Thorner

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Thorner
St Peter, Thorner.jpg
St Peter's church
West Yorkshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Thorner
Location within West Yorkshire
Population1,646 (2011 census) [1]
OS grid reference SE3798040610
Civil parish
  • Thorner
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LEEDS
Postcode district LS14
Dialling code 0113
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°51′37″N1°25′26″W / 53.860329°N 1.424020°W / 53.860329; -1.424020 Coordinates: 53°51′37″N1°25′26″W / 53.860329°N 1.424020°W / 53.860329; -1.424020

Thorner is a rural village and civil parish in the City of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England, located between Seacroft and Wetherby. It had a population of 1,646 at the 2011 Census. [1]

Village Small clustered human settlement smaller than a town

A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand. Though villages are often located in rural areas, the term urban village is also applied to certain urban neighborhoods. Villages are normally permanent, with fixed dwellings; however, transient villages can occur. Further, the dwellings of a village are fairly close to one another, not scattered broadly over the landscape, as a dispersed settlement.

Civil parish Territorial designation and lowest tier of local government in England

In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government, they are a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority. Civil parishes can trace their origin to the ancient system of ecclesiastical parishes which historically played a role in both civil and ecclesiastical administration; civil and religious parishes were formally split into two types in the 19th century and are now entirely separate. The unit was devised and rolled out across England in the 1860s.

City of Leeds City and Metropolitan borough in England

The City of Leeds ( ) is a local government district of West Yorkshire, England, governed by Leeds City Council, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough. The metropolitan district includes the administrative centre Leeds and the ten towns of Farsley, Garforth, Guiseley, Horsforth, Morley, Otley, Pudsey, Rothwell, Wetherby and Yeadon. It has a population of 789,194 (mid-2018 est.), making it technically the second largest city in England by population behind Birmingham.

Contents

History

St Peter's Church Rear of St Peter's Church, Thorner, West Yorkshire (Taken by Flickr user 10th June 2012).jpg
St Peter's Church

There is archaeological evidence of Bronze Age and Anglo-Saxon settlements, while the name St Osyth's Well, just West of the church, refers to a Viking Age saint. [2]

Bronze Age Prehistoric period and age studied in archaeology, part of the Holocene Epoch

The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization. The Bronze Age is the second principal period of the three-age Stone-Bronze-Iron system, as proposed in modern times by Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, for classifying and studying ancient societies.

Osgyth English saint

Osgyth was an English saint. She is primarily commemorated in the village of Saint Osyth, Essex, near Colchester. Alternative spellings of her name include Sythe, Othith and Ositha. Born of a noble family, she founded a priory near Chich which was later named after her.

Viking Age Period of European history from the 8th to the 11th century dealing with the Scandinavian expansion

The Viking Age is a period in the history of the Scandinavians, during which they expanded and built settlements throughout Europe and beyond after the main European Migration Period. As such the Viking Age applies not only to their homeland of Scandinavia, but to any place significantly settled by Scandinavians during the period.

The village appears in the 1086 Domesday Book as "Torneure" (also "Tornoure") means "thorn bank". The ancient parish of Thorner covered 4400 acres in the wapentake of Skyrack in the West Riding of Yorkshire. [3] The parish included the townships of Scarcroft and Shadwell, which became separate civil parishes in 1866. [4]

Domesday Book 11th-century survey of landholding in England as well as the surviving manuscripts of the survey

Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states:

Then, at the midwinter [1085], was the king in Gloucester with his council .... After this had the king a large meeting, and very deep consultation with his council, about this land; how it was occupied, and by what sort of men. Then sent he his men over all England into each shire; commissioning them to find out "How many hundreds of hides were in the shire, what land the king himself had, and what stock upon the land; or, what dues he ought to have by the year from the shire."

Skyrack

Skyrack was a wapentake of the West Riding of Yorkshire, England. It was split into upper and lower divisions and centred in Headingley, Leeds. The Lower Division included the parishes of Aberford, Bardsey, Barwick-in-Elmet, Kippax, Thorner, Whitkirk and part of Harewood, while the Upper Division included the parishes of Adel, Bingley, Guiseley and parts of Harewood, Ilkley and Otley.

West Riding of Yorkshire one of the historic subdivisions of Yorkshire, England

The West Riding of Yorkshire is one of the three historic subdivisions of Yorkshire, England. From 1889 to 1974 the administrative county, County of York, West Riding, was based closely on the historic boundaries. The lieutenancy at that time included the City of York and as such was named West Riding of the County of York and the County of the City of York.

In 1245 it acquired a market, and the area around Main Street shows a typical Medieval layout of strips leading from a market street. [2] The base of a medieval market cross is on Butts Garth. [5] As well as farming, pottery was a local industry in the Middle Ages, supplanted by the textile industry in the 18th and 19th centuries. [2]

Middle Ages Period of European history from the 5th to the 15th century

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery. The Middle Ages is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: classical antiquity, the medieval period, and the modern period. The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages.

Thorner railway station (which also served nearby Scarcroft and was originally called Thorner & Scarcroft, opened 1876 and closed 1964 under the Beeching cuts and was demolished and the area developed into housing. It was on the Cross Gates to Wetherby Line, which thereby gave access to Leeds and Harrogate, with some services running between these two extremes. [6] This resulted in an increase in housing and a more widespread distribution of agricultural and industrial products [2] with a substantial number of shops. [7] The end of the annual agricultural show in 1924 indicates the lesser importance of farming to the community. [7] However, from the 1950s local businesses declined as the village population increasingly commuted to larger centres such as Leeds. [7]

Thorner railway station

Thorner railway station was a station in Thorner, West Yorkshire, England, on the Cross Gates–Wetherby line. It opened on 1 May 1876 and closed on 6 January 1964. It served Thorner village immediately south of the station as well as the village of Scarcroft a mile to the west. The station was originally called Thorner & Scarcroft, in 1885 it was renamed into Scarcroft for some time before reverting to the old name, and in 1901 the name was finally shortened to Thorner.

Scarcroft farm village in the United Kingdom

Scarcroft is an upmarket village and civil parish 6 miles (10 km) north east of Leeds city centre in the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, West Yorkshire, England. The village lies on the main A58 road between Leeds and Wetherby. It had a population of 1,153 increasing to 1,194 at the 2011 Census.

Beeching cuts Project to close railway lines

The Beeching cuts were a reduction of route network and restructuring of the railways in Great Britain, according to a plan outlined in two reports, The Reshaping of British Railways (1963) and The Development of the Major Railway Trunk Routes (1965), written by Dr Richard Beeching and published by the British Railways Board.

In 1970 the main part was designated a Conservation Area by Leeds City Council: in 2009 the area was extended to include the area of Sandhills to the south. [2] This has essentially limited industrial development and restricted new housing to the surroundings. [7] Many of the properties on Main Street are listed buildings along with St Peter's Church (grade II). [8]

In the United Kingdom, the term conservation area nearly always applies to an area of special architectural or historic interest the character of which is considered worthy of preservation or enhancement. It creates a precautionary approach to the loss or alteration of buildings and/or trees. As such it has some of the legislative and policy characteristics of Listed Buildings and Tree Preservation Orders.

Leeds City Council Local government body in England

Leeds City Council is the local authority of the City of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England. It is a metropolitan district council, one of five in West Yorkshire and one of 36 in the metropolitan counties of England, and provides the majority of local government services in Leeds. Since 1 April 2014 it has been a constituent council of the West Yorkshire Combined Authority.

Listed building Protected historic structure in the United Kingdom

A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.

The church of St Peter is built in the later English gothic style and has a square embattled tower. In the graveyard is the memorial to John Philips, who lived to 118 years. A school was built by subscription in 1787, and is now the Parish Centre. The Wesleyan Methodists have a place of worship on the main street in the village, their nineteenth-century chapel having been converted to flats. [3]

Geography

Thorner is situated close to the A1, A58 and A64 trunk roads. It is 8 miles (13 km) north-east of Leeds city centre and 7 miles (11 km) to the south-west of Wetherby. The underlying rock is limestone, some of which was burnt into lime and flagstone and slates were quarried. [3]

Travel to and from the village by public transport is via the number 7 bus route (operated by the Transdev Harrogate & District bus company). The journey takes roughly half an hour from Leeds, 20 minutes from Wetherby and an hour from Harrogate.

Features

Thorner has no street lighting. The village has two public houses, the Mexborough Arms and The Fox. There is no longer a post office or a village shop, but there is a delicatessen, a hairdresser's and a restaurant, formerly The Beehive pub. Social amenities include the Parish Centre next to the church, the Victory Hall in Carr Lane, an over-60s centre, a bowling green, tennis courts and cricket and football pitches.

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Wetherby town in West Yorkshire

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Harrogate Town in North Yorkshire, England

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Moortown, Leeds human settlement in United Kingdom

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Seacroft area of east Leeds, West Yorkshire, UK

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Alwoodley

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Collingham, West Yorkshire village in the United Kingdom

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Kirk Deighton village in the United Kingdom

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References

  1. 1 2 UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Thorner Parish (E04000210)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 "Thorner Conservation Area Appraisal Plan" (PDF). www.leeds.gov.uk. Leeds City Council. 12 January 2009. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  3. 1 2 3 Lewis, Samuel (1848). Thorner St Peter. A Topographical Dictionary of England. British History Online. pp. 331–335. Retrieved 16 January 2011.
  4. Vision of Britain website
  5. Historic England. "Cross Base and Shaft Approximately 20 Metres North West of Butts Garth House (1265235)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  6. Catford, Nick (26 May 2017). "Station Name: Thorner". www.disused-stations.org.uk. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  7. 1 2 3 4 "History of Business in Thorner 19002000". www.thornerhistory.org.uk. Leeds Metropolitan University. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  8. "Listed Buildings in Thorner, Leeds". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 4 September 2019.