Short-tailed blue

Last updated

Short-tailed blue
Everes argiades1.jpg
Cupido argiades female dorsal.jpg
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Lycaenidae
Genus: Cupido
Species:
C. argiades
Binomial name
Cupido argiades
(Pallas, 1771)
Synonyms
  • Everes argiades
  • Papilio argiades
  • Elkalyce argiades

The short-tailed blue or tailed Cupid (Cupido argiades) [1] is a butterfly that forms part of the family Lycaenidae. It is found from Europe to Japan and in India.

Contents

Description

The male has a violet upperside, a violet forewing with brown edging, and a violet hindwing with a brown edging of varying length. The wings have black spots, some of which have slight white edging. The tail is black with a white tip. The underside of the wings are white or brownish grey, the markings prominent or very faint. The antennae are black with white speckling on the shafts. The body is brown with a purple flush on fresh specimens.

The female has a dark grey-blue upperside, with black parts and broader edging. The undersides of the wings are like those of the male but with more stark markings. The body is like that of the male but without the purple flush.

Specimens from very dry localities in Upper Burma and from Great Nicobar Island are remarkably small and pale, with the markings on the underside, especially the subtornal ochraceous yellow patch, more or less obsolescent. [2]

Distribution

In the Palearctic it is found from north of Spain via Central Europe, Southern Europe and Eastern Europe then east to Central Asia and Japan. It is missing in much of Italy and the south of Greece and Turkey. The butterfly flies from May to September depending on the location. An isolated population in Southern Armenia [3] is on wing starting from late April. In the Oriental region it is found in India.

Habitat

From sea level up to a height of about 1500 meters in meadows, forest edge habitats, woodland clearings and glades but only where there is with flower cover.

Life cycle

The larva is light green with a dark stripe on the back and dark streaks on the sides, with some brownish and white spots. It feeds on legume plants, including Lotus uliginosus . [2] Lotus corniculatus , Lotus pedunculatus , Securigera varia , Medicago sativa , Trifolium pratense , Astragalus glycyphyllos and Ulex europaeus

The pupa is the same color as the larva or darker and black-spotted. [2]

See also

Related Research Articles

<i>Abisara echerius</i> Species of butterfly

Abisara echerius, the plum Judy, is a small but striking butterfly found in Asia belonging to the Punches and Judies family (Riodinidae). It is difficult to distinguish it from Abisara bifasciata.

<i>Leptotes plinius</i> Species of butterfly

Leptotes plinius, the zebra blue or plumbago blue, is a species of blue butterfly (Lycaenidae) found in Sri Lanka, India to Australia. The species was first described by Johan Christian Fabricius in 1793.

<i>Zizula hylax</i> Species of butterfly

Zizula hylax, 'the Tiny grass blue' is a species of blue butterfly.

<i>Tarucus ananda</i> Species of butterfly

Tarucus ananda, the dark Pierrot, is a small butterfly found in India that belongs to the lycaenids or blues family. It was formerly placed in the genus Castalius, and with the delimitation of Castalius versus Tarucus being not fully resolved this may well be correct.

<i>Azanus ubaldus</i> Species of butterfly

Azanus ubaldus, the bright babul blue, desert babul blue, or velvet-spotted blue, is a small butterfly found in India, the Middle East and Africa that belongs to the lycaenids or blues family.

<i>Azanus jesous</i> Species of butterfly

Azanus jesous, the African babul blue or topaz-spotted blue, is a small butterfly found in Africa, Egypt, Syria, India, Sri Lanka and Myanmar that belongs to the lycaenids or blues family.

<i>Jamides celeno</i> Species of butterfly

Jamides celeno, the common cerulean, is a small butterfly found in Indomalayan realm belonging to the lycaenids or blues family. The species was first described by Pieter Cramer in 1775.

<i>Jamides kankena</i> Species of butterfly

Jamides kankena, the glistening cerulean, is a small butterfly found in India that belongs to the lycaenids or blues family.

<i>Anthene emolus</i> Species of butterfly

Anthene emolus, the ciliate blue, is a small butterfly found in India and southeast Asia that belongs to the lycaenids or blues family. The species was first described by Jean-Baptiste Godart in 1823.

<i>Petrelaea dana</i> Species of butterfly

Petrelaea dana, the dingy lineblue, is a species of lycaenid butterfly found in Indomalayan realm.

<i>Nacaduba kurava</i> Species of butterfly

Nacaduba kurava, the transparent six-line blue, is a Lycaenidae butterfly found in Asia and Australia. The species was first described by Frederic Moore in 1857.

<i>Prosotas nora</i> Species of butterfly

Prosotas nora, the common lineblue, is a species of lycaenid butterfly found in Asia to Australia. The species was first described by Rudolf Felder in 1860.

<i>Nacaduba pavana</i> Species of butterfly

Nacaduba pavana, the small four-line blue or Singapore four-line blue, is a species of lycaenid butterfly found in Southeast Asia.

<i>Prosotas aluta</i> Species of butterfly

Prosotas aluta, the banded lineblue, is a species of blue butterfly (Lycaenidae) found in Asia. The species was first described by Herbert Druce in 1873.

<i>Ionolyce helicon</i> Species of insect

Ionolyce helicon, the pointed lineblue, or bronze lineblue, is a small butterfly found in the Indomalayan realm that belongs to the lycaenids or blues family.

<i>Pamiria omphisa</i> Species of butterfly

Pamiria omphisa, the dusky green underwing, is a species of blue (Lycaenidae) butterfly found in Asia.

<i>Agriades jaloka</i> Species of butterfly

Agriades jaloka, the Jaloka mountain blue, is a butterfly in the family Lycaenidae. It is found in Asia.

<i>Zeltus</i> Monotypic butterfly genus in family Lycaenidae

Zeltus is a butterfly genus in the family Lycaenidae, the blues. It is monotypic containing the species Zeltus amasa, the fluffy tit, a small butterfly found in Indomalayan realm. The butterfly is found in India, specially the Western Ghats, Sikkim to Assam. It can also be found in Myanmar, Thailand, West Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Java and the Philippines.

<i>Cupido alcetas</i> Species of butterfly

Cupido alcetas, the Provençal short-tailed blue, is a small butterfly that belongs to the family Lycaenidae.

Lycaena violacea is a small butterfly found in the Palearctic that belongs to the lycaenids or blues family.

References

  1. Cupido argiades, funet.fi
  2. 1 2 3 Bingham, C.T. (1907). The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. II (1st ed.). London: Taylor and Francis, Ltd. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. Butterfly Conservation Armenia http://www.butterfly-conservation-armenia.org/cupido-argiades.html