Thyrea (lichen)

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Thyrea
Thyrea confusa 130066317.jpg
Thyrea confusa
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Lichinomycetes
Order: Lichinales
Family: Lichinaceae
Genus: Thyrea
A.Massal. (1856)
Type species
Thyrea plectospora
A.Massal. (1856)
Species

T. confusa
T. girardii
T. plectopsora
T. porphyrella

Synonyms [1]
  • Lecidea sect. Omphalaria Ach. (1803)
  • Omphalaria Durieu & Mont. (1847)
  • Omphalaria sect. OmphalariaDurieu & Mont. (1847)
  • Omphalaria subgen. OmphalariaDurieu & Mont. (1847)

Thyrea is a genus of lichen-forming fungi in the family Lichinaceae. [2] It contains four species that have been accepted by Species Fungorum. [3] The genus was circumscribed by Italian lichenologist Abramo Bartolommeo Massalongo in 1856, with Thyrea plectospora assigned as the type species. [4]

Species

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lichinales</span> Order of fungi

Lichinales is the sole order of ascomycete fungi in the class Lichinomycetes. It contains three families: Gloeoheppiaceae, Lichinaceae, and Peltulaceae. Most species are lichenized. Lichinales was proposed in 1986 by German lichenologists Aino Henssen and Burkhard Büdel. The class Lichinomycetes was created by Valérie Reeb, François Lutzoni and Claude Roux in 2004.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lichinaceae</span> Family of lichen-forming fungi

The Lichinaceae are a family of ascomycete fungi. Most species are lichenized with cyanobacteria, and have a distribution largely in temperate regions.

<i>Ochrolechia</i> Genus of fungi

Ochrolechia is a genus of crustose lichens in the family Ochrolechiaceae.

<i>Toninia</i> Genus of lichens

Toninia is a genus of lichen-forming fungi in the family Ramalinaceae.

<i>Degelia</i> Genus of lichens in the family Pannariaceae

Degelia is a genus of lichen-forming fungi in the family Pannariaceae. The genus is named after Swedish lichenologist Gunnar Degelius.

<i>Mazosia</i> Genus of lichens

Mazosia is a genus of lichen-forming fungi in the family Roccellaceae. The genus was circumscribed by Italian lichenologist Abramo Bartolommeo Massalongo in 1854.

<i>Thelidium</i> Genus of lichens

Thelidium is a genus of lichen-forming fungi in the family Verrucariaceae. The genus was circumscribed in 1855 by Italian lichenologist Abramo Bartolommeo Massalongo, who assigned Thelidium amylaceum as the type species.

<i>Lichinella</i> Genus of lichens

Lichinella is a genus of lichen-forming fungi in the family Lichinaceae. It was circumscribed in 1872 by Finnish lichenologist William Nylander. Five species are accepted by Species Fungorum.

Lichinodium is a genus of filamentous lichens. It is the only genus in the family Lichinodiaceae, itself the only member of the order Lichinodiales. Lichinodium has four species. Previously considered part of the class Lichinomycetes, molecular phylogenetic analysis revealed that Lichinodium represents a unique lineage in the Leotiomycetes—the first known group of lichen-forming fungi in this class.

Psorotichia is a genus of lichen-forming fungi in the family Lichinaceae. The genus was circumscribed by Italian lichenologist Abramo Bartolommeo Massalongo in 1855, with Psorotichia murorum assigned as the type species.

Stromatella bermudana is a saxicolous (rock-dwelling) crustose lichen. It is the only species in Stromatella, a monotypic fungal genus in the family Lichinaceae. The genus was circumscribed in 1989 by German lichenologist Aino Henssen. This species was originally described as Psorotichia bermudana by US botanist Lincoln Ware Riddle in 1916, from specimens collected in Bermuda.

<i>Peltula</i> Genus of lichens

Peltula is a genus of small dark brown to olive or dark gray squamulose lichens that can be saxicolous ) or terricolous. Members of the genus are commonly called rock-olive lichens. They are cyanolichens, with the cyanobacterium photobiont from the genus Anacystis. They are umbilicate with flat to erect squamule lobes that attach from a central holdfast or cluster of rhizenes. Lichen spot tests are usually negative.

Sagiolechia is a genus of lichen-forming fungi in the family Sagiolechiaceae. The genus was circumscribed by lichenologist Abramo Bartolommeo Massalongo in 1854, who assigned Sagiolechia protuberans as the type species. The family Sagiolechiaceae was proposed in 2010 to contain Sagiolechia as the type genus, and genus Rhexophiale; molecular phylogenetic analysis showed that these two genera formed a distinct clade in the Ostropales.

Leciophysma is a genus of cyanolichens in the family Pannariaceae. It has four species. The genus was circumscribed by Theodor Magnus Fries in 1865, with Leciophysma finmarkicum assigned as the type species.

<i>Spilonema</i> Genus of lichen

Spilonema is a genus of lichen-forming fungi in the family Coccocarpiaceae. The genus was circumscribed by Jean-Baptiste Édouard Bornet in 1856.

<i>Heppia</i> Genus of lichens

Heppia is a genus of olive, brownish, gray, or blackish squamulose, crustose, or peltate like lichens. Heppia was once the type genus of the family Heppiaceae, but that family was folded into synonymy with Lichinaceae.

<i>Massalongia</i> (fungus) Genus of fungi

Massalongia is a genus of lichen-forming fungi in the family Massalongiaceae. It has four species. The genus was circumscribed by German lichenologist Gustav Wilhelm Körber in 1855, with M. carnosa assigned as the type species.

<i>Solenopsora</i> Genus of lichen

Solenopsora is a genus of lichen-forming fungi in the family Catillariaceae. It has 15 species, with a mostly Northern Hemisphere distribution.

<i>Sporastatia</i> Genus of lichens

Sporastatia is a genus of crustose lichens in the family Sporastatiaceae. It has four species. Sporastatia lichens are long-lived species that grow on siliceous or weakly calcareous rocks in arctic and alpine locales.

Harpidiaceae is a small family of lichen-forming fungi, containing two genera and five species. It is of uncertain classification in the Pezizomycotina.

References

  1. "Synonymy. Current Name: Thyrea A. Massal., Sched. Crit. Lich. Exsicc. (Veronae) 4: 75 (1856)". Species Fungorum . Retrieved 27 November 2022.
  2. Wijayawardene, N.N.; Hyde, K.D.; Dai, D.Q.; Sánchez-García, M.; Goto, B.T.; Saxena, R.K.; et al. (2022). "Outline of Fungi and fungus-like taxa – 2021". Mycosphere. 13 (1): 53–453. doi:10.5943/mycosphere/13/1/2. S2CID   249054641.
  3. "Thyrea". Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life . Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  4. 1 2 Massalongo, A. (1856). Schedulae criticae in lichenes exsiccatos Italiae (in Latin). Typis Antonellianis. p. 75.
  5. Henssen, Aino; Jørgensen, Per Magnus (1990). "New combinations and synonyms in the Lichinaceae". The Lichenologist. 22 (2): 137–147. doi:10.1017/s0024282990000093.
  6. Schultz, M.; Büdel, B.; Porembski, S. (2001). "Thyrea porphyrella, a new species of the Lichinaceae from inselbergs in tropical South America". The Lichenologist. 33 (3): 211–214. doi:10.1006/lich.2000.0317.