Thomas R. Morgan
General Thomas R. Morgan, USMC
|Born||January 6, 1930|
|Service/||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1952-1988|
|Commands held||Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps|
|Awards|| Defense Superior Service Medal |
Legion of Merit
General Thomas R. Morgan (born January 6, 1930) served as the Assistant Commandant of the United States Marine Corps from June 1986 until he retired on July 1, 1988 after completion of more than 36 years of active service.
Thomas R. Morgan was born on January 6, 1930 in Allentown, Pennsylvania. He completed high school in Slatington, Pennsylvania in 1948. Morgan graduated from Colgate University in Hamilton, New York, earning a Bachelor of Arts degree in History and Political Science in 1952. He was a member of Sigma Chi fraternity. He also holds a Master of Arts degree in Counselor Education from the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia (June 1973). Morgan was commissioned a Marine Corps second lieutenant on June 6, 1952 and entered The Basic School, Quantico, Virginia. Following Basic School, he was ordered to flight training at Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida, and was designated a Naval Aviator in August 1954. Ordered to MCAS El Toro, California, he served as Assistant Maintenance Officer of Marine Night Fighter Squadron 542, Marine Aircraft Group 15, 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing, El Toro.
In July 1955, he was ordered to the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing in the Western Pacific and served as Personnel Officer of Marine Night Fighter Squadron 513, Marine Aircraft Group 11, and subsequently as Aide-de-Camp to the Commanding General of the Wing. He was promoted to captain in August 1955. He returned to Hawaii for duty as Aide to the Deputy Commander, Fleet Marine Force (FMF), Pacific from July 1956 to July 1957 and was then assigned as Assistant Operations Officer of Marine Attack Squadron 214, Marine Aircraft Group 13, at Marine Corps Air Station, Kaneohe Bay.
General Morgan was ordered to NAS Olathe, Kansas in January 1959 as a flight instructor in the Navy's Jet Transitional Training Unit. When the unit was disestablished in October 1959, he reported for duty to Marine Aircraft Group 32, at Marine Corps Air Station, Beaufort, South Carolina. He served as Personnel Officer and Aircraft Maintenance Officer of Marine Fighter Squadron 333 until November 1961. Ordered to WestPac, he served as Executive Officer, Headquarters and Maintenance Squadron 11, Marine Aircraft Group 11, NAS Atsugi, Japan until January 1962.
From January 1962 to July 1965, he served as the Fleet Liaison Officer at Marine Corps Air Station, Yuma, Arizona, coordinating aviation weapons training. He was promoted to major in July 1963. Reassigned to Quantico, he entered the Command and Staff College, completing the course in June 1966. Morgan was ordered to Marine Aircraft Group 32, 2nd Marine Aircraft Wing at MCAS Beaufort, South Carolina in July 1966, where he served as Group Operations and later as Commanding Officer, Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 312. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel in July 1967. In August 1968, he reported to Marine Aircraft Group 13 at Chu Lai, serving as Group Operations Officer and then as Officer-in-Charge of the DaNang DASC in Vietnam.
He returned to the United States in September 1969 and was assigned as Executive Officer of Marine Corps Air Station, Quantico, and later as G-3 Marine Corps Base. From July 1971 until July 1973, he was assigned to the Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps Unit at the University of Virginia, where he served as Executive Officer.
Promoted to colonel in July 1973, General Morgan was ordered to the U.S. European Command Headquarters in Stuttgart, Germany, where he served as the Chief of War Plans Branch, J-5. He remained in that position until he was assigned duty as Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff for Requirements and Programs, Headquarters Marine Corps, Washington, D.C. While serving in this capacity, he was selected in February 1977 for promotion to brigadier general. He was promoted to brigadier general on March 18, 1977 and assumed duty as Assistant Division Commander, 3rd Marine Division, on Okinawa, Japan from April 1977 to April 1978. On June 17, 1978, he was assigned as the Assistant Chief of Staff C-5 of the Combined Forces Command, Seoul, Korea. He served in this capacity until assuming duty as Deputy Commander, FMF, Pacific, Camp H. M. Smith, Hawaii, in July 1980.
On May 1, 1981, Morgan was promoted to major general with date of rank of August 1, 1977. He was assigned duty as the Deputy Chief of Staff for Requirements and Programs, Headquarters Marine Corps on May 26, 1981. On June 13, 1985, he was advanced to lieutenant general and assumed the duty as Deputy Chief of Staff for Plans, Policies and Operations. He was assigned additional duties as Acting Chief of Staff on November 16, 1985.
General Morgan was nominated by the President to the grade of general and assignment as Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps in March 1986. Upon advancement to general on June 1, 1986, he assumed his final assignment. He retired on July 1, 1988 after completion of more than 36 years of active service.
General Morgan's personal awards and decorations include:
|Naval Aviator Badge|
|1st Row||Defense Superior Service Medal||Legion of Merit||Bronze Star|
|2nd Row||Meritorious Service Medal||Air Medal||Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal||Combat Action Ribbon|
|3rd Row||Navy Presidential Unit Citation||Navy Unit Commendation||Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation w/ 1 service star||Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal|
|4th Row||National Defense Service Medal w/ 1 service star||Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal||Vietnam Service Medal w/ 5 service stars||Navy Sea Service Deployment Ribbon|
|5th Row||Order of National Security Merit, Cheon-Su Medal||Vietnam Gallantry Cross unit citation||Vietnam Civil Actions unit citation||Vietnam Campaign Medal|
General Earl Edward Anderson was an American Marine Corps general. The youngest active duty Marine ever promoted to the rank of general and the first active duty Marine Naval Aviator to be promoted to a 4-star rank, became Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps on April 1, 1972. He was promoted to general on March 31, 1972. General Keith B. McCutcheon had been promoted to four-star rank the day of his retirement for medical reasons on July 1, 1971. During his 35-year Marine career, he has served in combat actions in World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War.
General Keith Barr McCutcheon was a highly decorated Marine Corps aviator, seeing combat in World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. He earned the Distinguished Flying Cross and ten Air Medals.
Lieutenant General George C. Axtell was a United States Marine Corps general officer, a World War II flying ace, and a Navy Cross recipient. During World War II, he was the youngest commanding officer of a Marine fighter squadron. He also served in the Korean War and Vietnam War.
William D. Catto is a United States Marine Corps major general who is the chief of staff of the United States European Command. He assumed the post in July 2006, becoming the first U.S. Marine to hold the role. Catto has served over 10 years in command assignments at the lieutenant colonel, colonel, brigadier general, and major general ranks.
William Oscar Brice, CBE was a United States Marine Corps General and a veteran of the Korean War, the World War II fight for the Solomon Islands and pre-war expeditionary duty in Haiti and China. He last served at Pearl Harbor as commanding general, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific, after more than three years at Headquarters Marine Corps, Washington, D.C., as director of Marine Aviation, Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps for Air and Assistant Chief of Naval Operations for Marine Aviation.
Joseph J. Went is a retired United States Marine Corps four-star general. His final assignment was as Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps and Chief of Staff. He retired in 1990 after 38 years of service.
Michael J. Williams is a retired United States Marine Corps 4-star general. He served as Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps from 2000 until his retirement in 2002.
John Kerry Davis, also known as J.K. Davis, was a United States Marine Corps four-star general. Davis, a Vietnam War veteran and naval aviator, served as the Commanding General of the 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing (1977–1978) and the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing (1978-1978). His final assignment was as the Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps from July 1, 1983 to June 1, 1986.
William Gay Thrash was a retired United States Marine Corps three-star general and highly decorated Naval Aviator. He retired from active duty on June 30, 1972, after more than 30 years of distinguished service.
Major General Carl B. Jensen is a retired United States Marine Corps general officer whose last command was Marine Corps Installations East. Jensen retired from active duty on July 22, 2011 after 36 years of service.
William L. "Spider" Nyland, a veteran of the Vietnam War, is a retired United States Marine Corps four-star General who served as the Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps from 2002 to 2005. He retired from the Marine Corps in November 2005 after over 37 years of distinguished service.
Robert Edward Haebel was an American United States Marine Corps major general whose last command was Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton. He retired in 1987 after 42 years of service. He was interred with honors at Arlington National Cemetery September 16, 2017.
John Calvin Munn was the 8th Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps and United States Naval Aviator. He served for 37 years in the United States Marine Corps.
Louis Bentham Robertshaw was an American football player and lieutenant general in the United States Marine Corps. He flew combat missions in World War II and the Korean War and flew an F4B Phantom II fighter in the Vietnam War as commanding general of the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing. He received three Distinguished Flying Crosses, 12 Air Medals, the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, and three Legion of Merit with Combat "V."
Martin Louis Brandtner was a United States Marine Corps lieutenant general who served as the Director for Operations for the Joint Staff until his retirement on 1 June 1993.
Avery Raymond Kier was a United States Marine Corps aviator and general officer. During World War II he served as the commanding officer of VMSB-234 and towards the end of the war was a pioneer in the development of close air support for ground combat operations serving at both Iwo Jima and Okinawa. Following WW II, Kier served as the commanding officer of numerous Marine aircraft groups, air stations and air wings, with his last assignment being that of deputy commander for Fleet Marine Force, Pacific. He retired from the Marine Corps on 1 March 1967.
James Tillinghast Moore was a decorated aviation officer of the United States Marine Corps with the rank of lieutenant general. He is most noted for his service as commanding officer of the 2nd Marine Aircraft Wing during World War II.
William Lake McKittrick was a decorated aviation officer of the United States Marine Corps with the rank of major general. He is most noted for his service as commanding officer of the Marine Aircraft Group 24 during the Bougainville Campaign and later as Air Defense Commander during the Battle of Saipan.
Richard Edward Carey is a retired United States Marine Corps Lieutenant General.
Hal Wellman Vincent was a naval aviator in the United States Marine Corps who retired at the rank of major general. A veteran of the Vietnam War, he commanded at the squadron, group and wing level during his career. He flew more than 10,000 hours in over 165 different aircraft and was the first Marine Aviator to fly Mach 2.0.