Thompson Cottage

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Thompson Cottage

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Thompson Cottage, November 2009
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Location Southeast of West Chester on Thornton Road, Concord Township, Pennsylvania
Coordinates 39°53′38″N75°31′24″W / 39.89389°N 75.52333°W / 39.89389; -75.52333 Coordinates: 39°53′38″N75°31′24″W / 39.89389°N 75.52333°W / 39.89389; -75.52333
Area 1 acre (0.40 ha)
Built 1775
Architectural style Bank House
NRHP reference # 77001166 [1]
Added to NRHP April 13, 1977

The Thompson Cottage, also called the James Marshall Cottage, was a tenant farmer's house built by James Marshall about the time of the American Revolution. It is located in Concord Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania.

A tenant farmer is one who resides on land owned by a landlord. Tenant farming is an agricultural production system in which landowners contribute their land and often a measure of operating capital and management, while tenant farmers contribute their labor along with at times varying amounts of capital and management. Depending on the contract, tenants can make payments to the owner either of a fixed portion of the product, in cash or in a combination. The rights the tenant has over the land, the form, and measure of the payment varies across systems. In some systems, the tenant could be evicted at whim ; in others, the landowner and tenant sign a contract for a fixed number of years. In most developed countries today, at least some restrictions are placed on the rights of landlords to evict tenants under normal circumstances.

American Revolution Political upheaval, 1775–1783

The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783. The American Patriots in the Thirteen Colonies won independence from Great Britain, becoming the United States of America. They defeated the British in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) in alliance with France and others.

Concord Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Concord Township is a township in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 17,231 at the 2010 census. It contains the unincorporated communities of Concordville and Glen Mills.

A free black, Thomas Thompson, bought the house and 2 acres in 1847. He and his descendants lived there until 1971. It is an excellent example of an unaltered eighteenth century tenant farmer's homestead. The building was built sometime after 1774. [2]

It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on April 13, 1977. [1]

National Register of Historic Places federal list of historic sites in the United States

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.

See also

National Register of Historic Places listings in Delaware County, Pennsylvania Wikimedia list article

This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Delaware County, Pennsylvania.

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References

  1. 1 2 National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service.
  2. "National Historic Landmarks & National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania" (Searchable database). CRGIS: Cultural Resources Geographic Information System.Note: This includes Madeline L. Cohen (October 1976). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Thompson Cottage" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-01-06.