Silvia Pinal

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Silvia Pinal
Silvia Pinal (1970).jpg
Pinal in 1970
Born
Silvia Pinal Hidalgo

(1931-09-12) 12 September 1931 (age 87)
OccupationActress, singer, stage and television producer, politician
Years active1949–present
Spouse(s)
Children Sylvia Pasquel
Viridiana Alatriste
Alejandra Guzmán
Luis Enrique Guzmán
Parent(s)Moises Pasquel
María Luisa Hidalgo

Silvia Pinal Hidalgo (born 12 September 1931) is a Mexican film, theater and television actress.

Mexico Country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the tenth most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.

Contents

Pinal began her career in the theater. In 1949 she ventures into the cinema. Pinal reached popularity during the so-called Golden Age of Mexican cinema. Her film work and popularity in her native country, lead her to work in Europe (Spain and Italy). Pinal will achieve international recognition by starring in a famous film trilogy by director Luis Buñuel: Viridiana (1961), El ángel exterminador (1962) and Simón del desierto (1965).

Golden Age of Mexican cinema

The Golden Age of Mexican cinema is a period in the history of the Cinema of Mexico between 1933 and 1964 when the Mexican film industry reached high levels of production, quality and economic success of its films, besides having gained recognition internationally. The Mexican film industry became the center of commercial films in Latin America.

Europe Continent in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.

Spain Kingdom in Southwest Europe

Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory. The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.

In addition to her outstanding career in film, Pinal has also excelled in other areas. She was a pioneer of the Musical theatre in Mexico [1] in addition to venturing into television, as an actress and producer. At one point in her life, Pinal also ventured into politics and held some public office in her native country. Her career spans over sixty years and she's still active as of 2019.

Musical theatre work that combines songs, music, spoken dialogue, acting, and dance

Musical theatre is a form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting and dance. The story and emotional content of a musical – humor, pathos, love, anger – are communicated through the words, music, movement and technical aspects of the entertainment as an integrated whole. Although musical theatre overlaps with other theatrical forms like opera and dance, it may be distinguished by the equal importance given to the music as compared with the dialogue, movement and other elements. Since the early 20th century, musical theatre stage works have generally been called, simply, musicals.

Early life

Silvia Pinal Hidalgo was born in Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico on September 12, 1931. Her parents were María Luisa Hidalgo Aguilar and Moisés Pasquel. Pasquel was an orchestra conductor at the Mexican radio station XEW. Silvia's mother became pregnant with Pasquel when she was only 15 years old. Her father did not recognize her and Silvia knew him until she was 11 years old. [2] On the part of her biological father, Silvia had three more brothers: Eugenio, Moisés and Virginia. however, Pinal never treated the Pasquel family. [3] Pinal spent her first years behind the counter of a seafood restaurant located near the XEW where her mother worked. When Pinal was five years old, her mother married Luis G. Pinal, whom they called "El Caballero Pinal", a journalist, military man and politician twenty years older than her. Pinal recognized Silvia as his daughter. Mr. Pinal had three more daughters from a previous marriage: Mercedes, Beatriz and Eugenia. Her adoptive father held several public positions in Mexico. He was municipal president of Tequisquiapan, Querétaro. The family lived in several cities of Mexico as Querétaro, Acapulco, Monterrey, Chilpancingo, Cuernavaca and Puebla, to finally settle in Mexico City.

Guaymas city in Sonora, Mexico

Guaymas is a city in Guaymas Municipality, in the southwest part of the state of Sonora, in northwestern Mexico. The city is 117 km south of the state capital of Hermosillo, and 242 miles from the U.S. border. The municipality is located on the Gulf of California and the western edge of the Sonoran Desert and has a hot, dry climate and 117 km of beaches. The municipality’s formal name is Guaymas de Zaragoza and the city’s formal name is the Heróica Ciudad de Guaymas.

Sonora State of Mexico

Sonora, officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora, is one of 31 states that, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 federal entities of United Mexican States. It is divided into 72 municipalities; the capital city is Hermosillo. Sonora is bordered by the states of Chihuahua to the east, Baja California to the northwest and Sinaloa to the south. To the north, it shares the U.S.–Mexico border with the states of Arizona and New Mexico, and on the west has a significant share of the coastline of the Gulf of California.

XEW-AM radio station in Mexico City, Mexico, which serves as the originating station for other "W-Radio" stations around Mexico

XEW-AM is a radio station in Mexico City, Mexico, broadcasting on the AM frequency of 900 kHz; it is branded as W Radio. XEW-AM serves as the originating station for other "W-Radio" stations around Mexico that carry some of its programs. The programming on XEW-AM is also simulcast on Mexico City FM radio station 96.9 XEW-FM.

Pinal was fascinated by the show since she was a child. In addition to film and music, she liked to write and recite poems. [4] She studied first at Pestalozzi College in Cuernavaca, and then at the Washington Institute in Mexico City. Despite her artistic aspirations, her father conditioned her to study "something useful" and learned typing. At age 14 she started working at Kodak as a secretary. [5]

Kodak American photographic and film company

The Eastman Kodak Company is an American technology company that produces camera-related products with its historic basis on photography. The company is headquartered in Rochester, New York, and is incorporated in New Jersey. Kodak provides packaging, functional printing, graphic communications and professional services for businesses around the world. Its main business segments are Print Systems, Enterprise Inkjet Systems, Micro 3D Printing and Packaging, Software and Solutions, and Consumer and Film. It is best known for photographic film products.

Silvia wanted to study opera. She began to prepare taking classes with a private teacher and then with Professor Reyes Retana. Her first step towards fame occurred when she was invited to participate in a beauty pageant. In this contest Silvia obtained the title of Student Princess of Mexico. In her coronation she met the actors Rubén Rojo and Manolo Fábregas, with whom she became close friends. [6] While studying bel canto, Silvia went to work as a secretary in the pharmaceutical laboratories Carlos Stein. At the music academy, Silvia auditioned for get a role in the opera La Traviata. However, this hearing was a failure. Then her teacher encouraged her to take acting courses in the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes. In that academy, she was a student of figures such as Carlos Pellicer, Salvador Novo and Xavier Villaurrutia. [7] ≠ She debuted as an extra in a performance of A Midsummer Night's Dream , by William Shakespeare. [8]

Rubén Rojo (1922–1993) was a Spanish-born Mexican actor. He emigrated to Mexico where he participated in the Golden age of Mexican cinema.

Manolo Fábregas Spanish-Mexican actor

Manolo Fábregas (1921–1996) was a Spanish-born Mexican film actor. He was from an established acting family. His grandmother was Virginia Fábregas while his mother was Fanny Schiller, with whom he appeared in the western film The Tiger of Jalisco in 1947.

Carlos Pellicer Cámara, born in Villahermosa, Tabasco, was part of the first wave of modernist Mexican poets and was active in the promotion of Mexican art and picture ,literature. An enthusiastic traveller, his work is filled with depictions of nature, and a certain sexual energy that is shared with his contemporary, Octavio Paz.

Career

Beginning

Silvia continued working in the pharmaceutical products firm, in her advertising department. Her boss, knowing that she was studying acting, gave her the opportunity to participate in the recording of some radio comedies in the XEQ. She debuted in the comedy Dos pesos la dejada. [9]

At the radio station, she met some publicists, who invited her to be part of an experimental company. She made her debut in that company with a role in the play Los Caprichos de Goya. The director of this work was the Mexican actor and director, of Cuban origin Rafael Banquells, with whom Silvia begins an employment relationship and a close friendship that led to romance. Rafael Banquells got the master Carlos Laverne to allow them to use the Ideal Theater of Mexico City for their productions. Laverne chose Silvia to participate in a montage with the company of the Ideal Theater, directed by the Spanish actress Isabelita Blanch. The work was called Nuestra Natacha. Silvia acted in numerous works of this company. Her first star work was Un sueño de cristal. [10]

Film

Just fifteen days after she debuted in the theater, Pinal made her debut in the cinema with a brief role in the film Bamba (1949), starring Carmen Montejo and directed by Miguel Contreras Torres. Contreras Torres had seen her work at the Ideal Theatre and invited her to take part in the project. Contreras Torres was a tough and strict director who made Pinal suffer for her inexperience. Eventually, in that same year, she performed in the film El pecado de Laura, directed by Julián Soler and starring Meche Barba. In that film she works for the first time in cinema with Rafael Banquells, who at that time was already her husband. Immediately she made another small role in the film Escuela para casadas, by Miguel Zacarías. Silvia meets and works for the first time with the popular actor and singer Pedro Infante in the film La mujer que yo perdí. The actor and comedian Mario Moreno Cantinflas (her wedding godfather), chooses Silvia as his co-star in the film El portero (1949), which was a very big step for the young and new actress. But her first solid step towards popularity was her intervention in the comedy El rey del barrio (1949), where she formed a great comic pair with Germán Valdés "Tin-Tán", directed by Gilberto Martínez Solares. Pinal and Tin Tán will act together in two more films: La marca del zorrillo (1950) and Me traes de un ala (1952). Pinal participates in small roles in several more films.

Pinal receives her first major recognition, her first Silver Ariel Award as a co-starring actress, for her performance in the film Un rincón cerca del cielo (1952), where she works again with Pedro Infante. In 1952, she performed with Joaquín Pardavé in the comedies Doña Mariquita de mi corazón] and El casto Susano.

In 1953, Pinal signs a contract with the FILMEX studios of Gregorio Walerstein, who gives her first stellar works in the films Reventa de esclavas (1953) and Yo soy muy macho ( 1953). In that same year, she made her first musical work with the film Mis tres viudas alegres, where she shares credits with Lilia del Valle and the Cuban rumbera Amalia Aguilar. The success of the film led the three actresses to star in the same year the comedy Las cariñosas. In that same year, she acts with Libertad Lamarque in Si volvieras a mí

Pinal achieved success and recognition in 1954, after participating in the film Un extraño en la escalera, directed by Tulio Demicheli, and starring opposite Arturo de Córdova. De Córdova wanted as his co-stars the Italian actress Gina Lollobrigida or the Cuban rumbera Rosa Carmina, because he distrusted Pinal because of her youth. With the support of the producer Gregorio Walerstein, Silvia made a change of image, highlighting her sex appeal, which helps her to be approved by De Cordova for the film. The film was filmed in Havana, Cuba and it was a remarkable blockbuster, which consecrates Pinal as the first figure in the cinema. [11]

Another director who knew how to make the most of Silvia's histrionic abilities was Alberto Gout. Under the baton of Gout, Silvia makes the film La sospechosa (1954). Another outstanding movie in which Pinal participates is Historia de un abrigo de mink (1954), episodic film that Pinal co-stars with the actresses María Elena Marqués, Columba Domínguez and Irasema Dilián. With Tito Davison as director, Pinal also films the Mexican-Spanish-Chilean co-production Cabo de Hornos (1955), along with the actor Jorge Mistral. Pinal will work again with Pedro Infante, but this time as his co-star in the famous comedy El inocente (1955).

Pinal will film several films by Tulio Demicheli. Among the most outstanding is Locura pasional (1955), which would bring her first Silver Ariel award as best actress. The second would come thanks to her role in the film La dulce enemiga (1957), directed by Tito Davison. In 1956, Pinal starred in the film Una cita de amor (1956), where he works for the first and only time under the direction of the director Emilio Fernández.

The popularity and success of Pinal in Mexico opens the doors for him to work in Europe following the advice of Tulio Demicheli. Her first work in the Old Continent is in the Spanish-Mexican co-production Las locuras de Bárbara (1958), directed by Demicheli. From the hand of Demicheli Silvia stars in Spain the musical film Charleston.

Given the success of her films in Europe, Silvia is invited to work in Italy, where she also serves as producer of the film Men and Noblemen (1959), which stars next to Vittorio de Sica and Elke Sommer.

Pinal and Elke Sommer in the Italian film Men and Noblemen (1959). Silvia Pinal & Elke Sommer.JPG
Pinal and Elke Sommer in the Italian film Men and Noblemen (1959).

Under the direction of José María Forqué, Silvia stars in Spain the film Maribel y la extraña familia (1960). In 1961 he filmed the Spanish musical film Adiós, Mimí Pompom, next to Fernando Fernán Gómez.

Pinal will achieve international acclaim through a trilogy of films that marks the end of the Mexican era of the Spanish filmmaker Luis Buñuel. Pinal had her first contact with Buñuel through Mexican actor Ernesto Alonso, with the firm intention of starring in the film version of the novel Tristana . However, the little commercial success of Buñuel's films prevented the producers from financing the project, which ended up collapsing (Buñuel filmed the film years later in Spain with Catherine Deneuve). [12]

Years later, Pinal, with the help of her second husband, producer Gustavo Alatriste, looked for Buñuel in Spain and convinced him to film Viridiana (1961). This, without a doubt, is her most famous film. She was co-starred by Francisco Rabal and Fernando Rey, and was the winner of the Palme d'Or at the prestigious Cannes Film Festival. Despite the success and prestige enjoyed by the film, at the time, was rejected by the Spanish censorship and the Vatican, accusing it of blasphemy. The Spanish government ordered its destruction. Only the intervention of Pinal, who fled with a copy to Mexico, saved the film. [13] In Mexico, Vatican censorship had also resonated. However, with the help of Salvador Novo, the film premiered in some rooms.

Her second film with Buñuel was El ángel exterminador (1962), which Pinal starred in with a choral cast. The film also received critical acclaim worldwide. In 2004, the New York Times recognized it among the best films of all time. [14]

Her third and last project with Buñuel was Simón del desierto (1964). The film, misrepresented as a medium-length film, was originally conceived to be an episodic film. Pinal and Gustavo Alatriste looked for Federico Fellini to direct a second episode, but Fellini accepted with the condition that his wife, Giulietta Masina, starred him. Jules Dassin was then sought, who likewise accepted on the condition that she was starred by his wife Melina Mercouri. Pinal also rejected this request. The idea was that Pinal starred in all the episodes of the film, so the project ended up filming only with Buñuel. [15] In the film Pinal also made the first nude of her career, something still rare in Mexican cinema and also the first naked of Buñuel's cinema. [16]

Pinal was also on the verge of starring with Buñuel the film Diary of a Chambermaid , in France. Pinal learned French and was willing to charge nothing for her participation. However, the French producer Serge Silberman ended up choosing Jeanne Moreau. [17] Even so, Silvia Pinal (along with Lilia Prado), is the actress with whom Buñuel worked the most, with a total of three classic films. Pinal was also going to shoot with Buñuel in Spain Divinas palabras, but there were problems with copyrights. Years later, Pinal was finally able to do it in Mexico with another director.

After her work with Buñuel, Pinal returns to the cinema with the comedy Buenas noches, Año Nuevo (1965), where she alternates with Ricardo Montalban. In 1966 she made the mythical film La soldadera, directed by José Bolaños and inspired by the events of the Mexican Revolution. In that same year he participated in the Mexican-Brazilian co-production Juego peligroso, directed by Luis Alcoriza and based on a script by Gabriel García Márquez. She also appeared in the Franco-Italian-Mexican co-production La bataille de san sebastian , along with Anthony Quinn and Charles Bronson. In 1967 Pinal films Shark! , together Burt Reynolds and directed by Samuel Fuller. This is the only Hollywood production in which Pinal has appeared. Pinal achieved a huge blockbuster with the film María Isabel (1968), based on a popular cartoon by Yolanda Vargas Dulché.

Between the late 1960s and early 1970s, Pinal mainly made comic films directed by the filmmaker René Cardona Jr.. In 1976, Pinal stars in Las mariposas disecadas, a thriller of psychological suspense. In 1977 he finally starred in the controversial film Divinas palabras (1977), directed by Juan Ibáñez, a film where she makes an integral nude.

At the end of the seventies and the beginning of the eighties, Silvia filmed some films in Spain, Italy and Argentina as part of a project by Televisa to unify the Spanish and Latin American markets.

After ten years of absence in the cinema, Silvia returns in 1992 with the tape Modelo antiguo, directed by Raul Araiza. The decline of Mexican cinema and the activity of Silvia on television and other media (such as politics), make her practically withdraw from the big screen. In recent years, her film appearances are limited to films Ya no los hacen como antes (2002), and a brief special appearance on the movie Tercera llamada ( 2013).

Stage

Pinal made her debut at the theater in the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes. Eventually she did experimental plays, to then work at the Ideal Theater in Mexico City, in the company of the Spanish actress Isabelita Blanch, where she was directed in numerous productions by Rafael Banquells.

Outside of this company, in 1950 participates in the playCelos del aire, with Manolo Fábregas and Carmen Montejo. In that same year she represented Doña Inés in Don Juan Tenorio , next to Jorge Mistral. Of her most outstanding plays from the beginning of her career stand out The Madwoman of Chaillot , next to Prudencia Griffel and El cuadrante de la soledad, by José Revueltas, with sets by the artist Diego Rivera. In 1954, Pinal participates in the play La Sed, with Ernesto Alonso and the Argentinean actor Pedro López Lagar. In 1955 she obtained the recognition in the theater scene in the assembly Anna Christie , along with Wolf Ruvinskis. In 1957 Silvia staged the play Desnúdate, Lucrecia, in Chile, next to Jorge Mistral, who eventually starred in the cinema in Mexico.

In 1958, Pinal was responsible for producing in Mexico the first Musical comedy Bells Are Ringing , directed by Luis de Llano Palmer. For this work, Pinal had an offer to work on Broadway with the manager of Judy Holliday, but Pinal refused to cut her career in Mexico. [18]

In 1964 she made the Mexican version of the musical Irma La Douce , alongside Julio Alemán and directed by Enrique Rambal. José Luis Ibáñez will end up becoming her head theater director. Under the baton of Ibañez, Pinal starred in the work Vidas privadas. One of her most memorable works in musical comedy, was the Mexican version of Mame , successful Broadway musical, which thanks to her success, Pinal rode three times (1972, 1985 and 1989). In 1976 he also starred in the musical Annie Get Your Gun .

In 1977, to commemorate her twenty-five year career, Pinal set up her own cabaret show entitled ¡Felicidades Silvia!. The show was presented with great success, first at the nightclub El Patio, and then at the Teatro de la Ciudad in Mexico City.

In 1978, she starred in the musical Plaza Suite . The death of her daughter Viridiana, truncated the theatrical project Agnes of God , which starred together in 1982. [19] In 1983, Pinal starred in and produced the Mexican montage of the work La señorita de Tacna, based on the work of Mario Vargas Llosa. In 1985, while serving as First Lady of the state of Tlaxcala, Pinal remodeled the Xicohténcatl Theater, which reopened with the assembly The memories of the Divine Sarah. In 1986, Pinal starred in the work Anna Karenina , which despite the success obtained, was not to the liking of the actress, and the assembly only reached 100 performances.

In 1988, in association with Margarita López Portillo, Pinal acquired the Cine Estadio, located in Colonia Roma in Mexico City, transforming it into its own theatrical venue, the Silvia Pinal Theater, a space dedicated mainly to musical comedy. which Pinal was free to set up her own productions. [20] The Silvia Pinal Theater was inaugurated in 1989 with the third representation of the musical Mame, with Pinal at the head of the cast.

In 1992, Pinal acquired the former Cine Versalles, located in Colonia Juarez in Mexico City and turned it into his second theater, the Diego Rivera Theater. The Diego Rivera Theater was inaugurated in 1991 with the assembly Lettice and Lovage .

In 1996, Silvia returns to the musical theater with the second Mexican version of Hello, Dolly! opposite Ignacio López Tarso. The last work that Pinal starred in her previous theater was Gypsy (1998), starring alongside her daughter, the singer Alejandra Guzmán.

As a producer, she was responsible for making the Mexican versions of the musicals A Chorus Line (1989), Cats (1991) and La Cage aux Folles (1992). Unfortunately, several problems caused Pinal to close the Silvia Pinal Theater, which stopped functioning in 2000 to become a religious temple.

Pinal returned to the theater in 2002 with the play Debiera haber obispas. In recent dates she has also participated in productions such as Adorables enemigas (2008) and Amor, dolor y lo que puesto (2012). In 2014, the Diego Rivera Theater changed its name to become the new Silvia Pinal Theatre. [21]

Television

Pinal dabbled in television since its appearance in Mexico, in the early 1950s. In 1952, she participated in her television show titled Con los brazos abiertos. Eventually she participates in numerous telecasts, produced by Luis de Llano Palmer. That's where Pinal first introduced the use of playback on Mexican television. [22]

In the mid-sixties, Silvia staged her own comic-musical show on Televisa entitled Los especiales de Silvia Pinal. When Silvia married the actor and singer Enrique Guzmán, both produced and starred in the variety show Silvia y Enrique (a comedy-musical program in the style of The Sonny & Cher Comedy Hour ), which presented during four years (1968-1972) with a great success. Once separated from Guzmán, Silvia continued with her variety show titled ¡Ahora Silvia!!.

In 1985, she became a producer and presenter of the TV show Mujer, casos de la vida real . Initially, the show was created to respond to cases and needs of the public focused on locating victims of the 1985 earthquake in Mexico City. With the passage of time, the show evolved to present current issues and daily life that included from domestic violence to legal issues and public health. This production was a success and lasted more than 20 years transmitting in Mexico, Spain, Italy and several countries in Latin America. The program was canceled in 2007.

In 2009 Silvia also participated in a chapter of the series Mujeres asesinas .

In 1968, Pinal makes his debut in telenovelas with the historical telenovela Los caudillos, inspired by the events of the War of Independence of Mexico. The telenovela was produced by Ernesto Alonso. Her second foray into the genre was with the telenovela ¿Quién? (1973), produced by Guillermo Diazayas and based on a cartoon by Yolanda Vargas Dulché.

Eventually, Silvia decided to produce her own telenovelas, her first hit being Mañana es primavera (1982), the last acting work of her daughter Viridiana, before dying. In 1985 he also produced and starred in Eclipse.

Her last works in television have been in special participations in various telenovelas and television series. The most relevant ones are Carita de ángel (2000), in which she went on to replace the actress Libertad Lamarque, who at the time of her death left her character unfinished in this childhood melodrama), Fuego en la sangre (2008), Soy tu dueña (2010) and Mi marido tiene familia (2017).

In addition to the aforementioned telenovelas that she starred, Pinal also produced the melodramas Cuando los hijos van (1983) and Tiempo de amar (1987).

Politics

Pinal dabbled in the world of politics as a result of her fourth marriage, with the politician Tulio Hernández Gómez, who was governor of the State of Tlaxcala. Between 1981 and 1987, Pinal was the First Lady of that state. Eventually she became a member of the Partido Revolucionario Institucional and was elected to federal deputy in 1991. [23] Later, she became a senator and member of the Asamblea de Representantes del Distrito Federal. In these positions, Pinal had some achievements. Among the most outstanding are to achieve that the Cinematographic Law contemplate the right of interpreter, worked on the Law of Condominiums and the Law of Tourism, did tasks in favor of ecology, promoted the dissemination of theater books and fought for the Ministry of Finance to lower taxes on the theater. [24]

Since the fifties, Pinal actively participated in trade union movements of the actors of his country. She was part of the group "Rosa Mexicano" , founded by Dolores del Río. Between 1988 and 1995, Pinal became a leader of the National Association of Interpreters (A.N.D.I.) of Mexico.

Pinal had problems with justice in the year 2000 due to problems in her management as leader of the Association of Theater Producers (Protea) in the early 1990s. For this reason the actress lived some time in Miami, United States. [25] After eleven months, the actress was declared innocent and returned to her country. [26]

Between 2010 and 2014, Pinal also served as General Secretary of the Screen Actors Guild of México (ANDA) of Mexico. [27]

In an attempt to protect the mature actors, she became the founder of the Asociación Rafael Banquells, in charge of providing non-profit help to the interpreters. As president of the association, Pinal is in charge of the delivery of the Bravo Awards to the highlights in music, film, theater, radio, television, dubbing and commercial realization during the year. The awards are given annually since 1991.

Personal life

Silvia Pinal Statue in Mexico City, Mexico SilviaPinalStatue.JPG
Silvia Pinal Statue in Mexico City, Mexico

Pinal has been married four times, and has procreated four children. Her first marriage was with the actor and director Rafael Banquells, who was her first formal boyfriend. Pinal married Banquells in 1947. Pinal acknowledges that her marriage at such an early age was partly due to escape from her father's repression: "I changed my father for a softer one that stimulated me in my career." The couple divorced in 1952, a year after the birth of their daughter, Sylvia Pasquel, who later consolidated an outstanding career as an actress. [28]

Her second marriage was with the businessman and film producer Gustavo Alatriste. Pinal has revealed on numerous occasions that Alatriste was the love of her life, a husband with whom she could have stayed forever. Silvia met Alatriste at a meeting at Ernesto Alonso's house when he was about to divorce the actress Ariadne Welter. It was thanks to Alatriste that Pinal was able to make her film projects with Luis Buñuel. The marriage ended in 1967 due to Alatriste's infidelities and business problems between the couple. [29] Of her relationship with Alatriste was born a daughter, also actress Viridiana Alatriste (born in 1963). Unfortunately, Viridiana died tragically in a car accident in Mexico City in 1982, only 19 years old. [30]

Her third marriage was with the popular singer and idol of Rock and roll Enrique Guzmán. Pinal and Guzmán met when he came as a guest on the Pinal's television show ¡Ahora Silvia!. Pinal and Guzmán were married in 1967 despite some resistance from Pinal being 11 years older than her husband. Their marriage lasted nine years. They worked together and procreated two children: the popular singer Alejandra Guzmán (born in 1968) and the musician and composer Luis Enrique Guzmán (born in 1970). [31]

Her last marriage was with the politician, and then governor of the state of Tlaxcala, Tulio Hernández Gómez. The couple married in 1982. It was through Hernández that Pinal entered the world of politics. Pinal and Hernandez divorced in 1995.

In addition to her marriages, at various times in her life, Pinal held various romances. In 1954, when filming Un extraño en la escalera, Pinal fell in love with her co-star, the actor Arturo de Córdova. [32] Others of her romances were with the Mexican businessman Emilio Azcárraga Milmo, [33] the Egyptian actor Omar Sharif [34] and with the American businessman Conrad Nicholson Hilton, Jr.. [35]

With the passage of time, Silvia Pinal has become the head of one of the most famous artistic dynasties in Latin America. Her daughters Sylvia and Viridiana followed in her footsteps as an actress. The youngest of her daughters, Alejandra, is one of the most popular singers in Mexico. Alejandra’s daughter Frida Sofia is also a model, currently living in Miami Fl. In addition, her granddaughter Stephanie Salas (daughter of Sylvia) has also forged a career as an actress and singer. Stephanie's daughters, Michelle Salas and Camila Valero, are both models and actresses. [36]

Awards and honors

Filmography

Telenovelas

Films

Stage

Stage (producer)

Bibliography

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Gustavo Alatriste was a Mexican actor, director, and producer of films. He was married from 1961 through 1967 to the actress Silvia Pinal. They had one daughter, actress Viridiana Alatriste (1963–1982).

<i>Viridiana</i> 1961 film by Luis Buñuel

Viridiana is a 1961 Spanish-Mexican film directed by Luis Buñuel and produced by Gustavo Alatriste. It is loosely based on Halma, a novel by Benito Pérez Galdós.

Angélica María Mexican actress

Angélica María Hartman Ortiz, known professionally as Angélica María, "La novia de Mexico", is an American-born Mexican singer-songwriter and actress.

Angélica Espinoza Stransky, best known as Angélica Aragón is a Mexican film, television and stage actress and singer. She is daughter of the Mexican composer José Ángel Espinoza "Ferrusquilla". She is recognized for her performances in various Mexican film productions such as Cilantro y perejil (1997), Sexo, pudor y lágrimas (1999) and El crimen del Padre Amaro (2002) and in diverse American productions like A Walk in the Clouds (1995) and Dirty Dancing: Havana Nights (2002) among others. She is also famous for having starred in two famous Mexican telenovelas: Vivir un poco (1985) and Mirada de mujer (1997).

Blanca Portillo Spanish actress

Blanca Portillo Martínez de Velasco is a Spanish actress.

<i>Simon of the Desert</i> 1964 film by Luis Buñuel

Simon of the Desert is a 1965 film directed by Luis Buñuel. It is loosely based on the story of the ascetic 5th-century Syrian saint Simeon Stylites, who lived for 39 years on top of a column.

Meche Barba, was an American-born Mexican film actress and dancer of the Golden age of Mexican cinema in the 1940s and 1950s. She was considered one of the icons of the "Rumberas film".

Rocío Banquells singer, actress

Rocío Banquells is a Mexican pop singer and actress, best known for her work on television, the stage and cinema of Mexico and Latin America. Her mezzo voice is one of the most versatile voices from Mexico. She sings operetta, ranchera, rock, and ballads.

Cuando los hijos pecan also known as Cabaretera is a 1952 Mexican film. It was directed by Joselito Rodríguez and starring Meche Barba and Silvia Pinal.

Lucy Gallardo was an Argentine-born Mexican actress and screenwriter. She was best known for her numerous roles in Mexican cinema, as well as Mexico's telenovelas. Gallardo was the widow of Mexican actor Enrique Rambal.

Divinas palabras is a 1977 Mexican film directed by Juan Ibáñez and starring Silvia Pinal and Mario Almada. The film is based on the play of the same name by Spanish author Ramón del Valle-Inclán.

Sylvia Pasquel is a Mexican actress.

Mañana es primavera is a Mexican telenovela produced by Silvia Pinal for Televisa in 1982.

Anita Blanch Spanish television actor, film actor and stage actor (1910-1983)

Anita Blanch (1910–1983) was a Spanish-born, Mexican actress, who worked in the Golden Age of Mexican cinema. She was nominated for an Ariel Award from the Mexican Academy of Film three times and won the Best Supporting Actress Award from Diosa de Plata in 1963.

Evangelina Elizondo Mexican actress

Evangelina Elizondo was a Mexican actress from the Golden Age of Mexican cinema. She starred in movies, television and theater. She was an accomplished artist having studied at the National School of Painting and had a degree in theology. She wrote two books and recorded numerous albums. In 2014, she received a Premios Arlequín for her contributions to Mexican culture.

The Mark of the Skunk is a 1950 Mexican comedy film directed by Gilberto Martínez Solares and starring Germán Valdés, Silvia Pinal and Marcelo Chávez.

<i>Silvia Pinal, frente a ti</i>

Silvia Pinal, frente a ti is a Mexican biographical television series directed by Carla Estrada and Mónica Miguel based on the life of the Mexican producer and actress Silvia Pinal. It stars Itatí Cantoral as the titular character. The series premiered on Las Estrellas on 24 February 2019 and ended on 22 March 2019.

References

  1. Reforma.com: Silvia Pinal, pionneer of the Musical Theatre in Mexico
  2. TVyNovelas México: Silvia Pinal presents her autobiographic book
  3. Pinal, Silvia (2015). "Esta soy yo". México City: Editorial Porrúa. pp. 24, 25. ISBN   9786070921094.
  4. Pinal (1996), p. 15
  5. García Riera, Emilio (1996). El Cine de Silvia Pínl. Universidad de Guadalajara / Instituto Mexicano de Cinematografía. p. 20. ISBN   9688957143.
  6. Pinal (1996), p. 28
  7. Pinal (1996), p. 31
  8. García Riera (1996), p. 21
  9. García Riera (1996), p. 21
  10. García Riera (1996), p. 22
  11. García Riera (1996), p. 65-66
  12. Interview with Silvia Pinal: Viridiana
  13. Pinal (2015), p. 170
  14. The Film Critics of The New York Times (2004). "The Best 1,000 Movies Ever Made". The New York Times . Archived from the original on 22 May 2010.
  15. Interview with Silvia Pinal: Simón del desierto
  16. García Riera (1996), p. 108
  17. Taller de Actores Profesionales (TAP): Silvia Pinal
  18. Pinal (1996), p. 133
  19. Univisión.com: The Night Viridiana Alatriste dies
  20. The Musical Theatre in Latin America: Silvia Pinal
  21. Silvia Pinal returns with a new theatre
  22. García Riera (1996), p. 28
  23. García Riera (1996), p. 25
  24. García Riera (1996), p. 21-22
  25. Proceso: The Case of Silvia Pinal
  26. La Jornada: Silvia Pinal returns to Mexico
  27. Informador.mx: Silvia Pinal is the new General Secretary of the ANDA
  28. García Riera (1996), p. 21-22
  29. García Riera (1996), p. 22
  30. Univisión.com: The Night Viridiana Alatriste dies
  31. Quién.com: Enrique Guzmán and Silvia Pinal
  32. García Riera (1996), p. 22-23
  33. People en Español: Silvia Pinal and Emilio Azcárraga Milmo
  34. Pinal (2015), p. 366
  35. Milenio.com: Silvia Pinal prefers México than Hollywood
  36. Univisión.com: The Pinals: A controversial and powerful Mexican dynasty
  37. Pinal (1996), p. 79
  38. Pinal (1996), p. 265, 268
  39. El Universal: Silvia Pinal have a Statue
  40. Crónica.com: Silvia Pinal receives the Órden de Isabel la Católica
  41. Noticieros Televisa: Silvia Pinal tells her life
  42. El Universal: Silvia Pinal is part of the AMPAS of Hollywood
  43. Quién: Matt Casella and Silvia Pinal biographical serie