Moonspell

Last updated
Moonspell
Moonspell Studio Krakow 2007 10.JPG
Moonspell Live in Klub Studio, Kraków, Poland 2007
Background information
Origin Amadora, Lisbon, Portugal
Genres Gothic metal, black metal, doom metal, melodic death metal
Years active1992–present
Labels Adipocere (1992–1995)
Century Media (1995–2005)
SPV GmbH (2005–2008)
Napalm (2011–present)
Associated acts Morbid God, Dæmonarch, Orfeu Rebelde
Website www.moonspell.com
MembersFernando Ribeiro
Miguel Gaspar
Pedro Paixão
Ricardo Amorim
Aires Pereira
Past membersJoão Pedro
Duarte Picoto
Luís Lamelas
Jorge Fonseca
Sérgio Crestana
Niclas Etelävuori
Waldemar Sorychta

Moonspell is a Portuguese heavy metal band. Formed in 1992, the group released their first EP Under the Moonspell in 1994 and followed up with their debut album Wolfheart a year later. They quickly became one of the most recognizable metal bands from Portugal [1] and a key figure in gothic metal.

Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom. With roots in blues rock, psychedelic rock, and acid rock, the bands that created heavy metal developed a thick, massive sound, characterized by highly amplified distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, and overall loudness. The genre's lyrics and performance styles are sometimes associated with aggression and machismo.

<i>Under the Moonspell</i> extended play by Moonspell

Under the Moonspell is an EP by Portuguese Gothic metal band Moonspell, released in 1994 on CD and vinyl.

<i>Wolfheart</i> album by Moonspell from 1995

Wolfheart is the debut studio album by Portuguese gothic metal band, Moonspell. All of the tracks are in English except for "Trebaruna" and "Ataegina", which are in Portuguese, as well as the chorus of "Alma Mater". The song "An Erotic Alchemy" is a duet, inspired by and quoting Marquis de Sade.

Contents

Moonspell reached the Portuguese top first with their album Sin/Pecado , and were, along with Metallica and Iron Maiden, the only metal band to reach the first place of the Portuguese charts after the release of their album, Memorial , in 2006. [2] With Memorial, Moonspell also became the first Portuguese metal band to have a record certified gold status. [3] They are also popular in Germany, where their albums consistently enter the Top 100 Chart. [2]

<i>Sin/Pecado</i> 1998 studio album by Moonspell

Sin/Pecado is the third studio album by Portuguese gothic metal band, Moonspell, released in 1998.

Metallica American heavy metal band

Metallica is an American heavy metal band. The band was formed in 1981 in Los Angeles, California by drummer Lars Ulrich and vocalist/guitarist James Hetfield, and has been based in San Francisco, California for most of its career. The group's fast tempos, instrumentals and aggressive musicianship made them one of the founding "big four" bands of thrash metal, alongside Megadeth, Anthrax and Slayer. Metallica's current lineup comprises founding members Hetfield and Ulrich, longtime lead guitarist Kirk Hammett and bassist Robert Trujillo. Guitarist Dave Mustaine and bassists Ron McGovney, Cliff Burton and Jason Newsted are former members of the band.

Iron Maiden English heavy metal band

Iron Maiden are an English heavy metal band formed in Leyton, East London, in 1975 by bassist and primary songwriter Steve Harris. The band's discography has grown to thirty-eight albums, including sixteen studio albums, twelve live albums, four EPs, and seven compilations.

History

Early days (1992–1994)

Although they had been playing since 1989 under the name of "Morbid God", [4] the band became Moonspell in 1992, the same year they released the promo track "Serpent Angel".

Breakthrough (1995–1997)

After the release of mini-album Under the Moonspell, Moonspell signed with Century Media for six CDs. Wolfheart was recorded in Germany with producer Waldemar Sorychta and was released in 1995 and was followed by a European tour. Although the album had little or no recognition at the beginning. During the tour, guitarist Mantus quit the band and was replaced by Ricardo Amorim.

Waldemar Sorychta is a Polish heavy metal musician, songwriter, producer and artist who lives in Dortmund, Germany since 1982.

For 1996's Irreligious , the band again recorded with producer Waldemar Sorychta. While the previous album was considered black metal, this one fell into the genre of gothic metal. The song "Opium" became the first Moonspell single. It quoted one of Portuguese poet Fernando Pessoa's heteronyms, Álvaro de Campos, on his poem "Opiário", and its music video featured the character of the poet writing in a bar with the band playing. Along with the release of the album in a convent, the Convento do Beato, there were factors that helped the band sell 10,000 copies of the album in their homeland. [1]

<i>Irreligious</i> (album) 1996 studio album by Moonspell

Irreligious is the second studio album by Portuguese gothic metal band, Moonspell, released 1996. It features some of the best-known songs of the band, such as "Opium", "Ruin & Misery", "Awake!" and "Full Moon Madness". The latter is usually the closing song during almost every Moonspell concert, which over time has become a characteristic of their concerts. Before the song begins, Fernando Ribeiro often makes the sign of the circle over the crowd. The 3rd track "Awake!" features a recording of Aleister Crowley reading his poem 'The Poet'.

Black metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal music. Common traits include fast tempos, a shrieking vocal style, heavily distorted guitars played with tremolo picking, raw (lo-fi) recording, unconventional song structures, and an emphasis on atmosphere. Artists often appear in corpse paint and adopt pseudonyms.

Gothic metal is a fusion genre combining the heaviness of heavy metal with the dark atmospheres of gothic rock. The music of gothic metal is diverse with bands known to adopt the gothic approach to different styles of heavy metal music. The genre originated during the early 1990s in the United Kingdom originally as an outgrowth of death-doom, a fusion of death metal and doom metal. Lyrics are generally dark and introspective with inspiration from gothic fiction as well as personal experiences.

After conflicts with the band involving lawsuits, bass player Ares left the band and was replaced by Sérgio Crestana.

Experimenting (1998–2000)

Sin/Pecado ("Without/Sin" and Pecado means "sin" in Portuguese) was released in 1998. It had a bigger experimental nature than its predecessors. The song "2econd Skin" was released as a single. At the time they released the one and only Dæmonarch album, Hermeticum . Dæmonarch was a side project composed by all Moonspell members except drummer Mike Gaspar. The album was seen as a return to their black metal roots and its lyrics were all written by singer Fernando Ribeiro between the age of 14 and 16.

Portuguese language Romance language that originated in Portugal

Portuguese is a Western Romance language originating in the Iberian Peninsula. It is the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Angola, and São Tomé and Príncipe. It also has co-official language status in East Timor, Equatorial Guinea and Macau in China. As the result of expansion during colonial times, a cultural presence of Portuguese and Portuguese creole speakers are also found in Goa, Daman and Diu in India; in Batticaloa on the east coast of Sri Lanka; in the Indonesian island of Flores; in the Malacca state of Malaysia; and the ABC islands in the Caribbean where Papiamento is spoken, while Cape Verdean Creole is the most widely spoken Portuguese-based Creole. Reintegrationists maintain that Galician is not a separate language, but a dialect of Portuguese. A Portuguese-speaking person or nation is referred to as "Lusophone" (Lusófono).

Dæmonarch was a black metal band constituted by 4 of the 5 then-members of the Portuguese gothic metal band Moonspell. Only one album was released, named Hermeticum. The album is born from a compilation of poetry written by Fernando Ribeiro between the ages of 14 and 16.

Sin/Pecado was followed in 1999 by The Butterfly Effect , recorded in London and produced by Andy Reilly. This album is considered to be very experimental in nature as well. Featuring "down-tuned guitar riffs, eerie synthesizer passages", [5] the album was mainly composed by guitarist/keyboard player Pedro Paixão and was not very well received by metal critics. [6]

Darkness and Hope and The Antidote (2001–2005)

Fernando Ribeiro during a live show in Spain in 2006 Fernando Ribeiro.jpg
Fernando Ribeiro during a live show in Spain in 2006

Darkness and Hope was released in 2001 and was produced by Hiili Hiilesmaa, producer of Sentenced and HIM. The album reached 79th on German charts [1] and special editions included covers of Madredeus, Ozzy Osbourne's "Mr. Crowley" and Joy Division's "Love Will Tear Us Apart". "Nocturna" was released as a single and music video.

In 2003, the band released The Antidote , with Niclas Etelävuori from Amorphis playing as a session musician on the bass guitar. The album was released with a book with the same title written by Portuguese writer José Luís Peixoto. Both the CD and book share the same concept and story and each song in the CD is sister to a chapter in the book that enhances the story in the lyrics. "Everything Invaded" was released as a single and music video. The band toured extensively around the world, playing at Rock in Rio Lisbon in 2004, a concert that brought them to more mainstream attention in Portugal. From this album on, the tours feature Aires Pereira on the bass.

During 2003 the band recorded a cover of the jazz standard "I'll See You in My Dreams" for the soundtrack of the Portuguese short zombie horror film of the same name. There is an official music video which was filmed in one day during the production of the short and under a €2,000 budget. [7] The song was also issued as a single in 2004, featuring the full and edited versions.

Memorial, Under Satanæ and Night Eternal (2006–2009)

Memorial was released in 2006. Recorded with the producer of their first three albums Waldemar Sorychta, who also recorded the bass guitar parts, it was the first to be released under their new label SPV Steamhammer. The album topped the Portuguese album chart on its first week and also broke into the German Top 100 at number 68. [2] Memorial achieved gold status in Portugal after selling 10,000 copies, making Moonspell the first Portuguese doom metal band to achieve that. [3]

Although the album is heavier than the previous, it was very well received and its release was featured in various Portuguese news broadcasts. A new release of the album was released in December 2006 and featured a DVD with live performances and the music videos made for the album. Music videos for "Finisterra" and "Luna" were released.

The band then worked on releasing a DVD originally entitled Lunar Still/13 Years of Doom, but had some issues of a legal nature and was forced to delay the release, originally expected in September 2005. It was pushed later to 9 December 2008 with a new title: Lusitanian Metal. [8] [9]

On November 2, 2006, Moonspell won an MTV Europe Music Award in the category of Best Portuguese Act.

The Great Silver Eye , a best-of album, was released on June 26, 2007.

In 2007, Moonspell released Under Satanæ , a re-recording of early songs.

Night Eternal was released on May 16, 2008. The lead single off the album, Scorpion Flower, features Dutch singer Anneke van Giersbergen (ex-The Gathering, now Agua De Annique).

Moonspell performed the "Blackest of the Black" tour with Danzig, Winds of Plague, Dimmu Borgir and Skeletonwitch. [10]

Moonspell toured Europe with Cradle of Filth, Gorgoroth, Septicflesh and Asrai ("The Darkest Tour: Filthfest") in December 2008, and took part in a European tour with Cradle of Filth and Turisas, dubbed the "Darkest Tour:Filthfest 2", in April and May 2009. [11]

In July 2010 it was reported that the Portuguese Postal Service would release "a collection of stamps that represent the most significant rock moments and records from Portugal," which included Moonspell's first album, Wolfheart . [12]

Alpha Noir and Omega White, Extinct, and 1755 (2010 onwards)

Moonspell at Kavarna Rock Fest 2011. Moonspell - Kavarna Rock Fest 2011.jpg
Moonspell at Kavarna Rock Fest 2011.

In July 2010, vocalist Fernando Ribeiro revealed the band was working on a new album, which he described as "the most exciting, sexiest, darkest, heaviest and catchiest stuff we've written in ages!". [12] In December 2011 Moonspell signed with Napalm Records, and Ribeiro released the following statement:

"Signing with Napalm is a firm step into cutting all bullshit and work with people who truly believe in us and respect our longevity, while helping us to embrace those who have been arriving in the last years to start with us yet another kingdom of darkness under the moon. Our new album is a statement. Our blood is the ink. Your skin, the scrolls upon we will write. Napalm Records, our messenger. Be ready." [13]

In January 2012, Moonspell revealed the title of the new album to be Alpha Noir , with a release date of April 27, 2012 and a special edition set to include the album's "musical twin", Omega White . [14] The band's press release cited Bathory, King Diamond, Onslaught, early Metallica, Testament, and Artillery as influences for Alpha Noir, which was described as "an incendiary album". [14] Omega White was instead described as an album of "pure atmosphere and shadow", an homage to Type O Negative and The Sisters of Mercy and similar to Moonspell's second album Irreligious . [14] Alpha Noir and Omega White were both produced and mixed by Tue Madsen, who had previously worked on the band's Under Satanæ and Night Eternal records. [14]

In 2015 Moonspell released a new cd titled "Extinct". This album continues Moonspell's trend into darker and more gothic music.

On November 3, 2017, they released a concept album named "1755". It details the story of the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, and is sung entirely in Portuguese.

Band members

Timeline

Moonspell

Discography

Studio albums

TitleAlbum detailsPeak chart positionsSales Certifications
POR
[16]
GER
[17]
FRA
[18]
FIN
[19]
NLD
[20]
AUT
[21]
BEL
[22]
Wolfheart
  • Released: April 1, 1995
  • Label: Century Media Records
  • Formats: CD, LP, digital download
Irreligious
  • Released: July 29, 1996
  • Label: Century Media Records
  • Formats: CD, LP, digital download
553093
Sin/Pecado
  • Released: January 20, 1998
  • Label: Century Media Records
  • Formats: CD, LP, digital download
1421825
The Butterfly Effect
  • Released: September 13, 1999
  • Label: Century Media Records
  • Formats: CD, LP, digital download
69
Darkness and Hope
  • Released: September 18, 2001
  • Label: Century Media Records
  • Formats: CD, LP, digital download
1439921
The Antidote
  • Released: September 29, 2003
  • Label: Century Media Records
  • Formats: CD, LP, digital download
475125
Memorial
  • Released: April 25, 2006
  • Label: Steamhammer Records
  • Formats: CD, LP, digital download
168181
Night Eternal
  • Released: May 16, 2008
  • Label: Steamhammer Records
  • Formats: CD, LP, digital download
362144
Alpha Noir/Omega White
  • Released: April 27, 2012
  • Label: Napalm Records
  • Formats: CD, LP, digital download
23710837834186
Extinct
  • Released: March 6, 2015 [27]
  • Label: Napalm Records
  • Formats: CD, LP, digital download
13917842875456
1755 [28]
  • Released: November 3, 2017 [29]
  • Label: Napalm Records
  • Formats: CD, LP, digital download
11721596389
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

Live albums

TitleAlbum details
Lusitanian Metal
  • Released: December 8, 2008
  • Label: Century Media
  • Formats: CD

Compilations

TitleAlbum detailsPeak chart positions
POR
[16]
The Great Silver Eye
  • Released: June 29, 2007
  • Label: Century Media Records
  • Formats: CD, digital download
Under Satanæ
  • Released: October 12, 2007
  • Label: Steamhammer Records
  • Formats: CD, digital download
12
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

EPs

TitleAlbum details
Under the Moonspell
  • Released: April 27, 1994
  • Label: Adipocere Records
  • Formats: CD, Vinyl.
2econd Skin
  • Released: October 29, 1997
  • Label: Century Media Records
  • Formats: CD

Video albums

TitleVideo details
Lusitanian Metal
  • Released: December 8, 2008
  • Label: Century Media
  • Formats: DVD
Lisboa Under the Spell
  • Released: August 17, 2018
  • Label: Napalm Records
  • Formats: DVD, Blu-ray

Demos

TitleDemo details
Anno Satanæ
  • Released: February 24, 1993
  • Label: Self-released
  • Formats: CS

Music videos

YearTitleDirectedAlbum
1996"Opium"
Irreligious
1998"2econd Skin"
Sin / Pecado
"Magdalene"
1999"Butterfly Fx"
The Butterfly Effect
2001"Nocturna"Tiago GuedesDarkness and Hope
2003"Everything Invaded"Tiago Guedes, Frederico SerraThe Antidote
2004"I'll See You in My Dreams"Filipe MeloI'll See You in My Dreams (soundtrack)
2006"Finisterra"Ivan Colic, Josip ColicMemorial
"Luna"Miguel Braga, Edgar Martins, Sergio Martins [30]
2008"Scorpion Flower"Ivan ColicNight Eternal
"Night Eternal"
2012"Lickanthrope"Felipe MeloAlpha Noir/Omega White
"White Skies"
Victor Castro
2015"Extinct"
Victor Castro
Extinct
2015"Domina"
Victor Castro
Extinct
2017"In Tremor Dei" [31]
Miguel Braga
1755
2017"Todos os Santos"Paulo F. Mendes (Editor)1755

Related Research Articles

Lacuna Coil Italian band

Lacuna Coil is a gothic metal band from Milan, Italy. Since their formation in 1994, the group has had two name changes, being previously known as Sleep of Right and Ethereal. Inspired by the combination of gothic imagery and music, the members have been known, musically, for composing mid-tempo songs consisting of prominent guitar lines and contrasting dual female/male vocal harmonies to help create a melodic, detached sound. Much of the band's recent material, however, sees a heavier and more down-tuned style, featuring a more distinct bass line and a higher mixing of the guitars within the songs. The band's 2012 release, Dark Adrenaline, peaked at number 15 on the Billboard 200. They have toured internationally and were nominated in 2006 for an MTV Europe Music Award.

DevilDriver American heavy metal band

DevilDriver is an American heavy metal band from Santa Barbara, California, formed in 2002, consisting of vocalist Dez Fafara, guitarists Mike Spreitzer and Neal Tiemann, drummer Austin D'Amond, and bassist Diego "Ashes" Ibarra. The band was originally named Deathride, however, due to copyright issues and the name being taken by several bands, the band changed its name to DevilDriver.

Tiamat (band) metal band

Tiamat is a Swedish band that formed in Stockholm in 1987 and led by Johan Edlund. The band went through a number of stylistic changes, usually leaning towards gothic metal.

Turisas Finnish metal band

Turisas is a Finnish metal band from Hämeenlinna. They were founded in 1997 by Mathias Nygård and Jussi Wickström, and named after an ancient Finnish god of war.

Battlelore Finnish heavy metal band

Battlelore are a Finnish heavy metal band from Lappeenranta, founded in 1999 by guitarist Jyri Vahvanen and bassist Miika Kokkola. The name derives from the union of the words 'battle' and 'folklore'. Many of Battlelore's lyrics concern J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth sagas and their stage costumes and live shows are largely inspired by the themes and characters of fantasy literature. The band had many changes of personnel during their twelve years of activity and had a long hiatus after the completion of the tour supporting their latest release Doombound in 2011. In January 2016 they announced that they would be performing at Metal Female Voices Fest XIII in October 2016.

Katatonia Swedish band

Katatonia are a Swedish metal band formed in Stockholm in 1991 by Jonas Renkse and Anders Nyström. The band started as a studio-only project for the duo, as an outlet for the band's love of death metal. Increasing popularity lead them to add more band members for live performances, though outside of the band's founders, the lineup was constantly changing, revolving door of musicians throughout the 1990s, notably including Mikael Åkerfeldt of the band Opeth for a period. After two death/doom albums, Dance of December Souls (1993) and Brave Murder Day (1996), problems with Renkse's vocal cords coupled with new musical influences lead the band away from the screamed vocals of death metal to a more traditional, melodic form of heavy metal music. The band released two more albums, Discouraged Ones (1998) and Tonight's Decision (1999), before settling into a stable quintet lineup for all of 2000's. The band released four more albums with said lineup - Last Fair Deal Gone Down (2001), Viva Emptiness (2003), The Great Cold Distance (2006), and Night Is the New Day (2009), with the band slowly moving away from their metal sound while adding more progressive rock sounds to their work over time. While lineup changes started up again into the 2010s, Renkse and Nyström persisted, and the band continued on to release their ninth and tenth studio albums, Dead End Kings (2012) and The Fall of Hearts (2016). After touring in support of the album through 2017, the band entered a hiatus at the beginning of 2018. The band returned from their hiatus in February 2019.

Mastodon (band) American heavy metal band

Mastodon is an American heavy metal band from Atlanta, Georgia, formed in 2000. The group is composed of Troy Sanders (bass/vocals), Brent Hinds (guitar/vocals), Bill Kelliher (guitar), and Brann Dailor (drums/vocals). Mastodon has released seven studio albums, as well as a number of other releases. The band's 2002 debut album, Remission, garnered significant critical acclaim for its unique sound. Mastodon's second full-length release, Leviathan, is a concept album based on the novel Moby-Dick by Herman Melville. Three magazines awarded the record Album of the Year in 2004: Revolver, Kerrang! and Terrorizer.

Trivium (band) American metal band

Trivium is an American heavy metal band from Orlando, Florida, formed in 1999. After getting signed to Roadrunner Records in 2004, the band has released eight studio albums and over twenty singles. Their latest album, The Sin and the Sentence, was released on October 20, 2017. The band has sold over one million albums worldwide.

Belphegor (band) Austrian death metal band

Belphegor is an Austrian extreme metal band from Salzburg. They originally formed in 1991 under the name Betrayer before changing their name in 1993. They are named after the demon Belphegor.

Napalm Records record label

Napalm Records is an Austrian independent record label focused on heavy metal and hard rock. Originally, Napalm focused mainly on black metal bands such as Abigor and Summoning and folk metal bands such as Falkenbach and Vintersorg. Later on, the label expanded its roster by adding gothic metal, symphonic metal, power metal, doom metal, metalcore and nu metal bands, as well as stoner rock acts Monster Magnet, Karma to Burn, and Brant Bjork. Napalm has its own publishing house named Iron Avantgarde Publishing.

<i>Memorial</i> (Moonspell album) 2006 studio album by Moonspell

Memorial is the seventh studio album by Portuguese gothic metal band, Moonspell, released on April 24, 2006 by SPV. The album is available in two versions: a standard edition and a limited 'digipack' edition with the "Atlantic" bonus track.

Hate (band) Polish band

Hate is a blackened death metal band from Poland. The band was formed in 1990 by guitarist and vocalist Adam ATF, guitarst Qack and drummer Mittloff. The band lineup has changed many times over the years, and currently consts solely of Adam Buszko and drummer Paweł Jaroszewicz. They have released ten full-length studio albums to date, as well as a number of early demos and EPs. Their most recent album, Tremendum, was released on May 5, 2017 through Napalm Records.

Trivium discography discography

The discography of Trivium, an American heavy metal band, consists of eight studio albums, one compilation album, one extended play, two demo albums, 32 singles and 26 music videos. Formed in Orlando, Florida in 1999, the group's first recording lineup included vocalist and guitarist Matt Heafy, bassist Brent Young and drummer Travis Smith, who together released Ember to Inferno on Lifeforce Records in 2003. After the addition of guitarist Corey Beaulieu and new bassist Paolo Gregoletto in place of Young, the band signed with Roadrunner Records and released Ascendancy in 2005, which reached number 151 on the US Billboard 200. It also reached number 79 on the UK Albums Chart and was certified gold by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI). The Crusade followed in 2006, peaking at number 25 on the Billboard 200 and number 7 on the UK Albums Chart. The album's second single "Anthem " reached number 40 on the UK Singles Chart and topped the UK Rock & Metal Singles Chart, while its third single "The Rising" was the band's first to register on the Billboard Hot Mainstream Rock Tracks chart, reaching number 32.

Alestorm band

Alestorm is a multi-national pirate metal band originally from Perth, Scotland. Their music is characterised by a pirate theme, and as a result they have been dubbed a "pirate metal" band by many critics and their fanbase.

<i>Night Eternal</i> 2008 studio album by Moonspell

Night Eternal is the eighth studio album by Portuguese gothic metal band Moonspell, released on May 16, 2008 in Europe and on June 10, 2008 in North America. It was pre-produced in Portugal with Waldemar Sorychta from 16 November to 30 November 2007 and it was recorded in Denmark at Antfarm studio from 7 January to 31 January 2008.

<i>Alpha Noir/Omega White</i> 2012 studio album by Moonspell

Alpha Noir/Omega White is the ninth full-length album by the Portuguese gothic metal band Moonspell, released on April 27, 2012. It is the band's first double album. The band's press release cited Bathory, King Diamond, Onslaught, early Metallica, Testament, and Artillery as influences for Alpha Noir, which was described as "an incendiary album". Omega White was instead described as an album of "pure atmosphere and shadow", an homage to Type O Negative and The Sisters of Mercy and similar to Moonspell's second album Irreligious. Alpha Noir and Omega White were both produced and mixed by Tue Madsen, who had previously worked on the band's Under Satanæ and Night Eternal records.

Product of Hate is an American thrash metal/groove metal band from Kenosha, Wisconsin. The band is currently signed under Napalm Records.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Moonspell Biography". Rockul.info. Archived from the original on 2006-10-15. Retrieved 2006-11-16.
  2. 1 2 3 "3 May 2006 - Moonspell breaks into the charts and live news". Moonspell.com. Archived from the original on 25 May 2010. Retrieved 16 November 2006.
  3. 1 2 "Moonspell: Memorial certified gold in Portugal". Blabbermouth.net. 2007-01-16. Archived from the original on 2007-01-21. Retrieved 2007-01-17.
  4. "Moonspell's Biography". Archived from the original on 2001-02-24. Retrieved 2006-11-16.
  5. "Butterfly Effect - Overview". AllMusic.com. Retrieved 2006-11-16.
  6. "Moonspell - The Butterfly Effect". MetalStorm.ee . Retrieved 2006-11-16.
  7. "Moonspell Video". O Pato Profissional Produções Lda. Archived from the original on 2011-11-06. Retrieved 2011-02-09.
  8. Moonspell.com
  9. "Moonspell named 'Best Portuguese Act' at MTV's Europe Music Awards". Blabbermouth.net. 2006-11-02. Archived from the original on 2007-03-10. Retrieved 2006-11-18.
  10. http://www.blackestoftheblack.com%5B%5D
  11. "Cradle of Filth, Moonspell, Turisas to team up for "Filthfest Tour"". Blabbermouth.net. February 26, 2009. Archived from the original on March 1, 2009. Retrieved February 26, 2009.
  12. 1 2 "Moonspell gets its own stamp". Blabbermouth.net. July 6, 2010. Archived from the original on September 13, 2012. Retrieved September 11, 2010.
  13. "Moonspell signs with Napalm Records". Blabbermouth.net. December 20, 2011. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
  14. 1 2 3 4 "Moonspell: new album title, other details revealed". Blabbermouth.net. January 18, 2012. Archived from the original on January 21, 2012. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
  15. "Lobos Que Foram Homens", pp. 374/375
  16. 1 2 "Moonspell Portuguese Albums Chart". portuguesecharts.com. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
  17. "Moonspell German Albums Chart". www.musicline.de. Archived from the original on 2014-08-08. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
  18. "Moonspell French Albums Chart". lescharts.com. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
  19. "Moonspell Finnish Albums Chart". finnishcharts.com. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
  20. "Moonspell Dutch Albums Chart". dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
  21. "Moonspell Austrian Albums Chart". austriancharts.at. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
  22. "Moonspell Belgian Albums Chart". www.ultratop.be. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
  23. "Sludge Scans For June 2000". www.metalsludge.tv. Archived from the original on 2014-08-08. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
  24. 1 2 "MOONSPELL: 'Memorial' Certified Gold In Portugal". www.blabbermouth.net. Archived from the original on 2007-01-21. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
  25. "MOONSPELL Frontman: We Are No Satanists". www.blabbermouth.net. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
  26. "Metal By Numbers 5/16: Taking The Charts by Storm". www.metalinsider.net. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
    "Metal By Numbers 5/23: Tenacious D Rize To The Top 5". www.metalinsider.net. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
  27. "Recording new album". www.moonspell.cz. Retrieved 2014-05-10.
  28. http://www.blabbermouth.net/news/moonspell-in-pre-production-for-1755-portuguese-language-album-about-great-lisbon-earthquake/
  29. "MOONSPELL To Release '1755' Album In November". Blabbermouth.net. June 19, 2017. Retrieved June 19, 2017.
  30. http://bravewords.com/news/moonspell-official-video-for-in-tremor-dei-released