Pakrac

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Pakrac
Pakra Pakrac 31032012 02 roberta f.jpg
Pakra River in Pakrac
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Pakrac
Location of Pakrac in Croatia
Coordinates: 45°26′16″N17°11′33″E / 45.4379°N 17.1926°E / 45.4379; 17.1926
Country Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
County Flag of Pozega-Slavonia County.png Požega-Slavonia
Government
  MayorAnamarija Blažević (HDZ)
Population
 (2011) [1]
   Town 8,460
   Urban
4,842
Time zone UTC+1 (Central European Time)

Pakrac is a town in western Slavonia, Croatia, population 4,842, total municipality population 8,460 (census 2011). [1] Pakrac is located on the road and railroad connecting the regions of Posavina and Podravina.

Contents

Name

In Croatian the town is known as Pakrac, in German as Pakratz, in Hungarian as Pakrác.

History

The town was first mentioned in 1237. It was captured by the Ottoman Empire in 1543. It was initially a kaza centre in the Sanjak of Pojega between 1543 and 1552, then in the Sanjak of Pakrac in the Rumelia Eyalet between 1552 and 1559. Later it was the centre of the Sanjak of Pakrac between 1559 and 1601, when the sanjak seat was moved to Cernik. The Ottoman rule in Pakrac lasted until the Austrians captured it in 1691. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Pakrac was part of the Požega County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia. Major ethnic cleansing events were carried out in the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s - the Serbian Krajina occupied the part of town and imprisoned and murdered a number of Croats in a concentration camp, but when it was retaken the majority of the Serbian population was sent away.

Demographics

In the census of 1991, the municipality of Pakrac (today cities Pakrac and Lipik) encompassed a different, larger area and its population was as follows:[ citation needed ]

total Serbs Croats Yugoslavs others
27,58912,813 (46.44%)9,896 (35.86%)1,346 (4.87%)3,534 (12.80%)

In the census of 2011, the municipality of Pakrac comprised: [2]

total Croats Serbs others
8,4606,168 (72.91%)1,340 (15.84%)952 (11.25%)

Settlements

The municipality consists of 42 settlements: [1]

Notable people from Pakrac

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Pakrac". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  2. "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Požega-Slavonia". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.