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Port Clarence is a small village now within the borough of Stockton-on-Tees and ceremonial county of County Durham, England. It is situated on the north bank of the River Tees, and hosts the northern end of the Middlesbrough Transporter Bridge.
Formerly known as Samphire Batts, it is situated on the River Tees. As the Industrial Revolution took shape and ships got bigger, access to Stockton became harder, and so colliery owners needed better access to the North Sea.
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Investors created the Clarence Railway which connected Stockton to the newly developed port at Samphire Batts, and also Haverton Hill, a 0.5 miles (0.80 km) upstream. The village was hence renamed after the port. Meanwhile, its great rival the Stockton and Darlington Railway extended to Middlesbrough, on the opposite side of the river.
The S&DR extension was completed by 1830, while the CR was completed by 1833. The opening of the railways provided the stimulus for the growth of both Middlesbrough and Port Clarence. Prior to the opening of the railway, ship access to Port Clarence was very slow and difficult, often taking as long to carry the coal to the port, as it had to sail from the port to London.
However, the CR shared rail track owned by the S&DR near to the County Durham coal mines and never made a profit due to the restrictions and fees imposed by the owners of the S&DR and eventually the PCR was taken over by the Stockton and Hartlepool Railway, a subsidiary of the Hartlepool Docks and Railway Company, to allow quicker onward shipment via new docks at Hartlepool.
The area had a strong history of immigration from Ireland, with many travellers settling in the village between 1900 and 1920 to work in the local steel and chemical industries, as well as the local Furness Shipyards.[ citation needed ]
It is served by the Stagecoach service 1 between Hartlepool and Middlesbrough. The A1046 links the village to Stockton and Middlesbrough (via the Newport Bridge) in the west and the A178 links to Hartlepool and Middlesbrough (via the Transporter Bridge) in the east.
Three hundred homes in Port Clarence were evacuated in December 2013 after the Tees burst its bank.
North East England is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes and a smaller combined authority region.
The River Tees, in northern England, rises on the eastern slope of Cross Fell in the North Pennines and flows eastwards for 85 miles (137 km) to reach the North Sea between Hartlepool and Redcar near Middlesbrough. The modern day history of the river has been tied with the industries on Teesside in its lower reaches, where it has provided the means of import and export of goods to and from the north east region. The need for water further downstream also meant that reservoirs were built in the extreme upper reaches, such as Cow Green.
Hartlepool is a port town and the main administrative center of the Borough of Hartlepool in County Durham, England. The town lies on the North Sea coast, 17 miles (27 km) north of Middlesbrough and 20 miles (32 km) south of Sunderland. The town is governed as part of the Hartlepool Borough Council, a unitary authority which also administers outlying villages such as Seaton Carew, Greatham, Hart Village, Dalton Piercy and Elwick.
The Stockton and Darlington Railway (S&DR) was a railway company that operated in north-east England from 1825 to 1863. The world's first public railway to use steam locomotives, its first line connected collieries near Shildon with Darlington and Stockton-on-Tees in County Durham, and was officially opened on 27 September 1825. The movement of coal to ships rapidly became a lucrative business, and the line was soon extended to a new port at Middlesbrough. While coal waggons were hauled by steam locomotives from the start, passengers were carried in coaches drawn by horses until carriages hauled by steam locomotives were introduced in 1833.
Stockton-on-Tees, also simply referred to as Stockton, is a large market town and the main administrative centre of the Borough of Stockton-on-Tees in County Durham, England. The town has a population of 85,000, with a population of around 196,000 in the wider area, the Borough of Stockton-on-Tees, according to 2017 estimates by ONS UK.
Middlesbrough is the largest town in North Yorkshire and fifth largest in Yorkshire, England. The town is located on the south bank of the River Tees and is its own borough's administrative centre.
Eaglescliffe is a town and civil parish, with a town council. The town is on the north bank of the River Tees in County Durham, England, and in the borough of Stockton-on-Tees, governed by Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council.
Tees Valley is a combined authority region in the North of England around the River Tees. The combined authority was established in 2016, after public consultation in 2015. The region is not a geographical valley.
Wingate is a village in County Durham, England.
Haverton Hill is an area within the borough of Stockton-on-Tees and ceremonial county of County Durham, England. Once considered a part of Billingham, Haverton Hill was once a thriving industrial community which has suffered significant depopulation since the 1960s as a result of pollution.
The Durham Coast Line is an approximately 39.5 miles (63.6 km) railway line running between Newcastle and Middlesbrough in North East England. Heavy rail passenger services, predominantly operated Northern Trains, and some freight services operate over the whole length of the line; it provides an important diversionary route at times when the East Coast Main Line is closed. Light rail services of the Tyne and Wear Metro's Green Line also operate over the same tracks between a junction just south of Sunderland station and Pelaw Junction.
Thornaby railway station serves the town of Thornaby-on-Tees. It is located in the borough of Stockton-on-Tees, North Yorkshire, England. It is currently operated by TransPennine Express.
Stockton railway station serves the town of Stockton-on-Tees, within the borough of Stockton-on-Tees and the ceremonial county of County Durham, England. The railway station is located on the Durham Coast Line and is operated by Northern Trains who provide all of the station's passenger services. Thornaby railway station, across the River Tees from Stockton-on-Tees provides a wider range of services and acts as the main railway station for most of Stockton-on-Tees. This station originally had a roof but it was removed in 1979 due to being in a bad state of repair and it has not been replaced since. The other main buildings are also no longer in rail use, having been converted into apartments.
Hartlepool railway station serves the town of Hartlepool in County Durham. It is a through station on the Durham Coast Line, located about 17 miles (27 km) between Newcastle and Middlesbrough. It is one two stations on the line within the Borough of Hartlepool, the other being Seaton Carew.
Thornaby TMD was a railway Traction Maintenance Depot situated in Thornaby, England, latterly operated by DB Schenker. The depot was situated to the east of Thornaby, on the northern side of the line to Middlesbrough.
The A178 is a road that runs from Hartlepool in County Durham to Middlesbrough in North Yorkshire, England.
The Clarence Railway was an early railway company that operated in north-east England between 1833 and 1853. The railway was built to take coal from mines in County Durham to ports on the River Tees and was a competitor to the Stockton and Darlington Railway (S&DR). It suffered financial difficulty soon after it opened because traffic was low and the S&DR charged a high rate for transporting coal to the Clarence, and the company was managed by the Exchequer Loan Commissioners after July 1834. An extension of the Byers Green branch was opened in 1839 by the independent West Durham Railway to serve collieries in Weardale.
Tees Marshalling Yard was a railway marshalling yard, used to separate railway wagons, located near Middlesbrough in North Yorkshire, Northern England.
The Castle Eden Railway was a railway line built by the North Eastern Railway between Bowesfield Junction near Stockton-on-Tees and Wingate, County Durham, Northeast England. Although its route actually never went near Castle Eden, it was also informally known as the "Cuckoo Line".
Norton-on-Tees railway station served the village of Norton, County Durham, England from 1877 to 1960, originally on the Port Clarence Branch of the Clarence Railway. For much of its later life the station was also a minor stop on the Durham Coast Line.