Serra da Canastra National Park

Last updated
Serra da Canastra National Park
Parque Nacional da Serra da Canastra
IUCN category II (national park)
Cachoeira da Casca d'Anta - 2014-02-10.jpg
Casca d-Anta Waterfall
Relief Map of Brazil.jpg
Red pog.svg
Nearest city Passos, Minas Gerais
Coordinates 20°16′S46°37′W / 20.27°S 46.61°W / -20.27; -46.61 Coordinates: 20°16′S46°37′W / 20.27°S 46.61°W / -20.27; -46.61
Area197,810 hectares (488,800 acres)
Designation National park
Created3 April 1972
Administrator ICMBio

Serra da Canastra National Park (Portuguese : Parque Nacional da Serra da Canastra) is a national park in the Canastra Mountains of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Contents

Location

Serra da Canastra National Park is in the south west of Minas Gerais to the north of Rio Grande. [1] It is in the Cerrado biome. The park was created by decree 70.355 on 3 April 1972, with 197,810 hectares (488,800 acres). It is administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio). [2] It lies in the municipalities of São Roque de Minas, Sacramento, Capitólio, Vargem Bonita, São João Batista do Glória and Delfinópolis in the state of Minas Gerais. [3] As of 2016 only 70,000 hectares (170,000 acres) of the park in the tableland of Canastra had been regularized, with former owners indemnified. [1]

Topology

The park lies on the watershed between the São Francisco and Paraná rivers. It preserves the headwaters of the São Francisco River, which flows east from the park. In the south it feeds the Rio Grande and in the north the Araguari River, which rises in the park and is a tributary of the Paranaíba River. The Rio Grande and Paranaíba flow west and join to form the Paraná. [1]

Altitude ranges from 750 to 1,490 metres (2,460 to 4,890 ft). [3] A road cuts through the highest part of the park from east to west for more than 60 kilometres (37 mi). [4] The park includes areas of scenic beauty such as cliffs with dramatic waterfalls, including the Casca D'anta, the first waterfall of the São Francisco River, with a drop of 186 metres (610 ft). Other attractions are the Garagem de Pedras and the Curral de Pedras. Lookout points can be accessed by car via dirt roads in good weather. The highest peaks are almost 1,500 metres (4,900 ft). [1]

Environment

Temperatures range from 1 to 29 °C (34 to 84 °F) and average 18 °C (64 °F). Average annual rainfall is 1,250 millimetres (49 in). [3]

Vegetation is mostly rocky fields and cerrado, with clumps of riparian forest in the valleys and ravines. [4]

There are 45 endemic species of flora. These include members of the genera Hololepis , Inulopsis , Aspilia , Senecio , Stomatanthes , Campuloclinium , Stevia , Chinolaena , Chrysolaena , Ichtthyothere , Lessigianthus , Sinningia , Eriope , Habranthus , Ilex , Agalinis and Eryngium . Flora also include Barbacenia fulva , Barbacenia lymansmithii , Chaetostoma canastrensis , Miconia angelana , Microlicia canastrensis , Microlicia flava , Microlicia scoparia , Microlicia sp. nov, Svitramia sp. and Tibouchina sp. nov.. [3]

Fauna include bush dog, pampas deer, maned wolf, giant anteater, lontra, titi, giant armadillo ( Priodontes maximus ), cougar, Brazilian merganser, king vulture, toco toucan ( Ramphastos toco ), guan, crested caracara ( Caracara plancus ), greater rhea and seriema. [4] Endemic herpetofauna are Hyla ibitiguara , Cinax canastrensis and Odontophrynus sp. [3]

Conservation

The park is classified as IUCN protected area category II (national park). It has the objectives of preserving natural ecosystems of great ecological relevance and scenic beauty, enabling scientific research, environmental education, outdoors recreation and eco-tourism. [3]

Protected birds include the cock-tailed tyrant (Alectrurus tricolor), vinaceous-breasted amazon (Amazona vinacea), black-masked finch (Coryphaspiza melanotis), Brazilian merganser (Mergus octosetaceus), lesser nothura (Nothura minor) and the dwarf tinamou (Taoniscus nanus). [2]

Other protected species include the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), cougar (Puma concolor), oncilla (Leopardus tigrinus), ocelot (Leopardus pardalis), colocolo (Leopardus colocolo), giant armadillo (Priodontes maximus), giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) and the frog Phyllomedusa ayeaye . [2]

Notes

    1. 1 2 3 4 Parque Nacional da Serra da Canastra – ICMBio.
    2. 1 2 3 Parque Nacional da Serra da Canastra – Chico Mendes.
    3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Unidade de Conservação ... MMA.
    4. 1 2 3 Parque Nacional da Serra da Canastra – Fazenda Passaredo.

    Sources

    Related Research Articles

    Chapada Diamantina National Park A national park in the Chapada Diamantina, Brazil

    The Chapada Diamantina National Park is a national park in the Chapada Diamantina region of the State of Bahia, Brazil. The terrain is rugged, and mainly covered by flora of the Caatinga biome.

    Caparaó National Park

    Caparaó National Park is a national park created in 1961 to protect the Caparaó Mountains, located on the border between Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo states in Brazil. Pico da Bandeira, one of the highest mountains in Brazil, is located there.

    Grande Sertão Veredas National Park

    The Grande Sertão Veredas National Park is a national park located on the border between the states of Minas Gerais and Bahia, Brazil.

    Serra do Cipó National Park

    The Serra do Cipó National Park is a national park in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Pantanal Matogrossense National Park

    The Pantanal Matogrossense National Park is a national park in the state of Mato Grosso at the border to Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

    Serra Geral National Park

    Serra Geral National Park is a national park in the states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina, Brazil.

    Serra do Pardo National Park

    The Serra do Pardo National Park is a National park in the state of Pará, Brazil.

    Chapada das Mesas National Park National Park in Brazil

    Chapada das Mesas National Park is a national park in the state of Maranhão, Brazil. It was created to preserve the untouched cerrado vegetation of the region, and as a barrier against the advance of farming.

    Cavernas do Peruaçu National Park

    Cavernas do Peruaçu National Park is a national park in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. It is noted for its large limestone caves.

    Sempre Vivas National Park

    Sempre Vivas National Park is a national park in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Serra do Itajaí National Park

    Serra do Itajaí Nacional Park is a national park in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil.

    Serra da Cutia National Park

    Serra da Cutia National Park is a national park in the state of Rondônia, Brazil.

    Anavilhanas National Park

    Anavilhanas National Park is a national park that encompasses a huge river archipelago in the Rio Negro in the state of Amazonas, Brazil. It is part of a World Heritage Site.

    Canastra Mountains

    The Canastra Mountains are a range of hills in the Minas Gerais state of southeastern Brazil. The headwaters of the São Francisco River begin at this range and it is the location of the Serra da Canastra National Park and the Casca d'Anta waterfall. The altitude ranges from 900 m to 1,496 m. Kimberlite sites in this range have proven to be a rich source of diamonds.

    Rio Novo National Park

    Rio Novo National Park is a national park in the state of Pará, Brazil.

    Serra do Gandarela National Park

    Serra do Gandarela National Park is a national park in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. It protects a mountainous region holding a remnant of Atlantic Forest that is an important source of water for the city of Belo Horizonte.

    Guaricana National Park

    The Guaricana National Park is a national park in the state of Paraná, Brazil. It protects a mountainous area holding a remnant of Atlantic Forest.

    Passa Quatro National Forest

    The Passa Quatro National Forest is a national forest in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. It contains an area of Atlantic Forest.

    Biribiri State Park

    The Biribiri State Park is a state park in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. It protects a mountainous region of cerrado. The park contains an abandoned village, once home to workers in a textile factory, which is now a tourist attraction.

    Grão Mogol State Park

    The Grão Mogol State Park is a state park in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. It protects an area of high, mountainous terrain with cerrado vegetation, important as a source of water in a region with a dry climate.