The Walking Dead (1936 film)

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The Walking Dead
Thewalkingeadposter.jpg
Directed by Michael Curtiz
Screenplay by [1]
Story by
Produced by Jack L. Warner [1]
Starring
Cinematography Hal Mohr [1]
Edited by Tommy Prat [1]
Music by Bernhard Kaun
Production
companies
Distributed byWarner Bros.
Release date
  • February 29, 1936 (1936-02-29)
Running time
66 minutes [1]
CountryUnited States [2]
Budget$217,000 [3]
Box office$300,000 [3]
Colored publicity shot featuring Boris Karloff in the title role WalkingDeadCrop002.png
Colored publicity shot featuring Boris Karloff in the title role

The Walking Dead is a 1936 American horror film directed by Michael Curtiz and starring Boris Karloff, who plays a wrongly executed man who is restored to life by a scientist (Edmund Gwenn). The supporting cast features Ricardo Cortez, Marguerite Churchill and Barton MacLane. The film was distributed by Warner Bros.

Contents

Plot

John Ellman (Boris Karloff) has been framed for murder by a gang of racketeers. He is unfairly tried, and despite the fact that his innocence has been proven, he is sent to the electric chair and executed. Dr. Evan Beaumont (Edmund Gwenn) retrieves his dead body and revives it as part of his experiments to reanimate a dead body and discover what happens to the soul after death.

Dr. Beaumont's use of a mechanical heart to revive the patient foreshadows modern medicine's mechanical heart to keep patients alive during surgery. Although John Ellman has no direct knowledge of anyone wishing to frame him for the murder before he is executed, he gains an innate sense of knowing those who are responsible after he is revived. Ellman takes no direct action against his framers; however, he seeks them out, wishing to know why they had him killed. Each dies a horrible death, and in the end it is their own guilt that causes their deaths.

While confronting the last two villains, Ellman is mortally shot. Dr. Beaumont hurries to his death bed, and although pressed to reveal insights about death, Ellman admonishes, "Leave the dead to their maker. The Lord our God is a jealous God" (from Deuteronomy 6:15). As Ellman dies, the two remaining racketeers are killed when their car runs off the road, crashes into an electric pole, and explodes. The film ends with Dr. Beaumont repeating Ellman's warning about a jealous God.

Cast

Production

The Walking Dead's executive producer Hal Wallis wrote to the production supervisor, Lou Edelman, on August 16, 1935, that he had sent him a six-page outline for a film titled The Walking Dead. [4] The original story for the film was written by Ewart Adamson and Joseph Fields. [5] On November 1, director Michael Curtiz was sent the draft of the film. [4] A few days before shooting was scheduled, actor Boris Karloff voiced problems involving his character John Ellman. [6] These issues included Ellman's lack of speech, which he felt was too close to his role in Frankenstein (1931), and Ellman's Tarzan-like agility, which he felt would induce laughter. [6] Wallis brought in three more writers for the film.

In addition to Karloff's stunted dialogue, this film's resemblance to Universal's Frankenstein is most obvious when Edmund Gwenn's character revives Karloff, including the dramatic change in music, the pulsating lab equipment, off-kilter camera angles, and, finally, Gwenn saying, "He's alive".

The Walking Dead was filmed at Griffith Park, California, and Warner Bros. Studios between November 23 and December 1935. [1]

Dialogue director Irving Rapper worked on the film. He called it "a bad story" but enjoyed working with Curtiz. [7]

Release and reception

The Walking Dead premiered on February 29, 1936. [1] Writing in the March 4, 1936, issue of Variety , the reviewer "Odec" said that the film would provide "limited satisfaction" for film patrons with "a yen for shockers." The reviewer wrote: "The director and the supporting cast try hard to give some semblance of credibility to the trite and pseudo-scientific vaporings of the writers, but the best they can produce is something that moves swiftly enough but contains little of sustained interest." Further, "Odec" predicted: "Karloff will have to be sold on past performances" as The Walking Dead "lets him down badly." [8]

The film was re-released theatrically in 1942. Two decades later, United Artists Associates syndicated the film to local US television stations as part of its 58-film package "Science Fiction-Horror-Monster Features." The package became available on May 15, 1963. [9]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Mank, 2001. p.184
  2. "The Walking Dead". BFI Film & TV Database. British Film Institute. Archived from the original on January 13, 2009. Retrieved November 28, 2012.
  3. 1 2 Stephen Jacobs, Boris Karloff: More Than a Monster, Tomahawk Press 2011 p 192-193
  4. 1 2 Mank, 2001. p.188
  5. Mank, 2001. p.189
  6. 1 2 Mank, 2001. p.190
  7. Higham, Charles; Greenberg, Joel (1971). The celluloid muse; Hollywood directors speak . Regnery. p.  226.
  8. Willis, Donald, ed. (1985). Variety's Complete Science Fiction Reviews. NY: Garland Publishing Inc. pp. 48–49. ISBN   0824087127.
  9. Heffernan, Kevin (2004). Ghouls, Gimmicks, and Gold: Horror Films and the American Movie Business, 1953–1968. Durham NC: Duke University Press. pp. 258–259. ISBN   0822332159.

Bibliography