Phumelela Local Municipality

Last updated
Phumelela
Phumelela CoA.png
Seal
Map of the Free State with Phumelela highlighted.svg
Location in the Free State
Country South Africa
Province Free State
District Thabo Mofutsanyane
Seat Vrede
Wards 8
Government
[1]
  Type Municipal council
  MayorTlokotsi John Motaung
Area
  Total8,183 km2 (3,159 sq mi)
Population
 (2011) [2]
  Total47,772
  Density5.8/km2 (15/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
[2]
   Black African 91.6%
   Coloured 0.4%
   Indian/Asian 0.3%
   White 7.3%
First languages (2011)
[3]
   Zulu 56.0%
   Sotho 32.4%
   Afrikaans 7.5%
   English 1.2%
  Other2.9%
Time zone UTC+2 (SAST)
Municipal codeFS195

Phumelela Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Thabo Mofutsanyane District of the Free State in South Africa. The name "Phumelela" means "to succeed" in isiZulu. [4]

South Africa Republic in the southernmost part of Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with over 57 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Bantu ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European, Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.

Zulu language Language of the Zulu people

Zulu or isiZulu is a Southern Bantu language of the Nguni branch spoken in Southern Africa. It is the language of the Zulu people, with about 10 million native speakers, who primarily inhabit the province of KwaZulu-Natal of South Africa. Zulu is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa, and it is understood by over 50% of its population. It became one of South Africa's 11 official languages in 1994.

Contents

Main places

The 2001 census divided the municipality into the following main places: [5]

South African National Census of 2001

The National Census of 2001 was the 2nd comprehensive national census of the Republic of South Africa, or Post-Apartheid South Africa. It undertook to enumerate every person present in South Africa on the census night between 9–10 October 2001 at a cost of R987,000,000.

PlaceCodeArea (km2)PopulationMost spoken language
Memel 41601 6.56469 Afrikaans
Thembalihle 41603 2.3315,952 Zulu
Vrede 41604 54.691,482Afrikaans
Warden 41605 11.841,063Afrikaans
Zamani 41606 4.285,008Zulu
Zenzeleni 41607 5.155,720Zulu
Remainder of the municipality 41602 7,463.2121,209Zulu

Politics

The municipal council consists of fifteen members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Eight councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in eight wards, while the remaining seven are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 3 August 2016 the African National Congress (ANC) won a majority of twelve seats on the council. The following table shows the results of the election. [6] [7]

Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.

First-past-the-post voting System of voting

A first-past-the-post electoral system is one in which voters indicate on a ballot the candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins. This is sometimes described as winner takes all. First-past-the-post voting is a plurality voting method. FPTP is a common, but not universal, feature of electoral systems with single-member electoral divisions, and is practised in close to one third of countries. Notable examples include Canada, India, the United Kingdom, and the United States, as well as most of their current or former colonies and protectorates.

Ward (South Africa) subdivision of municipality in South Africa

In South Africa, wards are geopolitical subdivisions of municipalities used for electoral purposes. Each metropolitan and local municipality is delimited by the Municipal Demarcation Board into half as many wards as there are seats on the municipal council. Each ward then elects one councillor directly, and the remaining councillors are elected from party lists so that the overall party representation is proportional to the proportion of votes received by each party.

PartyVotesSeats
WardListTotal%WardListTotal
African National Congress 11,47411,54423,01877.28412
Democratic Alliance 2,0742,1124,18614.1022
Economic Freedom Fighters 8027511,5535.2011
Freedom Front Plus 4925101,0023.4000
Independent 44440.100
Total14,88614,91729,803100.08715
Spoilt votes364345709

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References

  1. "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Archived from the original on 14 July 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  2. 1 2 "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  3. "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  4. South African Languages - Place names
  5. Lookup Tables - Statistics South Africa
  6. "Results Summary – All Ballots: Phumelela" (PDF). Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  7. "Seat Calculation Detail: Phumelela" (PDF). Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 25 December 2016.

Coordinates: 27°25′48″S29°09′36″E / 27.43000°S 29.16000°E / -27.43000; 29.16000

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.