Viken (county)

Last updated
Viken fylke
Viken vapen.svg
Coat of arms
Viken in Norway 2020.svg
Viken within Norway
Country Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
County Viken
Region Eastern Norway
County ID NO-30
Administrative centres Oslo (county municipality)
Drammen (county council and functions of the county municipality)
Sarpsborg (functions of the county municipality)
Moss (county governor)
Area
  Total24,592.59 km2 (9,495.25 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
  Total1,213,354
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Website viken.no

Viken [1] is a county in Eastern Norway that was established on 1 January 2020 by the merger of Akershus, Buskerud and Østfold with the addition of three other municipalities.

Contents

Both its creation and its name are subjects of strong controversy and Viken is opposed by the counties concerned; the elected regional assembly and county executive of Viken have declared the disestablishment of Viken in 2021 as the main political goal of Viken, while refusing to do anything to merge the counties in practice. The governing platform of Viken describes Viken as "an ill-considered construction". In practice, the existing counties will continue to function with separate county administrations based on their existing infrastructure, in anticipation of their formal reestablishment. [2] The county seat is Oslo, which has been the seat of Akershus county since the Middle Ages. All of Viken is located within the historical Akershus, which included most of Eastern Norway.

History

In 2017 the Storting voted to merge the counties Akershus, Buskerud and Østfold by force; in addition the Storting voted to include Svelvik municipality from Vestfold, and Jevnaker and Lunner municipalities from Oppland. [3]

Viken county is opposed by the former counties concerned and is highly controversial, with the most common complaint being the inclusion of inland mountain areas like Ål and Hemsedal that lack a cultural connection to the Oslofjord area. [4] On 1 October 2019, the newly elected governing majority parties in the planned county declared their intention of seeking to dissolve Viken and to reestablish the counties of Akershus, Buskerud and Østfold. [5] The current official governing platform of Viken county states that "Viken is an ill-considered construction. The Storting has merged Akershus, Buskerud and Østfold against their will", and declares that the disestablishment of Viken is the main political goal of the current county administration. For the same reason, the county council decided that it will not do anything to merge the counties in practice or establish a common county administration; instead the existing counties will continue to function at their current locations in anticipation of their formal reestablishment. [2]

Viken county takes its name from the historic region of Viken, which during the Viking Age loosely referred to the areas around the Oslofjord, but which became synonymous with Bohuslän (now in Sweden) during the middle ages. In Norway the use of the name Viken was only revived by the Nazi party Nasjonal Samling during the second world war in order to draw parallels to the Viking age; Nasjonal Samling referred to Vestfold and Buskerud as Vest-Viken and Akershus (including most of modern Oslo) and Østfold as Øst-Viken. [6] The new Viken county does not include large parts of the historical Viken, including the region's historical centre Bohuslän, most of Vestfold, or Oslo. [7] Viken County decided that the interim county capital will be Oslo.

Former Director of Oslo Museum Lars Roede described Viken as "an extreme monstrosity that flies in the face of geography and history", "reminiscent of manipulated electoral districts in the United States" and as deeply unpopular in the affected regions. Roede also criticized "the amateurish logos and unhistorical names". Roede termed Viken an example of "Sannermandering," named after the responsible minister Jan Tore Sanner and modelled after the term Gerrymandering. [7]

Coat of arms

The county coat of arms adopted in 2020 was based on a citizen's proposal, meaning that it bears no resemblance to older heraldic arms from the area. Historian Lars Roede criticized the coat of arms as an "amateurish logo"; Roede wrote that the coat of arms "does not adhere to the requirements of good heraldry," would have been rejected by heraldic experts in the National Archives, "looks like three flying saucers under [a] cap" and is "a logo, not a heraldic coat of arms". [7]

Municipalities

Viken County has a total of 51 municipalities: [8] [9]

No.Municipality No.NamePopulation
as at
1 January 2020 [10]
CreatedFormer Municipality No.Former County
13001 Halden 31,373January 1, 20200101 Halden Østfold
23002 Moss 49,273January 1, 20200104 Moss
0136 Rygge
33003 Sarpsborg 56,732January 1, 20200105 Sarpsborg
43004 Fredrikstad 82,385January 1, 20200106 Fredrikstad
53005 Drammen 101,386January 1, 20200602 Drammen
0625 Nedre Eiker
Buskerud
0711 Svelvik Vestfold
63006 Kongsberg 27,723January 1, 20200604 Kongsberg Buskerud
73007 Ringerike 30,641January 1, 20200605 Ringerike
83011 Hvaler 4,668January 1, 20200111 Hvaler Østfold
93012 Aremark 1,325January 1, 20200118 Aremark
103013 Marker 3,595January 1, 20200119 Marker
113014 Indre Østfold 44,792January 1, 20200122 Trøgstad
0123 Spydeberg
0124 Askim
0125 Eidsberg
0138 Hobøl
123015 Skiptvet 3,805January 1, 20200127 Skiptvet
133016 Rakkestad 8,255January 1, 20200128 Rakkestad
143017 Råde 7,508January 1, 20200135 Råde
153018 Våler 5,736January 1, 20200137 Våler
163019 Vestby 18,042January 1, 20200211 Vestby Akershus
173020 Nordre Follo 59,288January 1, 20200213 Ski
0217 Oppegård
183021 Ås 20,439January 1, 20200214 Ås
193022 Frogn 15,877January 1, 20200215 Frogn
203023 Nesodden 19,616January 1, 20200216 Nesodden
213024 Bærum 127,731January 1, 20200219 Bærum
223025 Asker 94,441January 1, 20200220 Asker
0627 Røyken
0628 Hurum
Buskerud
233026 Aurskog-Høland 17,390January 1, 20200121 Rømskog Østfold
0222 Aurskog-Høland Akershus
243027 Rælingen 18,530January 1, 20200228 Rælingen
253028 Enebakk 11,110January 1, 20200229 Enebakk
263029 Lørenskog 41,460January 1, 20200230 Lørenskog
273030 Lillestrøm 85,983January 1, 20200226 Sørum
0227 Fet
0231 Skedsmo
283031 Nittedal 24,249January 1, 20200233 Nittedal
293032 Gjerdrum 6,890January 1, 20200234 Gjerdrum
303033 Ullensaker 39,625January 1, 20200235 Ullensaker
313034 Nes 23,092January 1, 20200236 Nes
323035 Eidsvoll 25,436January 1, 20200237 Eidsvoll
333036 Nannestad 14,139January 1, 20200238 Nannestad
343037 Hurdal 2,854January 1, 20200239 Hurdal
353038 Hole 6,799January 1, 20200612 Hole Buskerud
363039 Flå 1,050January 1, 20200615 Flå
373040 Nesbyen 3,273January 1, 20200616 Nes
383041 Gol 4,608January 1, 20200617 Gol
393042 Hemsedal 2,486January 1, 20200618 Hemsedal
403043 Ål 4,674January 1, 20200619 Ål
413044 Hol 4,441January 1, 20200620 Hol
423045 Sigdal 3,467January 1, 20200621 Sigdal
433046 Krødsherad 2,212January 1, 20200622 Krødsherad
443047 Modum 14,115January 1, 20200623 Modum
453048 Øvre Eiker 19,423January 1, 20200624 Øvre Eiker
463049 Lier 26,811January 1, 20200626 Lier
473050 Flesberg 2,688January 1, 20200631 Flesberg
483051 Rollag 1,390January 1, 20200632 Rollag
493052 Nore og Uvdal 2,439January 1, 20200633 Nore og Uvdal
503053 Jevnaker 6,852January 1, 20200532 Jevnaker Oppland
513054 Lunner 9,048January 1, 20200533 Lunner

Related Research Articles

Akershus Former county (fylke) of Norway

Akershus is a traditional region and current electoral district in Norway, with Oslo as its main city and traditional capital. It is named for Akershus Fortress in Oslo. From the middle ages to 1919 Akershus was a fief and main county that included most of Eastern Norway; from the 17th century to 2020 Akershus also had a more narrow meaning as a (sub) county that included most of the Greater Oslo Region. From 2020 the former county of Akershus was merged into Viken along with the former counties of Østfold and Buskerud.

Buskerud Former county (fylke) of Norway

Buskerud is a traditional region, a former county and a current electoral district in Norway, bordering Akershus, Oslo, Oppland, Sogn og Fjordane, Hordaland, Telemark and Vestfold. The region extends from the Oslofjord and Drammensfjorden in the southeast to Hardangervidda mountain range in the northwest. The county administration was in modern times located in Drammen. Buskerud was merged with Akershus and Østfold into the newly created Viken County on 1 January 2020.

Østfold Former county (fylke) of Norway

Østfold[ˈœ̂stfɔɫ](listen) is a traditional region, a former county and a current electoral district in southeastern Norway. It borders Akershus and southwestern Sweden, while Buskerud and Vestfold are on the other side of Oslofjord. The county's administrative seat was Sarpsborg. The county controversially became part of the newly established Viken County on 1 January 2020.

Aurskog-Høland Municipality in Viken, Norway

Aurskog-Høland is a municipality in Akershus in Viken county, Norway. It is part of the Romerike traditional region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Bjørkelangen. The municipality of Rømskog, in Østfold county was merged into Aurskog-Høland on January 1, 2020.

Gol, Norway Municipality in Viken, Norway

Gol  is a municipality in Buskerud in Viken county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Hallingdal. The administrative center of the municipality is the village of Gol which is also the population center. Gol was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838. The area of Hemsedal was separated from Gol in 1897 to become a separate municipality. The municipality of Gol is bordered to the north by the municipality of Nord-Aurdal, to the east by Sør-Aurdal, to the south by Nes, and to the west by Ål and Hemsedal.

Røyken Municipality in Buskerud, Norway

Røyken is a district and village (bygd) and a former municipality in Buskerud in Viken County, Norway. In 2020 Røyken was merged with the municipalities of Hurum and Asker to form the new Asker Municipality located in the newly formed Viken county. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Midtbygda. The parish of Røken was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838.

Hurum Municipality in Buskerud, Norway

Hurum was a municipality in Buskerud county, Norway. As of 1 January 2020 Hurum has merged with the municipalities of Røyken and Asker to form the new Asker Municipality located in the newly formed Viken county. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village Sætre. The municipality of Hurum was established on 1 January 1838. The small village of Holmsbu was granted town status in 1847, but it did not become a municipality of its own. It lost its town status on 1 January 1964.

Counties of Norway

Norway is divided into 11 administrative regions, called counties until 1918, they were known as amter. The counties form the first-level administrative divisions of Norway and are further subdivided into 356 municipalities. The island territories of Svalbard and Jan Mayen are outside the county division and ruled directly at the national level. The capital Oslo is considered both a county and a municipality.

Viken (region)

Viken, or Vika, was the historical name during the Viking Age and the High Middle Ages for an area of Scandinavia that originally surrounded the Oslofjord and included the coast of Bohuslän. Its definition changed over time, and from the middle ages Viken only included Bohuslän.

Greater Oslo Region is a statistical metropolitan region surrounding the Norwegian capital of Oslo. The region includes the city of Oslo, the entire county of Akershus and several municipalities in the counties of Buskerud (150,709), Oppland (8,552), Vestfold (27,695) and Østfold (102,808).

Eastern Norway Region of Norway

Eastern Norway is the geographical region of the south-eastern part of Norway. It consists of the counties Vestfold og Telemark, Viken, Oslo and Innlandet.

Follo, Norway Region

Follo is one of three traditional and judicional districts in the former fylke (county) of Akershus, Norway - south east of Oslo towards the former county of Østfold, the other two regions being Romerike and Asker og Bærum. Follo borders Oslo to the North-West, fellow Akershus district Romerike to the North-East and East, and Østfold to the south.

Diocese of Oslo

Oslo bishopric is the Church of Norway's bishopric for the municipalities of Oslo, Asker and Bærum. It is one of Norway's five traditional bishoprics and was founded around the year 1070.

Diocese of Tunsberg

Tunsberg is a diocese of the Church of Norway. It includes parishes located within the counties of Vestfold and Buskerud, with the cathedral located in Tønsberg. The Diocese of Tunsberg consists of the cathedral deanery and 9 rural deaneries.

Flags of Norwegian subdivisions

Most of the Norwegian counties and municipalities have their own flag. They are based on the respective coat of arms of the subdivision. However they are seldom used. Most public buildings and private homes use the National flag. Note: As of 2020, many municipalities and counties have been merged. Because of this many of the new regions do not have a current flag and instead the coat of arms will be used for the new regions until a flag is made.

Indre Østfold

Indre Østfold is a mostly rural countryside region north in the former county of Østfold county in Norway, noted for its mostly unspoilt nature and for its agriculture.

Wilhelm Rasmussen

Wilhelm Rasmussen was a Norwegian sculptor.

Vestfold og Telemark County (fylke) of Norway

Vestfold og Telemark, lit. Vestfold and Telemark in English, is the southernmost county in Eastern Norway that consists of two distinct and separate traditional regions, the former counties of Telemark and most of Vestfold. The capital is Skien, which is also the county's largest city. While Skien is the capital of the county municipality, the seat of the County Governor is Tønsberg. It borders the counties of Viken, Vestland, Rogaland and Agder.

Toll roads in Norway Wikimedia list article

Road tolling to finance bridges, tunnels and roads has a long history in Norway. The cities Oslo, Bergen and Trondheim introduced toll rings between 1986 and 1991 as a means to discourage urban traffic and to finance infrastructure projects around those cities. Today toll rings circumscribe Oslo, Kristiansand, Stavanger, Haugesund, Bergen, Askøy, Bodø, Harstad, Grenland, Førde and Trondheim. Besides toll rings, road tolls are installed to finance certain road projects, and often also on the existing road to discourage people from using it. Some tolls use congestion pricing and/or environmentally differentiated toll rates.

References

  1. "Arealstatistikk for Norge". Kartverket (in Norwegian Bokmål). 2013-03-08. Retrieved 2020-01-02.
  2. 1 2 Lilleås, Heidi Schei. "Monica Mæland om Viken-dramaet: Vil ikke spekulere". Nettavisen.
  3. Granli, Lene (2018-04-06). "19 fylker blir til 11 – dette skal de hete". NRK (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2019-08-21.
  4. "Blir større enn Slovenia". Dagsavisen (in Norwegian Bokmål). 23 February 2017. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  5. Sørgjerd, Kjetil Magne Sørenes Christian. "Viken-flertallet vil legge ned Viken". Aftenposten.
  6. Telemark kan få nazi-navn, TA.no, 6 November 2017
  7. 1 2 3 Lars Roede, "Viken og Innlandet: Amatørmessige logoer og uhistoriske navn," Aftenposten, 11 January 2020
  8. List of Norwegian municipality numbers (Norwegian)
  9. List of municipality numbers of Norway (English)
  10. Statistics Norway (web).

Coordinates: 60°00′N9°45′E / 60.000°N 9.750°E / 60.000; 9.750