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|Birth name||Lakshminarayana Shankar|
|Born||26 April 1950|
|Origin||Ceylon (current-day Sri Lanka)|
Lakshminarayana Shankar (born 26 April 1950), better known as L. Shankar, Shankar and Shenkar, is an Indian violinist, singer and composer.
Shankar was born in Madras, India, and raised in Ceylon (current-day Sri Lanka), where his father V. Lakshminarayana, a violinist and singer, worked as a teacher at the Jaffna College of Music.He learned to play the violin and first performed in public in a Ceylonese temple at the age of seven.
In 1969, he went to the United States, where he studied ethnomusicology at Wesleyan University.
After performing with various Indian singers for several years, Shankar founded a trio with his brothers L. Vaidyanathan and L. Subramaniam that performed throughout India.
While attending college at Wesleyan University, he met jazz musicians like Ornette Coleman, Jimmy Garrison, and John McLaughlin. With McLaughlin, Shankar founded the group Shakti in 1975, one of the early groups in which Eastern and Western musical traditions met. They released three albums: Shakti (1975), A Handful of Beauty (1976), and Natural Elements (1977).
After the band dissolved, Shankar was a violinist with Frank Zappa for a short time and then founded the group The Epidemics and released a number of albums as a band leader. With Peter Gabriel, he wrote the soundtrack for the film The Last Temptation of Christ (1989), for which he received a Grammy Award. In the following years, Shankar worked on several of Gabriel's albums. Since 1996, he has been working with the violinist Gingger as the Duo Shankar & Gingger.
Shankar has also performed with Elton John, Eric Clapton, Phil Collins, Bruce Springsteen, Van Morrison, Yoko Ono, Stewart Copeland, John Waite, Charly García, Steve Vai, Ginger Baker, Nils Lofgren, and Sting.
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Shakti were a fusion band formed by English guitarist John McLaughlin, Indian violin player L. Shankar, percussionists Zakir Hussain and T. H. "Vikku" Vinayakram in 1974. The band played acoustic fusion music which combined Indian music with elements of jazz. The band's Hindi name means, in English, "creative intelligence, beauty, and power."
Shakti with John McLaughlin is the first album by Shakti, described as "another brain blowing achievement" by Agha Yasir.
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Remember Shakti is a quintet which combines elements of traditional Indian music with elements of jazz. The band consists of English guitarist John McLaughlin, and Zakir Hussain (tabla), U. Srinivas (deceased) (mandolin), Shankar Mahadevan (vocals), and V. Selvaganesh, who are of Indian descent. The band's name is derived from John Mclaughlin's acoustic Indian fusion band Shakti which was active in the 1970s. This band consisted of John McLaughlin, Zakir Hussain, L. Shankar, T.H. "Vikku" Vinayakram, and R. Raghavan. The word Shakti translates in Sanskrit to "power" or "goddess of power".
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L. Shankar has served as an instrumentalist, composer, record producer, arranger and programmer on several recordings. He has released a number of his own recordings, in addition to appearing on other artists' albums. All credits are for violin, except where noted. This is not an exhaustive list of Shankar's works, but a select few titles.
Natural Elements is a studio album by the world fusion band Shakti. It was released in 1977 on CBS Records.
A Handful of Beauty is the second studio album released by the world fusion band Shakti in 1976.
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Viji Subramaniam, also known as Viji Shankar, was the daughter of noted North Indian singer Lakshmi Shankar and Rajendra Shankar. Like her mother and uncle, Viji was a musician and well-trained in both of the Indian classical systems.