|Group 1 race|
|Location|| Longchamp Racecourse |
|Race type||Flat / Thoroughbred|
|Distance||1,600 metres (1 mile)|
|St Mark's Basilica||Colosseo||Breizh Eagle|
|Victor Ludorum||The Summit||Alson|
|Persian King||Shaman||San Donato|
|Olmedo||Hey Gaman||Dice Roll|
|The Gurkha||First Selection||Dicton|
|Make Believe||New Bay||Mr Owen|
|Tin Horse||Havane Smoker||Venomous|
|Lope De Vega||Dick Turpin||Shamalgan|
|Silver Frost||Le Havre||Westphalia|
|Falco||Rio de La Plata||River Proud|
|Astronomer Royal||Creachadoir||Honoured Guest|
|Aussie Rules||Marcus Andronicus||Stormy River|
|American Post||Diamond Green||Byron|
|Clodovil||Catcher In The Rye||Krataios|
|Victory Note||Muhtathir||Desert Prince|
|Green Tune||Turtle Island||Psychobabble|
|Shanghai||Rainbow Corner||Lion Cavern|
|Hector Protector||Acteur Francais||Sapieha|
|Blushing John||French Stress||Tay Wharf|
|Soviet Star||Noble Minstrel||Glory Forever|
|Fast Topaze||Highest Honor||Art Francais|
|No Pass No Sale||Candy Stripes||Synefos|
|Siberian Express||Green Paradise||Mendez|
|Melyno||Tampero||Day Is Done|
The Poule d'Essai des Poulains is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts. It is run over a distance of 1,600 metres (about 1 mile) at Longchamp in May.
It is France's equivalent of the 2000 Guineas, a famous race in England.
The Poule d'Essai, an event for three-year-old colts and fillies, was established in France in 1840. It was inspired by two races in England, the 2000 Guineas (for colts and fillies) and the 1000 Guineas (for fillies only).
The race was initially staged at the Champ de Mars. Its first running was over one full circuit of the track (about 2,000 metres). It was cut to a three-quarter lap (1,500 metres) in 1841. It was cancelled due to insufficient entries in 1843 and 1844.
The Poule d'Essai was transferred to Longchamp in 1857. It was extended to 1,600 metres in 1867. It was abandoned because of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871. It continued to be run until 1882.
The Poule d'Essai des Poulains was created in 1883, when the Poule d'Essai was divided into two separate races.The "Poulains" was restricted to colts, and the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches was reserved for fillies.
The events were cancelled throughout World War I, with no runnings from 1915 to 1918. There were two 1,800-metre replacement races at Chantilly in 1917. The version for colts was called the Critérium d'Essai des Poulains.
The "Poulains" and "Pouliches" were not run in the spring of 1940, but a substitute combining both races took place at Auteuil in October. Titled the Prix d'Essai, it was won by the colt Djebel.
The Poule d'Essai des Poulains was held at Le Tremblay in 1943,and Maisons-Laffitte in 1944 and 1945.
The present race grading system was introduced in 1971, and the event was given Group 1 status. It was switched from Longchamp's middle course (moyenne piste) to the main course (grande piste) in 1987.
The leading horses from the Poule d'Essai des Poulains sometimes go on to compete in the Prix du Jockey Club. The last to win both races was Brametot in 2017.
Leading jockey (6 wins):
Leading trainer (11 wins):
Leading owner (8 wins):
|1970||Caro [a]||Bill Williamson||Albert Klimscha||Countess Batthyany||1:41.30|
|1971||Zug||Jean-Claude Desaint||John Cunnington, Sr.||William Hawn||1:37.60|
|1972||Riverman||Jean-Claude Desaint||Alec Head||Germaine Wertheimer||1:38.60|
|1973||Kalamoun||Henri Samani||François Mathet||HH Aga Khan IV||1:41.80|
|1974||Moulines||Maurice Philipperon||Richard Carver, Jr.||Junzo Kashiyama||1:43.90|
|1975||Green Dancer||Freddy Head||Alec Head||Jacques Wertheimer||1:39.30|
|1976||Red Lord||Freddy Head||Alec Head||Jacques Wertheimer||1:42.30|
|1977||Blushing Groom||Henri Samani||François Mathet||HH Aga Khan IV||1:41.80|
|1978||Nishapour||Henri Samani||François Mathet||HH Aga Khan IV||1:46.10|
|1979||Irish River||Maurice Philipperon||John Cunnington, Jr.||Mrs Raymond Adès||1:39.80|
|1980||In Fijar||Georges Doleuze||Mitri Saliba||Mahmoud Fustok||1:38.40|
|1981||Recitation||Greville Starkey||Guy Harwood||Anthony Bodie||1:40.70|
|1982||Melyno||Yves Saint-Martin||François Mathet||Stavros Niarchos||1:38.60|
|1983||L'Emigrant||Cash Asmussen||François Boutin||Stavros Niarchos||1:46.30|
|1984||Siberian Express||Alfred Gibert||André Fabre||Mahmoud Fustok||1:35.80|
|1985||No Pass No Sale [b]||Yves Saint-Martin||Robert Collet||Richard Strauss||1:38.10|
|1986||Fast Topaze||Cash Asmussen||Georges Mikhalidès||Mahmoud Fustok||1:48.30|
|1987||Soviet Star||Greville Starkey||André Fabre||Sheikh Mohammed||1:36.20|
|1988||Blushing John||Freddy Head||François Boutin||Allen Paulson||1:37.20|
|1989||Kendor||Maurice Philipperon||Raymond Touflan||Adolf Bader||1:36.10|
|1990||Linamix||Freddy Head||François Boutin||Jean-Luc Lagardère||1:35.90|
|1991||Hector Protector||Freddy Head||François Boutin||Stavros Niarchos||1:37.60|
|1992||Shanghai||Freddy Head||François Boutin||Stavros Niarchos||1:38.20|
|1993||Kingmambo||Cash Asmussen||François Boutin||Stavros Niarchos||1:39.10|
|1994||Green Tune||Olivier Doleuze||Criquette Head||Jacques Wertheimer||1:37.40|
|1995||Vettori||Frankie Dettori||Saeed bin Suroor||Maktoum Al Maktoum / Godolphin||1:40.40|
|1996||Ashkalani||Gérald Mossé||Alain de Royer-Dupré||HH Aga Khan IV||1:37.60|
|1997||Daylami||Gérald Mossé||Alain de Royer-Dupré||HH Aga Khan IV||1:42.60|
|1998||Victory Note||John Reid||Peter Chapple-Hyam||Magnier / Sangster||1:34.50|
|1999||Sendawar||Gérald Mossé||Alain de Royer-Dupré||HH Aga Khan IV||1:36.20|
|2000||Bachir||Frankie Dettori||Saeed bin Suroor||Godolphin||1:39.40|
|2001||Vahorimix [c]||Christophe Soumillon||André Fabre||Jean-Luc Lagardère||1:35.40|
|2002||Landseer||Michael Kinane||Aidan O'Brien||Tabor / Magnier||1:36.80|
|2003||Clodovil||Christophe Soumillon||André Fabre||Lagardère Family||1:36.40|
|2004||American Post||Richard Hughes||Criquette Head-Maarek||Khalid Abdullah||1:36.50|
|2005||Shamardal||Frankie Dettori||Saeed bin Suroor||Godolphin||1:39.20|
|2006||Aussie Rules||Kieren Fallon||Aidan O'Brien||Magnier / Tabor / Salman||1:37.00|
|2007||Astronomer Royal||Colm O'Donoghue||Aidan O'Brien||Smith / Tabor / Magnier||1:37.10|
|2008||Falco||Olivier Peslier||Carlos Laffon-Parias||Wertheimer et Frère||1:35.60|
|2009||Silver Frost||Christophe Soumillon||Yves de Nicolay||John Cotton||1:35.43|
|2010||Lope de Vega||Maxime Guyon||André Fabre||Gestüt Ammerland||1:36.10|
|2011||Tin Horse||Thierry Jarnet||Didier Guillemin||Marquesa de Moratalla||1:36.33|
|2012||Lucayan||Stéphane Pasquier||François Rohaut||Mouknass / Pandora||1:37.11|
|2013||Style Vendome||Thierry Thulliez||Nicolas Clément||André de Ganay / Baillet||1:34.68|
|2014||Karakontie||Stéphane Pasquier||Jonathan Pease||Niarchos Family||1:41.06|
|2015||Make Believe||Olivier Peslier||André Fabre||Prince A A Faisal||1:36.85|
|2016||The Gurkha [d]||Ryan Moore||Aidan O'Brien||Smith / Tabor / Magnier||1:36.97|
|2017||Brametot [d]||Cristian Demuro||Jean-Claude Rouget||Al Shaqab / Augustin-Normand||1:36.82|
|2018||Olmedo||Cristian Demuro||Jean-Claude Rouget||Ecurie Antonio Caro & Gerard Augustin-Normand||1:36.85|
|2019||Persian King||Pierre-Charles Boudot||André Fabre||Godolphin & Ballymore Thoroughbred||1:38.98|
|2020||Victor Ludorum [e]||Mickael Barzalona||André Fabre||Godolphin & Ballymore Thoroughbred||1:34.14|
|2021||St Mark's Basilica||Ioritz Mendizabal||Aidan O'Brien||Smith / Tabor / Magnier||1:40.15|
a Faraway Son finished first in 1970, but he was relegated to third place following a stewards' inquiry.
b River Mist finished first in 1985, but he was relegated to fourth place following a stewards' inquiry.
c Noverre was first in 2001, but he was subsequently disqualified after testing positive for a banned substance.
d The 2016 and 2017 runnings took place at Deauville while Longchamp was closed for redevelopment.
e The 2020 running took place at Deauville on 1 June as Longchamp was closed owing to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Miesque was a champion Thoroughbred racemare. At age three, she was a dual Classic winner in France and Britain, then went on to win the Breeders' Cup Mile in America. Her four-year-old campaign was highlighted by another win in the Mile, making her the first horse to win two consecutive Breeders' Cup races. She was a Group One/Grade I (G1) winner at two, three and four-years-old, for a total of 10 G1 wins. She was inducted into the American Racing Hall of Fame in 1999.
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Val d'Or was a French Thoroughbred racehorse who was only defeated 16 times in his career. His wins included the Prix de Deux Ans, Grand Criterium, Poule d'Essai des Poulains and Eclipse Stakes. During his racing career he was owned by Edmond Blanc and trained by Robert Denman. After retiring from racing he became a sire in Argentina.
Kashmir was an Irish-bred, French-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire, best known for winning the classic 2000 Guineas in 1966. Kashmir was one of the leading French-trained two-year-olds of 1965 when he won the Prix Robert Papin and was placed in both the Prix Morny and the Prix de la Forêt. In the following spring he won the Prix Djebel and then defeated twenty-four opponents in the 2000 Guineas. He was beaten in his two subsequent races and was retired to stud where he had considerable success as a sire of winners. When racing in Britain, the horse was known as Kashmir II.
L'Emigrant was an American-bred French-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire who was one of the best horses of his generation in Europe at two and three years of age. He won five of his twelve races and never finished worse than third in a racing career which lasted from August 1982 until September 1983. He won the Prix La Rochette and Critérium de Maisons-Laffitte as two-year-old and went on to win the Prix Djebel, Poule d'Essai des Poulains and Prix Lupin in the following year. He was also placed in several major races including the Grand Critérium, Prix du Jockey Club, Prix d'Ispahan, Prix Jacques Le Marois, Prix du Moulin and Man o' War Stakes. He was retired from racing at the end of 1983, but had little success a breeding stallion.
Kalamoun was a British-bred, French-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. Owned and bred by Aga Khan IV he showed promise as a juvenile, winning once and running well in the Observer Gold Cup and the Prix Thomas Bryon. In the following year he emerged as one of the best colts of his generation in France, recording Group One victories the Poule d'Essai des Poulains, Prix Lupin and Prix Jacques Le Marois. He was retired at the end of the season and became a successful breeding stallion in a brief stud career. He died in 1979 at the age of nine.
Le Havre is an Irish-bred, French-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. Bred in Ireland by his French-based breeders he was bought for €100,000 as a yearling and trained in the South-West of France by Jean-Claude Rouget. As a two-year-old, he showed promise in winning his first two races but finished unplaced when favourite for the Critérium International. He began his second season with an upset win over the favoured Naaqoos in the Prix Djebel and then finished second in the Poule d'Essai des Poulains before recording his biggest win in the Prix du Jockey Club. In the latter race, he sustained serious injuries which led to his retirement shortly afterwards. As a breeding stallion, he made an immediate impact, siring several major winners.
L'Attrayante was a French Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. She was the first, and remains, the only horse to win both the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches and the Irish 1000 Guineas. As a two-year-old she showed very promising form, winning her first two races and later being placed in both the Prix du Calvados and the Prix Marcel Boussac. In the following spring she reached her peak, taking the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches on 1 May and the Irish 1000 Guineas three weeks later.
Ashkalani was an Irish-bred, French-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. He won both of his races as a two-year-old including the Prix Thomas Bryon. In the following spring he won the Prix de Fontainebleau and Poule d'Essai des Poulains before sustaining his first defeat in the St James's Palace Stakes. He went on to win the Prix du Moulin before ending his track career by finishing fifth in the Queen Elizabeth II Stakes. He had moderate results as a breeding stallion.
Zalaiyka was a French Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. After finishing fifth on her first appearance she won her two other races as a two-year-old including the Prix des Réservoirs. In the following year she took her winning run to four with victories in the Prix de la Grotte and the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches but was beaten in her two remaining starts and was retired at the end of the season. As a broodmare she had little success as a dam of winners.