Qingdao dialect

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Qingdao dialect
青岛方言,青岛话
Native to China
Region Qingdao
Native speakers
3-8 million[ citation needed ]
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None

Qingdao dialect is the local dialect of the city of Qingdao and nearby towns, in China's Shandong Province.

Contents

Often characterized as requiring a "fat tongue", the Qingdao dialect often adds a /θ/ ("th") sound to Mandarin's /ʂ/ ("sh"), /ɕ/ ("x"), and /s/ ("s"). It also obliterates many Mandarin tones.

The basic, though not at all universal rule for converting Putonghua to the Qingdao dialect in the pinyin system is that a Mandarin 1 tone will become a Qingdao 3, 2 becomes a 4, 3 becomes 1 and 4 remains four. Qingdao dialect's 1 tone (Mandarin's 3) also has a drawl to it. (the pinyin tones are: 1ˉ 2ˊ 3ˇ 4ˋ)

There are other phonetic changes from Mandarin to the Qingdao dialect:

Nearly all Qingdao natives can understand Mandarin, but they will often respond in the Qingdao dialect without realizing they are doing so. The Qingdao dialect is not necessarily standardized throughout Qingdao. Different neighbourhoods, from Zhanshan to Xinjiazhuang to Maidao, will have their own variations.

Qingdao's urban dialect words originated between the 1940s and the 1960s. It has slowly developed its own "-isms" and slang over the years.

See also

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References

  1. Yi Ching, Leung. "17 verbal flavors of Shandong: the 101 guide to the dialects of Shandong". www.zentopia-culture.com/. Leung Yi Ching. Archived from the original on 18 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017.