Maluti-a-Phofung Local Municipality

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Maluti-a-Phofung

ThabaDimahlwa
Maluti-a-Phofung CoA.png
Seal
Map of the Free State with Maluti-a-Phofung highlighted.svg
Location in the Free State
Country South Africa
Province Free State
District Thabo Mofutsanyane
Seat Phuthaditjhaba
Wards 35
Government
[1]
  Type Municipal council
  MayorGilbert Mokotso (ANC)
Area
  Total4,338 km2 (1,675 sq mi)
Population
 (2018) [2]
  Total920,784
  Density210/km2 (550/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
[2]
   Black African 98.2%
   Coloured 0.2%
   Indian/Asian 0.2%
   White 1.3%
First languages (2011)
[3]
   Sotho 82.5%
   Zulu 10.8%
   Afrikaans 2.0%
   English 1.5%
  Other3.2%
Time zone UTC+2 (SAST)
Municipal codeFS194

Maluti-a-Phofung Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Thabo Mofutsanyane District of the Free State in South Africa. It encompasses substantially all of the former bantustan of QwaQwa, except for the small enclave (detached portion) at Botshabelo. [4] [5] The population is almost entirely Southern Sotho. [5] The municipality is named after the Drakensberg mountains (known as "Maluti" in Sesotho). The peak in Qwaqwa is known as the Sentinel, which is called "Phofung" in Sesotho. [6]

Contents

Problems

Maluti-a-Phofung is one of the very very poorer municipalities in the Free State; as of 2011 over 82% live below the poverty line. [4] Prior to 1994, the area was relatively prosperous with over 250,000 people employed in the textile and furniture industries, mostly at low wages. [4] The new South African government terminated industrial subsidies. That and labor agitation for higher wages made the factories uneconomic, and over the next decade most of the factories closed. [4] The last one closed in 2010. [4] At present government is the largest employer followed by a weak retail employment. The municipality itself has been in substantial debt for decades, and owes a considerable debt to both the regional water and electrical utilities (R3,769 million). [7] [8]

Municipal services

The failure to deliver adequate municipal services has been a chronic problem since at least 2000. [7] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] As a result, there have been a number of protests by the populace, among which was the one in Harrismith in 2004. [10]

In 2018, local residents held a mass protest concerning the failure to provide municipal services. [7] The protest turned into a riot, shopping malls were looted, [7] [14] and one man was fatally shot. [15] As a result, Cogta (the Free State Department of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs) intervened and administration was removed from the mayor and local council and placed directly under Cogta, [16] [17] a move welcomed by the South African Municipal Workers' Union. [18]

Administration

The municipal council consists of sixty-nine members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Thirty-five councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in thirty-five wards, while the remaining thirty-four are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 3 August 2016 the African National Congress (ANC) won a majority of forty-seven seats on the council.

Election results

The following table shows the results of the election. [19] [20]

PartyVotesSeats
WardListTotal%WardListTotal
African National Congress 65,11863,428128,54667.4351247
Economic Freedom Fighters 11,77411,94123,71512.4099
Democratic Alliance 7,1587,25814,4167.6055
Dikwankwetla Party 4,8515,22810,0795.3044
All Unemployment Labour Alliance 3,4162,6386,0543.2022
African Independent Congress 6892,6203,3091.7011
African People's Convention 4446371,0810.6011
African Christian Democratic Party 4874919780.5000
Freedom Front Plus 3802786580.3000
Inkatha Freedom Party 2862945800.3000
Independent 4734730.300
African People's Socialist Party 1751933680.2000
Congress of the People 2412410.1000
United Residents Front 631682310.1000
Total95,55595,174190,729100.0353469
Spoilt votes2,1062,4544,560

2019 municipal by-elections

In 2019, the African National Congress (ANC) expelled sixteen of its municipal councillors (fifteen ward councillors and one PR councillor) for defying a Provincial Executive Committee (PEC) decision by siding with opposition parties to remove executive mayor Vusi Tshabalala. All fifteen ward councillors contested the by-elections as independent candidates in their respective wards on 28 August 2019, of whom ten were elected. The ANC managed to retain five wards, despite strenuous canvassing by the provincial leadership and former premier Ace Magashule. The table below depicts the new composition of the council. [21] [22]

PartyWardPR listTotal
African National Congress 251237
Independent 10010
Economic Freedom Fighters 099
Democratic Alliance 055
Dikwankwetla Party 044
All Unemployment Labour Alliance 022
African Independent Congress 011
African People's Convention 011
Total353469

Main places

The 2001 census divided the municipality into the following main places: [23]

PlaceCodeArea (km2)PopulationMost spoken language
42nd Hill 41501 2.8116,077 Zulu
Bolata 41502 33.4629,932 Sotho
Harrismith 41503 136.146,345 Afrikaans
Intabazwe 41504 0.823,685Zulu
Kestell 41505 13.54889Afrikaans
Mabolela 41506 25.5223,727Sotho
Matsieng 41508 79.6223,858Sotho
Monontsha 41509 45.8150,438Sotho
Namahadi 41510 59.5886,965Sotho
Phomolong 41511 16.516,413Sotho
Phuthaditjhaba 41512 38.4853,175Sotho
Thaba Bosiu 41513 43.648,131Sotho
Thaba Tshweu 41514 109.548,876Sotho
Thibela 41515 31.305,039Sotho
Tlholong 41516 1.154,824Sotho
Tshiame 41517 9.2412,963Sotho
Witsieshoek 41518 52.414,307Sotho
Remainder of the municipality 41507 3,721.5815,142Sotho

Notes and references

  1. "Office Of The Executive Mayor". Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
  2. 1 2 "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  3. "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 Payne, Teigue (18 August 2011). "Lots of factories, no jobs". Mail and Guardian. Johannesburg. Archived from the original on 8 September 2011.
  5. 1 2 "Southern Sotho". Global Security. 2000. Archived from the original on 18 March 2017. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  6. South African Languages - Place names
  7. 1 2 3 4 Morapela, Katleho (6 February 2018). "Maluti-A-Phofung Municipal Mayor to take the heat for #QwaqwaProtests". OFM. Bloemfontein. Archived from the original on 6 February 2018.
  8. http://www.eskom.co.za/IR2019/Documents/Eskom_2019_integrated_report.pdf
  9. Leburu, Diemiso (20 October 2009). "Strong police presence in Intabazwe township". OFM. Bloemfontein. Archived from the original on 22 February 2018.
  10. 1 2 "Teenager dies after Harrismith protest". Mail and Guardian. Johannesburg. 31 August 2004. Archived from the original on 22 February 2018.
  11. Morapela, Katleho (1 June 2017). "Water and sewage problems in Maluti-A-Phofung persists". OFM. Bloemfontein. Archived from the original on 22 February 2018.
  12. Mogotsi, Moeketsi (16 March 2017). "Public Protector draws attention to Maluti-a-Phofung". OFM. Bloemfontein. Archived from the original on 16 March 2017.
  13. Xaba, Thandi (4 August 2015). "Maluti-a-Phofung looks like 'a nuclear waste-land'". OFM. Bloemfontein. Archived from the original on 22 February 2018.
  14. "Setsing Shopping Complex looted during #QwaqwaProtests". OFM. Bloemfontein. 6 February 2018. Archived from the original on 22 February 2018.
  15. Motse, Olebogeng (8 February 2018). "FS man shot dead in #QwaqwaProtests". OFM. Bloemfontein. Archived from the original on 8 February 2018.
  16. Mtebele, Nomaqhawe (11 February 2018). "MEC marks Maluti-a-Phofung for administration". OFM (Central Media Group (Pty) Ltd.). Archived from the original on 11 February 2018.
  17. "Appointment aimed at stabilising affairs". News 24. 21 February 2018. Archived from the original on 22 March 2018.
  18. Morapela, Katleho (12 February 2018). "Samwu states Maluti-A-Phofung should rather be dissolved". OFM. Bloemfontein. Archived from the original on 12 February 2018.
  19. "Results Summary – All Ballots: Maluti A Phofung" (PDF). Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  20. "Seat Calculation Detail: Maluti A Phofung" (PDF). Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  21. Marrian, Natasha (29 August 2019). "Independent candidates snatch wards from the ANC in embattled Maluti-a-Phofung". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  22. Cilliers, Charles. DA wins nothing in Free State by-elections, while independents give ANC a bloody nose, The Citizen, 29 August 2019. Retrieved on 29 August 2019.
  23. Lookup Tables - Statistics South Africa

Coordinates: 28°33′04″S29°04′48″E / 28.55111°S 29.08000°E / -28.55111; 29.08000

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