen as its administrative center Norwegian administrative division. The len was changed to an amt (district) in 1662 but it kept its original name and capital until 1919.
Bergenhus may refer to:
Møre og Romsdal is a county in the northernmost part of Western Norway. It borders the counties of Trøndelag, Innlandet, and Vestland. The county administration is located in the town of Molde, while Ålesund is the largest town. The county is governed by the Møre og Romsdal County Municipality which includes an elected county council and a county mayor. The national government is represented by the county governor.
Sogn is a traditional district in Western Norway (Vestlandet). It is located in the county of Vestland, surrounding the Sognefjord, the largest/longest fjord in Norway. The district of Sogn consists of the municipalities of Aurland, Balestrand, Hyllestad, Høyanger, Gulen, Leikanger, Luster, Lærdal, Sogndal, Solund, Vik, and Årdal. The district covers 10,675 square kilometres (4,122 sq mi) and contains about 35% of the county's population. The largest urban area in Sogn is the village of Sogndalsfjøra, with 3,455 residents. The second largest urban area is the village Øvre Årdal, with 3,397 people.
Sogn og Fjordane County Municipality was the regional governing administration of the old Sogn og Fjordane county in Norway. The county municipality was established in its current form on 1 January 1976 when the law was changed to allow elected county councils in Norway. The county municipality was dissolved on 1 January 2020, when Sogn og Fjordane was merged with the neighboring Hordaland county, creating the new Vestland county which is led by the Vestland County Municipality.
Hans Hansen Lilienskiold was a Norwegian jurist, government official, civil servant and land owner. He was a member of the Lilienskiold noble family and served as County Governor of Finnmark. He is particularly remembered as an author for his works on the topography and culture of Finnmark.
Sogn og Fjordane District Court is a district court located in Vestland county, Norway. This court is based at two different courthouses which are located in Førde and Sogndalsfjøra. There is also a courthouse in Nordfjordeid, however, this courthouse is not staffed, but it can be used by the court if needed. The court serves the northern part of the county which includes 18 municipalities. The court in Førde accepts cases from the municipalities of Askvoll, Bremanger, Fjaler, Gloppen, Gulen, Hyllestad, Høyanger, Kinn, Solund, Stad, Stryn, and Sunnfjord. The court in Sogndalsfjøra accepts cases from the municipalities of Aurland, Luster, Lærdal, Sogndal, Vik, and Årdal. The court is subordinate to the Gulating Court of Appeal.