Kaiser Wilhelm II Land

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Location of Kaiser Wilhelm II Land (red), Australian Antarctic Territory in Antarctica Kaiser Wilhelm II Land in Australian Antarctic Territory.svg
Location of Kaiser Wilhelm II Land (red), Australian Antarctic Territory in Antarctica

Kaiser Wilhelm II Land is a part of Antarctica lying between Cape Penck at 87° 43'E and Cape Filchner at 91° 54'E. Princess Elizabeth Land is located to the west, and Queen Mary Land to the east. The area is claimed by Australia as part of the Australian Antarctic Territory, but like other territorial claims in Antarctica this is not universally recognized.

Exploration

The area was discovered on 22 February 1902, during the Gauss expedition of 1901–1903 led by Arctic veteran and geologist Erich von Drygalski. Drygalski named it after the sitting Kaiser Wilhelm II [1] who had funded the expedition with 1.2 million Goldmarks. The expedition also discovered the Gaussberg, a 370-metre-high (1,210 ft) extinct volcano, which was named after mathematician and physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss.

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<i>Gauss</i> expedition

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Posadowsky Glacier (Antarctica)

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Posadowsky Glacier (Bouvet Island)

Posadowsky Glacier is a glacier which flows to the north coast of the island of Bouvetøya in the Southern Atlantic Ocean. It is 1 nautical mile (1.9 km) eastward of Cape Circoncision.

Meinardus Glacier is an extensive glacier in Palmer Land, Antarctica. It flows in an east-northeast direction to a point immediately east of Mount Barkow, where it is joined from the northwest by Haines Glacier, and then flows east to enter New Bedford Inlet close west of Court Nunatak, on the east coast of Palmer Land. The glacier was discovered and photographed from the air in December 1940 by the United States Antarctic Service. During 1947 it was photographed from the air by the Ronne Antarctic Research Expedition under Finn Ronne, who in conjunction with the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (FIDS) charted it from the ground. It was named by the FIDS for Wilhelm Meinardus, a German meteorologist and climatologist and author of many publications including the meteorological results of the German Antarctic Expedition under Drygalski, 1901–03.

Vanhoffen Bluff is a rocky bluff immediately east of Jacka Glacier on the north coast of Heard Island. It is named for Ernst Vanhöffen (1858–1918), a German zoologist, and a member of the Gauss expedition under the leadership of Erich von Drygalski (1865–1949). During its 1902 investigations of the area, Drygalski applied the name Kap Vanhoffen to a cliffed feature about 1.5 nautical miles (2.8 km) to the northwest, near The Sentinel. The ANARE, during its 1948 survey of the island, transferred the Vanhoffen name to this bluff, reporting that no well-marked cape exists along the high cliffs to the northwest.

References

  1. "Wilhelm II Coast". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved 12 April 2013.

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document: "Wilhelm II Coast".(content from the Geographic Names Information System )

Coordinates: 67°0′S90°0′E / 67.000°S 90.000°E / -67.000; 90.000