Viken within Norway
|Administrative centres|| Oslo (county municipality)|
Drammen (county council and functions of the county municipality)
Sarpsborg (functions of the county municipality)
Moss (county governor)
|• Total||24,592.59 km2 (9,495.25 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
Vikenis a county in Eastern Norway that was established on 1 January 2020 by the merger of Akershus, Buskerud and Østfold with the addition of three other municipalities.
Both its creation and its name are subjects of strong controversy and Viken is opposed by the counties concerned; the elected regional assembly and county executive of Viken have declared the disestablishment of Viken in 2021 as the main political goal of Viken, while refusing to do anything to merge the counties in practice. The governing platform of Viken describes Viken as "an ill-considered construction". In practice, the existing counties will continue to function with separate county administrations based on their existing infrastructure, in anticipation of their formal reestablishment.The county seat is Oslo, which has been the seat of Akershus county since the Middle Ages. All of Viken is located within the historical Akershus, which included most of Eastern Norway.
In 2017 the Storting voted to merge the counties Akershus, Buskerud and Østfold by force; in addition the Storting voted to include Svelvik municipality from Vestfold, and Jevnaker and Lunner municipalities from Oppland.
Viken county is opposed by the former counties concerned and is highly controversial, with the most common complaint being the inclusion of inland mountain areas like Ål and Hemsedal that lack a cultural connection to the Oslofjord area.On 1 October 2019, the newly elected governing majority parties in the planned county declared their intention of seeking to dissolve Viken and to reestablish the counties of Akershus, Buskerud and Østfold. The current official governing platform of Viken county states that "Viken is an ill-considered construction. The Storting has merged Akershus, Buskerud and Østfold against their will", and declares that the disestablishment of Viken is the main political goal of the current county administration. For the same reason, the county council decided that it will not do anything to merge the counties in practice or establish a common county administration; instead the existing counties will continue to function at their current locations in anticipation of their formal reestablishment.
Viken county takes its name from the historic region of Viken, which during the Viking Age loosely referred to the areas around the Oslofjord, but which became synonymous with Bohuslän (now in Sweden) during the middle ages. In Norway the use of the name Viken was only revived by the Nazi party Nasjonal Samling during the second world war in order to draw parallels to the Viking age; Nasjonal Samling referred to Vestfold and Buskerud as Vest-Viken and Akershus (including most of modern Oslo) and Østfold as Øst-Viken.The new Viken county does not include large parts of the historical Viken, including the region's historical centre Bohuslän, most of Vestfold, or Oslo. Viken County decided that the interim county capital will be Oslo.
Former Director of Oslo Museum Lars Roede described Viken as "an extreme monstrosity that flies in the face of geography and history", "reminiscent of manipulated electoral districts in the United States" and as deeply unpopular in the affected regions. Roede also criticized "the amateurish logos and unhistorical names". Roede termed Viken an example of "Sannermandering," named after the responsible minister Jan Tore Sanner and modelled after the term Gerrymandering.
The county coat of arms adopted in 2020 was based on a citizen's proposal, meaning that it bears no resemblance to older heraldic arms from the area. Historian Lars Roede criticized the coat of arms as an "amateurish logo"; Roede wrote that the coat of arms "does not adhere to the requirements of good heraldry," would have been rejected by heraldic experts in the National Archives, "looks like three flying saucers under [a] cap" and is "a logo, not a heraldic coat of arms".
Viken County has a total of 51 municipalities:
1 January 2020
|Created||Former Municipality No.||Former County|
|1||3001||Halden||31,373||January 1, 2020||0101 Halden||Østfold|
|2||3002||Moss||49,273||January 1, 2020||0104 Moss|
|3||3003||Sarpsborg||56,732||January 1, 2020||0105 Sarpsborg|
|4||3004||Fredrikstad||82,385||January 1, 2020||0106 Fredrikstad|
|5||3005||Drammen||101,386||January 1, 2020||0602 Drammen|
0625 Nedre Eiker
|6||3006||Kongsberg||27,723||January 1, 2020||0604 Kongsberg||Buskerud|
|7||3007||Ringerike||30,641||January 1, 2020||0605 Ringerike|
|8||3011||Hvaler||4,668||January 1, 2020||0111 Hvaler||Østfold|
|9||3012||Aremark||1,325||January 1, 2020||0118 Aremark|
|10||3013||Marker||3,595||January 1, 2020||0119 Marker|
|11||3014||Indre Østfold||44,792||January 1, 2020||0122 Trøgstad|
|12||3015||Skiptvet||3,805||January 1, 2020||0127 Skiptvet|
|13||3016||Rakkestad||8,255||January 1, 2020||0128 Rakkestad|
|14||3017||Råde||7,508||January 1, 2020||0135 Råde|
|15||3018||Våler||5,736||January 1, 2020||0137 Våler|
|16||3019||Vestby||18,042||January 1, 2020||0211 Vestby||Akershus|
|17||3020||Nordre Follo||59,288||January 1, 2020||0213 Ski|
|18||3021||Ås||20,439||January 1, 2020||0214 Ås|
|19||3022||Frogn||15,877||January 1, 2020||0215 Frogn|
|20||3023||Nesodden||19,616||January 1, 2020||0216 Nesodden|
|21||3024||Bærum||127,731||January 1, 2020||0219 Bærum|
|22||3025||Asker||94,441||January 1, 2020||0220 Asker|
|23||3026||Aurskog-Høland||17,390||January 1, 2020||0121 Rømskog||Østfold|
|24||3027||Rælingen||18,530||January 1, 2020||0228 Rælingen|
|25||3028||Enebakk||11,110||January 1, 2020||0229 Enebakk|
|26||3029||Lørenskog||41,460||January 1, 2020||0230 Lørenskog|
|27||3030||Lillestrøm||85,983||January 1, 2020||0226 Sørum|
|28||3031||Nittedal||24,249||January 1, 2020||0233 Nittedal|
|29||3032||Gjerdrum||6,890||January 1, 2020||0234 Gjerdrum|
|30||3033||Ullensaker||39,625||January 1, 2020||0235 Ullensaker|
|31||3034||Nes||23,092||January 1, 2020||0236 Nes|
|32||3035||Eidsvoll||25,436||January 1, 2020||0237 Eidsvoll|
|33||3036||Nannestad||14,139||January 1, 2020||0238 Nannestad|
|34||3037||Hurdal||2,854||January 1, 2020||0239 Hurdal|
|35||3038||Hole||6,799||January 1, 2020||0612 Hole||Buskerud|
|36||3039||Flå||1,050||January 1, 2020||0615 Flå|
|37||3040||Nesbyen||3,273||January 1, 2020||0616 Nes|
|38||3041||Gol||4,608||January 1, 2020||0617 Gol|
|39||3042||Hemsedal||2,486||January 1, 2020||0618 Hemsedal|
|40||3043||Ål||4,674||January 1, 2020||0619 Ål|
|41||3044||Hol||4,441||January 1, 2020||0620 Hol|
|42||3045||Sigdal||3,467||January 1, 2020||0621 Sigdal|
|43||3046||Krødsherad||2,212||January 1, 2020||0622 Krødsherad|
|44||3047||Modum||14,115||January 1, 2020||0623 Modum|
|45||3048||Øvre Eiker||19,423||January 1, 2020||0624 Øvre Eiker|
|46||3049||Lier||26,811||January 1, 2020||0626 Lier|
|47||3050||Flesberg||2,688||January 1, 2020||0631 Flesberg|
|48||3051||Rollag||1,390||January 1, 2020||0632 Rollag|
|49||3052||Nore og Uvdal||2,439||January 1, 2020||0633 Nore og Uvdal|
|50||3053||Jevnaker||6,852||January 1, 2020||0532 Jevnaker||Oppland|
|51||3054||Lunner||9,048||January 1, 2020||0533 Lunner|
Akershus is a traditional region and current electoral district in Norway, with Oslo as its main city and traditional capital. It is named for Akershus Fortress in Oslo. From the middle ages to 1919 Akershus was a fief and main county that included most of Eastern Norway; from the 17th century to 2020 Akershus also had a more narrow meaning as a (sub) county that included most of the Greater Oslo Region. From 2020 the former county of Akershus was merged into Viken along with the former counties of Østfold and Buskerud.
Buskerud is a traditional region, a former county and a current electoral district in Norway, bordering Akershus, Oslo, Oppland, Sogn og Fjordane, Hordaland, Telemark and Vestfold. The region extends from the Oslofjord and Drammensfjorden in the southeast to Hardangervidda mountain range in the northwest. The county administration was in modern times located in Drammen. Buskerud was merged with Akershus and Østfold into the newly created Viken County on 1 January 2020.
Østfold[ˈœ̂stfɔɫ](listen) is a traditional region, a former county and a current electoral district in southeastern Norway. It borders Akershus and southwestern Sweden, while Buskerud and Vestfold are on the other side of Oslofjord. The county's administrative seat was Sarpsborg. The county controversially became part of the newly established Viken County on 1 January 2020.
Aurskog-Høland is a municipality in Akershus in Viken county, Norway. It is part of the Romerike traditional region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Bjørkelangen. The municipality of Rømskog, in Østfold county was merged into Aurskog-Høland on January 1, 2020.
Gol (help·info) is a municipality in Buskerud in Viken county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Hallingdal. The administrative center of the municipality is the village of Gol which is also the population center. Gol was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838. The area of Hemsedal was separated from Gol in 1897 to become a separate municipality. The municipality of Gol is bordered to the north by the municipality of Nord-Aurdal, to the east by Sør-Aurdal, to the south by Nes, and to the west by Ål and Hemsedal.
Røyken is a district and village (bygd) and a former municipality in Buskerud in Viken County, Norway. In 2020 Røyken was merged with the municipalities of Hurum and Asker to form the new Asker Municipality located in the newly formed Viken county. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Midtbygda. The parish of Røken was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838.
Hurum was a municipality in Buskerud county, Norway. As of 1 January 2020 Hurum has merged with the municipalities of Røyken and Asker to form the new Asker Municipality located in the newly formed Viken county. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village Sætre. The municipality of Hurum was established on 1 January 1838. The small village of Holmsbu was granted town status in 1847, but it did not become a municipality of its own. It lost its town status on 1 January 1964.
Norway is divided into 11 administrative regions, called counties until 1918, they were known as amter. The counties form the first-level administrative divisions of Norway and are further subdivided into 356 municipalities. The island territories of Svalbard and Jan Mayen are outside the county division and ruled directly at the national level. The capital Oslo is considered both a county and a municipality.
Viken, or Vika, was the historical name during the Viking Age and the High Middle Ages for an area of Scandinavia that originally surrounded the Oslofjord and included the coast of Bohuslän. Its definition changed over time, and from the middle ages Viken only included Bohuslän.
Greater Oslo Region is a statistical metropolitan region surrounding the Norwegian capital of Oslo. The region includes the city of Oslo, the entire county of Akershus and several municipalities in the counties of Buskerud (150,709), Oppland (8,552), Vestfold (27,695) and Østfold (102,808).
Eastern Norway is the geographical region of the south-eastern part of Norway. It consists of the counties Vestfold og Telemark, Viken, Oslo and Innlandet.
Follo is one of three traditional and judicional districts in the former fylke (county) of Akershus, Norway - south east of Oslo towards the former county of Østfold, the other two regions being Romerike and Asker og Bærum. Follo borders Oslo to the North-West, fellow Akershus district Romerike to the North-East and East, and Østfold to the south.
Oslo bishopric is the Church of Norway's bishopric for the municipalities of Oslo, Asker and Bærum. It is one of Norway's five traditional bishoprics and was founded around the year 1070.
Tunsberg is a diocese of the Church of Norway. It includes parishes located within the counties of Vestfold and Buskerud, with the cathedral located in Tønsberg. The Diocese of Tunsberg consists of the cathedral deanery and 9 rural deaneries.
Most of the Norwegian counties and municipalities have their own flag. They are based on the respective coat of arms of the subdivision. However they are seldom used. Most public buildings and private homes use the National flag. Note: As of 2020, many municipalities and counties have been merged. Because of this many of the new regions do not have a current flag and instead the coat of arms will be used for the new regions until a flag is made.
Indre Østfold is a mostly rural countryside region north in the former county of Østfold county in Norway, noted for its mostly unspoilt nature and for its agriculture.
Wilhelm Rasmussen was a Norwegian sculptor.
Vestfold og Telemark, lit. Vestfold and Telemark in English, is the southernmost county in Eastern Norway that consists of two distinct and separate traditional regions, the former counties of Telemark and most of Vestfold. The capital is Skien, which is also the county's largest city. While Skien is the capital of the county municipality, the seat of the County Governor is Tønsberg. It borders the counties of Viken, Vestland, Rogaland and Agder.
Road tolling to finance bridges, tunnels and roads has a long history in Norway. The cities Oslo, Bergen and Trondheim introduced toll rings between 1986 and 1991 as a means to discourage urban traffic and to finance infrastructure projects around those cities. Today toll rings circumscribe Oslo, Kristiansand, Stavanger, Haugesund, Bergen, Askøy, Bodø, Harstad, Grenland, Førde and Trondheim. Besides toll rings, road tolls are installed to finance certain road projects, and often also on the existing road to discourage people from using it. Some tolls use congestion pricing and/or environmentally differentiated toll rates.