World Scout Jamboree

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World Scout Jamboree
World Scout Jamboree 2011, Bangladesh Contingent.jpg
Scouts at the 22nd World Scout Jamboree in Rinkaby, Sweden (2011)
Owner World Organization of the Scout Movement
Date1920
WikiProject Scouting fleur-de-lis dark.svg  Scouting portal

The World Scout Jamboree is a Scouting jamboree of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, typically attended by several tens of thousands of Scouts from around the world, aged 14 to 17.

Contents

The first World Scout Jamboree was organized by The Boy Scout Association in London. With exceptions for the World War years and the Iranian Revolution, it has been organized approximately every four years, and in the more recent years has been organised by the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM), in different locations over the world.

Terminology

In lexicography, "Jamboree" is considered an Americanism that traces back to 1860–65 and refers to a joyful, noisy gathering. [1] The term is believed to originate from the words jabber (rapid, indistinct talk) and shivaree (noisy celebration), with "m" from jam (crowd). [2]

History

While World Scout Jamboree is the expression used by the World Organization of the Scout Movement, [3] other organizations held events called "jamborees" for their members.

The Scouting program became an international success following its founding by Robert Baden-Powell in 1907. With its continuing growth, the founder of the movement saw a need for a gathering of representatives of Scouting from all around the world. The general aim was to foster a worldwide brotherhood, and to help the young Scouts in the movement learn about other peoples and nations by direct interaction with them.

The idea of organizing such periodical international gatherings was originally conveyed to Baden-Powell by the General Chief of the Scouts of Greece, Konstantinos ("Kokos") Melas, during the 1918 international Scout meeting, in England. [4] [5] Captain Melas proposed the gatherings should repeat every four years, in the same way Olympic Games were held in Ancient Greece. The suggestion was accepted with enthusiasm by Baden-Powell, who named the gatherings "Jamborees".

It was in 1920 that the first World Scout Jamboree was realized, held in the Olympia halls in Kensington, London. Symbolically, the Jamboree site bore the name of the birthplace of the Olympic Games, Olympia. 8,000 Scouts from 34 countries attended the event.

Cartoon in Punch, published in 1929 for the 3rd World Scout Jamboree League of Nations 3rd World Scout Jamboree.png
Cartoon in Punch, published in 1929 for the 3rd World Scout Jamboree

Thereafter, a Jamboree has been held every four years. There are two exceptions to this: no Jamboree was held between 1937 and 1947 because of the Second World War, and the 1979 Jamboree, which was to be held in Iran, was cancelled due to the political upheaval in the region at that time. The Jamboree has been held in different countries around the world. The first seven Jamborees were held in Europe. The eighth World Jamboree was held in North America where the tradition of moving the Jamboree among the continents began. As yet, Africa has not hosted a jamboree.

To replace the cancelled event of 1979, the World Scout Committee determined that an alternative celebration, the World Jamboree Year should take place. Several regional camps took place, such as the 12th Australian/4th Asia-Pacific Jamboree, held in Perth, Western Australia, along with countless Join-in-Jamboree activities — designed to allow Scouts from around the world to participate in an activity that thousands of other Scouts around the world were also participating in at the same time. This Join-in programme was reproduced again as part of the Scouting 2007 Centenary celebrations.

The greatest attendance of all Jamborees was in 2019, where over 45,000 members experienced a Jamboree in West Virginia, USA. This number represented the permanent contingent who remained for the entire event. They were joined by hundreds of thousands of visiting Scouts who participated on a day basis.

The first Jamboree was more akin to an exhibition of Scouting, allowing visitors to see how things were done in other parts of the world. The Second Jamboree was conducted on a camp basis and each successive Jamboree has developed on this format where the programme is typically more activity oriented, with plenty of time for Scouts from different nations to interact and learn about each other in less formal ways than an exhibition would allow.

The 21st World Scout Jamboree in 2007 was held in Hylands Park, Essex, United Kingdom, and celebrated the Centenary of Scouting. Because of this, the honour of hosting the event was again bestowed upon the United Kingdom, as the birthplace of Scouting. Over 40,000 young people camped in August at Hylands Park in Chelmsford, Essex. Hundreds of thousands of day visitors attended events in the south-east of England as part of the Jamboree. The 22nd World Scout Jamboree was at Rinkaby, Sweden from 27 July to 8 August 2011; the 23rd World Scout Jamboree was at Kirara-hama, Yamaguchi City, Japan from 28 July to 8 August 2015; [6] the 24th World Scout Jamboree was at The Summit Bechtel Family National Scout Reserve in West Virginia, United States, from 22 July to 2 August 2019. [7] The next World Scout Jamboree will be held at Saemangeum, South Korea from 2 to 12 August 2023.

JOTA/JOTI 2006 Logo Jotajoti2006small.jpg
JOTA/JOTI 2006 Logo

Jamboree on the Air

Jamboree on the Air, usually referred to as JOTA, is an international Scouting and Guiding activity held annually on the third full weekend in October. The event was first held in conjunction with the fiftieth anniversary of Scouting in 1957, and was devised by radio amateur operator Leslie R. Mitchell who used the callsign G3BHK. It is now considered the largest event organized by the WOSM annually. [8]

Scouts talking on the radio during Jamboree On The Air JotaJoti 2004 Roma 023.jpg
Scouts talking on the radio during Jamboree On The Air

Amateur radio operators from all over the world participate with over 500,000 Scouts and Guides to teach them about radio and to assist them to contact their fellow Scouts and Guides by means of amateur radio and since 2004, by the VOIP-based Echolink. Scouts and Guides are also encouraged to send paper or electronic confirmations known as "QSL cards", or "eQSLs" when they are sent electronically. This provides the Scouts and Guides with a means of learning about fellow Scouts and Guides from around the world. It is an adjunct to the World Scout Jamboree.

The event is recognized as one of international participation by the various Scout and Guide organisations, and supports several awards which are a part of Scouting and Guiding programmes.[ citation needed ]

Jamboree on the Internet

Scouts at their computers during Jamboree on the Internet JotaJoti 2004 Roma 018.jpg
Scouts at their computers during Jamboree on the Internet

Jamboree on the Internet, known by its acronym JOTI, is an international Scouting activity held annually. Participants, through the use of designated Chats from all over the world, can contact their fellow Scouts by means of the Internet. Common communication methods include ScoutLink (IRC), e-mail, and VOIP. This provides the Scouts with a means of learning about fellow Scouts from around the world. JOTI operates alongside JOTA (Jamboree on the Air) and is an official event of the World Organization of the Scout Movement.

JOTI was pioneered in 1995 by Queanbeyan Rovers whilst one Rover, Norvan Vogt was on a student exchange in the Netherlands, with the home crew in Australia co-ordinated by Brett Sheffield. They connected Putten, Netherlands and Queanbeyan, Australia with dedicated IRC servers. [9] In November 1996 the World Scout Committee, noting that Scouting already had a considerable presence on the Internet, and that there was already an informal and rapidly growing Jamboree on the Internet, decided that JOTI should become an official international Scouting event, and that it should be held on the same weekend as the Jamboree on the Air (JOTA).[ citation needed ]

JOTI Radio Logo JOTI Radio Logo.png
JOTI Radio Logo

2011 saw the first ever 'JOTI Radio' station, a broadcast internet radio station based in the UK to provide entertainment for the JOTI weekend, which had live interviews from Scouts all over the world, the team that lead JOTI Radio are made up of the 'Avon Scout Radio' team, which are a County Active Support Unit for Avon Scouts and provide broadcast radio services within the Scouting movement worldwide.. JOTI Radio is now part of the annual JOTA/JOTI weekend.[ citation needed ]

Jamboree on the Trail

JOTT 2006 logo Jamboree on the Trail 2006.png
JOTT 2006 logo

Following on the idea of the Join-in events from the World Jamboree Year, Jamboree on the Trail (or JOTT), [10] is a co-ordinated event where Scouts around the world simultaneously participate in local hikes. It takes place on an annual basis on the 2nd Saturday in May.

This type of event allows Scouts to take part in activities at the same time as other Scouts, promoting the idea of the Scouting brotherhood. Participants are awarded a JOTT badge as a recognition of having participated in this worldwide event.

Smaller events

There are up to ten smaller Jamboree (or Jamborette) events held each year around the world. This includes Regional Jamborees, which are held every three years in their areas of the world. Scouts from outside these regions are invited, but attendance is generally lower (for example, the EuroJam 2005 event hosted 10,000 Scouts, mostly from Europe).

National associations, and sub-national groups, also organise a number of events, such as the WINGS event and KIJ, which is organised by a County level body.

List of events

Year [3] EventLocationHost CountryTheme/NameDatesAttendanceCountries/regions Attended
1920 1st World Scout Jamboree London Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Develop World Peace [11] July 30, 1920
August 8, 1920 [12]
8,00034
1924 2nd World Scout Jamboree Ermelunden Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark World Citizenship [11] August 10, 1924
August 17, 1924? [13] [14]
4,54932
1929 3rd World Scout Jamboree Arrowe Park, Upton, Birkenhead Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Coming of AgeJuly 31, 1929
August 13, 1929 [15] [16]
50,000 [17] 69
1933 4th World Scout Jamboree Gödöllő Flag of Hungary (1915-1918, 1919-1946).svg  Hungary Face New Adventures [11] August 2, 1933
August 15, 1933
25,79233
1937 5th World Scout Jamboree Bloemendaal [18] Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Lead Happy Lives [11] July 31, 1937
August 9, 1937 [19] [20] [21] [22]
28,75054
1947 6th World Scout Jamboree Moisson Flag of France (1794-1815, 1830-1958).svg  France Jamboree of PeaceAugust 9, 1947
August 20, 1947 [23]
24,15271
1951 7th World Scout Jamboree Bad Ischl Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Jamboree of SimplicityAugust 3, 1951
August 13, 1951 [24]
12,88461
1955 8th World Scout Jamboree Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada New HorizonsAugust 18, 1955
August 28, 1955 [25] [26]
11,13971
1957 9th World Scout Jamboree Sutton Park, Warwickshire Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 50th Anniversary of ScoutingAugust 1, 1957
August 12, 1957 [27]
31,42682
1959 10th World Scout Jamboree Los Baños, Laguna Flag of the Philippines (navy blue).svg  Philippines Building Tomorrow TodayJuly 17, 1959
July 26, 1959 [28]
12,20344
1963 11th World Scout Jamboree Marathon Flag of Greece (1822-1978).svg  Greece Higher and WiderAugust 1, 1963

August 11, 1963 [29]

11,39889
1967 12th World Scout Jamboree Farragut State Park, Idaho Flag of the United States.svg  United States For FriendshipAugust 1, 1967
August 9, 1967 [30]
12,011105
1971 13th World Scout Jamboree Fujinomiya, Shizuoka Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan For UnderstandingAugust 2, 1971
August 10, 1971 [31]
23,75887
1975 14th World Scout Jamboree Lillehammer Flag of Norway.svg  Norway [lower-alpha 1] Five Fingers, One HandJuly 29, 1975
August 5, 1975 [32] [33]
17,25991
1979 (15th World Scout Jamboree) Nishapur State Flag of Iran (1964).svg  Iran July 15, 1979
July 23, 1979 [34]
cancelled
1983 15th World Scout Jamboree Kananaskis, Alberta Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada The Spirit Lives OnJuly 5, 1983
July 15, 1983 [11]
14,752106
1987–1988 16th World Scout Jamboree Sydney Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Bringing the World TogetherDecember 31, 1987
January 7, 1988
14,43484
1991 17th World Scout Jamboree Seoraksan National Park Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg  South Korea Many Lands, One WorldAugust 8, 1991
August 16, 1991 [11]
19,083135
1995 18th World Scout Jamboree Dronten Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Future is NowAugust 1, 1995
August 11, 1995 [11]
28,960166
1998–1999 19th World Scout Jamboree Picarquín Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Building Peace TogetherDecember 27, 1998
January 6, 1999
31,534157
2002–2003 20th World Scout Jamboree Sattahip Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand Share our World, Share our CulturesDecember 28, 2002
January 8, 2003
24,000147
2007 21st World Scout Jamboree Chelmsford, Essex Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom One World, One Promise
Scouting Centenary
July 28, 2007
August 8, 2007
37,868155
2011 22nd World Scout Jamboree Kristianstad Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Simply ScoutingJuly 27, 2011
August 7, 2011
40,061146
2015 23rd World Scout Jamboree Kirarahama, Yamaguchi Flag of Japan.svg  Japan A Spirit of UnityJuly 28, 2015
August 8, 2015 [35]
33,628155
2019 24th World Scout Jamboree Glen Jean, West Virginia Flag of the United States.svg  United States [lower-alpha 2] Unlock a New WorldJuly 22, 2019
August 2, 2019 [37] [38] [39]
47,000 [40] 161 [41]
2023 25th World Scout Jamboree Saemangeum Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Draw Your DreamAugust 1, 2023
August 12, 2023 [42]
2027 26th World Scout Jamboree Gdańsk Flag of Poland.svg  Poland [ citation needed ]Bravely
  1. Hosting duties split between Norway, Denmark, Finland, Iceland and Sweden
  2. Hosting duties split between Boy Scouts of America, Scouts Canada, and Asociación de Scouts de México [36]

See also

Related Research Articles

4th World Scout Jamboree

The 4th World Scout Jamboree, a gathering of Boy Scouts from all over the world, was hosted by Hungary and held from 2 to 13 August 1933. It was attended by 25,792 Scouts, representing 46 different nations and additional territories. They encamped around the Royal Palace in the Royal Forest of Gödöllő, about 11 miles from the capital of Budapest.

Jamboree on the Air International scouting and guiding activity

Jamboree on the Air, known by its acronym JOTA, is an international Scouting and Guiding activity held annually; it is on the third full weekend in October. First held in conjunction with the fiftieth anniversary of Scouting in 1957, it was devised by Leslie R. Mitchell, a radio amateur with the callsign G3BHK. It is now considered the largest event scheduled by the World Organization of the Scout Movement annually.

Jamboree on the Internet

Jamboree on the Internet, known by its acronym JOTI, is an international Scouting activity held annually. Participants, through the use of designated Chats from all over the world, can contact their fellow Scouts by means of the Internet. Common communication methods include ScoutLink (IRC), e-mail, and VOIP. This provides the Scouts with a means of learning about fellow Scouts from around the world. JOTI operates alongside Jamboree on the Air (JOTA) and is an official event of the World Organization of the Scout Movement.

Jamboree on the Trail, known by its acronym JOTT, is a co-ordinated international Scouting activity held annually, following on the idea of the Join-in events from the World Jamboree Year. Scouts from all over the world simultaneously participate in their local area by holding a hiking event. The event takes place on an annual basis on the 2nd Saturday in May.

National Scout jamboree (Boy Scouts of America) American quadrennial event of the scouting youth movement

The National Scout jamboree is a gathering, or jamboree, of thousands of members of the Boy Scouts of America, usually held every four years and organized by the National Council of the Boy Scouts of America. Referred to as "the Jamboree", "Jambo", or NSJ, Scouts from all over the nation and world have the opportunity to attend. They are considered to be one of several unique experiences that the Boy Scouts of America offers. The first jamboree was scheduled to be held in 1935 in Washington, D.C. to celebrate the 25th anniversary of Scouting, but was delayed two years after being cancelled due to a polio outbreak. The 1937 jamboree in Washington attracted 25,000 Scouts, who camped around the Washington Monument and Tidal Basin. The event was covered extensively by national media and attended by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Jamboree Scouting event

In Scouting, a jamboree is a large gathering of Scouts who rally at a national or international level.

Scout Association of Hong Kong

The Scout Association of Hong Kong is the largest scouting organisation in Hong Kong. Scout training was first introduced in Hong Kong in 1909 and 1910 by the Protestant based Boys' Brigade, Chums Scout Patrols and British Boy Scouts. The Catholic St. Joseph's College, formed its Boy Scout Troop in 1913, and registered with the Boy Scouts Association of the United Kingdom in 1914. The Boy Scouts Association formed its Hong Kong Local Association in July 1915 which became its Hong Kong Branch. After changes to the name of the United Kingdom organisation in 1967, the branch name was changed to The Scout Association Hong Kong Branch. In 1977 The Scout Association of Hong Kong was constituted as an autonomous association and successor to The Scout Association's Hong Kong Branch and became the 111th member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM) in 1977.

Scouting and Guiding in Mainland China was reported as banned with the establishment of the People's Republic of China (PRC) by the Communist Party since 1949. Instead, the Young Pioneers of China and the Communist Youth League, led by the Communist Party, have become the dominant youth organization in mainland China for younger and older youth, respectively. However, China now has multiple and originally separate Scouting activities within its borders. In 2004, the Scout Club of Hainan (海南童子军俱乐部), borrowing heavily from Scouting in terms of emblems, uniforms and activities, was founded in Hainan Province; it is, however, not affiliated with worldwide Scouting. An attempt to organize a nationwide Scouting organization in Wuhan was ended by the government in 2004. The Scout Association of the People's Republic of China (中华人民共和国童军总会), founded in 2008 serves Venture Scouts in both genders as well as Rover Scouts. The Rover Explorer Service Association operate groups in China.

The World Federation of Independent Scouts (WFIS) is a non-governmental international Scouting organization with 82 affiliated Scout organizations in 41 countries. The affiliate Scout organizations collectively had an estimated 200,000 members in 3562 Scout Groups in 2010. WFIS was formed in Laubach, Germany, in 1996 by Lawrie Dring, a British Scouter with the independent Baden-Powell Scouts' Association (BPSA).

Scouting Nederland National Scout organisation of the Netherlands

Scouting Nederland is the national Scout organisation of the Netherlands with approximately 110,000 members (53,324 male and 54,663 female, 87,000 youth members, as of 2010.

Vietnamese Scout Association

The Vietnamese Scout Association is a youth organization that was established in Vietnam and active between 1930 and 1975. The association was recognized by the World Organization of the Scout Movement from 1957 to 1975.

Sri Lanka Scout Association

The Sri Lanka Scout Association, is a Scouting organization in Sri Lanka operated by the Ceylon Scout Council. The Ceylon Scout Council is a corporation formed by Act No 13 of 1957. The association became a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement in 1953. The coeducational Sri Lanka Scout Association has 33,709 members as of 2014. in 2016 the year that the National Organisation reached 104 years the Scouting Population in Sri Lanka had increased to 55,078 the growth taking place against the year 2015 was 29% which was a great achievement by the SLSA.

21st World Scout Jamboree

The 21st World Scout Jamboree was held in July and August 2007, and formed a part of the Scouting 2007 Centenary celebrations of the world Scout Movement. The event was hosted by the United Kingdom, as 2007 marked the 100th anniversary of the founding of Scouting on Brownsea Island.

Scouting 2007 Centenary

The Scouting 2007 Centenary comprised celebrations around the world in which Scouts celebrated 100 years of the world Scout movement. The original celebrations were focused on the United Kingdom, such as the camp on Brownsea Island, the birthplace of Scouting, and the 21st World Scout Jamboree in Chelmsford, Essex.

Bermuda Scout Association

The Scout Association of Bermuda is a branch of The Scout Association of the United Kingdom as Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory.

9th World Scout Jamboree

The 9th World Scout Jamboree, also known as the Jubilee Jamboree, was held at Sutton Park, Royal Town of Sutton Coldfield, Warwickshire, England, for twelve days during August, 1957. The Jamboree marked dual milestones as it was both the 50th anniversary of the Scouting movement since its inception at Brownsea Island and the 100th anniversary of the birth of Scouting's founder Robert Baden-Powell.

European Scout Jamboree European Scout Jamboree

The European Scout Jamboree is an international Scouting jamboree, which is organized at irregular times by the European Scout Region of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM).

Richard Middelkoop, a world leader in radio Scouting, served as the volunteer World Organizer of the World Scout Jamboree-On-The-Air (JOTA) and is now JOTA-JOTI World Organizer.

Leslie R. Mitchell

Leslie R. "Les" Mitchell, a Scouter and a radio amateur with the callsign G3BHK, was the founder of Jamboree-on-the-Air (JOTA), now considered the largest event scheduled by the World Organization of the Scout Movement annually.

The Asia-Pacific Scout Region of the World Organization of the Scout Movement has run or sponsored region-wide Asia-Pacific Scout Jamborees in its member countries, originally known as Pan-Pacific Jamborees.

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World Scout JamboreeJamboree on the Air and Jamboree on the InternetJamboree on the Trail