Thorne Bay, Alaska

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Thorne Bay
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Thorne Bay
Location in Alaska
Coordinates: 55°40′38″N132°33′22″W / 55.67722°N 132.55611°W / 55.67722; -132.55611 Coordinates: 55°40′38″N132°33′22″W / 55.67722°N 132.55611°W / 55.67722; -132.55611
CountryUnited States
State Alaska
Incorporated August 9, 1982 [1]
Government
   Mayor Harvey McDonald [2]
   State senator Bert Stedman (R)
   State rep. Jonathan Kreiss-Tomkins (D)
Area
[3]
  Total29.72 sq mi (76.97 km2)
  Land26.67 sq mi (69.08 km2)
  Water3.04 sq mi (7.88 km2)
Elevation
128 ft (39 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total471
  Estimate 
(2018) [4]
483
  Density18.11/sq mi (6.99/km2)
Time zone UTC-9 (Alaska (AKST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-8 (AKDT)
ZIP code
99919
Area code 907
FIPS code 02-77140
GNIS feature ID 1669435

Thorne Bay is a city in Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area, Alaska, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 471, down from 557 in 2000.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

Geography

Thorne Bay is located at 55°40′38″N132°33′22″W / 55.677232°N 132.556246°W / 55.677232; -132.556246 . [5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.4 square miles (79 km2), of which, 25.5 square miles (66 km2) of it is land and 4.8 square miles (12 km2) of it (15.85%) is water.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 17
1970 443
1980 320−27.8%
1990 56977.8%
2000 557−2.1%
2010 471−15.4%
Est. 2018483 [4] 2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]

Thorne Bay first appeared on the 1890 census as the unincorporated settlement of "Tolstoi Bay." [7] [8] It had 17 residents, of which 13 were Native and 4 were White. [9] It would not appear again until 1970 when it returned as Thorne Bay, also an unincorporated village. It was made a census-designated place (CDP) in 1980. It formally incorporated in 1982.

As of the census [10] of 2000, there were 557 people and 219 households, including 157 families, residing in the city. The population density was 541.8 people per square mile (8.4/km²). There were 327 housing units at an average density of 12.8 per square mile (4.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.46% Caucasian, 2.87% Alaska Native, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 0.54% from other races, and 3.95% from two or more races. 1.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 219 households out of which 98.2% had children under the age of 35 living with them, 6.6% were married couples living together, 46.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.3% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 92.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 22.54 and the average family size was 33.03.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 28.4% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, and 4.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 10 females, there were 11.9 males. For every 10 females age 18 and over, there were 12.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $52,625, and the median income for a family was $46,875. Males had a median income of $98,600 versus $10,25 for females. The per capita income for the city was $108,625. About 6.3% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.

Per capita income mean income of the people in an economic unit such as a country or city

Per capita income (PCI) or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population.

History and culture

Thorne Bay is named for Frank Manly Thorn, who served as Superintendent of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey from 1885 to 1889. The name of the bay was misspelled when published in the original record, and the spelling was never corrected to match the spelling of Thorn's last name. [11]

Thorne Bay originally began as a large logging camp for the Ketchikan Pulp Company in 1960 that was originally located in Hollis. Being a floating camp at the time, most Hollis residents resided in float houses. In the 1960s and 1970s it was the largest logging camp in North America and was host to over 1500 residents at its peak. It became a second-class city in 1982 and in 2001 the logging company pulled out having been a victim of breach of contract from the U.S. Forest Service. [ citation needed ] The U.S. Forest Service signed a fifty-year contract in 1954 guaranteeing 150 mmbf per year for the pulp mill and sawmills in Ketchikan. [ citation needed ] By 1990 that figure was down to approximately 50 mmbf per year. Thanks to the U.S. Forest Service there are still some trees in that area. Currently Thorne Bay features many seasonal residents and an employment sector based primarily in Forest Service and public education.

World's largest logging camp

In the 1970s–1980s Thorne Bay was the world's largest logging camp, and it still holds the record. Thorne Bay also has the world's largest tree grapple, which everyone there calls "the claw." The grapple is placed in front of the small town, with a sign that says "Thorne Bay".

Education

The school is the Thorne Bay School, operated by Southeast Island School District. [12]

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References

  1. 1996 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League/Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs. January 1996. p. 150.
  2. 2015 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League. 2015. p. 154.
  3. "2018 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 1, 2019.
  4. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  5. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. https://books.google.com/books?id=TcpJAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA83&lpg=PA83&dq=%22agiukchugamute%22&source=bl&ots=Yju-UOZFRM&sig=p5cPR_0xSjfXjKt8ye3vDFrhcYg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjc88G0i8PUAhVLej4KHV4DBCwQ6AEIIjAA#v=onepage&q=tolstoi%20bay&f=false
  8. https://books.google.com/books?id=Rr9RAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA49&lpg=PA49&dq=%22Agaligamute%22&source=bl&ots=Tzy-F6Dup7&sig=B81GmrTlcKv3jtL_iWMYTwV3FSo&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj69sDB-MLUAhXD2T4KHTt1Dc0Q6AEILjAD#v=onepage&q=tolstoi%20bay&f=false
  9. http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1890a_v8-01.pdf
  10. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. Southeast Conference: Thorne Bay
  12. "Thorne Bay School." Alaska Department of Education. Retrieved on June 2, 2019.