|Chairman of UNICEF|
|Preceded by||Balachandra Rajan|
|Succeeded by||John Ryan|
Mahmood Shafqat (also spelled Mahmoud Shafqat) was a Pakistani diplomat. He served as Chairman of UNICEF from 1957 to 1958.He served at the Permanent Mission of Pakistan to the United Nations in New York during the 1950s and 1960s, including as Alternate Permanent Representative. He later served as Pakistan's Ambassador to Algeria, Poland and France from 1974. He was also Pakistan's Permanent Delegate to UNESCO from 1974 to 1976.
Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212,742,631 people. In area, it is the 33rd-largest country, spanning 881,913 square kilometres. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China in the far northeast. It is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the northwest, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.
The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), originally known as the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund, was created by the United Nations General Assembly on 11 December 1946, to provide emergency food and healthcare to children and mothers in countries that had been devastated by World War II. The Polish physician Ludwik Rajchman is widely regarded as the founder of UNICEF and served as its first chairman from 1946 to 1950, when he had to flee the United States in the wake of McCarthyism. Rajchman is to this day the only person that served as UNICEF's Chairman for longer than 2 years. On Rajchman's suggestion, the American Maurice Pate was appointed its first executive director, serving from 1947 until his death in 1965. In 1950, UNICEF's mandate was extended to address the long-term needs of children and women in developing countries everywhere. In 1953 it became a permanent part of the United Nations System, and the words "international" and "emergency" were dropped from the organization's name, though it retained the original acronym, "UNICEF".
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that was tasked to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international co-operation and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City, and is subject to extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna and The Hague. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development and upholding international law. The UN is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. In 24 October 1945, at the end of World War II, the organization was established with the aim of preventing future wars. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193. The UN is the successor of the ineffective League of Nations.
Andrei Dapkiunas is a Belarusian diplomat. From 2004 he has been Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary and the Permanent Representative of Belarus to the United Nations. Vice-President of the United Nations Economic and Social Council, ECOSOC (2008). President of the Executive Board of the UN Children's Fund, UNICEF (2006). Member of the Executive Board of the International Association of Permanent Representatives to the United Nations. In 2011 he was briefly withdrawn from his position as ambassador to the UN following allegations of a link to one of opposition candidates in the presidential election.
Akmaral Khaidarovna Arystanbekova is a Kazakhstani diplomat. She was the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan from November 1989 to December 1991, and the first Permanent Representative (ambassador) of Kazakhstan to the United Nations from 1992 to 1999. She became in 1992 the fourth woman ambassador among 176 member states of the United Nations. After her UN assignment, she also served as Ambassador of Kazakhstan to France (1999–2003) and Permanent Representative to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) (1999–2001). Arystanbekova has held the diplomatic rank of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Kazakhstan since 1993. Arystanbekova also holds a doctorate degree in world history and is fluent in English and French.
Torild Skard is a Norwegian psychologist, politician for the Socialist Left Party, a former Deputy Permanent Secretary at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a former Chairman of UNICEF.
Sven Jürgenson is an Estonian diplomat. He has served as the Permanent Representative to the United Nations in New York of Estonia since 2015, and also held the position from 1998 to 2000. During the term 2016 he is also President of the UNICEF Executive Board at the international level. He served as Ambassador to the United States from 2000 to 2003 and as Ambassador to France from 2010 to 2015.
Abulkalam Abdul Momen is a Bangladeshi economist and diplomat. He was Bangladesh's Permanent Representative to the United Nations in New York from August 2009 to October 2015. He won the 2018 Bangladeshi general election from Sylhet-1 constituency. He was appointed as the minister for foreign affairs of the Government of Bangladesh.
Mehdi Danesh-Yazdi is an Iranian diplomat and lawyer. He is Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs for Administrative and Financial Affairs of Iran. He served as Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations in New York from 2003 to 2008. He served as President of the UNICEF Executive Board at the international level in 2005 and as Chairman of the United Nations Commission for Social Development in 2006. He joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as Director for the Department of Treaties in 1982, and has formerly been Ambassador to Sweden (1987–1992).
Lebohang K. Moleko is a Lesotho diplomat. He has served as Lesotho's Ambassador to the United States and as Permanent Representative to the United Nations in New York. He served as President of the UNICEF Executive Board at the international level in 2004.
Movses Abelian is an Armenian-Georgian diplomat and United Nations official. He is currently Assistant Secretary-General of the United Nations, responsible for General Assembly management. He has formerly been Director of the Security Council Affairs Division and Secretary of the United Nations Security Council from 2011 to 2016. He served as Armenia's Permanent Representative to the United Nations in New York from 1998 to 2003 and as President of the UNICEF Executive Board at the international level in 2001.
Khalil Makkawi is a Lebanese diplomat. He served as Ambassador to the United Kingdom from 1978 to 1983 and as Permanent Representative to the United Nations from 1990 to 1994. He was Vice President of the United Nations General Assembly from 1991 to 1992 and President of the UNICEF Executive Board at the international level in 1995.
Maurizio Bucci is an Italian diplomat, a former Permanent Representative to the United Nations in New York of Italy and a former Chairman of UNICEF (1986–1987).
Ion Goriță is a Romanian diplomat and United Nations official. He served as Romania's Permanent Representative to the United Nations in New York from 1994 to 2000 and as President of the UNICEF Executive Board at the international level in 1996. Before his appointment as Permanent Representative to the U.N., he served as Secretary of State in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was Chairman of the Joint Inspection Unit from 2004 to 2005.
Hugo Scheltema was a Dutch diplomat. He served as Permanent Representative to the United Nations in New York, as Chairman of the United Nations Economic and Social Council in 1979 and as Chairman of UNICEF from 1982 to 1983. He was also Ambassador to Iraq, Indonesia and Belgium earlier in his career.
Narciso G. Reyes was a Filipino diplomat and author. He served as Chairman of UNICEF from 1972 to 1974 and as Secretary-General of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations from 1980 to 1982. Reyes also served as Permanent Representative to the United Nations and Ambassador to the United Kingdom, China and other countries.
Khawaja Zaki Hasan, known as Zaki Hasan or K. Zaki Hasan, is a Pakistani physician, neuropsychiatrist and a former chairman of UNICEF (1979–1980).
Antonio Ordoñez-Plaja (1919–2012) was a Colombian surgeon, sociologist, politician and United Nations official. He served as Minister of Public Health in the Government of Colombia from 1966 to 1970 and as Chairman of UNICEF at the international level from 1976 to 1977.
Andrés Franco is a Colombian diplomat and UNICEF official. He was President of the UNICEF Executive Board, the governing body of UNICEF at the international level, in 2002. He has served as Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations of Colombia.
Mumtaz Ali Kazi, popularly known as M.A. Kazi, was one of Pakistan’s leading scientists and educators. He was President of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences from 1978 to 1988 and President of the Chemical Society of Pakistan from 1977 to 1990.
Walton Alfonso Webson is an Antiguan diplomat. He has served as the Permanent Representative to the United Nations in New York of Antigua and Barbuda since 2014. He is President of the UNICEF Executive Board at the international level in 2017.
Bangladesh and United Nation have a strong relation. Bangladesh is one of the largest troop contributing countries in the world.