|Thyris fenestrella, upperside|
The pygmy (moth) (Thyris fenestrella) is a moth of the family Thyrididae.
Moths comprise a group of insects related to butterflies, belonging to the order Lepidoptera. Most lepidopterans are moths, and there are thought to be approximately 160,000 species of moth, many of which have yet to be described. Most species of moth are nocturnal, but there are also crepuscular and diurnal species.
The Thyrididae comprise the family of picture-winged leaf moths. They are the only family in the superfamily Thyridoidea, which sometimes has been included in the Pyraloidea, but this isn't supported by cladistic analysis.
This species can be found in central and southern Europe and Asia Minor. The species is most frequent in southern Europe.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
These thermophilous moths mainly inhabit coastal environments, warm forest edges, sunny slopes with calcareous soil, scrub and hedgerows where the host plant grows.
Thyris fenestrella has a wingspan of 15–20 mm. The basic color of the wings is grayish- dusky brown. The frontwings have some orange dots along the front edge and a distinctive slightly translucent whitish patch in the middle of each wing. These almost transparent areas are similar to windows (hence the Latin species name fenestrella, meaning small window). Two of such windows are present also in the middle of the hindwings. The abdomen is blackish-brown, with some slight white cross bands.
The wingspan of a bird or an airplane is the distance from one wingtip to the other wingtip. For example, the Boeing 777-200 has a wingspan of 60.93 metres, and a wandering albatross caught in 1965 had a wingspan of 3.63 metres, the official record for a living bird. The term wingspan, more technically extent, is also used for other winged animals such as pterosaurs, bats, insects, etc., and other fixed-wing aircraft such as ornithopters. In humans, the term wingspan also refers to the arm span, which is distance between the length from one end of an individual's arms to the other when raised parallel to the ground at shoulder height at a 90º angle. Former professional basketball player Manute Bol stands at 7 ft 7 in (2.31 m) and owns one of the largest wingspans at 8 ft 6 in (2.59 m).
The caterpillars can reach a length of about 10 millimetres (0.39 in). They are yellowish or olive green with a slightly transparent skin and numerous large black verrucae. The head is dark brown. Pupa are stubby and reddish brown.
This species has two generations a year, hibernating as a chrysalis. Adults are on wing from May until mid-August. They are particularly active in sunny days. The larvae feed on Clematis vitalba ,Sambucus nigra , Arctium lappa and are found in July and August.
Clematis vitalba is a shrub of the Ranunculaceae family.
Sambucus nigra is a species complex of flowering plants in the family Adoxaceae native to most of Europe and North America. Common names include elder, elderberry, black elder, European elder, European elderberry, and European black elderberry. It grows in a variety of conditions including both wet and dry fertile soils, primarily in sunny locations. Elder is cited as a poisonous plant for mammals, and as a weed in certain habitats.
Arctium lappa, commonly called greater burdock, gobō (牛蒡/ゴボウ), edible burdock, lappa, beggar's buttons, thorny burr, or happy major is a Eurasian species of plants in the Aster family, cultivated in gardens for its root used as a vegetable. It has become an invasive weed of high-nitrogen soils in North America, Australia, and other regions.
The riband wave is a moth of the family Geometridae. The species was first described by Carl Linnaeus in his 1758 10th edition of Systema Naturae.
Melanargia galathea, the marbled white, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.
The mint moth is a small moth from the family Crambidae.
Hyles gallii, the bedstraw hawk-moth or galium sphinx, is a moth of the family Sphingidae. The species was first described by S. A. von Rottemburg in 1775.
The Blastobasidae are a family of moths in the superfamily Gelechioidea. Its species can be found almost anywhere in the world, though in some places they are not native but introduced by humans. In some arrangements, these moths are included in the case-bearer family (Coleophoridae) as subfamily Blastobasinae. The Symmocidae are sometimes included in the Blastobasidae as subfamily or tribe.
Ligdia adustata, the scorched carpet, is a moth of the family Geometridae.
Hylaea fasciaria, the barred red, is a moth of the family Geometridae. The species can be found in Central and North Europe, Urals, Caucasus, Altai and East Siberia.
Scopula marginepunctata, the mullein wave, is a moth of the family Geometridae. It was described by Johann August Ephraim Goeze in 1781. It is found throughout Europe.
Cilix glaucata, the Chinese character, is a moth of the family Drepanidae. It was first described by Giovanni Antonio Scopoli in his 1763 Entomologia Carniolica. It is found in Europe, Asia Minor and North Africa.
The safflower skipper butterfly is a species of skipper butterfly.
Cymbalophora pudica, common name Discrete Chaperon, is a moth of the family Erebidae.
Carcharodus flocciferus, the tufted skipper or tufted marbled skipper, is a butterfly of the family Hesperiidae.
Zygaena purpuralis, the transparent burnet, is a moth of the family Zygaenidae.
Pammene aurana is a moth of the Tortricidae family.
The pale shoulder is a moth of the family Noctuidae.
Pseudobunaea alinda is a species of very large moths in the family Saturniidae. The species was first described by Dru Drury in 1782, and is found in Angola, Cameroon, Congo, DR Congo, Gabon, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone, and Tanzania.
Lobobunaea phaedusa is a species of very large moths in the family Saturniidae. It is found in much of sub-saharan Africa, where its host plants include African custard-apple, crown-berry, and Aframomum spp.
Thyris is a genus of moths of the family Thyrididae.
Thyris maculata, the spotted thyri, is a species of window-winged moth in the family Thyrididae.
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