Michael P. Downing
|Interim Chief of Police of Los Angeles|
October 30, 2009 –November 17, 2009
|Preceded by||William J. Bratton|
|Succeeded by||Charles L. Beck|
Michael P. Downing was the interim Chief of Police of the Los Angeles Police Department. On August 5,2009,Chief William J. Bratton announced that after seven years as chief he would be stepping down from his position. He continued to serve as LAPD chief until October 30,2009. After Bratton stepped down,Downing was appointed as Chief of Police by the L.A. Board of Police Commissioners. As of January 2014,Downing is a 29-year veteran of the Department.
On November 17,2009,the Los Angeles City Council approved Charles L. Beck as the new LAPD Chief of Police. He was sworn in and is the 56th chief.
The Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD),officially known as the City of Los Angeles Police Department,is the municipal police department of Los Angeles,California. With 9,974 police officers and 3,000 civilian staff,it is the third-largest municipal police department in the United States,after the New York City Police Department and the Chicago Police Department.
James Kenneth Hahn is an American lawyer and politician. A Democrat,Hahn was elected the 40th mayor of Los Angeles in 2001. He served until 2005,at which time he was defeated in his bid for re-election. Prior to his term as Mayor,Hahn served in several other capacities for the city of Los Angeles,including deputy city attorney (1975–1979),city controller (1981–1985) and city attorney (1985–2001). Hahn is the only individual in the city's history to have been elected to all three citywide offices. He is currently a sitting judge on the Los Angeles County Superior Court.
Daryl Gates was the Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) from 1978 to 1992. His length of tenure in this position was second only to that of William H. Parker. As Chief of the LAPD,he took a hardline,aggressive,paramilitary approach to law enforcement that disproportionately affected black and Latino Angelenos far more often than their white counterparts. Gates is co-credited with the creation of SWAT teams with LAPD's John Nelson,who others claim was the originator of SWAT in 1965. Gates also co-founded D.A.R.E.
Bernard C. Parks is an American politician,who served as a member of the Los Angeles City Council,representing the 8th district in South Los Angeles from 2003 to 2015. A member of the Democratic Party,Parks served as Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department from August 1997 to May 2002.
William Joseph Bratton CBE is an American law enforcement officer and businessman who served two terms as the New York City Police Commissioner. He previously served as the Commissioner of the Boston Police Department (BPD) (1993–1994) and Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) (2002–2009). He is the only person to have led the police departments of the United States' two largest cities –New York and Los Angeles.
James Edgar Davis was an American police officer who served as the chief of the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) from 1926 to 1929,and from 1933 to 1939. During his first term as LAPD chief,Davis emphasized firearms training. Under Davis,the LAPD developed its lasting reputation as an organization that relied on brute force to enforce public order. It also became publicly entangled in corruption. Members of the LAPD were revealed to have undertaken a campaign of brutal harassment,including the bombings of political reformers who had incurred the wrath of the department and the civic administration.
John Miller was the Deputy Commissioner of Intelligence &Counterterrorism of the NYPD. He was the former Associate Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Analytic Transformation and Technology. Prior to that,he was an Assistant Director of Public Affairs for the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI),where he was the bureau's national spokesman. Miller is also a former ABC News reporter and anchorman,perhaps best known for conducting a May 1998 interview with Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan.
Skid Row is a neighborhood in Downtown Los Angeles. The area is officially known as Central City East.
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The 2007 MacArthur Park rallies were two May Day rallies demanding amnesty for undocumented immigrants which occurred on May 1,2007,at MacArthur Park,in Los Angeles.
Special Order 40 is a police mandate implemented in 1979 by the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD),its Police Chief Daryl Gates and the Los Angeles City Council preventing LAPD officers from questioning people for the sole purpose of determining their immigration status. The mandate was passed in an effort to encourage undocumented aliens to report crimes without intimidation. The first section of the order states:
Officers shall not initiate police action with the objective of discovering the alien status of a person.
Officers shall not arrest nor book persons for violation of title 8,section 1325 of the United States Immigration code.
Crime in Los Angeles has varied throughout time,reaching peaks between the 1970s and 1990s. Since the early 2020s,crime has increased in Los Angeles as well as elsewhere in the United States.
The Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department is the head of the LAPD.
Lonnie David Franklin Jr.,better known by the nickname Grim Sleeper,was an American serial killer who was responsible for at least 10 murders and one attempted murder in Los Angeles,California from 1984 to 2007. He was also convicted for rape and sexual violence. Franklin earned his nickname when he appeared to have taken a 14-year break from his crimes,from 1988 to 2002.
George Gascón is an American attorney and former police officer who is the district attorney of Los Angeles County. A member of the Democratic Party and a former Republican,Gascón served as the district attorney of San Francisco from 2011 to 2019. Prior to his work as a prosecutor,he was an assistant chief of police for the LAPD,and Chief of Police in Mesa,Arizona and San Francisco.
Charles Lloyd Beck is a retired police officer,ending his career as the Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD). A veteran of the department with over four decades as an officer,he is known for commanding and rehabilitating the Rampart Division after the Rampart scandal;and for technology enhancements during his time as Chief of Detectives. He agreed to be interim Superintendent of Police in Chicago in late 2019 while the city searches nationwide for a replacement for retiring Eddie Johnson. Beck took the helm of the Chicago Police Department on December 2,2019 after Johnson was fired. On April 15,2020,Beck stepped down and was replaced by former Dallas Police Department Chief David Brown,who had been nominated by Lightfoot to serve as permanent Superintendent. After his retirement he rejoined the Reserve Corps as a Reserve Police Officer and is assigned to the Office Of The Chief Of Police.
Christopher Jordan Dorner was a former officer of the Los Angeles Police Department who,beginning on February 3,2013,committed a series of shootings in Orange County,Los Angeles County,Riverside County and San Bernardino County,California. The victims were law enforcement officers and the daughter of a retired police captain. Dorner killed four people and wounded three others. On February 12,2013,Dorner died during a standoff with San Bernardino County Sheriff's Deputies after a shootout at a cabin in the San Bernardino Mountains.
James McDonnell is the former sheriff of Los Angeles County. McDonnell was elected as L.A. County's 32nd sheriff on November 4,2014,defeating former Undersheriff Paul Tanaka. He replaced interim sheriff John Scott on December 1,2014. Scott replaced former sheriff Lee Baca. Previously,McDonnell served as the Chief of Police in Long Beach,California and before that in the Los Angeles Police Department. McDonnell was defeated in 2018 by Alex Villanueva.
Ezell Ford,a 25-year-old African-American man,died from multiple gunshot wounds after being shot by Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) officers in Florence,Los Angeles,California on August 11,2014. In the weeks and months that followed,Ford's shooting triggered multiple demonstrations and a lawsuit by Ford's family claiming $75 million in damages.
Stephen Downing is an American screenwriter,producer,activist,and investigative journalist who began his screenwriting career in the 1960s while still working as a Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) officer. Most of Downing's pre-1980 writing and producing credits appeared under pseudonyms to escape notice of the LAPD. Downing is active in the movement to end the international war on drugs and the militarization of police in America. In 2011,Downing became a board member of Law Enforcement Action Partnership,formerly known as Law Enforcement Against Prohibition (LEAP),after years representing the group as a speaker. He left the board in 2019,but is still an advisory board member who gives speeches and writes op-ed pieces on behalf of the group. He also volunteers his time as an investigative journalist,with a focus on police corruption and reform,for a local print newspaper in Long Beach,California. As a television producer and screenwriter he is best known for the series Walking Tall,RoboCop:The Series,T. J. Hooker and MacGyver.