List of Colonial Heads of Malawi (Nyasaland)
(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)
|Nyasaland Districts Protectorate|
|Harry Hamilton Johnston, Commissioner||1 February 1891 to 1893|
|British Central Africa Protectorate|
|Harry Hamilton Johnston, Commissioner||1893 to 16 April 1896|
|Alfred Sharpe, Commissioner||16 April 1896 to 1 April 1907||from 1 January 1902 he was Commissioner, Commander-in-Chief and Consul-General|
|Francis Barrow Pearce, Commissioner||1 April 1907 to September 1907|
|William Henry Manning, Governor||October 1907 to 1 May 1908||1st Term|
|Alfred Sharpe, Governor||1 May 1908 to 1 April 1910|
|Francis Barrow Pearce, Governor||1 April 1910 to 4 July 1910|
|Henry Richard Wallis, Governor||4 July 1910 to 6 February 1911|
|William Henry Manning, Governor||6 February 1911 to 23 September 1913||2nd Term|
|George Smith, Governor||23 September 1913 to 12 April 1923||Knighted during tenure|
|Richard Sims Donkin Rankine, Governor||12 April 1923 to 27 March 1924|
|Charles Calvert Bowring, Governor||27 March 1924 to 30 May 1929|
|Wilfred Bennett Davidson-Houston, Governor||30 May 1929 to 7 November 1929|
|Shenton Thomas, Governor||7 November 1929 to 22 November 1932||Knighted during tenure|
|Hubert Winthrop Young, Governor||22 November 1932 to 9 April 1934|
|Kenneth Lambert Hall, Governor||9 April 1934 to 21 September 1934|
|Harold Baxter Kittermaster, Governor||21 September 1934 to 20 March 1939|
|Donald Mackenzie-Kennedy, Governor||20 March 1939 to 8 August 1942|
|Edmund Charles Smith Richards, Governor||8 August 1942 to 27 March 1947|
|Geoffrey Francis Taylor Colby, Governor||30 March 1947 to 10 April 1956||Knighted during tenure|
|1 August 1953 to 31 December 1963||Incorporated into the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland|
|Robert Perceval Armitage, Governor||10 April 1956 to 10 April 1961|
|Glyn Smallwood Jones, Governor||10 April 1961 to 6 July 1964|
|6 July 1964 Independence as Malawi|
For continuation after independence, see: List of heads of state of Malawi
Malawi, officially the Republic of Malawi, is a landlocked country in Southeastern Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland. It is bordered by Zambia to the west, Tanzania to the north and northeast, and Mozambique surrounding on the east, south and southwest. Malawi spans over 118,484 km2 (45,747 sq mi) and has an estimated population of 18,143,217. Lake Malawi takes up about a third of Malawi's area. Its capital is Lilongwe, which is also Malawi's largest city; the second largest is Blantyre, the third largest is Mzuzu and the fourth largest is its old capital Zomba. The name Malawi comes from the Maravi, an old name of the Nyanja people that inhabit the area. The country is nicknamed "The Warm Heart of Africa" because of the friendliness of the people.
The History of Malawi covers the area of present-day Malawi. The region was once part of the Maravi Empire. In colonial times, the territory was ruled by the British, under whose control it was known first as British Central Africa and later Nyasaland. It became part of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. The country achieved full independence, as Malawi, in 1964. After independence, Malawi was ruled as a one-party state under Hastings Banda until 1994.
Nyasaland was a British protectorate located in Africa that was established in 1907 when the former British Central Africa Protectorate changed its name. Between 1953 and 1963, Nyasaland was part of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. After the Federation was dissolved, Nyasaland became independent from Britain on 6 July 1964 and was renamed Malawi.
The flag of Malawi was officially adopted on 6 July 1964 when the colony of Nyasaland became independent from British rule and renamed itself Malawi.
The president of the Republic of Malawi is the head of state and head of government of Malawi. The president leads the executive branch of the Government of Malawi and is the commander-in-chief of the Malawian Defence Force.
This page list topics related to Malawi.
The Malawi Congress Party (MCP) is a political party in Malawi. It was formed as a successor party to the banned Nyasaland African Congress when the country, then known as Nyasaland, was under British rule. The MCP, under Hastings Banda, presided over Malawian independence in 1964, and from 1966 to 1993 was the only legal party in the country. It has continued to be a major force in the country since losing power. In the 2009 elections, it received approximately 30% of the national vote.
The pound was the currency of Malawi until 1971. From 1932, Malawi used the Southern Rhodesian pound. In 1955, a new currency was introduced, the Rhodesia and Nyasaland pound. This was replaced by the Malawian pound in 1964, following Malawi's independence. The pound was subdivided into 20 shillings, each of 12 pence. The pound was replaced by the decimal kwacha in 1971, at a rate of 2 kwacha = 1 pound.
The Church of the Province of Central Africa is part of the Anglican Communion, and includes 15 dioceses in Botswana, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The Primate of the Church is the Archbishop of Central Africa. Albert Chama is the current Archbishop, being installed on 20 March 2011, succeeding Bernard Amos Malango who retired in 2007. From 1980 to 2000, Walter Khotso Makhulu, a noted Anti-Apartheid activist, was Archbishop as well as Bishop of Botswana. Archbishop Chama continues to serve as Bishop of Northern Zambia, and is the second Zambian to be Archbishop of Central Africa.
Malawi have participated in twelve Commonwealth Games, attending every one from 1970 onwards. They have won only three medals, all bronze and all in boxing.
The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland was a federal semi-Dominion that consisted of three southern African territories—the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia and the British protectorates of Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland—between 1953 and 1963.
This is a survey of the postage stamps and postal history of Malawi.
Malawi was a predecessor to the modern-day Republic of Malawi. It existed between 1964 and 1966. When British rule ended in 1964, by the Malawi Independence Act 1964, the Nyasaland Protectorate, formerly a constituent of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, became an independent sovereign state. The British monarch was head of state and Malawi shared the sovereign, Queen Elizabeth II, with the other Commonwealth realms. The monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Malawi, Sir Glyn Smallwood Jones.
On 6 July 1907 the British Central Africa Protectorate became the Nyasaland Protectorate and its first stamps were issued on 22 July 1908.
Malawi and the United Kingdom have formal diplomatic relations. They are both Commonwealth countries.
For two years from Malawi's independence in 1964, the country was a monarchy with Elizabeth II as its queen. She was also the Sovereign of the other Commonwealth realms, including the United Kingdom. The 1964 Constitution of Malawi vested executive power in the Queen, as head of state, though her constitutional roles were delegated to her representative, the Governor-General.
The Monckton Commission, officially the Advisory Commission for the Review of the Constitution of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, was set up by the British government under the chairmanship of Walter Monckton, 1st Viscount Monckton of Brenchley, in 1960. Its purpose was to investigate and make proposals for the future of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, made up of Southern Rhodesia, Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland—respectively equivalent to today's Zimbabwe, Zambia and Malawi.
The Nyasaland Constitutional Party (NCP) was a political party in Malawi.
Michael Hill Blackwood,CBE (1917-2005) was a lawyer and politician who spent most of his working life in colonial Nyasaland and in Malawi in the early years of its independence. Although he represented the interests of European settlers before independence and opposed both the transfer of power to the African majority and the break-up of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, he remained in the country as a member of its legislature after Malawi’s independence and until his retirement on 1983.
The history of the Jews in Malawi formerly known as Nyasaland, and part of the former Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.