Tibetan Communist Party

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Tibetan Communist Party
Tibetan nameབོད་གུང་ཁྲན་ཏང
Chinese name西藏共產黨
Leader Phuntsok Wangyal
FoundersPhuntsok Wangyal
Ngawang Kesang
Founded1943 (1943)
Dissolved1949
Merged into Communist Party of China
Ideology Communism
Marxism–Leninism
Political position Far-left

The Tibetan Communist Party [lower-alpha 1] was a small communist party in the Tibet, which functioned in secrecy under various names. The group was founded by Phuntsok Wangyal and Ngawang Kesang in 1943. It emerged from a group called the Tibetan Democratic Youth League, created by Wangyal and other Tibetan students in Lhasa in 1939. [1] [2]

The party sought to unite all Tibetans into one entity, compassing Kham, Amdo, and Ü-Tsang. [3] The party contacted the embassy of the Soviet Union asking for its assistance as it began planning a socialist uprising in Tibet and Kham. Later Wangyal also contacted the Chinese Communist Party and the Communist Party of India. [4]

The Tibetan communists prepared guerrilla struggles against the ruling Kuomintang, whilst promoting democratic reforms inside Tibet.

In 1949, the party merged into the Chinese Communist Party. [5]

Notes

    • Tibetan: བོད་གུང་ཁྲན་ཏང, Wylie: bod gung khran tang, THL: bö gung tren tang
    • Chinese :西藏共產黨; pinyin :Xīzàng Gòngchǎndǎng

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References

  1. New Left Review - Tsering Shakya: The Prisoner
  2. "Case anthropologist tells story of Tibet Communist Party founder". 2 July 2004. Retrieved 21 June 2008.
  3. Goldstein, Melvyn C. Goldstein/Sherap, Dawei Sherap/Siebenschuh, William R.. A Tibetan Revolutionary: The Political Life and Times of Bapa Phüntso Wangye. University of California Press, 2004. p. xiii
  4. Goldstein, Melvyn C. Goldstein/Sherap, Dawei Sherap/Siebenschuh, William R.. A Tibetan Revolutionary: The Political Life and Times of Bapa Phüntso Wangye. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004. p. 42-44, 78-82
  5. Melvyn C. Goldstein; Dawei Sherap; William R. Siebenschuh. "A Tibetan Revolutionary" . Retrieved 21 June 2008.