Thornaby TMD

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Thornaby TMD
Location
Location Thornaby, United Kingdom
Coordinates 54°33′35″N1°17′21″W / 54.5598°N 1.2893°W / 54.5598; -1.2893 Coordinates: 54°33′35″N1°17′21″W / 54.5598°N 1.2893°W / 54.5598; -1.2893
OS grid NZ459185
Characteristics
Owner(s) DB Schenker
Depot code(s)51L (1958-1973)
TE (1973-2009)
Type Diesel
History
Opened1958
Closed2009 [1]
An ex-NER Class T2 0-8-0 No.63347 passes through Thornaby with a westward Class H train, consisting mainly of flat-wagons conveying steel slabs from Dorman Long. 28 March 1955, photo by Ben Brooksbank Thornaby railway station geograph-2865574-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
An ex-NER Class T2 0-8-0 No.63347 passes through Thornaby with a westward Class H train, consisting mainly of flat-wagons conveying steel slabs from Dorman Long. 28 March 1955, photo by Ben Brooksbank
A British Rail Class 56 No.56039 in Loadhaul livery hauls a trainload of salt from Boulby into Tees Marshalling Yard, July 1998 Trainload of salt from Boulby arriving at Tees Yard - geograph.org.uk - 492255.jpg
A British Rail Class 56 No.56039 in Loadhaul livery hauls a trainload of salt from Boulby into Tees Marshalling Yard, July 1998
A Mainline-liveried British Rail Class 60 passes westwards through Thornaby with a steel stock service, May 2005. Thornaby TMD can be seen in the back of the picture Railway Marshalling Yards - geograph.org.uk - 10920.jpg
A Mainline-liveried British Rail Class 60 passes westwards through Thornaby with a steel stock service, May 2005. Thornaby TMD can be seen in the back of the picture

Thornaby TMD was a railway Traction Maintenance Depot situated in Thornaby, England, latterly operated by DB Schenker. The depot was situated to the east of Thornaby, on the northern side of the line to Middlesbrough. [2] [3]

Thornaby-on-Tees town in North Yorkshire. England

Thornaby-on-Tees is a royal charter town, civil parish and former borough within the unitary authority of Stockton-on-Tees in the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the North Riding of Yorkshire, Thornaby is situated on the south bank of the River Tees, directly south-east of Stockton-on-Tees and 4 mi (6 km) southwest of Middlesbrough. It has a population of 24,741 according to the 2011 census.

Thornaby railway station

Thornaby railway station serves the town of Thornaby-on-Tees and also much of Stockton-on-Tees. It is located in the borough of Stockton-on-Tees and in the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire. It is currently operated by TransPennine Express.

Contents

Background

In the mid-1950s as part of British Railways modernisation plan, projects were developed to centralise the marshalling of goods wagons and the associated servicing of steam locomotives at the United Kingdoms largest freight hubs. [1]

Steam locomotive Railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine

A steam locomotive is a type of railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine. These locomotives are fueled by burning combustible material – usually coal, wood, or oil – to produce steam in a boiler. The steam moves reciprocating pistons which are mechanically connected to the locomotive's main wheels (drivers). Both fuel and water supplies are carried with the locomotive, either on the locomotive itself or in wagons (tenders) pulled behind.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea separates Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom's 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi) were home to an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

Teesside had a number of marshalling yards servicing the coal mines and steel mills of Consett, West County Durham and North Yorkshire, as well as those for Middlesbrough Dock. The decision was hence taken to rationalise these to one yard, Tees Marshalling Yard on part of the site of the once electrified Erimus Marshalling Yard.

Steel mill Plant for steelmaking

A steel mill or steelworks is an industrial plant for the manufacture of steel. It may be an integrated steel works carrying out all steps of steelmaking from smelting iron ore to rolled product, but may also describe plants where steel semi-finished casting products are made, from molten pig iron or from scrap.

Consett town in County Durham, UK

Consett is a town in the north-west of County Durham, England, about 14 miles (23 km) south-west of Newcastle upon Tyne. It had a population of 27,394 in 2001.

County Durham County of England

County Durham is a county in North East England. The county town is Durham, a cathedral city. The largest settlement is Darlington, closely followed by Hartlepool, Billingham and Stockton-on-Tees. It borders Tyne and Wear to the north east, Northumberland to the north, Cumbria to the west and North Yorkshire to the south. The county's historic boundaries stretch between the rivers Tyne and Tees, thus including places such as Gateshead, Jarrow, South Shields and Sunderland.

Steam history

Existing in the area were also four older steam sheds, which BR also planned to rationalise and close: [1]

River Tees river in northern England

The River Tees is in northern England. It rises on the eastern slope of Cross Fell in the North Pennines, and flows eastwards for 85 miles (137 km) to reach the North Sea between Hartlepool and Redcar near Middlesbrough.

Port Clarence village in County Durham, England

Port Clarence is a small village now within the borough of Stockton-on-Tees and ceremonial county of County Durham, England. It is situated on the north bank of the River Tees, and hosts the northern end of the Middlesbrough Transporter Bridge.

Tees Transporter Bridge transporter bridge in northeast England

The Tees Transporter Bridge, often referred to as the Middlesbrough Transporter Bridge, is the furthest downstream bridge across the River Tees, England. It connects Middlesbrough, on the south bank, to Port Clarence, on the north bank. It is a transporter bridge, carrying a travelling 'car', or 'gondola', suspended from the bridge, across the river in 90 seconds. The gondola can carry 200 people, 9 cars, or 6 cars and one minibus. It carries the A178 Middlesbrough to Hartlepool road. Locally, the bridge is often referred to simply as 'the Transporter'.

BR began construction in 1957, building its last roundhouse for steam locomotives. Developed on a 70 acres (28 ha) site for the shed and its associated facilities alone, it was equipped with: [1]

Thornaby Tees Yard under construction Thornaby Tees Yard under construction geograph-4032757-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
Thornaby Tees Yard under construction

All the structures were made from pre-stressed and pre-formed concrete pieces, and when the shed opened in June 1958 with shed code (51L), the total construction had been completed for £1.25million. [1]

On opening, the shed initially took over the allocations at Newport (depot code 51B) and Middlesbrough (51D). [4] In June 1959 the depots at Stockton (51E) and Haverton Hill (51G) [5] were closed and the bulk of their locomotives added to Thornaby's allocation. At this time the depot had the largest allocation of any single depot in the country, although Stratford (30A) had a larger allocation but shared with 6 sub-sheds. [6] The depot was closed to steam in December 1964.

TOPS history

Under TOPS, the depot code was TE. The logo applied to the sides of Thornaby locomotives was a white Kingfisher.

Apart from the ubiquitous Class 08 shunter, early diesel allocations included members of Class 03, Class 04, Class 17, Class 25 (from the first batch built at Darlington), Class 27 and Class 37. [7]

DB Schenker

In the later years prior to closure, Thornaby TMD was home to Class 08/09, Class 37, Class 56, Class 60 and Class 66's. Following closure, the depot was used to store Class 08/09 and a number of Class 56s which fell victim to metal thefts. These were all removed and sent for scrap prior to demolition works commencing.

The buildings were demolished between May and July 2011. [8]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Thornaby TMD". Heritage Railway. 10 June 2010. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
  2. Webster, Greengrass & Greaves 1987 , p. 80
  3. Marsden 1987 , pp. 107-108
  4. Bulger, Paul (1984). BR Steam Motive Power Depots NER. Shepperton: Ian Allan Ltd. ISBN   0-7110-1362-4.
  5. Bulger 1984 , pp. 45,49
  6. Conversation with shed foreman, March 1961.
  7. ABC Locoshed Book. London: Ian Allan Ltd. August 1964.
  8. "End of the line for Thornaby". Railway Magazine. Horncastle. September 2011. p. 40.

Sources