Thorpe Thewles

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Village green in Thorpe Thewles Thorpe Thewles, Vane Arms and village green - geograph.org.uk - 796574.jpg
Village green in Thorpe Thewles
Thorpe Thewles' former railway station Old station at Thorpe Thewles - geograph.org.uk - 167310.jpg
Thorpe Thewles' former railway station

Thorpe Thewles is a village that lies near the A177 road between Stockton-on-Tees and Sedgefield in Teesside. It has a history dating back to the 12th century.

Contents

Origin of the name

Thorpe is of Danish extraction and means farm, Thorp, and Thewles was likely the name of a family that possessed land here in the Middle Ages: the earliest occurrence of the full name is 'Thorpp' Thewles' in 1265. The surname Thewles probably comes from the Old English theawleas 'immoral', though the meaning of the placename is the Farm of the Thewles Family rather than, as sometimes reported, the Immoral Farm. The name has been confused as North Pewles when in translation. [1]

History

Galfried de Torp was a landowner in the mid-12th century. Members of the Thorp family donated land to the monks of Finchale Priory. The Fulthrope family occupied the manor from 1346 to 1629 while the Kendals, the Sedgewicks, the Tweddells and the Blackstones also owned land from the 16th to 18th centurues. [1]

Historic events include the earliest reference to Thorpe Thewles in 1265, the partial rebuilding of St Thomas Church (now a ruin) at Grindon in 1788, [2] a school was built by the Marchioness of Londonderry in 1824, the Holy Trinity Church was built in 1849 but demolished in the 1880s, the railway viaduct was completed in 1877 and the station opened in 1882 and both the St James Church and the Wesleyan Methodist chapel were established in 1887. [1]

Present

The village is currently made up of 182 households and a total population of 477 people.[ citation needed ] The village has a small children's play area, two public houses (the Vane Arms and the Hamilton Russell), a church (St James' Church) and a Parish hall. There is a planetarium, walkway and restaurant at Castle Eden Walkway, the site of the former Thorpe Thewles railway station of the former Castle Eden Railway

Historically, Thorpe Thewles was originally settled in 1692 with only two farmhouses and has grown to have more than 182 households today.

Politics

Thorpe Thewles is located within the civil parish of Grindon and Thorpe Thewles, in the borough of Stockton-on-Tees in the Northern Parishes Ward and the Stockton North constituency. The Member of the UK Parliament for Thorpe Thewles is Alex Cunningham and the local councilor for Thorpe Thewles is John Gardner.

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Thorpe Thewles railway station

Thorpe Thewles railway station was a railway station on the Castle Eden branch of the North Eastern Railway (NER) from 1880 to 1931. It was located approximately 5 miles north of Stockton and was designed to serve the village of Thorpe Thewles and the civil parish of Grindon in Stockton-on-Tees, part of the Ceremonial County of Durham, North East England but, despite its name, was actually located further from the village of Thorpe Thewles than Carlton station on the main line of the Clarence Railway.

Wynyard railway station was a railway station on the Castle Eden branch of the North Eastern Railway (NER) from 1880 to 1931. It was located immediately to the south of the bridge carrying the Hartlepool to Sedgefield road and served little more than a few scattered hamlets, including Embleton and Swainston. Despite its name, the station was poorly situated for Wynyard Park which was better served by the neighbouring station at Thorpe Thewles.

Wellfield railway station

Wellfield railway station was a railway station built by the North Eastern Railway (NER) on the route of the Hartlepool Dock & Railway (HD&R) to allow interchange between the existing line and their newly opened line from Stockton-on-Tees which had opened to passenger traffic just two years earlier. When first built, the station was located in a rural area, being located immediately to the north of the bridge carrying the Durham to Hartlepool road over the railway line. However the village of Wingate in County Durham, North East England gradually expanded northwards over the course of the station's life and as a result, the station became one of two to serve the village. It was also located only a relatively short distance from the Castle Eden Brewery and thus served the northern district of Castle Eden that surrounds it.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Thorpe Thewles". Cleveland & Teesside Local History Society. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  2. "The Remains of The Church of St. THOMAS OF CANTERBURY, Grindon". Thorpe Thewles. Retrieved 1 March 2020.

Coordinates: 54°36′N1°23′W / 54.600°N 1.383°W / 54.600; -1.383