Thyrididae

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Thyrididae
Arniocera auriguttata-01 (xndr).jpg
Arniocera auriguttata
Glanycus coendersi Kalis (Thyrididae Striglininae) 2.jpg
Glanycus coendersi , one of the aposematically coloured day-flying species of Thyrididae
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Clade: Eulepidoptera
Clade: Ditrysia
Clade: Apoditrysia
(unranked): Obtectomera
Superfamily: Thyridoidea
Herrich-Schäffer, 1846
Family:Thyrididae
Herrich-Schäffer, 1846
Subfamilies
Diversity
Over 1,000 species

The Thyrididae comprise the family of picture-winged leaf moths. They are the only family in the superfamily Thyridoidea, which sometimes has been included in the Pyraloidea, but this isn't supported by cladistic analysis.

Family is one of the eight major hierarchical taxonomic ranks in Linnaean taxonomy; it is classified between order and genus. A family may be divided into subfamilies, which are intermediate ranks between the ranks of family and genus. The official family names are Latin in origin; however, popular names are often used: for example, walnut trees and hickory trees belong to the family Juglandaceae, but that family is commonly referred to as being the "walnut family".

Moth Group of mostly-nocturnal insects in the order Lepidoptera

Moths are a polyphyletic group of insects that includes all members of the order Lepidoptera that are not butterflies, with moths making up the vast majority of the order. There are thought to be approximately 160,000 species of moth, many of which have yet to be described. Most species of moth are nocturnal, but there are also crepuscular and diurnal species.

Pyraloidea superfamily of insects

The Pyraloidea are a moth superfamily containing about 16,000 described species worldwide, and probably at least as many more remain to be described. They are generally fairly small moths.

Contents

Most species live in the tropics and subtropics. They are colourful and often day-flying moths. [1] There are four subfamilies. Their biology is little known. Thyridid specimens are rare in museum collections.

Tropics region of the Earth surrounding the Equator

The tropics are the region of the Earth surrounding the Equator. They are delimited in latitude by the Tropic of Cancer in the Northern Hemisphere at 23°26′12.2″ (or 23.43673°) N and the Tropic of Capricorn in the Southern Hemisphere at 23°26′12.2″ (or 23.43673°) S; these latitudes correspond to the axial tilt of the Earth. The tropics are also referred to as the tropical zone and the torrid zone. The tropics include all the areas on the Earth where the Sun contacts a point directly overhead at least once during the solar year - thus the latitude of the tropics is roughly equal to the angle of the Earth's axial tilt.

Subtropics Geographic and climate zone

The subtropics are geographic and climate zones located roughly between the tropics at latitude 23.5° and temperate zones north and south of the Equator.

Diurnality animal behavior characterized by activity during the day, with a period of sleeping, or other inactivity, at night

Diurnality is a form of plant or animal behavior characterized by activity during daytime, with a period of sleeping or other inactivity at night. The common adjective used for daytime activity is "diurnal". The timing of activity by an animal depends on a variety of environmental factors such as the temperature, the ability to gather food by sight, the risk of predation, and the time of year. Diurnality is a cycle of activity within a 24-hour period; cyclic activities called circadian rhythms are endogenous cycles not dependent on external cues or environmental factors. Animals active during twilight are crepuscular, those active during the night are nocturnal, and animals active at sporadic times during both night and day are cathemeral.

Genera

<i>Chrysotypus</i> genus of insects

Chrysotypus is a genus of moths of the family Thyrididae.

Microtenucha is a monotypic moth genus in the family Thyrididae first described by William Warren in 1900. Its only species, Microctenucha munda, was first described by George Hampson in 1893.

Charideinae

Toosa is a genus of moths of the family Thyrididae from Africa.

Siculodinae

Cecidothyris is a genus of moths of the family Thyrididae from Africa.

Cornuterus is a genus of moths of the family Thyrididae.

<i>Epaena</i> genus of insects

Epaena is a genus of African moths of the family Thyrididae.

Striglininae

<i>Banisia</i> genus of insects

Banisia is a genus of moths of the family Thyrididae.

<i>Mathoris</i> genus of insects

Mathoris is a genus of moths of the family Thyrididae.

<i>Striglina</i> genus of insects

Striglina is a genus of moths of the family Thyrididae described by Achille Guenée in 1877.

Thyridinae

Related Research Articles

<i>Cyclophora</i> (moth) genus of insects

Cyclophora is a genus of moths in the family Geometridae. Many species are referred to as mochas in reference to their colouration, primarily in Europe.

References

  1. Manley, Chris (2015). British Moths: A Photographic Guide to the Moths of Britain and Ireland (2 ed.). Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 172. ISBN   9781472925305.