List of sites in Jinan

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The following is a list of sites in Jinan. It contains sites of natural, cultural, economic, political, or historical significance in the City of Jinan, Shandong, China. The geographical area covered by this list includes not only the urban area of Jinan proper but all counties (including the county-level city of Zhangqiu) and districts that are under the administration of Jinan City.

Contents

Springs

Baotu Spring Baotuspring pool 2008 09 14.jpg
Baotu Spring
Pearl Spring Pearl spring 2008 09 15.jpg
Pearl Spring
Zhuoying Spring Palace pool 2008 11 12.jpg
Zhuoying Spring
Black Tiger Spring Back tiger spring 2008 09 15.jpg
Black Tiger Spring
Five Dragon Pool Five dragon pool 2008 09.jpg
Five Dragon Pool
Mo Spring (Baimai Springs) Baimai spring park 2008 05 30.jpg
Mo Spring (Baimai Springs)
Five Lotus Spring Five lotus spring jinan 2008 09 15.jpg
Five Lotus Spring

The most renowned springs in Jinan are included in the list of the "seventy-two famous springs" (Chinese : ; pinyin : shí èr Míng Quán ). This list has been kept and updated since the times of the Jin, Ming, and Qing dynasties. The following sites are on the current list (Chinese : ; pinyin : Xīn shí èr Míng Quán ) of the 72 famous springs:

  1. Baotu Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Bào Quán , also "Jet Spring" or "Spurting Spring", west of the city center, 36°39′38.52″N117°0′33.84″E / 36.6607000°N 117.0094000°E / 36.6607000; 117.0094000 )
  2. Jinxian Spring (Chinese : 线 ; pinyin : Jīn xiàn Quán , in Baotu Spring Park)
  3. Huanghua Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Huáng huá Quán , in Baotu Spring Park)
  4. Liuxu Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Liŭ Quán , in Baotu Spring Park)
  5. Woniu Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : niú Quán , literally "lying cattle spring", in Baotu Spring Park)
  6. Shuyu Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Shù Quán , in Baotu Spring Park)
  7. Mapao Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : páo Quán , in Baotu Spring Park)
  8. Wuyou Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : yōu Quán , literally "carefree spring", in Baotu Spring Park)
  9. Shiwan Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Shí wān Quán , in Baotu Spring Park)
  10. Zhanlu Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Zhàn Quán , in Baotu Spring Park)
  11. Manjing Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Mǎn jǐng Quán , in Baotu Spring Park)
  12. Dengzhou Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Dēng zhōu Quán , in Baotu Spring Park)
  13. Dukang Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : kāng Quán , in Baotu Spring Park)
  14. Wangshui Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Wàng shuǐ Quán , in Baotu Spring Park)
  15. Pearl Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Zhēn zhū Quán , namesake of a spring group, in the city center, 36°40′1.6″N117°1′8″E / 36.667111°N 117.01889°E / 36.667111; 117.01889 )
  16. Sanshui Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Sǎn shuǐ Quán , in Pearl Spring group)
  17. Brook Pavilion Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : tíng Quán , in Pearl Spring group)
  18. Chu Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Chŭ Quán , in Pearl Spring group)
  19. Zhuoying Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Zhuó yīng Quán , also known as the Palace Pool, Chinese : ; pinyin : Wáng Chí , 36°40′2.20″N117°1′3.87″E / 36.6672778°N 117.0177417°E / 36.6672778; 117.0177417 )
  20. Jade Ring Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : huán Quán , on Shengfuqian Street, in the historical city center)
  21. Water Lily Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : róng Quán , address: No. 69 Water Lily Street, Chinese : ; pinyin : róng Jiē , in the historical city center)
  22. Shunjing Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Shùn jǐng Quán , on Shunjing Street)
  23. Flying Dragon Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Téng jiāo Quán , at northern end of Wangfu Chizi Road)
  24. Double Loyalty Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Shuāng zhōng Quán , on Shuangzhongci Street)
  25. Black Tiger Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Hēi Quán , on the south moat, 36°39′43.8″N117°1′38″E / 36.662167°N 117.02722°E / 36.662167; 117.02722 )
  26. Pipa Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Quán , next to the southern moat in Huancheng Park, 36°39′43.57″N117°1′34.43″E / 36.6621028°N 117.0262306°E / 36.6621028; 117.0262306 )
  27. Manao Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : nǎo Quán , south of Liberation Pavilion in Huancheng Park)
  28. Hundred Rocks Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Bái shí Quán , at the foot of Liberation Pavilion in Huancheng Park)
  29. Nine Women Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Jiŭ Quán , at the foot of the Liberation Pavilion in Huancheng Park)
  30. Five Dragon Pool (Chinese : ; pinyin : Lóng Tán , namesake of a spring group, west of the city center, 36°39′54.36″N117°0′30.96″E / 36.6651000°N 117.0086000°E / 36.6651000; 117.0086000 )
  31. Gu Wen Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Wēn Quán , in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  32. Xianqing Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Xián qīng Quán , in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  33. Tianjing Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Tiān jìng Quán , in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  34. Yueya Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Yuè Quán , in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  35. Ximizhi Spring (Chinese : 西 ; pinyin : zhī Quán , in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  36. Guanjiachi Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Guān jiā Quán , in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  37. Huima Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Huí Quán , in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  38. Qiuxi Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Qiú Quán , in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  39. Jade Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Quán , in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  40. Lian Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Lián Quán , in the Five Dragon Pool spring group)
  41. Hua Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Huá Quán , on the foot of Hua Hill, 36°43′28.02″N117°3′51.37″E / 36.7244500°N 117.0642694°E / 36.7244500; 117.0642694 )
  42. Jiangshui Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Jiāng shuǐ Quán , in Jiangshui Spring Village)
  43. Inkstone Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Yàn chí Quán , at the foot of Yanchi Mountain, Yaojia County)
  44. Ganlu Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Gān Quán ; literally: 'Sweet Dew Spring', on the site of the Kaiyuan Temple, Fohui Mountain)
  45. Linji Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Lín Quán , in the Dragon Cave area)
  46. Doumu Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Dòu Quán , in Doumuquan Village)
  47. Wuying Pool (Chinese : ; pinyin : yǐng Tán , literally "Shadeless Pool", Wuyingshan Road, Tianqiao District)
  48. Bai Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Bái Quán , in Zhifang Village, Wangsheren County)
  49. Yong Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Yŏng Quán , in Liubu National Forest Park)
  50. Kuju Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Quán , in Yuanhong Valley, Liubu County)
  51. Summer Vacation Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : shŭ Quán , in Yuanhong Valley, Liubu County)
  52. Tu Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Quán , in Tu Spring Village, Liubu County)
  53. Niyu Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Quán , in Niyu Spring Village, Liubu County)
  54. Great Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Quán , in Jinxiuchuan Village)
  55. Sacred Water Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Shèng shuǐ Quán , in the Red Leaves Valley)
  56. Duanhua Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Duàn huá Quán , in the "Jiuding Pagoda Park of Minority Customs")
  57. Jade River Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Quán , formerly "Yuke Spring", in Yuhequan Village, Licheng District)
  58. Baimai Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Bǎi Mài Quán , namesake of a spring group, 36°43′1.73″N117°31′57.96″E / 36.7171472°N 117.5327667°E / 36.7171472; 117.5327667 )
  59. East Mawan Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Dōng wān Quán , in Baimai Springs Park)
  60. West Mawan Spring (Chinese : 西 ; pinyin : wān Quán , on Huiquan Road, Zhangqiu City)
  61. Mo Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Quán , in Baimai Springs Park)
  62. Plum Blossom Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Méi huā Quán , in Baimai Springs Park)
  63. Jingming Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Jìng míng Quán , also called Mingshui Spring, in Zhangqiu City)
  64. Cassock Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Jiā shā Quán , also called Dugu Spring, at the Lingyan Temple)
  65. Zhuoxi Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Zhuó Quán , at the Lingyan Temple)
  66. Qingling Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Qīng líng Quán , on Wufeng Mountain)
  67. Tanbao Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Tán bào Quán , at the Lingyan Temple)
  68. Xiaolu Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Xiǎo Quán , in Changqing District)
  69. Hongfan Pond (Chinese : ; pinyin : Hóng Fàn Chí , namesake of a spring group, in Pingyin County, 36°5′57.12″N116°16′54.66″E / 36.0992000°N 116.2818500°E / 36.0992000; 116.2818500 )
  70. Academy Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Shū yuàn Quán , also called "Dongliu Spring", Hongfan Pond Village, Pingyin County)
  71. Hu Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : Quán , below th north cliff of Cuishan Mountain, Pingyin County)
  72. Livelihood Spring (Chinese : ; pinyin : yuè Quán , on Yuncui Mountain, Pingyin County)

Not included in the "Seventy-two famous springs":

Hills

Buddha statues on the Thousand Buddha Mountain Qianfoshan buddha statues2.jpg
Buddha statues on the Thousand Buddha Mountain

Nine Solitary Hills

The "Nine Solitary Hills" (Chinese : 座孤 ; pinyin : Jiŭ Zuò Shān ) are a group of small solitary hills in the Yellow River valley within and to the north of Jinan City known for their scenic beauty:

Hua Hill Huahill 2008 09 14.jpg
Hua Hill

Rivers, Streams, and Lakes

Yellow River with Que Hill in the background Yellow river pontoon bridge jinan 2008 05.jpg
Yellow River with Que Hill in the background

Parks and Nature Reserves

Red Leaves Valley Jinanhongyegu.jpg
Red Leaves Valley

Museums and Libraries

Shandong Provincial Museum Shandong museum collection 2008 09 07.jpg
Shandong Provincial Museum

Archaeological Sites

Marker at the Chengziya Archaeological Site Chengziya marker 2009 03 08.jpg
Marker at the Chengziya Archaeological Site

Religious Sites

Confucian Temple in November 2008 Confucian temple jinan 2008 11.jpg
Confucian Temple in November 2008
Nine Pinnacle Pagoda Jiudingta 2008 07 15 1.jpg
Nine Pinnacle Pagoda

Monuments

Liberation Pavilion Liberation pavillion jinan 2008 11.jpg
Liberation Pavilion

Historical Buildings

Interior of Zhejiang Fujian Meeting Hall Zheminhuiguan 2009 03 11.jpg
Interior of Zhejiang Fujian Meeting Hall

Transportation

Jinan Yaoqiang International Airport Jinan Yaoqiang Airport 2005 10 15.jpg
Jinan Yaoqiang International Airport

Universities and colleges

Shandong University Shandong university foreign students apt 2009 07.jpg
Shandong University

Cultural Venues

Sports Venues

Public Roads and Squares

Qushuiting Street in November 2008 Qushuitingjie 2008 11 12.jpg
Qushuiting Street in November 2008

Eight Sceneries of Jinan

Historically, eight sceneries in Jinan have been renowned for their beauty; they are known as the "Eight Sceneries of Jinan" (Chinese : ; pinyin : nán Jǐng ). The eight sceneries are defined not only by location, but also other factors such as season and weather:

  1. Early spring at Jingping Cliff (Chinese : ; pinyin : Jǐn píng chūn xiǎo ; literally: 'Brocade screen [cliff] spring dawn')
  2. Baotu Spring gushing into the air (Chinese : ; pinyin : Bào téng kōng )
  3. Appreciating chrysanthemums at Buddha Hill (Fohui Hill, not the nearby Thousand Buddha Mountain, Chinese : ; pinyin : shān shǎng )
  4. Mist at Que and Hua Hills (Chinese : ; pinyin : Que huá yān )
  5. Sunset at Huibo Building (at Daming Lake, Chinese : ; pinyin : Huì wǎn zhào , also Chinese : ; pinyin : Huì wǎn zhào )
  6. Boating on Daming Lake (Chinese : ; pinyin : Míng fàn zhōu )
  7. Snow reflections at the White Clouds Building (next to the Pearl Spring, Chinese : ; pinyin : Bái yún xuě )
  8. Autumn wind at Lixia Pavilion (on an island in Daming Lake, Chinese : ; pinyin : xià qiū fēng )

See also

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The Thousand Buddha Mountain is a hill located southeast of the city of Jinan, the capital of Shandong Province, China. It is renowned for its numerous Buddha images which have been carved out of the hill's rock faces or free-standing structures erect since the times of the Sui Dynasty (581-618) and its Xingguochan Temple.

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Tomb of the Jibei King cemetery

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Baotu Spring

The Baotu Spring is a culturally significant artesian karst spring located in the city of Jinan, Shandong, China. It is mentioned in the Spring and Autumn Annals, one of the Five Classics of Chinese literature, and was declared the "Number One Spring under the Heaven" by the Qianlong Emperor in the Qing dynasty.

Hua Hill

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Baimai Springs

The Baimai Springs are a group of artesian karst springs located in Mingshui Subdistrict, Zhangqiu District, Jinan, Shandong Province, China about 25 kilometres west from the city centre of Jinan. The site of the springs is renowned for its natural beauty and as the one-time residence of the female Song Dynasty poet Li Qingzhao.

Black Tiger Spring

The Black Tiger Spring (Chinese: 黑虎泉; pinyin: Hēi Hǔ Quán) is a culturally significant artesian karst spring located in the city of Jinan, Shandong Province, China. The spring is ranked as the second most significant among the 72 named springs in Jinan. The water of spring stems from moderately-deep circulation and emerges from a water-filled limestone cave in a steep cliff. From the mouth of the cave, the water is funneled to flow out of the mouths of three ornamental stone-carved tiger heads into a square-shaped spring pool. From there it runs into the old city moat, next to which the spring is located. According to the tradition, there was a black rock lying in front of the cave in ancient time. The name of the spring is said to be derived from the shape and color of the rock, which resembled a black tiger, and the sound of the water gushing past the rock being reminiscent of the roar of a tiger. The ancient layout of the spring is described in a poem by the Ming Dynasty poet, Yan Bizeng.

Pearl Spring

The Pearl Spring is a culturally significant artesian karst spring located in the city of Jinan, Shandong Province, China. The Pearl Spring is located on the bottom of in a square spring pool that is surrounded by a stone fence on all sides. The water flows off through a canal into the Daming Lake. The spring was incorporated into the garden of a governor in the year 1466 and the provincial government continued to reside in vicinity of the spring until the 19th century . The name of the spring is said to be related to the bubbles forming in the spring.

Five Dragon Pool

The Five Dragon Pool is a culturally significant pond fed by artesian karst springs in the city of Jinan, Shandong Province, China. It is one of the best known springs among the 72 famous springs of Jinan.

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Major historical and cultural sites protected by Shandong Province

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Joyoung

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Dongshankou, Guangzhou

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References