Scout Promise

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Scout Promise or Scout Oath
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German Scouts of the Federation Scout Europe at a 1992 Scout Promise ceremony at the St. George's mountain near the Lake Balaton in Hungary
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Since the publication of Scouting for Boys in 1908, all Scouts and Girl Guides around the world have taken a Scout (or Guide) promise or oath to live up to ideals of the movement, and subscribed to a Scout Law. The wording of the Scout Promise (or Oath) and Scout Law have varied slightly over time and from country to country. Some national organization promises are given below. Although most Scouting and Guiding organizations use the word "promise", a few such as the Boy Scouts of America tend to use "oath" instead. Typically, Scouts and Guides will make the three-fingered Scout Sign when reciting the promise.

Contents

Original 1908 text

In his original book on Boy Scouting, Baden-Powell introduced the Scout Promise, as follows: [1]

Before he becomes a scout, a boy must take the scout's oath, thus:
On my honour I promise that---

  1. I will do my duty to God and to king/queen.
  2. to help other people.
  3. I keep the scout law.

While taking this oath the scout will stand, holding his right hand raised level with his shoulder, palm to the front, thumb resting on the nail of the digitus minimus (little finger) and the other three fingers upright, pointing upwards:---
This is the scout's salute.

World Organization of the Scout Movement requirements

The form of the promise has varied slightly from country to country and over time, but must fulfill the requirements of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM) to qualify a National Scout Organization for membership. Together with clarifying its Scout Law, the Constitution of WOSM states: [2]

Article II, paragraph 2: "Adherence to a Promise and Law"

All members of the Scout Movement are required to adhere to a Scout Promise and Law reflecting, in language appropriate to the culture and civilization of each National Scout Organization and approved by the World Organization, the principles of Duty to God, Duty to others and Duty to self, and inspired by the Promise and Law conceived by the Founder of the Scout Movement in the following terms:

The Scout Promise

On my honour I promise that I will do my best—
To do my duty to God and the King (or to God and my Country)
To help other people at all times and
To obey the Scout Law.

In order to accommodate many different religions within Scouting, "God" may refer to a higher power, and is not specifically restricted to the God of the monotheistic religions. The WOSM Constitution explains "Duty to God" as "Adherence to spiritual principles, loyalty to the religion that expresses them and acceptance of the duties resulting therefrom."

The World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS), which is a sister organization to WOSM, has the very same wording in their constitution (Part I, Article 2: Original Promise), [3] and follows similar policies.

Alternative promises

Although the Constitution of WOSM states that the Promise should include a reference to Duty to God, [2] Scouting founder Lord Baden-Powell approved the use of promises with reference to a higher ideal, higher truth, an optional reference to God, or without a reference to God, for Belgium, Czechoslovakia, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and Finland. [4] Three of these countries still offer this alternative promise (France, the Netherlands and Czech Republic). WOSM stated in 1932 that no new exceptions would be made and expressed the hope that the few remaining countries would stop using a promise without any reference to Duty to God. [4]

The Israeli Scouts, though founded in 1919/1920, and joining WOSM in 1951 and WAGGGS in 1963, also have no "duty to God" or apparent equivalent in their promise. [5]

In 1969, the Eclaireuses et Eclaireurs israélites de France decided to discontinue using the reference to God due to its inconsistency with religious beliefs and practices from a Jewish perspective. Use of the word God (Dieu), derived from Zeus, can be seen as an inappropriate pagan reference in Jewish texts or education. [6] [7]

As of July 2017, [8] Scouts Australia provides the option to use one of two different versions of the Scout Promise, one which allows scouts to promise "To be true to my spiritual beliefs [,] To contribute to my community and our world." The other option is to promise "To do my duty to my God, and To the Queen of Australia." [9]

Non-WOSM Scouting

Scout sections that follow traditional Scouting, such as Baden-Powell Scouts within the World Federation of Independent Scouts, use several promises including the original Scout promise above that includes the reference to God. [10] Some, however, for example the 1st Tarrant Scout Group in Fort Worth, Texas use a blend of the original promise [11] and the "Outlander Promise" which, "according to tradition", B-P wrote for Scouts that had to omit the reference to God or a monarch for reasons of conscience. [12]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Junák

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Scouting Nederland

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Fédération du scoutisme centrafricain

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Scout method

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Fédération Nationale des Eclaireurs et Eclaireuses du Luxembourg

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Éclaireuses et Éclaireurs de France

Éclaireuses et Éclaireurs de France is an interreligious and coeducational Scouting and Guiding association in France. The first interreligious Scouting groups in France were founded in 1911, and interreligious Guiding started in 1914; both movements merged in 1964 forming the EEdF. The association serves today about 17,000 members of both genders.

Girl Guides Australia

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Religion in Scouting

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Age groups in Scouting and Guiding

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Scouting has sometimes become entangled in social controversies such as in nationalist resistance movements in India. Scouting was introduced to Africa by British officials as an instrument of colonial authority but became a subversive challenge to the legitimacy of British imperialism as Scouting fostered solidarity amongst African Scouts. There are also controversies and challenges within the Scout Movement itself such as current efforts to turn Scouts Canada into a democratic organization.

Eclaireuses et Eclaireurs israélites de France Jewish Scouting and Guiding organization in France

The Éclaireuses et Éclaireurs israélites de France is a Jewish Scouting and Guiding organization in France. It was founded in 1923 and serves about 4,000 members. The EEIF is a member of the Fédération du Scoutisme Français and of the International Forum of Jewish Scouts.

Girl Guides Movement for girls and young women

Girl Guides or Girl Scouts is a movement found worldwide, which was originally and still largely designed for girls and women only. This organisation was introduced in 1909, because girls demanded to take part in the then grassroots Boy Scout Movement.

References

  1. Baden-Powell, C.B., F.R.G.S., Lieut.-General R. S. S. (1908). Scouting for Boys (Part I ed.). Windsor House, Bream's Buildings, London E.C.: Horace Cox. p. 40.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. 1 2 "WOSM Constitution and By-Laws" (PDF). World Scout Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 November 2008. Retrieved 10 March 2007.
  3. "WAGGGS Constitution and Bye-Laws" (PDF). WAGGGS World Bureau. Retrieved 10 March 2007.
  4. 1 2 WOSM and WAGGGS (13 June 2001). "Report on the Discussion on the Fundamental Principles of WAGGGS and WOSM" (PDF). pp. 7–8. Retrieved 6 August 2009.
  5. "FRIENDS OF ISRAEL SCOUTS: ABOUT THE TZOFIM'S OATH & COMMANDMENTS". Israelscouts.org. Archived from the original on 4 December 2007. Retrieved 25 August 2009.
  6. "Promesses des éclaireuses et éclaireurs israélites de France". Fr.scoutwiki.org. Retrieved 25 August 2009.
  7. "Paracha Ki Tétsé 576 : Dieu ou Bon Dieu ?". Eeif.org. Archived from the original on 25 October 2007. Retrieved 25 August 2009.
  8. YPR Team. Australian Scout Promise and Law Resources Out Now! Scouts Australia. 30 August 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  9. YPR Team. Australian Scout Promise and Law Resources Out Now! Scouts Australia. 30 August 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  10. "BP Scouting". BP Scouting. Retrieved 10 March 2007.
  11. "B-P Scouts Introduction". 1st Tarrant Baden-Powell Scouts. Retrieved 10 March 2007.
  12. "B-P Law & Promise". Inquiry Net. Retrieved 10 March 2007.