Location in the Free State
|• Type||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Gilbert Mokotso (ANC)|
|• Total||4,338 km2 (1,675 sq mi)|
|• Density||210/km2 (550/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||98.2%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (SAST)|
Maluti-a-Phofung Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Thabo Mofutsanyane District of the Free State in South Africa. It encompasses substantially all of the former bantustan of QwaQwa, except for the small enclave (detached portion) at Botshabelo.The population is almost entirely Southern Sotho. The municipality is named after the Drakensberg mountains (known as "Maluti" in Sesotho). The peak in Qwaqwa is known as the Sentinel, which is called "Phofung" in Sesotho.
Maluti-a-Phofung is one of the very very poorer municipalities in the Free State; as of 2011 over 82% live below the poverty line.Prior to 1994, the area was relatively prosperous with over 250,000 people employed in the textile and furniture industries, mostly at low wages. The new South African government terminated industrial subsidies. That and labor agitation for higher wages made the factories uneconomic, and over the next decade most of the factories closed. The last one closed in 2010. At present government is the largest employer followed by a weak retail employment. The municipality itself has been in substantial debt for decades, and owes a considerable debt to both the regional water and electrical utilities (R3,769 million).
The failure to deliver adequate municipal services has been a chronic problem since at least 2000.As a result, there have been a number of protests by the populace, among which was the one in Harrismith in 2004.
In 2018, local residents held a mass protest concerning the failure to provide municipal services.The protest turned into a riot, shopping malls were looted, and one man was fatally shot. As a result, Cogta (the Free State Department of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs) intervened and administration was removed from the mayor and local council and placed directly under Cogta, a move welcomed by the South African Municipal Workers' Union.
The municipal council consists of sixty-nine members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Thirty-five councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in thirty-five wards, while the remaining thirty-four are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 3 August 2016 the African National Congress (ANC) won a majority of forty-seven seats on the council.
The following table shows the results of the election.
|African National Congress||65,118||63,428||128,546||67.4||35||12||47|
|Economic Freedom Fighters||11,774||11,941||23,715||12.4||0||9||9|
|All Unemployment Labour Alliance||3,416||2,638||6,054||3.2||0||2||2|
|African Independent Congress||689||2,620||3,309||1.7||0||1||1|
|African People's Convention||444||637||1,081||0.6||0||1||1|
|African Christian Democratic Party||487||491||978||0.5||0||0||0|
|Freedom Front Plus||380||278||658||0.3||0||0||0|
|Inkatha Freedom Party||286||294||580||0.3||0||0||0|
|African People's Socialist Party||175||193||368||0.2||0||0||0|
|Congress of the People||241||–||241||0.1||0||0||0|
|United Residents Front||63||168||231||0.1||0||0||0|
In 2019, the African National Congress (ANC) expelled sixteen of its municipal councillors (fifteen ward councillors and one PR councillor) for defying a Provincial Executive Committee (PEC) decision by siding with opposition parties to remove executive mayor Vusi Tshabalala. All fifteen ward councillors contested the by-elections as independent candidates in their respective wards on 28 August 2019, of whom ten were elected. The ANC managed to retain five wards, despite strenuous canvassing by the provincial leadership and former premier Ace Magashule. The table below depicts the new composition of the council.
|African National Congress||25||12||37|
|Economic Freedom Fighters||0||9||9|
|All Unemployment Labour Alliance||0||2||2|
|African Independent Congress||0||1||1|
|African People's Convention||0||1||1|
The 2001 census divided the municipality into the following main places:
|Place||Code||Area (km2)||Population||Most spoken language|
|Remainder of the municipality||41507||3,721.58||15,142||Sotho|
QwaQwa was a bantustan ("homeland") in the central eastern part of South Africa. It encompassed a very small region of 655 square kilometres (253 sq mi) in the east of the former South African province of Orange Free State, bordering Lesotho. Its capital was Phuthaditjhaba. It was the designated homeland of more than 180,000 Sesotho-speaking Basotho people.
Phuthaditjhaba is a town in the Free State province of South Africa. Phuthaditjhaba is a seSotho name that means meeting place of the tribes. It is located on the banks of the Elands River. It also located in a section of Drakensberg mountains . it is bordered by the province of KwaZulu-Natal to the southeast and the independent country of Lesotho to the southwest.
The Free State is a province of South Africa. Its capital is Bloemfontein, which is also South Africa's judicial capital. Its historical origins lie in the Boer republic called the Orange Free State and later Orange Free State Province.
Harrismith is a large town in the Free State province of South Africa. It was named for Sir Harry Smith, a 19th-century British governor and high commissioner of the Cape Colony. It is situated by the Wilge River, alongside the N3 highway, about midway between Johannesburg, about 300 km to the north-west, and Durban to the southeast. The town is located at the junction of the N5 highway, which continues westward towards the provincial capital Bloemfontein, some 340 km to the south-west. This important crossroads in South Africa's land trade routes is surrounded by mesas and buttes. It is located at the base of one of these called Platberg.
Dikwankwetla Party of South Africa is a political party in the Free State province, South Africa. The party was founded by Kenneth Mopeli in 1975. The party governed the bantustan state of QwaQwa from 1975-1994.
Isabella Winkie Direko was a South African politician born in the Free State province of South Africa. She was a member of the African National Congress and served as Premier of the Free State from 1999 to 2004.
Lesedi Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Sedibeng District of Gauteng in South Africa.
Bela-Bela Local Municipality is located in the Waterberg District Municipality of Limpopo province, South Africa. The seat of Bela-Bela Local Municipality is Bela-Bela.
The City of Matlosana is a local municipality in Dr Kenneth Kaunda District Municipality, North West Province, South Africa.
The Sol Plaatje Local Municipality is a local municipality in the Frances Baard District Municipality district of the Northern Cape province, South Africa, named after Sol T. Plaatje. It includes the diamond mining city of Kimberley.
Mangaung Metropolitan Municipality is a metropolitan municipality which governs Bloemfontein and surrounding towns in the Free State province of South Africa. Mangaung is a Sesotho name meaning "place of Cheetahs". Legend has it that when the first settlers arrived, they were stunned by the vast plains that were roamed freely by cheetahs.
Matjhabeng Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Lejweleputswa District of the Free State in South Africa, that includes the city of Welkom. The name is a Sesotho word meaning "where nations meet". It is derived from the migrant labour system where people from various countries like Lesotho, Mozambique, etc. meet to work in the mines of the Goldfields.
Dihlabeng Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Thabo Mofutsanyane District of the Free State in South Africa. It was established in terms of Section 12 of the Local Government Structures Act, 117 of 1998, after the first general local government elections of 5 December 2000 which heralded the final phase of local government reform as envisaged in 1994 at the onset of the process of democratisation.
Naledi Local Municipality was a local municipality in the Free State province in South Africa. On 3 August 2016 it was disestablished and merged into the Mangaung Metropolitan Municipality. The name Naledi is a Sesotho word meaning "a star". The principal towns in the area of the disestablished municipality are Dewetsdorp and Wepener.
Nala Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Lejweleputswa District of the Free State in South Africa. The name is Sesotho for "affluence or plenty". It is derived from the maize belt and economic prosperity of the area.
Senqu Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Joe Gqabi District of the Eastern Cape in South Africa. Senqu is a Sesotho name for the Orange River.
Mohokare Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Xhariep District of the Free State in South Africa. The name is a Sesotho word for Caledon River, which runs through the municipality.
JB Marks Local Municipality is a local municipality of South Africa. It was established after the August 2016 local elections by the merging of Potchefstroom and Ventersdorp local municipalities.
Sarah Matawana "Olly" Mlamleli is a South African politician who served as the Mayor of the Mangaung Metropolitan Municipality from August 2016 until August 2020. A member of the African National Congress, she served as the Free State Member of the Executive Council (MEC) for Cooperative Governance, Traditional Affairs and Human Settlements from February 2012 to August 2016.
Cukelwa Magdeline Chotelo, known as Tiny Chotelo, is a South African politician. She served as a Member of the Executive Council of the Northern Cape from June 2013 until February 2018 and a Member of the Northern Cape Provincial Legislature between May 2009 and May 2019. Chotelo is a member of the African National Congress.