British Rail Class 31 No.31327 awaits its next turn of duty at Thornaby TMD.
|Location||Thornaby, United Kingdom|
|Depot code(s)||51L (1958-1973)|
Thornaby TMD was a railway Traction Maintenance Depot situated in Thornaby, England, latterly operated by DB Schenker. The depot was situated to the east of Thornaby, on the northern side of the line to Middlesbrough.
Thornaby-on-Tees is a royal charter town, civil parish and former borough within the unitary authority of Stockton-on-Tees in the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the North Riding of Yorkshire, Thornaby is situated on the south bank of the River Tees, directly south-east of Stockton-on-Tees and 4 mi (6 km) southwest of Middlesbrough. It has a population of 24,741 according to the 2011 census.
Thornaby railway station serves the town of Thornaby-on-Tees and also much of Stockton-on-Tees. It is located in the borough of Stockton-on-Tees and in the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire. It is currently operated by TransPennine Express.
In the mid-1950s as part of British Railways modernisation plan, projects were developed to centralise the marshalling of goods wagons and the associated servicing of steam locomotives at the United Kingdoms largest freight hubs.
A steam locomotive is a type of railway locomotive that produces its pulling power through a steam engine. These locomotives are fueled by burning combustible material – usually coal, wood, or oil – to produce steam in a boiler. The steam moves reciprocating pistons which are mechanically connected to the locomotive's main wheels (drivers). Both fuel and water supplies are carried with the locomotive, either on the locomotive itself or in wagons (tenders) pulled behind.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea separates Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom's 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi) were home to an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.
Teesside had a number of marshalling yards servicing the coal mines and steel mills of Consett, West County Durham and North Yorkshire, as well as those for Middlesbrough Dock. The decision was hence taken to rationalise these to one yard, Tees Marshalling Yard on part of the site of the once electrified Erimus Marshalling Yard.
A steel mill or steelworks is an industrial plant for the manufacture of steel. It may be an integrated steel works carrying out all steps of steelmaking from smelting iron ore to rolled product, but may also describe plants where steel semi-finished casting products are made, from molten pig iron or from scrap.
Consett is a town in the north-west of County Durham, England, about 14 miles (23 km) south-west of Newcastle upon Tyne. It had a population of 27,394 in 2001.
County Durham is a county in North East England. The county town is Durham, a cathedral city. The largest settlement is Darlington, closely followed by Hartlepool, Billingham and Stockton-on-Tees. It borders Tyne and Wear to the north east, Northumberland to the north, Cumbria to the west and North Yorkshire to the south. The county's historic boundaries stretch between the rivers Tyne and Tees, thus including places such as Gateshead, Jarrow, South Shields and Sunderland.
Existing in the area were also four older steam sheds, which BR also planned to rationalise and close:
The River Tees is in northern England. It rises on the eastern slope of Cross Fell in the North Pennines, and flows eastwards for 85 miles (137 km) to reach the North Sea between Hartlepool and Redcar near Middlesbrough.
Port Clarence is a small village now within the borough of Stockton-on-Tees and ceremonial county of County Durham, England. It is situated on the north bank of the River Tees, and hosts the northern end of the Middlesbrough Transporter Bridge.
The Tees Transporter Bridge, often referred to as the Middlesbrough Transporter Bridge, is the furthest downstream bridge across the River Tees, England. It connects Middlesbrough, on the south bank, to Port Clarence, on the north bank. It is a transporter bridge, carrying a travelling 'car', or 'gondola', suspended from the bridge, across the river in 90 seconds. The gondola can carry 200 people, 9 cars, or 6 cars and one minibus. It carries the A178 Middlesbrough to Hartlepool road. Locally, the bridge is often referred to simply as 'the Transporter'.
BR began construction in 1957, building its last roundhouse for steam locomotives. Developed on a 70 acres (28 ha) site for the shed and its associated facilities alone, it was equipped with:
All the structures were made from pre-stressed and pre-formed concrete pieces, and when the shed opened in June 1958 with shed code (51L), the total construction had been completed for £1.25million.
On opening, the shed initially took over the allocations at Newport (depot code 51B) and Middlesbrough (51D).In June 1959 the depots at Stockton (51E) and Haverton Hill (51G) were closed and the bulk of their locomotives added to Thornaby's allocation. At this time the depot had the largest allocation of any single depot in the country, although Stratford (30A) had a larger allocation but shared with 6 sub-sheds. The depot was closed to steam in December 1964.
Under TOPS, the depot code was TE. The logo applied to the sides of Thornaby locomotives was a white Kingfisher.
Apart from the ubiquitous Class 08 shunter, early diesel allocations included members of Class 03, Class 04, Class 17, Class 25 (from the first batch built at Darlington), Class 27 and Class 37.
In the later years prior to closure, Thornaby TMD was home to Class 08/09, Class 37, Class 56, Class 60 and Class 66's. Following closure, the depot was used to store Class 08/09 and a number of Class 56s which fell victim to metal thefts. These were all removed and sent for scrap prior to demolition works commencing.
The buildings were demolished between May and July 2011.
Bescot TMD is a locomotive traction maintenance depot in the West Midlands, England. Situated adjacent to Bescot Stadium station, the depot with code BS is currently operated by DB Schenker Rail (UK). Bescot Yard is to the south-east of the depot. This entire complex of track is clearly visible from the northern end of the M6 and M5 motorway junction.
Bounds Green TMD is a traction maintenance depot situated in North London. The depot is to the immediate north of Alexandra Palace railway station. The depot is operated by Hitachi Rail Europe and supplies traction for long distance services on the East Coast Main Line. The depot code is BN.
Longsight Diesel TMD is a railway diesel locomotive traction maintenance depot (TMD) situated in Longsight, Manchester, England. The depot code is LO. The depot is located 1 1⁄2 mi (2.4 km) south of Manchester Piccadilly on the eastern side of the line to Stockport. There are various roads in which individual train sets can be overhauled.
Tyseley TMD is a railway Traction Maintenance Depot situated in Tyseley, Birmingham, England.
Cardiff Canton TMD is a diesel locomotive Traction Maintenance Depot in Cardiff, Wales. Its depot code is CF. It is operated by Transport for Wales. The depot is used by Transport for Wales fleet and some Cross Country class 170s.
Neville Hill is a railway Train Maintenance Depot in Osmondthorpe, Leeds, England on the Leeds to Selby Line. The depot is situated 2 miles 14 chains (3.5 km) to the east of Leeds railway station on the north side of the line.
Haymarket TMD is a railway Traction Maintenance Depot situated inside Edinburgh, Scotland, next to Haymarket station and Murrayfield Stadium. The depot is operated by Abellio ScotRail. The depot code is HA.
Tinsley Motive Power Depot, latterly Tinsley Traction Maintenance Depot (TMD), was a railway depot in Tinsley, South Yorkshire, near Sheffield. Access by road was from Brinsworth, near Rotherham. The depot was situated on the freight line between Treeton Junction and the A631 Shepcote Lane.
Eastfield TMD was a railway traction maintenance depot situated in Glasgow, Scotland. Eastfield was a steam shed under British Railways with the depot code 65A; the diesel depot was coded as ED under the TOPS scheme from 1973.
Finsbury Park TMD was a railway Traction Maintenance Depot situated in London, England. It was the first purpose built main line diesel locomotive depot opened in England and it was fully commissioned in April 1960. Finsbury Park was a steam shed under British Railways with the depot code 34G; the depot code of the diesel depot under BR was FP. The nearest railway station is Finsbury Park.
Tees Marshalling Yard was a railway marshalling yard, used to separate railway wagons, located near Middlesbrough in North Yorkshire, Northern England.
Holbeck TMD is a traction maintenance depot located in Holbeck, Leeds, England. The depot is located on the west side of the line from Woodlesford, and is 57 chains (1.1 km) south of Leeds railway station.
Aberdeen Ferryhill TMD is a railway traction maintenance depot in Aberdeen, Scotland. The depot is approximately 1 mi (1.6 km) south of Aberdeen railway station. The depot code is AB.
Gloucester TMD is a traction maintenance depot located in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England. The depot is situated on the Great Western Main Line and is on the north side of the line to the east of Gloucester station.
Buxton TMD was a Traction Maintenance Depot in Buxton, Derbyshire, England. The depot was situated on the west side of the Buxton line, to the immediate north of Buxton station.
Lincoln TMD was a Traction Maintenance Depot located in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England. The depot was situated on the south side of the Lincoln to Grimsby line and was to the east of Lincoln Central station.
Shirebrook TMD was a Traction Maintenance Depot located in Shirebrook, Derbyshire, England. The depot was situated on the freight-only line between Pye Bridge Junction and Shirebrook Junction, which is now part of the Robin Hood Line. The depot was on the east side of the line, adjacent to the closed Shirebrook West station.
St Leonards TMD is a Traction Maintenance Depot located in Bulverhythe, East Sussex, England. The depot is situated on the East Coastway Line and is on the north side of the line between Bexhill and St Leonards Warrior Square railway stations.
Ripple Lane TMD, BR depot code RL, was a Traction Maintenance Depot located to the south of Castle Green, London, England. It was located 9 Miles 7 chains east of Fenchurch Street station near the marshalling yard between Dagenham Dock and Barking stations.. The actual depot was situated between the running lines with the up line to the south of the depot and the down line to the north