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|Family:|| Megalopygidae |
The flannel moths or crinkled flannel moths (scientific name Megalopygidae) are a family of insects. They occur in North America (11 species) and the New World tropics. The larvae are called puss caterpillars , and with their long hairs, resemble cotton balls. They have venomous spines that can cause a painful sting and inflammation lasting for several days. In some cases, the sting may cause headache, nausea, and shock-like symptoms. Perhaps the most notorious for stinging is the caterpillar of Megalopyge opercularis .
Urticating hairs or urticating bristles are one of the primary defense mechanisms used by numerous plants, almost all New World tarantulas, and various lepidopteran caterpillars. Urtica is Latin for "nettle", and bristles that urticate are characteristic of this type of plant, and many other plants in several families. This term also refers to certain types of barbed bristles that cover the dorsal and posterior surface of a tarantula's or caterpillar's abdomen. Many tarantula species eject bristles from their abdomens, directing them toward potential attackers. These bristles can embed themselves in the other animal's skin or eyes, causing physical irritation, usually to great discomfort. The term urticating hairs is a misnomer, as technically only mammals possess true hairs.
Megalopyge opercularis is a moth of the family Megalopygidae. It has numerous common names, including southern flannel moth for its adult form, and puss caterpillar, asp, Italian asp, woolly slug, opossum bug, puss moth, tree asp, or asp caterpillar.
The Limacodidae or Eucleidae are a family of moths in the superfamily Zygaenoidea or the Cossoidea; the placement is in dispute. They are often called slug moths because their caterpillars bear a distinct resemblance to slugs. They are also called cup moths because of the shape of their cocoons.
The saddleback caterpillar is the larva of a species of moth native to eastern North America. It is also found in Mexico. The species belongs to the family of slug caterpillars, Limacodidae.
Megalopyge crispata, the black-waved flannel moth, crinkled flannel moth or white flannel moth, is a moth of the Megalopygidae family. It is found along the east coast of the United States, and as far inland as Oklahoma.
Norape ovina, the white flannel moth, is a moth of the Megalopygidae family. In the United States, it is found from Washington, D.C. south to Florida, west to Montana and Texas. Its range extends further south through Mexico, Guatemala and Panama to Venezuela, Suriname and Bolivia.
Megalopyge is a genus of moths in the family Megalopygidae.
Megalopyge hina is a moth of the Megalopygidae family. It was described by Paul Dognin in 1911. It is found in Guyana.
Megalopyge perseae is a moth of the Megalopygidae family. It was described by Paul Dognin in 1891. It is found in Venezuela.
Megalopyge albicollis is a moth of the family Megalopygidae. It was described by Francis Walker in 1855.
Megalopyge immaculata is a moth of the family Megalopygidae. It was described by Samuel E. Cassino in 1928.
Megalopyge krugii is a moth of the family Megalopygidae. It was described by Hermann Dewitz in 1897.
Megalopyge lacyi is a moth of the family Megalopygidae. It was described by William Barnes and James Halliday McDunnough in 1910.
Megalopyge lanata is a moth of the family Megalopygidae. It was described by Caspar Stoll in 1780.
Megalopyge lecca is a moth of the family Megalopygidae. It was described by Herbert Druce in 1890.
Megalopyge pixidifera is a moth of the Megalopygidae family. It was described by James Edward Smith and John Abbot in 1797. It was described from the southern United States.
Megalopyge urens is a moth of the family Megalopygidae. It was described by Carlos Berg in 1882. It is found in Brazil.
Megalopyge xanthopasa is a moth of the family Megalopygidae. It was described by Sepp in 1828. It is found in Surinam and French Guiana.
Podalia orsilochus is a moth of the Megalopygidae family. It was described by Pieter Cramer in 1775. It is found in Mexico, Costa Rica, Brazil, Guyana and Venezuela.
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