Cyrillization of Chinese

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The Cyrillization of Chinese (Hanyu Cyril Pinyin) is the transcription of Chinese characters into the Cyrillic alphabet.

Contents

The Palladius System is the Russian official standard for transcribing Chinese into Russian, with variants existing for Ukrainian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, and other languages that use the Cyrillic alphabet. It was created by Palladius Kafarov, a Russian sinologist and monk who spent thirty years in China in the nineteenth century.

There is also a Macedonian Cyrillization of Chinese, based on the Macedonian Wikipedia.[ citation needed ]

Russian system

Initials

Note that because the Russian version of the Cyrillic alphabet has no letters for dz or dzh (although дз and дж are found in Bularian, and also ѕ and џ are found in Serbian and Macedonian Cyrillic), the digraphs цз and чж are used respectively.

Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Retroflex Alveolo-palatal Velar
Voiceless Voiced Voiceless Voiceless Voiced Voiceless Voiced Voiceless Voiceless
Nasal м [m]
m ㄇ m
н [n]
n ㄋ n
Plosive Unaspirated б [p]
p ㄅ b
д [t]
t ㄉ d
г [k]
k ㄍ g
Aspirated п [pʰ]
p' ㄆ p
т [tʰ]
t' ㄊ t
к [kʰ]
k' ㄎ k
Affricate Unaspirated цз [ts]
ts ㄗ z
чж [ʈʂ]
ch ㄓ zh
цз [tɕ]
ch ㄐ j
Aspirated ц [tsʰ]
ts' ㄘ c
ч [ʈʂʰ]
ch' ㄔ ch
ц [tɕʰ]
ch' ㄑ q
Fricative ф [f]
f ㄈ f
с [s]
s ㄙ s
ш [ʂ]
sh ㄕ sh
ж [ʐ]
j ㄖ r
с [ɕ]
hs ㄒ x
х [x]
h ㄏ h
Lateral л [l]
l ㄌ l

Finals

Nucleusaə
Codaiunŋiunŋɻ
Mediala [a]
ㄚ a
ай [ai̯]
ai ㄞ ai
ao [au̯]
ao ㄠ ao
ань [an]
an ㄢ an
ан [aŋ]
ang ㄤ ang
э [ɤ]
ê/o ㄜ e
эй [ei̯]
ei ㄟ ei
оу [ou̯]
ou ㄡ ou
энь [ən]
ên ㄣ en
эн [əŋ]
êng ㄥ eng
эр [aɚ̯]
êrh ㄦ er
и/ы [ʅ/ɿ]
ih/ŭ MoeKai Bopomofo U+312D.svg -i
iя [i̯a]
ia ㄧㄚ ia
яо [i̯au̯]
iao ㄧㄠ iao
янь [i̯ɛn]
ien ㄧㄢ ian
ян [i̯aŋ]
iang ㄧㄤ iang
е [i̯e]
ieh ㄧㄝ ie
ю [i̯ou̯]
iu ㄧㄡ iu
инь [in]
in ㄧㄣ in
ин [iŋ]
ing ㄧㄥ ing
и [i]
i ㄧ i
uуа [u̯a]
ua ㄨㄚ ua
уай [u̯ai̯]
uai ㄨㄞ uai
уaнь [u̯an]
uan ㄨㄢ uan
уaн [u̯aŋ]
uang ㄨㄤ uang
о [u̯o]
o/uo ㄨㄛ uo
уй [u̯ei̯]
ui ㄨㄟ ui
унь [u̯ən]
un ㄨㄣ un
ун [ʊŋ]
ung ㄨㄥ ong
у [u]
u ㄨ u
yюaнь [y̯ɛn]
üan ㄩㄢ üan
юэ [y̯e]
üeh ㄩㄝ üe
юнь [yn]
ün ㄩㄣ ün
юн [i̯ʊŋ]
iung ㄩㄥ iong
юй [y]
ü ㄩ ü

In composites, coda ng is transcribed нъ when the following syllable starts with a vowel. For example, the names of the cities of Chang'an and Hengyang are transcribed as Чанъань and Хэнъян.

In syllables with no initial, w is transcribed as в in all cases except wu, transcribed as у. For example, the names of the cities of Wuwei (both Wuwei, Anhui and Wuwei, Gansu) and Wanning are transcribed as Увэй and Ваньнин.

Comparison chart

This table establishes correspondence between the Russian Palladius system together with the two Romanization systems most commonly used in English-speaking countries: Pinyin and Wade–Giles.

Б / BП / PМ / MФ / F
Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS
баbapaㄅㄚпаpap'aㄆㄚмаmamaㄇㄚфаfafaㄈㄚ
байbaipaiㄅㄞпайpaip'aiㄆㄞмайmaimaiㄇㄞ
банbangpangㄅㄤпанpangp'angㄆㄤманmangmangㄇㄤфанfangfangㄈㄤ
баньbanpanㄅㄢпаньpanp'anㄆㄢманьmanmanㄇㄢфаньfanfanㄈㄢ
баоbaopaoㄅㄠпаоpaop'aoㄆㄠмаоmaomaoㄇㄠ
беbiepiehㄅㄧㄝпеpiep'iehㄆㄧㄝмеmiemiehㄇㄧㄝ
биbipiㄅㄧпиpip'iㄆㄧмиmimiㄇㄧ
бинbingpingㄅㄧㄥпинpingp'ingㄆㄧㄥминmingmingㄇㄧㄥ
биньbinpinㄅㄧㄣпиньpinp'inㄆㄧㄣминьminminㄇㄧㄣ
боbopoㄅㄛпоpop'oㄆㄛмоmomoㄇㄛфоfofoㄈㄛ
поуpoup'ouㄆㄡмоуmoumouㄇㄡфоуfoufouㄈㄡ
буbupuㄅㄨпуpup'uㄆㄨмуmumuㄇㄨфуfufuㄈㄨ
мэmemeㄇㄜ
бэйbeipeiㄅㄟпэйpeip'eiㄆㄟмэйmeimeiㄇㄟфэйfeifeiㄈㄟ
бэнbengpengㄅㄥпэнpengp'engㄆㄥмэнmengmengㄇㄥфэнfengfengㄈㄥ
бэньbenpenㄅㄣпэньpenp'enㄆㄣмэньmenmenㄇㄣфэньfenfenㄈㄣ
мюmiumiuㄇㄧㄡ
бяньbianpienㄅㄧㄢпяньpianp'ienㄆㄧㄢмяньmianmienㄇㄧㄢ
бяоbiaopiaoㄅㄧㄠпяоpiaop'iaoㄆㄧㄠмяоmiaomiaoㄇㄧㄠ
Д / DТ / TН / NЛ / L
Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS
даdataㄉㄚтаtat'aㄊㄚнаnanaㄋㄚлаlalaㄌㄚ
дайdaitaiㄉㄞтайtait'aiㄊㄞнайnainaiㄋㄞлайlailaiㄌㄞ
данdangtangㄉㄤтанtangt'angㄊㄤнанnangnangㄋㄤланlanglangㄌㄤ
даньdantanㄉㄢтаньtant'anㄊㄢнаньnannanㄋㄢланьlanlanㄌㄢ
даоdaotaoㄉㄠтаоtaot'aoㄊㄠнаоnaonaoㄋㄠлаоlaolaoㄌㄠ
деdietiehㄉㄧㄝтеtiet'iehㄊㄧㄝнеnieniehㄋㄧㄝлеlieliehㄌㄧㄝ
диditiㄉㄧтиtit'iㄊㄧниniniㄋㄧлиliliㄌㄧ
динdingtingㄉㄧㄥтинtingt'ingㄊㄧㄥнинningningㄋㄧㄥлинlinglingㄌㄧㄥ
ниньninninㄋㄧㄣлиньlinlinㄌㄧㄣ
доduotoㄉㄨㄛтоtuot'oㄊㄨㄛноnuonoㄋㄨㄛлоluoloㄌㄨㄛ
доуdoutouㄉㄡтоуtout'ouㄊㄡноуnounouㄋㄡлоуloulouㄌㄡ
дуdutuㄉㄨтуtut'uㄊㄨнуnunuㄋㄨлуluluㄌㄨ
дуаньduantuanㄉㄨㄢтуаньtuant'uanㄊㄨㄢнуаньnuannuanㄋㄨㄢлуаньluanluanㄌㄨㄢ
дуйduituiㄉㄨㄟтуйtuit'uiㄊㄨㄟ
дунdongtungㄉㄨㄥтунtongt'ungㄊㄨㄥнунnongnungㄋㄨㄥлунlonglungㄌㄨㄥ
дуньduntunㄉㄨㄣтуньtunt'unㄊㄨㄣлуньlunlunㄌㄨㄣ
дэdeㄉㄜтэtet'êㄊㄜнэneㄋㄜлэleㄌㄜ
дэйdeiteiㄉㄟтэйteit'eiㄊㄟнэйneineiㄋㄟлэйleileiㄌㄟ
дэнdengtengㄉㄥтэнtengt'engㄊㄥнэнnengnengㄋㄥлэнlenglengㄌㄥ
дэньdentenㄉㄣнэньnennenㄋㄣ
дюdiutiuㄉㄧㄡнюniuniuㄋㄧㄡлюliuliuㄌㄧㄡ
нюйㄋㄩлюйㄌㄩ
нюэnüenüehㄋㄩㄝлюэlüelüehㄌㄩㄝ
дяdiatiaㄉㄧㄚляlialiaㄌㄧㄚ
нянniangniangㄋㄧㄤлянliangliangㄌㄧㄤ
дяньdiantienㄉㄧㄢтяньtiant'ienㄊㄧㄢняньniannienㄋㄧㄢляньlianlienㄌㄧㄢ
дяоdiaotiaoㄉㄧㄠтяоtiaot'iaoㄊㄧㄠняоniaoniaoㄋㄧㄠляоliaoliaoㄌㄧㄠ
Г / GК / KХ / H
Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS
гаgakaㄍㄚкаkak'aㄎㄚхаhahaㄏㄚ
гайgaikaiㄍㄞкайkaik'aiㄎㄞхайhaihaiㄏㄞ
ганgangkangㄍㄤканkangk'angㄎㄤханhanghangㄏㄤ
ганьgankanㄍㄢканьkank'anㄎㄢханьhanhanㄏㄢ
гаоgaokaoㄍㄠкаоkaok'aoㄎㄠхаоhaohaoㄏㄠ
гоguokuoㄍㄨㄛкоkuok'uoㄎㄨㄛхоhuohuoㄏㄨㄛ
гоуgoukouㄍㄡкоуkouk'ouㄎㄡхоуhouhouㄏㄡ
гуgukuㄍㄨкуkuk'uㄎㄨхуhuhuㄏㄨ
гуаguakuaㄍㄨㄚкуаkuak'uaㄎㄨㄚхуаhuahuaㄏㄨㄚ
гуайguaikuaiㄍㄨㄞкуайkuaik'uaiㄎㄨㄞхуайhuaihuaiㄏㄨㄞ
гуанguangkuangㄍㄨㄤкуанkuangk'uangㄎㄨㄤхуанhuanghuangㄏㄨㄤ
гуаньguankuanㄍㄨㄢкуаньkuank'uanㄎㄨㄢхуаньhuanhuanㄏㄨㄢ
гуйguikuiㄍㄨㄟкуйkuik'uiㄎㄨㄟхуэйhuihuiㄏㄨㄟ
гунgongkungㄍㄨㄥкунkongk'ungㄎㄨㄥхунhonghungㄏㄨㄥ
гуньgunkunㄍㄨㄣкуньkunk'unㄎㄨㄣхуньhunhunㄏㄨㄣ
гэgekoㄍㄜкэkek'oㄎㄜхэhehoㄏㄜ
гэйgeikeiㄍㄟхэйheiheiㄏㄟ
гэнgengkengㄍㄥкэнkengk'engㄎㄥхэнhenghengㄏㄥ
гэньgenkenㄍㄣкэньkenk'enㄎㄣхэньhenhenㄏㄣ
ЦЗ / JЦ / QС / X
Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS
цзеjiechiehㄐㄧㄝцеqiech'iehㄑㄧㄝсеxiehsiehㄒㄧㄝ
цзиjichiㄐㄧциqich'iㄑㄧсиxihsiㄒㄧ
цзинjingchingㄐㄧㄥцинqingch'ingㄑㄧㄥсинxinghsingㄒㄧㄥ
цзиньjinchinㄐㄧㄣциньqinch'inㄑㄧㄣсиньxinhsinㄒㄧㄣ
цзюjiuchiuㄐㄧㄡцюqiuch'iuㄑㄧㄡсюxiuhsiuㄒㄧㄡ
цзюаньjuanchüanㄐㄩㄢцюаньquanch'üanㄑㄩㄢсюаньxuanhsüanㄒㄩㄢ
цзюйjuchüㄐㄩцюйquch'üㄑㄩсюйxuhsüㄒㄩ
цзюнjiongchiungㄐㄩㄥцюнqiongch'iungㄑㄩㄥсюнxionghsiungㄒㄩㄥ
цзюньjunchünㄐㄩㄣцюньqunch'ünㄑㄩㄣсюньxunhsünㄒㄩㄣ
цзюэjuechüehㄐㄩㄝцюэquech'üehㄑㄩㄝсюэxuehsüehㄒㄩㄝ
цзяjiachiaㄐㄧㄚцяqiach'iaㄑㄧㄚсяxiahsiaㄒㄧㄚ
цзянjiangchiangㄐㄧㄤцянqiangch'iangㄑㄧㄤсянxianghsiangㄒㄧㄤ
цзяньjianchienㄐㄧㄢцяньqianch'ienㄑㄧㄢсяньxianhsienㄒㄧㄢ
цзяоjiaochiaoㄐㄧㄠцяоqiaoch'iaoㄑㄧㄠсяоxiaohsiaoㄒㄧㄠ
ЧЖ / ZHЧ / CHШ / SHЖ / R
Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS
чжаzhachaㄓㄚчаchach'aㄔㄚшаshashaㄕㄚ
чжайzhaichaiㄓㄞчайchaich'aiㄔㄞшайshaishaiㄕㄞ
чжанzhangchangㄓㄤчанchangch'angㄔㄤшанshangshangㄕㄤжанrangjangㄖㄤ
чжаньzhanchanㄓㄢчаньchanch'anㄔㄢшаньshanshanㄕㄢжаньranjanㄖㄢ
чжаоzhaochaoㄓㄠчаоchaoch'aoㄔㄠшаоshaoshaoㄕㄠжаоraojaoㄖㄠ
чжиzhichihчиchich'ihшиshishihжиrijih
чжоzhuochoㄓㄨㄛчоchuoch'oㄔㄨㄛшоshuoshuoㄕㄨㄛжоruojoㄖㄨㄛ
чжоуzhouchouㄓㄡчоуchouch'ouㄔㄡшоуshoushouㄕㄡжоуroujouㄖㄡ
чжуzhuchuㄓㄨчуchuch'uㄔㄨшуshushuㄕㄨжуrujuㄖㄨ
чжуаzhuachuaㄓㄨㄚчуаchuach'uaㄔㄨㄚшуаshuashuaㄕㄨㄚжуаruajuaㄖㄨㄚ
чжуайzhuaichuaiㄓㄨㄞчуайchuaich'uaiㄔㄨㄞшуайshuaishuaiㄕㄨㄞ
чжуанzhuangchuangㄓㄨㄤчуанchuangch'uangㄔㄨㄤшуанshuangshuangㄕㄨㄤ
чжуаньzhuanchuanㄓㄨㄢчуаньchuanch'uanㄔㄨㄢшуаньshuanshuanㄕㄨㄢжуаньruanjuanㄖㄨㄢ
чжуйzhuichuiㄓㄨㄟчуйchuich'uiㄔㄨㄟшуйshuishuiㄕㄨㄟжуйruijuiㄖㄨㄟ
чжунzhongchungㄓㄨㄥчунchongch'ungㄔㄨㄥжунrongjungㄖㄨㄥ
чжуньzhunchunㄓㄨㄣчуньchunch'unㄔㄨㄣшуньshunshunㄕㄨㄣжуньrunjunㄖㄨㄣ
чжэzhechêㄓㄜчэchech'êㄔㄜшэsheshêㄕㄜжэreㄖㄜ
чжэйzheicheiㄓㄟшэйsheisheiㄕㄟ
чжэнzhengchengㄓㄥчэнchengch'engㄔㄥшэнshengshengㄕㄥжэнrengjengㄖㄥ
чжэньzhenchenㄓㄣчэньchench'enㄔㄣшэньshenshenㄕㄣжэньrenjenㄖㄣ
ЦЗ / ZЦ / CС / S
Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS
цзаzatsaㄗㄚцаcats'aㄘㄚсаsasaㄙㄚ
цзайzaitsaiㄗㄞцайcaits'aiㄘㄞсайsaisaiㄙㄞ
цзанzangtsangㄗㄤцанcangts'angㄘㄤсанsangsangㄙㄤ
цзаньzantsanㄗㄢцаньcants'anㄘㄢсаньsansanㄙㄢ
цзаоzaotsaoㄗㄠцаоcaots'aoㄘㄠсаоsaosaoㄙㄠ
цзоzuotsoㄗㄨㄛцоcuots'oㄘㄨㄛсоsuosoㄙㄨㄛ
цзоуzoutsouㄗㄡцоуcouts'ouㄘㄡсоуsousouㄙㄡ
цзуzutsuㄗㄨцуcuts'uㄘㄨсуsusuㄙㄨ
цзуаньzuantsuanㄗㄨㄢцуаньcuants'uanㄘㄨㄢсуаньsuansuanㄙㄨㄢ
цзуйzuitsuiㄗㄨㄟцуйcuits'uiㄘㄨㄟсуйsuisuiㄙㄨㄟ
цзунzongtsungㄗㄨㄥцунcongts'ungㄘㄨㄥсунsongsungㄙㄨㄥ
цзуньzuntsunㄗㄨㄣцуньcunts'unㄘㄨㄣсуньsunsunㄙㄨㄣ
цзыzitzuцыcitz'uсыsissu
цзэzetsêㄗㄜцэcets'êㄘㄜсэseㄙㄜ
цзэйzeitseiㄗㄟ
цзэнzengtsengㄗㄥцэнcengts'engㄘㄥсэнsengsengㄙㄥ
цзэньzentsenㄗㄣцэньcents'enㄘㄣсэньsensenㄙㄣ
Others
Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS
аaaвоwowoㄨㄛоooюйyu
айaiaiвэйweiweiㄨㄟоуououюнyongyungㄩㄥ
анangangвэнwengwengㄨㄥуwuwuюньyunyünㄩㄣ
аньananвэньwenwenㄨㄣэeêюэyueyüehㄩㄝ
аоaoaoеyeyehㄧㄝэйeieiяyayaㄧㄚ
ваwawaㄨㄚёyoyoㄧㄛэньenenяйyaiyaiㄧㄞ
вайwaiwaiㄨㄞиyiiэрerêrhянyangyangㄧㄤ
ванwangwangㄨㄤинyingingㄧㄥюyouyuㄧㄡяньyanyenㄧㄢ
ваньwanwanㄨㄢиньyininㄧㄣюаньyuanyüanㄩㄢяоyaoyaoㄧㄠ

Exceptions

The names of the cities of Beijing and Nanjing are transcribed as Пеки́н (instead of Бэйцзин) and Нанки́н (instead of Наньцзин), much as Peking and Nanking were still used in English speaking countries until recently. Hong Kong (pinyin: Xianggang) may be both Сянга́н (Xianggang) and Гонко́нг (Hong Kong); the latter is more common.

The syllable hui is transcribed not as хуй but as хуэй (Huizu, Хуэйцзу) or, less often, as хой (Anhui, Аньхой) for aesthetic reasons, since хуй is a taboo word for "penis" in Russian and several other Slavic languages.

Older documents contain variants мэн — мын, мэнь — мынь, фэн — фын, фэнь — фынь, пэн — пын, hence Aomen (Macao) is traditionally spelled Аомынь in Russian. Most modern texts contain э, with some exceptions.

Ukrainian system

Initials

Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Retroflex Alveolo-palatal Velar
Voiceless Voiced Voiceless Voiceless Voiced Voiceless Voiced Voiceless Voiceless
Nasal м [m]
m ㄇ m
н [n]
n ㄋ n
Plosive Unaspirated б [p]
p ㄅ b
д [t]
t ㄉ d
ґ [k]
k ㄍ g
Aspirated п [pʰ]
p' ㄆ p
т [tʰ]
t' ㄊ t
к [kʰ]
k' ㄎ k
Affricate Unaspirated цз [ts]
ts ㄗ z
чж [ʈʂ]
ch ㄓ zh
цз [tɕ]
ch ㄐ j
Aspirated ц [tsʰ]
ts' ㄘ c
ч [ʈʂʰ]
ch' ㄔ ch
ц [tɕʰ]
ch' ㄑ q
Fricative ф [f]
f ㄈ f
с [s]
s ㄙ s
ш [ʂ]
sh ㄕ sh
ж [ʐ]
j ㄖ r
с [ɕ]
hs ㄒ x
х [x]
h ㄏ h
Lateral л [l]
l ㄌ l

Finals

Nucleusaə
Codaiunŋiunŋɻ
Mediala [a]
ㄚ a
ай [ai̯]
ai ㄞ ai
ao [au̯]
ao ㄠ ao
ань [an]
an ㄢ an
ан [aŋ]
ang ㄤ ang
е [ɤ]
ê/o ㄜ e
ей [ei̯]
ei ㄟ ei
оу [ou̯]
ou ㄡ ou
ень [ən]
ên ㄣ en
ен [əŋ]
êng ㄥ eng
ер [aɚ̯]
êrh ㄦ er
і/и [ʅ/ɿ]
ih/ŭ MoeKai Bopomofo U+312D.svg -i
iя [i̯a]
ia ㄧㄚ ia
яо [i̯au̯]
iao ㄧㄠ iao
янь [i̯ɛn]
ien ㄧㄢ ian
ян [i̯aŋ]
iang ㄧㄤ iang
є [i̯e]
ieh ㄧㄝ ie
ю [i̯ou̯]
iu ㄧㄡ iu
їнь [in]
in ㄧㄣ in
їн [iŋ]
ing ㄧㄥ ing
ї [i]
i ㄧ i
uуа [u̯a]
ua ㄨㄚ ua
уай [u̯ai̯]
uai ㄨㄞ uai
уaнь [u̯an]
uan ㄨㄢ uan
уaн [u̯aŋ]
uang ㄨㄤ uang
о [u̯o]
o/uo ㄨㄛ uo
уй [u̯ei̯]
ui ㄨㄟ ui
унь [u̯ən]
un ㄨㄣ un
ун [ʊŋ]
ung ㄨㄥ ong
у [u]
u ㄨ u
yюaнь [y̯ɛn]
üan ㄩㄢ üan
юе [y̯e]
üeh ㄩㄝ üe
юнь [yn]
ün ㄩㄣ ün
юн [i̯ʊŋ]
iung ㄩㄥ iong
юй [y]
ü ㄩ ü

In composites, coda ng is transcribed нъ when the following syllable starts with a vowel. For example, the names of the cities of Chang'an and Hengyang are transcribed as Чанъань and Хенъян.

Comparison chart

This table establishes correspondence between the Ukrainian Palladius system together with the two Romanization systems most commonly used in English-speaking countries: Pinyin and Wade–Giles.

Б / BП / PМ / MФ / F
Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS
баbapaㄅㄚпаpap'aㄆㄚмаmamaㄇㄚфаfafaㄈㄚ
байbaipaiㄅㄞпайpaip'aiㄆㄞмайmaimaiㄇㄞ
банbangpangㄅㄤпанpangp'angㄆㄤманmangmangㄇㄤфанfangfangㄈㄤ
баньbanpanㄅㄢпаньpanp'anㄆㄢманьmanmanㄇㄢфаньfanfanㄈㄢ
баоbaopaoㄅㄠпаоpaop'aoㄆㄠмаоmaomaoㄇㄠ
бєbiepiehㄅㄧㄝпєpiep'iehㄆㄧㄝмєmiemiehㄇㄧㄝ
біbipiㄅㄧпіpip'iㄆㄧміmimiㄇㄧ
бінbingpingㄅㄧㄥпінpingp'ingㄆㄧㄥмінmingmingㄇㄧㄥ
біньbinpinㄅㄧㄣпіньpinp'inㄆㄧㄣміньminminㄇㄧㄣ
боbopoㄅㄛпоpop'oㄆㄛмоmomoㄇㄛфоfofoㄈㄛ
поуpoup'ouㄆㄡмоуmoumouㄇㄡфоуfoufouㄈㄡ
буbupuㄅㄨпуpup'uㄆㄨмуmumuㄇㄨфуfufuㄈㄨ
меmemeㄇㄜ
бейbeipeiㄅㄟпейpeip'eiㄆㄟмейmeimeiㄇㄟфейfeifeiㄈㄟ
бенbengpengㄅㄥпенpengp'engㄆㄥменmengmengㄇㄥфенfengfengㄈㄥ
беньbenpenㄅㄣпеньpenp'enㄆㄣменьmenmenㄇㄣфеньfenfenㄈㄣ
мюmiumiuㄇㄧㄡ
бяньbianpienㄅㄧㄢпяньpianp'ienㄆㄧㄢмяньmianmienㄇㄧㄢ
бяоbiaopiaoㄅㄧㄠпяоpiaop'iaoㄆㄧㄠмяоmiaomiaoㄇㄧㄠ
Д / DТ / TН / NЛ / L
Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS
даdataㄉㄚтаtat'aㄊㄚнаnanaㄋㄚлаlalaㄌㄚ
дайdaitaiㄉㄞтайtait'aiㄊㄞнайnainaiㄋㄞлайlailaiㄌㄞ
данdangtangㄉㄤтанtangt'angㄊㄤнанnangnangㄋㄤланlanglangㄌㄤ
даньdantanㄉㄢтаньtant'anㄊㄢнаньnannanㄋㄢланьlanlanㄌㄢ
даоdaotaoㄉㄠтаоtaot'aoㄊㄠнаоnaonaoㄋㄠлаоlaolaoㄌㄠ
дєdietiehㄉㄧㄝтєtiet'iehㄊㄧㄝнєnieniehㄋㄧㄝлєlieliehㄌㄧㄝ
діditiㄉㄧтіtit'iㄊㄧніniniㄋㄧліliliㄌㄧ
дінdingtingㄉㄧㄥтінtingt'ingㄊㄧㄥнінningningㄋㄧㄥлінlinglingㄌㄧㄥ
ніньninninㄋㄧㄣліньlinlinㄌㄧㄣ
доduotoㄉㄨㄛтоtuot'oㄊㄨㄛноnuonoㄋㄨㄛлоluoloㄌㄨㄛ
доуdoutouㄉㄡтоуtout'ouㄊㄡноуnounouㄋㄡлоуloulouㄌㄡ
дуdutuㄉㄨтуtut'uㄊㄨнуnunuㄋㄨлуluluㄌㄨ
дуаньduantuanㄉㄨㄢтуаньtuant'uanㄊㄨㄢнуаньnuannuanㄋㄨㄢлуаньluanluanㄌㄨㄢ
дуйduituiㄉㄨㄟтуйtuit'uiㄊㄨㄟ
дунdongtungㄉㄨㄥтунtongt'ungㄊㄨㄥнунnongnungㄋㄨㄥлунlonglungㄌㄨㄥ
дуньduntunㄉㄨㄣтуньtunt'unㄊㄨㄣлуньlunlunㄌㄨㄣ
деdeㄉㄜтеtet'êㄊㄜнеneㄋㄜлеleㄌㄜ
дейdeiteiㄉㄟтейteit'eiㄊㄟнейneineiㄋㄟлейleileiㄌㄟ
денdengtengㄉㄥтенtengt'engㄊㄥненnengnengㄋㄥленlenglengㄌㄥ
деньdentenㄉㄣненьnennenㄋㄣ
дюdiutiuㄉㄧㄡнюniuniuㄋㄧㄡлюliuliuㄌㄧㄡ
нюйㄋㄩлюйㄌㄩ
нюеnüenüehㄋㄩㄝлюеlüelüehㄌㄩㄝ
дяdiatiaㄉㄧㄚляlialiaㄌㄧㄚ
нянniangniangㄋㄧㄤлянliangliangㄌㄧㄤ
дяньdiantienㄉㄧㄢтяньtiant'ienㄊㄧㄢняньniannienㄋㄧㄢляньlianlienㄌㄧㄢ
дяоdiaotiaoㄉㄧㄠтяоtiaot'iaoㄊㄧㄠняоniaoniaoㄋㄧㄠляоliaoliaoㄌㄧㄠ
Ґ / GК / KХ / H
Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS
ґаgakaㄍㄚкаkak'aㄎㄚхаhahaㄏㄚ
ґайgaikaiㄍㄞкайkaik'aiㄎㄞхайhaihaiㄏㄞ
ґанgangkangㄍㄤканkangk'angㄎㄤханhanghangㄏㄤ
ґаньgankanㄍㄢканьkank'anㄎㄢханьhanhanㄏㄢ
ґаоgaokaoㄍㄠкаоkaok'aoㄎㄠхаоhaohaoㄏㄠ
ґоguokuoㄍㄨㄛкоkuok'uoㄎㄨㄛхоhuohuoㄏㄨㄛ
ґоуgoukouㄍㄡкоуkouk'ouㄎㄡхоуhouhouㄏㄡ
ґуgukuㄍㄨкуkuk'uㄎㄨхуhuhuㄏㄨ
ґуаguakuaㄍㄨㄚкуаkuak'uaㄎㄨㄚхуаhuahuaㄏㄨㄚ
ґуайguaikuaiㄍㄨㄞкуайkuaik'uaiㄎㄨㄞхуайhuaihuaiㄏㄨㄞ
ґуанguangkuangㄍㄨㄤкуанkuangk'uangㄎㄨㄤхуанhuanghuangㄏㄨㄤ
ґуаньguankuanㄍㄨㄢкуаньkuank'uanㄎㄨㄢхуаньhuanhuanㄏㄨㄢ
ґуйguikuiㄍㄨㄟкуйkuik'uiㄎㄨㄟхуейhuihuiㄏㄨㄟ
ґунgongkungㄍㄨㄥкунkongk'ungㄎㄨㄥхунhonghungㄏㄨㄥ
ґуньgunkunㄍㄨㄣкуньkunk'unㄎㄨㄣхуньhunhunㄏㄨㄣ
ґеgekoㄍㄜкеkek'oㄎㄜхеhehoㄏㄜ
ґейgeikeiㄍㄟхейheiheiㄏㄟ
ґенgengkengㄍㄥкенkengk'engㄎㄥхенhenghengㄏㄥ
ґеньgenkenㄍㄣкеньkenk'enㄎㄣхеньhenhenㄏㄣ
ЦЗ / JЦ / QС / X
Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS
цзєjiechiehㄐㄧㄝцєqiech'iehㄑㄧㄝсєxiehsiehㄒㄧㄝ
цзїjichiㄐㄧцїqich'iㄑㄧсїxihsiㄒㄧ
цзїнjingchingㄐㄧㄥцїнqingch'ingㄑㄧㄥсїнxinghsingㄒㄧㄥ
цзїньjinchinㄐㄧㄣцїньqinch'inㄑㄧㄣсїньxinhsinㄒㄧㄣ
цзюjiuchiuㄐㄧㄡцюqiuch'iuㄑㄧㄡсюxiuhsiuㄒㄧㄡ
цзюаньjuanchüanㄐㄩㄢцюаньquanch'üanㄑㄩㄢсюаньxuanhsüanㄒㄩㄢ
цзюйjuchüㄐㄩцюйquch'üㄑㄩсюйxuhsüㄒㄩ
цзюнjiongchiungㄐㄩㄥцюнqiongch'iungㄑㄩㄥсюнxionghsiungㄒㄩㄥ
цзюньjunchünㄐㄩㄣцюньqunch'ünㄑㄩㄣсюньxunhsünㄒㄩㄣ
цзюеjuechüehㄐㄩㄝцюеquech'üehㄑㄩㄝсюеxuehsüehㄒㄩㄝ
цзяjiachiaㄐㄧㄚцяqiach'iaㄑㄧㄚсяxiahsiaㄒㄧㄚ
цзянjiangchiangㄐㄧㄤцянqiangch'iangㄑㄧㄤсянxianghsiangㄒㄧㄤ
цзяньjianchienㄐㄧㄢцяньqianch'ienㄑㄧㄢсяньxianhsienㄒㄧㄢ
цзяоjiaochiaoㄐㄧㄠцяоqiaoch'iaoㄑㄧㄠсяоxiaohsiaoㄒㄧㄠ
ЧЖ / ZHЧ / CHШ / SHЖ / R
Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS
чжаzhachaㄓㄚчаchach'aㄔㄚшаshashaㄕㄚ
чжайzhaichaiㄓㄞчайchaich'aiㄔㄞшайshaishaiㄕㄞ
чжанzhangchangㄓㄤчанchangch'angㄔㄤшанshangshangㄕㄤжанrangjangㄖㄤ
чжаньzhanchanㄓㄢчаньchanch'anㄔㄢшаньshanshanㄕㄢжаньranjanㄖㄢ
чжаоzhaochaoㄓㄠчаоchaoch'aoㄔㄠшаоshaoshaoㄕㄠжаоraojaoㄖㄠ
чжиzhichihчиchich'ihшиshishihжиrijih
чжоzhuochoㄓㄨㄛчоchuoch'oㄔㄨㄛшоshuoshuoㄕㄨㄛжоruojoㄖㄨㄛ
чжоуzhouchouㄓㄡчоуchouch'ouㄔㄡшоуshoushouㄕㄡжоуroujouㄖㄡ
чжуzhuchuㄓㄨчуchuch'uㄔㄨшуshushuㄕㄨжуrujuㄖㄨ
чжуаzhuachuaㄓㄨㄚчуаchuach'uaㄔㄨㄚшуаshuashuaㄕㄨㄚжуаruajuaㄖㄨㄚ
чжуайzhuaichuaiㄓㄨㄞчуайchuaich'uaiㄔㄨㄞшуайshuaishuaiㄕㄨㄞ
чжуанzhuangchuangㄓㄨㄤчуанchuangch'uangㄔㄨㄤшуанshuangshuangㄕㄨㄤ
чжуаньzhuanchuanㄓㄨㄢчуаньchuanch'uanㄔㄨㄢшуаньshuanshuanㄕㄨㄢжуаньruanjuanㄖㄨㄢ
чжуйzhuichuiㄓㄨㄟчуйchuich'uiㄔㄨㄟшуйshuishuiㄕㄨㄟжуйruijuiㄖㄨㄟ
чжунzhongchungㄓㄨㄥчунchongch'ungㄔㄨㄥжунrongjungㄖㄨㄥ
чжуньzhunchunㄓㄨㄣчуньchunch'unㄔㄨㄣшуньshunshunㄕㄨㄣжуньrunjunㄖㄨㄣ
чжеzhechêㄓㄜчеchech'êㄔㄜшеsheshêㄕㄜжеreㄖㄜ
чжейzheicheiㄓㄟшейsheisheiㄕㄟ
чженzhengchengㄓㄥченchengch'engㄔㄥшенshengshengㄕㄥженrengjengㄖㄥ
чженьzhenchenㄓㄣченьchench'enㄔㄣшеньshenshenㄕㄣженьrenjenㄖㄣ
ЦЗ / ZЦ / CС / S
Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS
цзаzatsaㄗㄚцаcats'aㄘㄚсаsasaㄙㄚ
цзайzaitsaiㄗㄞцайcaits'aiㄘㄞсайsaisaiㄙㄞ
цзанzangtsangㄗㄤцанcangts'angㄘㄤсанsangsangㄙㄤ
цзаньzantsanㄗㄢцаньcants'anㄘㄢсаньsansanㄙㄢ
цзаоzaotsaoㄗㄠцаоcaots'aoㄘㄠсаоsaosaoㄙㄠ
цзоzuotsoㄗㄨㄛцоcuots'oㄘㄨㄛсоsuosoㄙㄨㄛ
цзоуzoutsouㄗㄡцоуcouts'ouㄘㄡсоуsousouㄙㄡ
цзуzutsuㄗㄨцуcuts'uㄘㄨсуsusuㄙㄨ
цзуаньzuantsuanㄗㄨㄢцуаньcuants'uanㄘㄨㄢсуаньsuansuanㄙㄨㄢ
цзуйzuitsuiㄗㄨㄟцуйcuits'uiㄘㄨㄟсуйsuisuiㄙㄨㄟ
цзунzongtsungㄗㄨㄥцунcongts'ungㄘㄨㄥсунsongsungㄙㄨㄥ
цзуньzuntsunㄗㄨㄣцуньcunts'unㄘㄨㄣсуньsunsunㄙㄨㄣ
цзиzitzuциcitz'uсиsissu
цзеzetsêㄗㄜцеcets'êㄘㄜсеseㄙㄜ
цзейzeitseiㄗㄟ
цзенzengtsengㄗㄥценcengts'engㄘㄥсенsengsengㄙㄥ
цзеньzentsenㄗㄣценьcents'enㄘㄣсеньsensenㄙㄣ
Others
Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS Cyrillic Pinyin WG MPS
аaaвоwowoㄨㄛоooюйyu
айaiaiвейweiweiㄨㄟоуououюнyongyungㄩㄥ
анangangвенwengwengㄨㄥуwuwuюньyunyünㄩㄣ
аньananвеньwenwenㄨㄣеeêюеyueyüehㄩㄝ
аоaoaoєyeyehㄧㄝейeieiяyayaㄧㄚ
ваwawaㄨㄚёyoyoㄧㄛеньenenяйyaiyaiㄧㄞ
вайwaiwaiㄨㄞїyiiерerêrhянyangyangㄧㄤ
ванwangwangㄨㄤїнyingingㄧㄥюyouyuㄧㄡяньyanyenㄧㄢ
ваньwanwanㄨㄢїньyininㄧㄣюаньyuanyüanㄩㄢяоyaoyaoㄧㄠ

Cyrillization with the Ukrainian alphabet differs from the Russian as follows:

Belarusian system

Cyrillization with the Belarusian alphabet differs from the Russian as follows:

Serbian system

The Serbian system is rather different from the Russian: for example, j, q, zh are transcribed as ђ, ћ, џ; the Serbian letters ј, љ, њ appear where the Russian system uses я, е, ё, ю, й; final n and ng are н and нг.

Sample Texts

Original

Traditional:

你好嗎?這個是一段用西里爾字母寫的中文。

Simplified:

你好吗?这个是一段用西里尔字母写的中文。

Pinyin

Nǐ hǎo ma? Zhège shì yīduàn yòng Xīlǐ'ěr zìmǔ xiě de Zhōngwén.

Russian Palladius system

Ни хао ма? Чжэгэ ши идуань юн Сили эр цзы му се дэ Чжунвэнь. [1]

Ukrainian Palladius system

Ні хао ма? Чжеґе ши їдуань юн Сілі ер цзи му сє де Чжунвень.

Belarusian Palladius system

Ні хао ма? Чжэгэ шы ідуань юн Сілі эр цзы му се дэ Чжунвэнь.

English Translation

How are you? This is a Chinese sentence written in Cyrillic alphabet.

See also

Related Research Articles

Cyrillic script Writing system used for various languages of Eurasia

The Cyrillic script is a writing system used for various languages across Eurasia and is used as the national script in various Slavic, Turkic, Mongolic and Iranic-speaking countries in Southeastern Europe, Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, North Asia and East Asia.

Russian alphabet Alphabet that uses letters from the Cyrillic script

The Russian alphabet was derived from Cyrillic script for Old Church Slavonic language. Initially an old variant of the Bulgarian alphabet, it became used in the Kievan Rus' since 10th century to write what would become the Russian language. The modern Russian alphabet consists of 33 letters. It has twenty consonants, ten vowels, a semivowel (⟨й⟩), and two modifier letters that alter a preceding consonant.

Cyrillization

Cyrillization or Cyrillisation is the process of rendering words of a language that normally uses a writing system other than Cyrillic script into the Cyrillic alphabet. Although such a process has often been carried out in an ad hoc fashion, the term "cyrillization" usually refers to a consistent system applied, for example, to transcribe names of German, Chinese, or English people and places for use in Russian, Ukrainian, Serbian, Macedonian or Bulgarian newspapers and books. Cyrillization is analogous to romanization, when words from a non-Latin-script-using language are rendered in the Latin alphabet for use

Polivanov system is a system of transliterating the Japanese language into Russian Cyrillic script, either to represent Japanese proper names or terms in Russian or as an aid to Japanese language learning in those languages. The system was developed by Yevgeny Polivanov in 1917.

Kalmyk Oirat

Kalmyk Oirat, commonly known as the Kalmyk language, is a register of the Oirat language, natively spoken by the Kalmyk people of Kalmykia, a federal subject of Russia. In Russia, it is the standard form of the Oirat language, which belongs to the Mongolic language family. The Kalmyk people of the Northwest Caspian Sea of Russia claim descent from the Oirats from Eurasia, who have also historically settled in Mongolia and Northwest China. According to UNESCO, the language is "Definitely endangered". According to the Russian census of 2010, there are 80,500 speakers of an ethnic population consisting of 183,000 people.

I (Cyrillic)

I is a letter used in almost all Cyrillic alphabets.

The European ordering rules, define an ordering for strings written in languages that are written with the Latin, Greek and Cyrillic alphabets. The standard covers languages used by the European Union, the European Free Trade Association, and parts of the former Soviet Union. It is a tailoring of the Common Tailorable Template of ISO/IEC 14651. EOR can in turn be tailored for different (European) languages. But in inter-European contexts, EOR can be used without further tailoring.

Romanization of Russian Romanization of the Russian alphabet

Romanization of Russian is the process of transliterating the Russian language from the Cyrillic script into the Latin script.

E (Cyrillic)

E is a letter found in two Slavic languages: Russian and Belarusian. It represents the [e] and [ɛ], as Æ in its modern variant or as the e in the word "editor". In other Slavic languages that use the Cyrillic script, the sounds are represented by Ye (Е е), which represents in Russian and Belarusian [je] in initial and postvocalic position or [e] and palatalizes the preceding consonant.

Dotted I (Cyrillic)

The dotted i, also called decimal і, is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

The Shor language is a Turkic language spoken by about 2,800 people in a region called Mountain Shoriya, in the Kemerovo Province in Southwest Siberia, although the entire Shor population in this area is over 12000 people. Presently, not all ethnic Shors speak Shor and the language suffered a decline from the late 1930s to the early 1980s. During this period the Shor language was neither written nor taught in schools. However, since the 1980s and 1990s there has been a Shor language revival. The language is now taught at the Novokuznetsk branch of the Kemerovo State University.

The Belarusian alphabet is based on the Cyrillic script and is derived from the alphabet of Old Church Slavonic. It has existed in its modern form since 1918 and has 32 letters. See also Belarusian Latin alphabet and Belarusian Arabic alphabet.

Cyrillic alphabets Related alphabets based on Cyrillic scripts

Numerous Cyrillic alphabets are based on the Cyrillic script. The early Cyrillic alphabet was developed in the First Bulgarian Empire during the 9th century AD at the Preslav Literary School by Saint Clement of Ohrid and Saint Naum and replaced the earlier Glagolitic script developed by the Byzantine theologians Cyril and Methodius. It is the basis of alphabets used in various languages, past and present, in parts of Southeastern Europe and Northern Eurasia, especially those of Slavic origin, and non-Slavic languages influenced by Russian. As of 2011, around 252 million people in Eurasia use it as the official alphabet for their national languages. About half of them are in Russia. Cyrillic is one of the most-used writing systems in the world.

Morse code for non-Latin alphabets

This is a summary of the use of Morse code to represent alphabets other than Latin.

The Cyrillic script family contains many specially treated two-letter combinations, or digraphs, but few of these are used in Slavic languages. In a few alphabets, trigraphs and even the occasional tetragraph are used.

JCUKEN is the main Cyrillic keyboard layout for the Russian language in computers and typewriters. Earlier in Russia JIUKEN (ЙІУКЕН) layout was the main layout, but it was replaced by JCUKEN when the Russian alphabet reform of 1917 removed the letters Ѣ, І, Ѵ, and Ѳ. The letter Ъ had decreased in usage significantly after the reform.

Pannonian Rusyn Dialect

Pannonian Rusyn, or simply Rusyn, is an East Slavic language spoken by the Pannonian Rusyns, in north-western Serbia and eastern Croatia. Before the re-establishment of independent Serbian and Croatian states, in the 1990s, the area was part of the former federation of Yugoslavia. Pannonian Rusyn is one of the official languages of the Serbian Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. The Pannonian Rusyns themselves call their language Bačvan'ska ruska bešeda, or Bačvan'ski ruski jazik, both meaning "the Rusyn language of Bačka". Pannonian Rusyn has also sometimes been known as Yugoslavo-Ruthenian, Vojvodina-Ruthenian or Bačka-Ruthenian.

Yo (Cyrillic)

Yo, Jo, or Io is a letter of the Cyrillic script. In Unicode, the letter ⟨Ё⟩ is named CYRILLIC CAPITAL/SMALL LETTER IO.

The Komi language, a Uralic language spoken in the north-eastern part of European Russia, has been written in several different alphabets. Currently, Komi writing uses letters from the Cyrillic script. There have been five distinct stages in the history of Komi writing:

Since its inception in the 18th century and up to the present, it is based on the Cyrillic alphabet to write the Udmurt language. Attempts were also made to use the Latin alphabet to write the Udmurt language. In its modern form, the Udmurt alphabet was approved in 1937.

References

  1. http://www.boutler.de/translit/pinyin2russian.html