Poule d'Essai des Poulains

Last updated
Poule d'Essai des Poulains
(French 2,000 Guineas)
Group 1 race
Location Longchamp Racecourse
Paris, France
Inaugurated1883
Race type Flat / Thoroughbred
Website france-galop.com
Race information
Distance1,600 metres (1 mile) [1]
SurfaceTurf
TrackRight-handed
QualificationThree-year-old colts [1]
Weight58 kg [1]
Purse€600,000 (2021)
1st: €342,840
[1]
Poule d'Essai des Poulains
2021
Owner Mr Derrick Smith.svg Owner A Frassetto and J D'Amato.svg Owner Gerard Augustin-Normand.svg
St Mark's BasilicaColosseoBreizh Eagle
Previous years
2020
Owner Godolphin.svg Owner Mme Jacques Cygler.svg Owner Mme Corinna Baronin Von Ullmann.svg
Victor LudorumThe SummitAlson
2019
Owner Godolphin.svg Owner Wertheimer and Frere.svg Owner Sheikh Mohammed Obaid Al Maktoum.svg
Persian KingShamanSan Donato
2018
Owner Ecurie Antonio Caro and Gerard Augustin-Normand.svg Owner Mr Sultan Ali.svg Owner Giacomo Algranti.svg
OlmedoHey GamanDice Roll
2017
Owner Al Shaqab Racing.svg Owner Prince Faisal Bin Khaled France.svg Owner The Starship Partnership.svg
BrametotLe BrividoRivet
2016
Owner Mr Derrick Smith.svg Owner Mr Abdulla Al Mansoori.svg Owner Robert Ng France.svg
The GurkhaFirst SelectionDicton
2015
Owner Prince A A Faisal.svg Owner Mr K Abdulla France.svg Owner Mr M Offenstadt.svg
Make BelieveNew BayMr Owen
2014
Owner Niarchos Family.svg Owner Mrs Emily Oppenheimer Turner.svg Owner Jm Lebrun.svg
KarakontiePrestige VendomePornichet
2013
Owner Mrs Emily Oppenheimer Turner.svg Owner A Ismoilov.svg Owner Wertheimer and Frere.svg
Style VendomeDastarhonIntello
2012
Owner Mr A Mouknass.svg Owner Mr Simon Springer.svg Owner Mr Derrick Smith.svg
LucayanVenetoFurner's Green
2011
Owner Marquesa de Moratalla white sash.svg Owner Gerard Augustin-Normand.svg Owner Mme M Bryant.svg
Tin HorseHavane SmokerVenomous
2010-2001
2010
Owner Ammerland Verwaltung GmbH and Co.svg Owner Mr John Manley.svg Owner A amirkulov.svg
Lope De VegaDick TurpinShamalgan
2009
Owner Mr J D Cotton.svg Owner Gerard Augustin-Normand.svg Owner Michael Tabor.svg
Silver FrostLe HavreWestphalia
2008
Owner Wertheimer and Frere.svg Owner Godolphin.svg Owner Mrs Michael Spencer.svg
FalcoRio de La PlataRiver Proud
2007
Owner Mr Derrick Smith white cap.svg Owner Mrs J S Bolger.svg Owner Mr Derrick Smith.svg
Astronomer RoyalCreachadoirHonoured Guest
2006
Owner Mrs John Magnier.svg Owner Michael Tabor.svg Owner Ecurie Mister Ess A S.svg
Aussie RulesMarcus AndronicusStormy River
2005
Owner Godolphin.svg Owner Mr Michael B Nolan.svg Owner Mr Hamdan Al Maktoum.svg
ShamardalIndesatchelGharir
2004
Owner Mr K Abdulla France.svg Owner Lagardere Family.svg Owner Godolphin.svg
American PostDiamond GreenByron
2003
Owner Lagardere Family.svg Owner Mrs John Magnier 2nd.svg Owner Mr L Marinopoulos.svg
ClodovilCatcher In The RyeKrataios
2002
Owner Michael Tabor.svg Owner Wertheimer and Frere.svg Owner Sheikh Mohammed.svg
LandseerMedecisBowman
2001
Owner Lagardere Family.svg Owner Mr K Abdulla.svg Owner Niarchos Family.svg
VahorimixClearingDenon
2000-1991
2000
Owner Godolphin.svg Owner Baron Edouard De Rothschild.svg Owner Mr A E Oppenheimer.svg
BachirBerine's SonValentino
1999
Owner H H Aga Khan.svg Owner Mr K Abdulla France.svg Owner Ecurie Wildenstein.svg
SendawarDansiliKingsalsa
1998
Owner Mrs John Magnier.svg Owner Mr Hamdan Al Maktoum.svg Owner Lucayan Stud.svg
Victory NoteMuhtathirDesert Prince
1997
Owner H H Aga Khan.svg Owner Ecurie Wildenstein.svg Owner Lagardere Family.svg
DaylamiLoup SauvageVisionary
1996
Owner H H Aga Khan.svg Owner Niarchos Family.svg Owner R and E H Investments Ltd.svg
AshkalaniSpinning WorldTagula
1995
Owner Maktoum Al Maktoum.svg Owner Wertheimer and Frere.svg Owner Niarchos Family.svg
VettoriAtticusPetit Poucet
1994
Owner Wertheimer and Frere.svg Owner Mr B V Sangster.svg Owner Niarchos Family.svg
Green TuneTurtle IslandPsychobabble
1993
Owner Niarchos Family.svg Owner A Merza.svg Owner Niarchos Family.svg
KingmamboBin AjwaadHudo
1992
Owner Niarchos Family.svg Owner Mr K Abdulla France.svg Owner Sheikh Mohammed.svg
ShanghaiRainbow CornerLion Cavern
1991
Owner Niarchos Family.svg Owner Mrs P de Moussac.svg Owner Baron G De Geer.svg
Hector ProtectorActeur FrancaisSapieha
1990-1982
1990
Owner Lagardere Family.svg Owner HRH Prince Fahd Salman.svg Owner Etti Plesch.svg
LinamixZomanFunambule
1989
Owner Ecurie Bader.svg Owner Wertheimer and Frere.svg Owner Mrs P de Moussac.svg
KendorGoldneyevOcean Falls
1988
Owner Allen E Paulson.svg Owner Mrs P de Moussac.svg Owner J V Gredley.svg
Blushing JohnFrench StressTay Wharf
1987
Owner Maktoum Al Maktoum.svg Owner Allen E Paulson.svg Owner Prince A bin Salman.svg
Soviet StarNoble MinstrelGlory Forever
1986
Owner Ecurie Fustok.svg Owner ecurie manneville.svg Owner Ecurie Wildenstein.svg
Fast TopazeHighest HonorArt Francais
1985
Owner Mr R C Strauss.svg Owner Ecurie Fustok.svg Owner Mr P G Goulandris.svg
No Pass No SaleCandy StripesSynefos
1984
Owner Ecurie Fustok.svg Owner Ecurie Fustok.svg Owner Stavros Niarchos red cap.svg
Siberian ExpressGreen ParadiseMendez
1983
Owner Niarchos Family.svg Owner Ecurie Fustok.svg Owner rene aebischer.svg
L'EmigrantCrystal GlittersMargouzed
1982
Owner Niarchos Family.svg Owner succ mme blasco antoine.svg Owner Mrs B Firestone.svg
MelynoTamperoDay Is Done
 

The Poule d'Essai des Poulains is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts. It is run over a distance of 1,600 metres (about 1 mile) at Longchamp in May.

Contents

It is France's equivalent of the 2000 Guineas, a famous race in England.

History

Origins

The Poule d'Essai, an event for three-year-old colts and fillies, was established in France in 1840. It was inspired by two races in England, the 2000 Guineas (for colts and fillies) and the 1000 Guineas (for fillies only).

The race was initially staged at the Champ de Mars. Its first running was over one full circuit of the track (about 2,000 metres). It was cut to a three-quarter lap (1,500 metres) in 1841. It was cancelled due to insufficient entries in 1843 and 1844.

The Poule d'Essai was transferred to Longchamp in 1857. It was extended to 1,600 metres in 1867. [2] It was abandoned because of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871. It continued to be run until 1882. [3]

Modern version

The Poule d'Essai des Poulains was created in 1883, when the Poule d'Essai was divided into two separate races. [4] The "Poulains" was restricted to colts, and the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches was reserved for fillies.

The events were cancelled throughout World War I, with no runnings from 1915 to 1918. There were two 1,800-metre replacement races at Chantilly in 1917. [5] The version for colts was called the Critérium d'Essai des Poulains. [6]

The "Poulains" and "Pouliches" were not run in the spring of 1940, but a substitute combining both races took place at Auteuil in October. Titled the Prix d'Essai, it was won by the colt Djebel. [7]

The Poule d'Essai des Poulains was held at Le Tremblay in 1943, [8] and Maisons-Laffitte in 1944 and 1945. [9]

The present race grading system was introduced in 1971, and the event was given Group 1 status. It was switched from Longchamp's middle course (moyenne piste) to the main course (grande piste) in 1987.

The leading horses from the Poule d'Essai des Poulains sometimes go on to compete in the Prix du Jockey Club. The last to win both races was Brametot in 2017.

Records

Leading jockey (6 wins):

Leading trainer (11 wins):

Leading owner (8 wins):

Winners since 1970

YearWinnerJockeyTrainerOwnerTime
1970 Caro [a] Bill Williamson Albert KlimschaCountess Batthyany1:41.30
1971ZugJean-Claude DesaintJohn Cunnington, Sr. William Hawn 1:37.60
1972 Riverman Jean-Claude Desaint Alec Head Germaine Wertheimer 1:38.60
1973 Kalamoun Henri SamaniFrançois Mathet HH Aga Khan IV 1:41.80
1974Moulines Maurice Philipperon Richard Carver, Jr.Junzo Kashiyama1:43.90
1975 Green Dancer Freddy Head Alec Head Jacques Wertheimer 1:39.30
1976Red Lord Freddy Head Alec Head Jacques Wertheimer 1:42.30
1977 Blushing Groom Henri SamaniFrançois Mathet HH Aga Khan IV 1:41.80
1978NishapourHenri SamaniFrançois Mathet HH Aga Khan IV 1:46.10
1979 Irish River Maurice Philipperon John Cunnington, Jr.Mrs Raymond Adès1:39.80
1980In FijarGeorges DoleuzeMitri SalibaMahmoud Fustok1:38.40
1981 Recitation Greville Starkey Guy Harwood Anthony Bodie1:40.70
1982Melyno Yves Saint-Martin François Mathet Stavros Niarchos 1:38.60
1983 L'Emigrant Cash Asmussen François Boutin Stavros Niarchos 1:46.30
1984 Siberian Express Alfred Gibert André Fabre Mahmoud Fustok1:35.80
1985No Pass No Sale [b] Yves Saint-Martin Robert Collet Richard Strauss1:38.10
1986Fast Topaze Cash Asmussen Georges MikhalidèsMahmoud Fustok1:48.30
1987 Soviet Star Greville Starkey André Fabre Sheikh Mohammed 1:36.20
1988 Blushing John Freddy Head François Boutin Allen Paulson 1:37.20
1989Kendor Maurice Philipperon Raymond TouflanAdolf Bader1:36.10
1990Linamix Freddy Head François Boutin Jean-Luc Lagardère 1:35.90
1991 Hector Protector Freddy Head François Boutin Stavros Niarchos 1:37.60
1992Shanghai Freddy Head François Boutin Stavros Niarchos 1:38.20
1993 Kingmambo Cash Asmussen François Boutin Stavros Niarchos 1:39.10
1994Green Tune Olivier Doleuze Criquette Head Jacques Wertheimer 1:37.40
1995Vettori Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Maktoum Al Maktoum / Godolphin 1:40.40
1996 Ashkalani Gérald Mossé Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 1:37.60
1997 Daylami Gérald Mossé Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 1:42.60
1998Victory Note John Reid Peter Chapple-Hyam Magnier / Sangster 1:34.50
1999 Sendawar Gérald Mossé Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 1:36.20
2000 Bachir Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Godolphin 1:39.40
2001Vahorimix [c] Christophe Soumillon André Fabre Jean-Luc Lagardère 1:35.40
2002 Landseer Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien Tabor / Magnier 1:36.80
2003Clodovil Christophe Soumillon André Fabre Lagardère Family 1:36.40
2004 American Post Richard Hughes Criquette Head-Maarek Khalid Abdullah 1:36.50
2005 Shamardal Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Godolphin 1:39.20
2006Aussie Rules Kieren Fallon Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor / Salman1:37.00
2007Astronomer Royal Colm O'Donoghue Aidan O'Brien Smith / Tabor / Magnier 1:37.10
2008Falco Olivier Peslier Carlos Laffon-Parias Wertheimer et Frère 1:35.60
2009Silver Frost Christophe Soumillon Yves de NicolayJohn Cotton1:35.43
2010 Lope de Vega Maxime Guyon André Fabre Gestüt Ammerland1:36.10
2011Tin Horse Thierry Jarnet Didier GuilleminMarquesa de Moratalla1:36.33
2012Lucayan Stéphane Pasquier François RohautMouknass / Pandora1:37.11
2013Style Vendome Thierry Thulliez Nicolas Clément André de Ganay / Baillet1:34.68
2014 Karakontie Stéphane Pasquier Jonathan Pease Niarchos Family 1:41.06
2015 Make Believe Olivier Peslier André Fabre Prince A A Faisal1:36.85
2016 The Gurkha [d] Ryan Moore Aidan O'Brien Smith / Tabor / Magnier 1:36.97
2017 Brametot [d] Cristian Demuro Jean-Claude Rouget Al Shaqab / Augustin-Normand1:36.82
2018 Olmedo Cristian Demuro Jean-Claude Rouget Ecurie Antonio Caro & Gerard Augustin-Normand1:36.85
2019 Persian King Pierre-Charles Boudot André Fabre Godolphin & Ballymore Thoroughbred1:38.98
2020 Victor Ludorum [e] Mickael Barzalona André Fabre Godolphin & Ballymore Thoroughbred1:34.14
2021 St Mark's Basilica Ioritz Mendizabal Aidan O'Brien Smith / Tabor / Magnier 1:40.15

a Faraway Son finished first in 1970, but he was relegated to third place following a stewards' inquiry.
b River Mist finished first in 1985, but he was relegated to fourth place following a stewards' inquiry.
c Noverre was first in 2001, but he was subsequently disqualified after testing positive for a banned substance.
d The 2016 and 2017 runnings took place at Deauville while Longchamp was closed for redevelopment.
e The 2020 running took place at Deauville on 1 June as Longchamp was closed owing to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Earlier winners

Poule d'Essai

  • 1840: Giges
  • 1841: Fiammetta
  • 1842: Annetta
  • 1843–44: no race
  • 1845: Commodor Napier
  • 1846: Philip Shah
  • 1847: Tronquette
  • 1848: Gambetti
  • 1849: Experience
  • 1850: Saint Germain
  • 1851: First Born
  • 1852: Bounty
  • 1853: Moustique
  • 1854: Nancy
  • 1855: Monarque
  • 1856: Nat
  • 1857: Florin
  • 1858: Brocoli
  • 1859: Bakaloum
  • 1860: Gustave
  • 1861: Isabella
  • 1862: Stradella
  • 1863: Stentor
  • 1864: Baronella
  • 1865: Gontran
  • 1866: Puebla
  • 1867: Nicolet
  • 1868: Gouvernail
  • 1869: Consul
  • 1870: Valois
  • 1871: no race
  • 1872: Revigny
  • 1873: Sire
  • 1874: Novateur
  • 1875: Saint Cyr
  • 1876: Enguerrande
  • 1877: Fontainebleau
  • 1878: Clementine
  • 1879: Zut
  • 1880: Le Destrier
  • 1881: Promethee
  • 1882: Barbe Bleu

Poule d'Essai des Poulains

  • 1883: Regain
  • 1884: Archiduc
  • 1885: Xaintrailles
  • 1886: Gamin
  • 1887: Brio
  • 1888: Reyezuelo
  • 1889: Phlegethon
  • 1890: Heaume
  • 1891: Le Hardy
  • 1892: Fra Angelico
  • 1893: Le Nicham
  • 1894: Beaujolais
  • 1895: Launay
  • 1896: Arreau
  • 1897: Indian Chief
  • 1898: Rodilard
  • 1899: Perth
  • 1900: Governor
  • 1901: Cheri
  • 1902: Retz
  • 1903: Vinicius
  • 1904: Gouvernant
  • 1905: Val d'Or
  • 1906: Eider
  • 1907: Ouadi Halfa
  • 1908: Monitor
  • 1909: Verdun
  • 1910: Sifflet
  • 1911: Lord Burgoyne
  • 1912: De Viris
  • 1913: Dagor
  • 1914: Listman
  • 1915–18: no race
  • 1919: McKinley
  • 1920: Pendennis
  • 1921: Le Traquet
  • 1922: Mont Blanc
  • 1923: Sir Gallahad
  • 1924: Tapin
  • 1925: Faraway
  • 1926: Asterus
  • 1927: Fiterari
  • 1928: Dark Lantern
  • 1929: Vatout
  • 1930: Xandover
  • 1931: Indus
  • 1932: Le Becau
  • 1933: Rodosto
  • 1934: Brantome
  • 1935: Kant
  • 1936: Davout
  • 1937: Drap d'Or
  • 1938: Gaspillage
  • 1939: Mac Kann
  • 1940: Djebel
  • 1941: Panipat
  • 1942: Hexton
  • 1943: Dogat
  • 1944: Prince Bio
  • 1945: Mistral
  • 1946: Pactole
  • 1947: Tourment
  • 1948: Rigolo
  • 1949: Amour Drake
  • 1950: Tantieme
  • 1951: Free Man
  • 1952: Guersant
  • 1953: Cobalt
  • 1954: Cote d'Or
  • 1955: Klairon
  • 1956: Buisson Ardent
  • 1957: Tyrone
  • 1958: Pres du Feu
  • 1959: Thymus
  • 1960: Mincio
  • 1961: Right Royal
  • 1962: Adamastor
  • 1963: Relko
  • 1964: Neptunus
  • 1965: Cambremont
  • 1966: Soleil
  • 1967: Blue Tom
  • 1968: Zeddaan
  • 1969: Don II

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Poule d'Essai des Poulains". The French Black Type. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  2. "1868 Poule d'Essai". Ruff's Guide to the Turf for 1869. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  3. "1882 Poule d'Essai". Le Figaro (in French). 24 April 1882. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  4. "1883 Poule d'Essai des Poulains". Le Figaro (in French). 23 April 1883. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  5. "Courses à Chantilly". Le Gaulois (in French). 22 May 1917. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  6. "1917 Critérium d'Essai des Poulains". Le Gaulois. 22 May 1917. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  7. "Djebel enlève le Prix d'Essai". Le Matin (in French). 28 October 1940. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  8. "Résultats de samedi, au Tremblay". Le Matin. 17 May 1943. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  9. "La journée des Poules d'Essai à Maisons-Laffitte". Le Matin (in French). 13 May 1944. Retrieved 28 April 2013.