Thomas R. Morgan
General Thomas R. Morgan, USMC
|Born||January 6, 1930|
|Service/||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1952-1988|
|Commands held||Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps|
|Awards|| Defense Superior Service Medal |
Legion of Merit
General Thomas R. Morgan (born January 6, 1930) served as the Assistant Commandant of the United States Marine Corps from June 1986 until he retired on July 1, 1988 after completion of more than 36 years of active service.
A general officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.
Thomas R. Morgan was born on January 6, 1930 in Allentown, Pennsylvania. He completed high school in Slatington, Pennsylvania in 1948. Morgan graduated from Colgate University in Hamilton, New York, earning a Bachelor of Arts degree in History and Political Science in 1952. He was a member of Sigma Chi fraternity. He also holds a Master of Arts degree in Counselor Education from the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia (June 1973). Morgan was commissioned a Marine Corps second lieutenant on June 6, 1952 and entered The Basic School, Quantico, Virginia. Following Basic School, he was ordered to flight training at Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida, and was designated a Naval Aviator in August 1954. Ordered to MCAS El Toro, California, he served as Assistant Maintenance Officer of Marine Night Fighter Squadron 542, Marine Aircraft Group 15, 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing, El Toro.
Allentown is a city located in Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is Pennsylvania's third most populous city and the 233rd largest city in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 118,032 and it is currently the fastest growing major city in Pennsylvania with an estimated 121,433 residents according to the 2018 census estimate. It is the largest city in the metropolitan area known as the Lehigh Valley, which had a population of 821,623 residents as of 2010. Allentown constitutes a portion of the New York City Combined Statistical Area and is the county seat of Lehigh County. In 2012, the city celebrated the 250th anniversary of its founding in 1762.
Slatington is a borough in Lehigh County, Pennsylvania. It is located 20 miles north of Bethlehem, in the Lehigh Valley region of the state. It is 62 miles south of Scranton, and 70 miles north of Philadelphia.
Colgate University is a private liberal arts college in Hamilton, New York. Founded in 1819, Colgate enrolls nearly 3,000 students in 56 undergraduate majors that culminate in a Bachelor of Arts degree; it also enrolls a dozen students in a Master of Arts in Teaching program.
In July 1955, he was ordered to the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing in the Western Pacific and served as Personnel Officer of Marine Night Fighter Squadron 513, Marine Aircraft Group 11, and subsequently as Aide-de-Camp to the Commanding General of the Wing. He was promoted to captain in August 1955. He returned to Hawaii for duty as Aide to the Deputy Commander, Fleet Marine Force (FMF), Pacific from July 1956 to July 1957 and was then assigned as Assistant Operations Officer of Marine Attack Squadron 214, Marine Aircraft Group 13, at Marine Corps Air Station, Kaneohe Bay.
The 1st Marine Aircraft Wing is an aviation unit of the United States Marine Corps that serves as the Aviation Combat Element of the III Marine Expeditionary Force. The wing is headquartered at Camp Foster on the island of Okinawa, Japan. Activated in 1940, the wing has seen heavy combat operations during World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War.
The United States Fleet Marine Forces (FMF) are combined general- and special-purpose forces within the United States Department of the Navy that perform offensive amphibious or expeditionary warfare and defensive maritime employment. The Fleet Marine Forces provide the National Command Authority (NCA) with a responsive force that can conduct operations in any spectrum of conflict around the globe.
Marine Aircraft Group 13 is a United States Marine Corps aviation unit based at Marine Corps Air Station Yuma that is currently composed of two McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier II squadrons, two Lockheed Martin F-35B Lightning II squadrons, an unmanned aerial vehicle squadron, a maintenance and logistics squadron, and a wing support squadron. The group falls under the command of the 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing and the I Marine Expeditionary Force.
General Morgan was ordered to NAS Olathe, Kansas in January 1959 as a flight instructor in the Navy's Jet Transitional Training Unit. When the unit was disestablished in October 1959, he reported for duty to Marine Aircraft Group 32, at Marine Corps Air Station, Beaufort, South Carolina. He served as Personnel Officer and Aircraft Maintenance Officer of Marine Fighter Squadron 333 until November 1961. Ordered to WestPac, he served as Executive Officer, Headquarters and Maintenance Squadron 11, Marine Aircraft Group 11, NAS Atsugi, Japan until January 1962.
Marine Aircraft Group 32 (MAG-32) was a United States Marine Corps aviation unit established during World War II.
Marine Corps Air Station Beaufort or MCAS Beaufort is a United States Marine Corps air base located three miles 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) northwest of the central business district of Beaufort, a city in Beaufort County, South Carolina, United States. About 4,700 personnel serve at the station, and it is home to six Marine Corps F/A-18 Hornet fighter-attack squadrons.
Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 333 (VMFA-333) was a United States Marine Corps fighter squadron consisting of F/A-18 Hornets. Known as the "Fighting Shamrocks" and “Trip Trey”, the squadron participated in action during World War II, the Vietnam War and Operation Desert Storm The squadron’s aircraft were easily recognizable by the row of three shamrocks painted on the vertical stabilizers of their aircraft. They were decommissioned on 31 March 1992.
From January 1962 to July 1965, he served as the Fleet Liaison Officer at Marine Corps Air Station, Yuma, Arizona, coordinating aviation weapons training. He was promoted to major in July 1963. Reassigned to Quantico, he entered the Command and Staff College, completing the course in June 1966.Morgan was ordered to Marine Aircraft Group 32, 2nd Marine Aircraft Wing at MCAS Beaufort, South Carolina in July 1966, where he served as Group Operations and later as Commanding Officer, Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 312. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel in July 1967. In August 1968, he reported to Marine Aircraft Group 13 at Chu Lai, serving as Group Operations Officer and then as Officer-in-Charge of the DaNang DASC in Vietnam.
Marine Corps Air Station Yuma or MCAS Yuma is a United States Marine Corps air station which is the home to multiple squadrons of AV-8B Harrier IIs and F-35B Lightning IIs of the 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing, Marine Aviation Weapons and Tactics Squadron 1 (MAWTS-1), Marine Operational Test and Evaluation Squadron 1 (VMX-1) and Marine Fighter Training Squadron 401 (VMFT-401), an air combat adversary squadron of the 4th Marine Aircraft Wing of the Marine Corps Reserve. It is a designated Superfund site due to a number of soil and groundwater contaminants, including asbestos.
The 2nd Marine Aircraft Wing is the major east coast aviation unit of the United States Marine Corps and is based at Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point, North Carolina. They provide the aviation combat element for the II Marine Expeditionary Force.
Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 312 (VMFA-312) is a United States Marine Corps F/A-18C Hornet squadron. Also known as the "Checkerboards", the squadron is based at Marine Corps Air Station Beaufort, South Carolina and falls under the command of Marine Aircraft Group 31 (MAG-31) and the 2nd Marine Aircraft Wing. The Radio Callsign is "Check."
He returned to the United States in September 1969 and was assigned as Executive Officer of Marine Corps Air Station, Quantico, and later as G-3 Marine Corps Base. From July 1971 until July 1973, he was assigned to the Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps Unit at the University of Virginia, where he served as Executive Officer.
The University of Virginia is a public research university in Charlottesville, Virginia. It was founded in 1819 by Declaration of Independence author Thomas Jefferson. It is the flagship university of Virginia and home to Jefferson's Academical Village, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. UVA is known for its historic foundations, student-run honor code, and secret societies.
Promoted to colonel in July 1973, General Morgan was ordered to the U.S. European Command Headquarters in Stuttgart, Germany, where he served as the Chief of War Plans Branch, J-5. He remained in that position until he was assigned duty as Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff for Requirements and Programs, Headquarters Marine Corps, Washington, D.C. While serving in this capacity, he was selected in February 1977 for promotion to brigadier general. He was promoted to brigadier general on March 18, 1977 and assumed duty as Assistant Division Commander, 3rd Marine Division, on Okinawa, Japan from April 1977 to April 1978. On June 17, 1978, he was assigned as the Assistant Chief of Staff C-5 of the Combined Forces Command, Seoul, Korea. He served in this capacity until assuming duty as Deputy Commander, FMF, Pacific, Camp H. M. Smith, Hawaii, in July 1980.
On May 1, 1981, Morgan was promoted to major general with date of rank of August 1, 1977. He was assigned duty as the Deputy Chief of Staff for Requirements and Programs, Headquarters Marine Corps on May 26, 1981. On June 13, 1985, he was advanced to lieutenant general and assumed the duty as Deputy Chief of Staff for Plans, Policies and Operations. He was assigned additional duties as Acting Chief of Staff on November 16, 1985.
General Morgan was nominated by the President to the grade of general and assignment as Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps in March 1986. Upon advancement to general on June 1, 1986, he assumed his final assignment. He retired on July 1, 1988 after completion of more than 36 years of active service.
General Morgan's personal awards and decorations include:
|Naval Aviator Badge|
|1st Row||Defense Superior Service Medal||Legion of Merit||Bronze Star|
|2nd Row||Meritorious Service Medal||Air Medal||Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal||Combat Action Ribbon|
|3rd Row||Navy Presidential Unit Citation||Navy Unit Commendation||Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation w/ 1 service star||Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal|
|4th Row||National Defense Service Medal w/ 1 service star||Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal||Vietnam Service Medal w/ 5 service stars||Navy Sea Service Deployment Ribbon|
|5th Row||Order of National Security Merit, Cheon-Su Medal||Vietnam Gallantry Cross unit citation||Vietnam Civil Actions unit citation||Vietnam Campaign Medal|
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