Plessur Alps

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Plessur Alps
Plessuralpen

Arosa weisshorn 14 08 06.JPG

Aroser Weisshorn (2,653m/8,704ft)
Highest point
Peak Aroser Rothorn
Elevation 2,985 m (9,793 ft)
Coordinates 46°44′N9°38′E / 46.733°N 9.633°E / 46.733; 9.633 Coordinates: 46°44′N9°38′E / 46.733°N 9.633°E / 46.733; 9.633
Geography
Country Switzerland
State Graubünden
Parent range Western Rhaetian Alps
Topo map Swiss Federal Office of Topography swisstopo

The Plessur Alps are a mountain range in the Alps of eastern Switzerland. They are considered to be part of the Western Rhaetian Alps. They are named after the river Plessur, which originates from the center of the ranges. The Plessur Alps are separated from the Glarus Alps in the west by the Rhine valley; from the Rätikon range in the north by the Landquart river valley (Prättigau); from the Albula Alps in the south-east by the Landwasser river valley; from the Oberhalbstein Alps in the south by the Albula river valley.

Mountain range A geographic area containing several geologically related mountains

A mountain range or hill range is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground. A mountain system or mountain belt is a group of mountain ranges with similarity in form, structure, and alignment that have arisen from the same cause, usually an orogeny. Mountain ranges are formed by a variety of geological processes, but most of the significant ones on Earth are the result of plate tectonics. Mountain ranges are also found on many planetary mass objects in the Solar System and are likely a feature of most terrestrial planets.

Alps Major mountain range system in Central Europe

The Alps are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, separating Southern from Central and Western Europe and stretching approximately 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) across eight Alpine countries : France, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, and Slovenia. The mountains were formed over tens of millions of years as the African and Eurasian tectonic plates collided. Extreme shortening caused by the event resulted in marine sedimentary rocks rising by thrusting and folding into high mountain peaks such as Mont Blanc and the Matterhorn. Mont Blanc spans the French–Italian border, and at 4,810 m (15,781 ft) is the highest mountain in the Alps. The Alpine region area contains about a hundred peaks higher than 4,000 metres (13,000 ft).

Switzerland federal republic in Central Europe

Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a country situated in western, central, and southern Europe. It consists of 26 cantons, and the city of Bern as the seat of the federal authorities. The sovereign state is a federal republic bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi). While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8.5 million people is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities are to be found: among them are the two global cities and economic centres Zürich and Geneva.

Contents

The Plessur Alps are drained by the rivers Rhine, Plessur, Landwasser and Landquart. The ski resort Arosa lies in the middle of the range.

Rhine river in Western Europe

The Rhine is one of the major European rivers, which has its sources in Switzerland and flows in an mostly northerly direction through Germany and The Netherlands, emptying into the North Sea. The river begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.

Plessur (river) river in Switzerland

The Plessur is a river, 33 km (21 mi) long, and a right tributary of the Rhine running through the Swiss canton of Graubünden. Its head is near Arosa in the Plessur Range. It then flows through the Schanfigg valley before emptying into the Rhine at Chur.

Landwasser river in Switzerland

The Landwasser is a 30.5-kilometre (19.0 mi) river in Switzerland, canton of Graubünden. Its origin was Lake Davos before this was turned into a reservoir for a power station. Nowadays it is prolonged by the creek Flüelabach at its source and changes its name near Davos Dorf. Davos is the largest town and except for the last bit the only larger settlement on the river. Landwasser empties into the Albula below Filisur.

Peaks of the Plessur Alps are the Aroser Rothorn (highest, 2,985 m (9,793 ft)) and Stätzer Horn (2,576 m (8,451 ft)).

Aroser Rothorn mountain

The Aroser Rothorn is the highest mountain of the Plessur Alps. It is located between Arosa and Lenzerheide in the canton of Graubünden and with a summit elevation of 2,980 metres above sea level. The summit lies near the Parpaner Rothorn, which is served by a cable car.

A mountain pass in the Plessur Alps is the Strela Pass, from Davos to Langwies, elevation 2,377 m (7,799 ft).

Mountain pass Route through a mountain range or over a ridge

A mountain pass is a navigable route through a mountain range or over a ridge. Since many of the world's mountain ranges have presented formidable barriers to travel, passes have played a key role in trade, war, and both human and animal migration throughout Earth's history. At lower elevations it may be called a hill pass. The highest vehicle-accessible pass in the world appears to be Mana Pass, located in the Himalayas on the border between India and Tibet, China.

Davos Place in Graubünden, Switzerland

Davos is an Alpine town, and a municipality in the Prättigau/Davos Region in the canton of Graubünden, Switzerland. It has a permanent population of 10,937 (2017). Davos is located on the river Landwasser, in the Rhaetian Alps, between the Plessur and Albula Range at 1,560 m (5,120 ft) above sea level.

Langwies Former municipality of Switzerland in Graubünden

Langwies is a former municipality in the district of Plessur in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. On 1 January 2013 the former municipalities of Langwies, Calfreisen, Castiel, Lüen, Molinis, Peist and St. Peter-Pagig merged into the municipality of Arosa.

Peaks

The chief peaks of the Plessur Alps are:

Name Height
Aroser Rothorn 2,985 m (9,793 ft)
Sandhubel 2,764 m (9,068 ft)
Valbellahorn 2,764 m (9,068 ft)
Guggernell 2,744 m (9,003 ft)
Älpliseehorn 2,725 m (8,940 ft)
Schiahorn 2,709 m (8,888 ft)
Strela 2,636 m (8,648 ft)
Stelli 2,622 m (8,602 ft)
Stätzer Horn 2,576 m (8,451 ft)
Fulhorn 2,529 m (8,297 ft)
Mattjisch Horn 2,461 m (8,074 ft)
Gürgaletsch 2,441 m (8,009 ft)
Cunggel 2,413 m (7,917 ft)
Ful Berg 2,395 m (7,858 ft)
Glattwang 2,376 m (7,795 ft)
Obersee (Arosa) lake in the municipality Arosa, Graubünden, Switzerland

Obersee or Oberer Arosasee is the lake in the center of Arosa, a resort in the Grisons, Switzerland. The lake has a surface area of 7.1 ha at an elevation of 1734 m. Arosa's lower lake (Untersee) is at 1691 m.

Lenzerheide village in Switzerland

Lenzerheide is a mountain resort in the canton of Graubünden, Switzerland at the foot of the Parpaner Rothorn. The village lies in the municipality Vaz/Obervaz in the district of Albula, sub-district Alvaschein.

Parpaner Rothorn mountain

The Parpaner Rothorn is a mountain of the Plessur Alps, overlooking Parpan in the canton of Graubünden. The summit is easily accessible with a cable car from Lenzerheide, the upper station being located 30 metres below the main summit.

See also

Related Research Articles

Albula Alps mountain range

The Albula Alps are a mountain range in the Alps of eastern Switzerland. They are considered to be part of the Central Eastern Alps, more specifically the Western Rhaetian Alps. They are named after the river Albula. The Albula Alps are separated from the Oberhalbstein Alps in the west by the Septimer Pass and the valley of the Sursés; from the Plessur Alps in the north-west by the Landwasser valley; from the Silvretta group in the north-east by the Flüela Pass; from the Bernina Range in the south-east by the Maloja Pass and the Inn valley.

Rhaetian Railway Swiss transport company

The Rhaetian Railway, abbreviated RhB, is a Swiss transport company that owns the largest network of all private railway operators in Switzerland. The RhB operates all the railway lines of the Swiss canton of Graubünden/Grisons, except for the line from Sargans to the cantonal capital, Chur, which are operated by the Swiss Federal Railways (SBB CFF FFS), and the line from Disentis/Mustér to the Oberalp Pass, and further on to Andermatt, Uri, which is operated by Matterhorn Gotthard Bahn (MGB). Inaugurated in 1888 and expanded from 1896 onwards in various sections, the RhB network is located almost entirely within Graubünden, with one station across the Italian border at Tirano.

Alpine Rhine river in Austria

The Alpine Rhine Valley is a glacial alpine valley, formed by the part of the Alpine Rhine between the confluence of the Anterior Rhine and Posterior Rhine at Reichenau and the Alpine Rhine's mouth at Lake Constance. It covers three countries and the full length of the Apine Rhine is 93.5 km.

Glacier Express express train in the Swiss Alps

The Glacier Express (GEX) is an express train connecting railway stations of the two major mountain resorts of Zermatt and St. Moritz in the center of the Swiss Alps. The train is not an "express" in the sense of being a high-speed train, but rather, in the sense that it provides a one-seat ride for an eight-hours-long journey, and omits stops made by local trains. The Glacier Express is known as the slowest express train in the world. As St. Moritz and Zermatt are home to two well-known mountains, the Glacier Express is also said to travel from Matterhorn to Piz Bernina.

Bernina Range mountain range

The Bernina Range is a mountain range in the Alps of eastern Switzerland and northern Italy. It is considered to be part of the Rhaetian Alps within the Central Eastern Alps. It is one of the highest ranges of the Alps, covered with many glaciers. Piz Bernina, its highest peak, is the most easterly four thousand-metre peak in the Alps. The peak in the range which sees the most ascents is Piz Palü.

Livigno Alps mountain range

The Livigno Alps are a mountain range in the Alps of eastern Switzerland and northern Italy, around the Italian village Livigno. They are considered to be part of the Central Eastern Alps.

Sesvenna Alps mountain range

The Sesvenna Alps are a mountain range located in the Alps of eastern Switzerland, northern Italy and western Austria. They are considered to be part of the Central Eastern Alps.

Oberhalbstein Alps mountain range

The Oberhalbstein Alps or Platta Group are a mountain range in the Alps of eastern Switzerland and northern Italy. They are considered to be part of the Central Eastern Alps. The Oberhalbstein Alps are separated from the Lepontine Alps in the west by the Splügen Pass; from the Plessur Range in the north by the river Albula; from the Albula Alps in the east by the Septimer Pass and the river Gelgia; from the Bernina Range in the south by the Val Bregaglia.

Piz Kesch mountain

Piz Kesch (German) or Piz d'Es-cha (Rumantsch) is a peak in the Albula Alps of the Rhaetian Alps in Switzerland. At 3,418 metres (11,214 ft), it is the highest peak in the Albula Alps and the municipality of Bergün, Grisons.

Älpliseehorn mountain in Switzerland

The Älpliseehorn is a mountain of the Plessur Alps, located south of Arosa in Graubünden. It is part of the range east of the Aroser Rothorn. On the north side of the mountain lies the Älplisee.

Lenzerhorn mountain

The Lenzerhorn is a mountain of the Plessur Alps, located east of Lenzerheide in the canton of Graubünden. It has an elevation of 2,906 metres and is, after the Aroser Rothorn, the second highest peak of the Plessur Alps.

The name Rothorn is a common name for summits in the Alps. It may refer to:

Albula Railway railway line

The Albula Railway is a single track metre gauge railway line forming part of the so-called core network of the Rhaetian Railway (RhB), in the Canton of Graubünden, Switzerland. It links Thusis on the Hinterrhein with the spa resort of St. Moritz in Engadine.

Western Rhaetian Alps mountain range

The Western Rhaetian Alps are a mountain range in the central part of the Alps.

Sources of the Rhine

Lake Toma in the Swiss canton of Graubünden is generally regarded as the source of the Rhine. Its outflow is called Rein da Tuma and after a few kilometers, it forms the Vorderrhein/Rein Anteriur. The course of this river is not particularly representative, after about two kilometers, its water is diverted into Curnera reservoir. The water is released at the Tavanase plant and flows into the Rhine at Ilanz. The river begins to be called Rhine in the vicinity of Chur, more specifically, at the confluence of the Vorderrhein and Hinterrhein/Rein Posteriur next to Reichenau in Tamins.

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