Pakra River in Pakrac
|• Mayor||Anamarija Blažević (HDZ)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (Central European Time)|
Pakrac is a town in western Slavonia, Croatia, population 4,842, total municipality population 8,460 (census 2011).Pakrac is located on the road and railroad connecting the regions of Posavina and Podravina.
In Croatian the town is known as Pakrac, in German as Pakratz, in Hungarian as Pakrác.
The town was first mentioned in 1237. It was captured by the Ottoman Empire in 1543. It was initially a kaza centre in the Sanjak of Pojega between 1543 and 1552, then in the Sanjak of Pakrac in the Rumelia Eyalet between 1552 and 1559. Later it was the centre of the Sanjak of Pakrac between 1559 and 1601, when the sanjak seat was moved to Cernik. The Ottoman rule in Pakrac lasted until the Austrians captured it in 1691. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Pakrac was part of the Požega County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia. Major ethnic cleansing events were carried out in the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s - the Serbian Krajina occupied the part of town and imprisoned and murdered a number of Croats in a concentration camp, but when it was retaken the majority of the Serbian population was sent away.
In the census of 1991, the municipality of Pakrac (today cities Pakrac and Lipik) encompassed a different, larger area and its population was as follows:[ citation needed ]
|27,589||12,813 (46.44%)||9,896 (35.86%)||1,346 (4.87%)||3,534 (12.80%)|
In the census of 2011, the municipality of Pakrac comprised:
|8,460||6,168 (72.91%)||1,340 (15.84%)||952 (11.25%)|
The municipality consists of 42 settlements:
Slavonia is, with Dalmatia, Croatia proper and Istria, one of the four historical regions of Croatia. Taking up the east of the country, it roughly corresponds with five Croatian counties: Brod-Posavina, Osijek-Baranja, Požega-Slavonia, Virovitica-Podravina and Vukovar-Syrmia, although the territory of the counties includes Baranya, and the definition of the western extent of Slavonia as a region varies. The counties cover 12,556 square kilometres or 22.2% of Croatia, inhabited by 806,192—18.8% of Croatia's population. The largest city in the region is Osijek, followed by Slavonski Brod and Vinkovci.
Požega is a city in western Slavonia, eastern Croatia, with a total population of 26,248. It is the administrative center of the Požega-Slavonia County.
Krapina-Zagorje County is a county in northern Croatia, bordering Slovenia. It encompasses most of the historic region called Hrvatsko Zagorje.
Sisak-Moslavina County is a Croatian county in eastern Central Croatia and southwestern Slavonia. It is named after the city of Sisak and the region Moslavina just across the river Sava. According to 2011 census it is inhabited by 172,000 people.
Bjelovar-Bilogora County is a county in central Croatia.
Požega-Slavonia County is a Croatian county in western Slavonia. Its capital is Požega. Its population was 78,034 as of the 2011 census.
Brod-Posavina County is the southern Slavonian county in Croatia. Its center is the city of Slavonski Brod and it spreads along the left bank of the Sava river, hence the name Posavina. Other notable towns include Nova Gradiška.
Daruvar is a spa town and municipality in Slavonia, northeastern Croatia, with a population of 8,567, as of 2011. It is located on the foothills of Papuk mountain and along the Toplica river. The main political and cultural centre of the Czech national minority in Croatia, it has a winemaking tradition reportedly dating back more than 2000 years.
Czechs are one of the recognised minorities of Croatia. According to the census of 2011 there were 9,641 Czechs in Croatia, comprising 0.22% of total population. They are also called by their non-Czech neighbours Pemci.
Orahovica is a town in Slavonia, Croatia. It is situated on the slopes of the mountain Papuk and positioned on the state road D2 Varaždin-Koprivnica-Našice-Osijek.
Operation Swath-10 was a military offensive undertaken by the Croatian Army against the SAO Western Slavonia Territorial Defense Forces on Bilogora Mountain in western Slavonia. Occurring from 31 October to 4 November 1991, during the Croatian War of Independence, the operation was a Croatian victory and its success set the stage for follow-up advances by Croatian forces on Papuk Mountain in Operation Papuk-91 in late November and December. By the end of the year the HV gained control of Papuk, securing transport routes between eastern Slavonia and the rest of Croatia.
Grubišno Polje is a town in Bjelovar-Bilogora County, Croatia.
Majur is a settlement and a municipality in central Croatia in the Sisak-Moslavina County. It has a population of 1,185, 70.04% of whom are Croats and 27.26% are ethnic Serbs.
Sunja is a municipality in Croatia in the Sisak-Moslavina County.
Barilović is a village and a municipality in central Croatia, in the Karlovac County.
Pregrada is a town and municipality in Krapina-Zagorje County in Croatia. In the 2011 census, there were 6,594 inhabitants in the following settlements:
Zlatar is a town and municipality in Krapina-Zagorje County in Croatia. In the 2011 census, there were 6,096 inhabitants in the following settlements:
Kusonje is a village in Croatia in the Town of Pakrac, Požega-Slavonia County. It is connected by the D38 highway. Kusonje was the place of Ustasha massacre of ethnic Serb civilians in 1942. During the Croatian War of Independence in 1991, 20 Croatian policemen and soldiers were ambushed and killed in the village.
The Požega Valley is a geographic microregion of Croatia, located in central Slavonia, encompassing the eastern part of the Požega-Slavonia County. It is located in the Pannonian Basin, bounded by Psunj, Papuk and Krndija mountains from west and north, and Požeška Gora and Dilj from south and east, as the Pannonian plain is interspersed by horst and graben structures. The largest settlement in the region is the city of Požega, followed by Pleternica and Kutjevo. The main watercourse in the region is Orljava River. The region covers 1,249 square kilometres and has a population of 60,599.
The Sanjak of Pakrac or Sanjak of Čazma or Sanjak of Cernica was one of the sanjaks of the Ottoman Empire whose capital was first Zaçasna and then Pakrac and Cernik in Ottoman Slavonia. It was established after the Ottomans captured Slavonia in the mid 16th century.