Tibetan Communist Party

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Tibetan Communist Party

བོད་གུང་ཁྲན་ཏང
西藏共产党
Leader Phuntsok Wangyal
FoundersPhuntsok Wangyal
Ngawang Kesang
Founded1939 (as the TDYL)
1943 (as the TCP)
Dissolved1949
Merged into Communist Party of China
Ideology Communism
Marxism–Leninism
Political position Far-left

The Tibetan Communist Party (Tibetan : བོད་གུང་ཁྲན་ཏང, Wylie : bod gung khran tang, THL : bö gung tren tang; Chinese :西藏共产党; pinyin :Xīzàng Gòngchǎndǎng) was a small communist party in the Kingdom of Tibet, which functioned in secrecy under various names. The group was founded by Phuntsok Wangyal and Ngawang Kesang in 1943. It emerged from a group called the Tibetan Democratic Youth League created by Wangyal and other Tibetan students in Lhasa in 1939. [1] [2]

The Party sought to unite all Tibetans into one entity, compassing Kham, Amdo, and Ü-Tsang. [3] The Party contacted the embassy of the Soviet Union asking for its assistance as it began planning a socialist uprising in Tibet and Kham. Later Wangyal also contacted the Communist Party of China and the Communist Party of India. [4]

The Tibetan communists prepared guerrilla struggles against the ruling Kuomintang, whilst promoting democratic reforms inside Tibet.

In 1949, the party merged into the Communist Party of China. [5]

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References

  1. New Left Review - Tsering Shakya: The Prisoner
  2. "Case anthropologist tells story of Tibet Communist Party founder". 2 July 2004. Retrieved 21 June 2008.
  3. Goldstein, Melvyn C. Goldstein/Sherap, Dawei Sherap/Siebenschuh, William R.. A Tibetan Revolutionary: The Political Life and Times of Bapa Phüntso Wangye. University of California Press, 2004. p. xiii
  4. Goldstein, Melvyn C. Goldstein/Sherap, Dawei Sherap/Siebenschuh, William R.. A Tibetan Revolutionary: The Political Life and Times of Bapa Phüntso Wangye. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004. p. 42-44, 78-82
  5. Melvyn C. Goldstein; Dawei Sherap; William R. Siebenschuh. "A Tibetan Revolutionary" . Retrieved 21 June 2008.