Mahmood Shafqat

Last updated
Mahmood Shafqat
Chairman of UNICEF
In office
1957–1958
Preceded by Balachandra Rajan
Succeeded byJohn Ryan
Personal details
Nationality Pakistan

Mahmood Shafqat (also spelled Mahmoud Shafqat) was a Pakistani diplomat. He served as Chairman of UNICEF from 1957 to 1958. [1] [2] He served at the Permanent Mission of Pakistan to the United Nations in New York during the 1950s and 1960s, including as Alternate Permanent Representative. [3] He later served as Pakistan's Ambassador to Algeria, Poland and France from 1974. He was also Pakistan's Permanent Delegate to UNESCO from 1974 to 1976. [4] [5]

Pakistan federal parliamentary constitutional republic in South Asia

Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212,742,631 people. In area, it is the 33rd-largest country, spanning 881,913 square kilometres. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China in the far northeast. It is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the northwest, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.

UNICEF development policy organization of the UN

The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), originally known as the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund, was created by the United Nations General Assembly on 11 December 1946, to provide emergency food and healthcare to children and mothers in countries that had been devastated by World War II. The Polish physician Ludwik Rajchman is widely regarded as the founder of UNICEF and served as its first chairman from 1946 to 1950, when he had to flee the United States in the wake of McCarthyism. Rajchman is to this day the only person that served as UNICEF's Chairman for longer than 2 years. On Rajchman's suggestion, the American Maurice Pate was appointed its first executive director, serving from 1947 until his death in 1965. In 1950, UNICEF's mandate was extended to address the long-term needs of children and women in developing countries everywhere. In 1953 it became a permanent part of the United Nations System, and the words "international" and "emergency" were dropped from the organization's name, though it retained the original acronym, "UNICEF".

United Nations Intergovernmental organization

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that was tasked to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international co-operation and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City, and is subject to extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna and The Hague. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development and upholding international law. The UN is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. In 24 October 1945, at the end of World War II, the organization was established with the aim of preventing future wars. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193. The UN is the successor of the ineffective League of Nations.

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References

  1. Officers of the UNICEF Executive Board 1946–2014, UNICEF
  2. Executive Board, UNICEF
  3. Permanent Missions to the United Nations, p. 146, United Nations, 1966
  4. UNESCO Chronicle, vol. 20, p. 109, UNESCO, 1974
  5. UNESCO Chronicle, vol. 22, p. 56, UNESCO, 1976