Tim Buck

Last updated

±%
Tim Buck
TimBuck.jpg
Chairman of the Communist Party of Canada
In office
1962–1973
Liberal Lionel Conacher 8,05640.94+6.04
Progressive Conservative Stanley Frolick6,01930.59+2.30
Co-operative Commonwealth Herman A. Voaden3,87719.70+4.51
Labor–Progressive Tim Buck1,7258.77-12.85
Total valid votes19,677
1949 Canadian federal election : Trinity
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Lionel Conacher 10,38934.90+4.11
Progressive Conservative Larry Skey 8,42328.29-2.82
Labor–Progressive Tim Buck6,43821.62-4.53
Co-operative Commonwealth Herman A. Voaden4,52215.19+3.23
Total valid votes29,772
1945 Canadian federal election : Trinity
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Progressive Conservative Larry Skey 8,90831.11-23.22
Liberal Ernest Charlton Bogart8,81730.79-11.32
Labor–Progressive Tim Buck7,48826.15
Co-operative Commonwealth Herman A. Voaden3,42511.96
Total valid votes28,638
1937 Toronto Board of Control Election
4 to be elected
Vote
Frederick J. Conboy (X)60,665
William J. Wadsworth (X)53,766
Fred Hamilton (X)47,493
Douglas McNish44,402
Tim Buck44,248
Robert Hood Saunders 41,817
Robert Allen15,283
Harry Bradley4,623
1935 Canadian federal election : Winnipeg North
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Co-operative Commonwealth Abraham Albert Heaps 12,09342.16-6.88
Liberal C.S. Booth8,41229.32+13.95
Communist Tim Buck7,27625.36
Social Credit Fred John Welwood9053.15
Total valid votes28,686

See also

Related Research Articles

Marxism–Leninism is a communist ideology that became the largest faction of the communist movement in the world in the years following the October Revolution. It was the predominant ideology of most socialist governments throughout the 20th century. Developed in Russia by the Bolsheviks, it was the state ideology of the Soviet Union, Soviet satellite states in the Eastern Bloc, and various countries in the Non-Aligned Movement and Third World during the Cold War, as well as the Communist International after Bolshevisation. Today, Marxism–Leninism is the ideology of the ruling parties of China, Cuba, Laos and Vietnam, as well as many other Communist parties. The state ideology of North Korea is derived from Marxism–Leninism. Marxist–Leninist states are commonly referred to as "communist states" by Western academics. Marxist–Leninists reject anarchism and left communism, as well as reformist socialism and social democracy. They oppose fascism and liberal democracy, and are self-proclaimed anti-imperialists. Marxism–Leninism holds that a two-stage communist revolution is needed to replace capitalism. A vanguard party, organized through democratic centralism, would seize power on behalf of the proletariat and establish a one-party socialist state, called the dictatorship of the proletariat. The state would control the means of production, suppress opposition, counter-revolution, and the bourgeoisie, and promote Soviet collectivism, to pave the way for an eventual communist society that would be classless and stateless.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">POUM</span> Far-left political party in Spain from 1935 to 1980

The Workers' Party of Marxist Unification was a Spanish communist party formed during the Second Republic and mainly active around the Spanish Civil War. It was formed by the fusion of the Trotskyist Communist Left of Spain and the Workers and Peasants' Bloc against the will of Leon Trotsky, with whom the former broke.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Communist Party of Canada</span> Far-left political party in Canada

The Communist Party of Canada is a federal political party in Canada, founded in 1921 under conditions of illegality. Although it does not currently have any parliamentary representation, the party's candidates have previously been elected to the House of Commons, the Ontario legislature, the Manitoba legislature, and various municipal governments across the country. The party has also made significant contributions to Canada's trade union, labour, and peace movements.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Communist Party of Britain</span> Political party in the United Kingdom

The New Communist Party of Britain is an anti-revisionist Marxist–Leninist communist party in Britain. The origins of the NCP lie in the Communist Party of Great Britain from which it split in 1977. The organisation takes an anti-revisionist stance on Marxist–Leninism and is opposed to Eurocommunism. After the fall of the Soviet Union the party was one of two original British signatories to the Pyongyang Declaration in 1992. It publishes a newspaper named The New Worker.

Joseph Baruch (J.B.) Salsberg was a politician in Ontario, Canada. He was a Labor-Progressive member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1943 to 1955 who represented the riding of St. Andrew in downtown Toronto. He was a longtime Communist and activist in the Jewish community.

The Right Opposition or Right Tendency in the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) was a conditional label formulated by Joseph Stalin in autumn of 1928 in regards to the opposition against certain measures included within the first five-year plan, an opposition which was led by Nikolai Bukharin, Alexei Rykov, Mikhail Tomsky and their supporters within the Soviet Union that did not follow the so called "general line of the party". It is also the name given to "right-wing" critics within the Communist movement internationally, particularly those who coalesced in the International Communist Opposition, regardless of whether they identified with Bukharin and Rykov.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Kashtan</span> Canadian politician

William Kashtan was the general secretary of the Communist Party of Canada for 23 years beginning in January 1965, several months following the death of Leslie Morris, until his retirement in 1988. The delay in his assuming of the position was due to the opposition of Tim Buck to his appointment.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James Litterick</span> Canadian politician

James Litterick was a politician in Manitoba, Canada, and was the first member of the Communist Party of Canada to be elected to that province's legislature.

Leslie Tom Morris was a Welsh-Canadian politician, journalist and longtime member of the Communist Party of Canada and, its front group, the Labor-Progressive Party. He was leader of the Ontario Labor-Progressive Party in the 1940s and general secretary of the Communist Party of Canada from 1962 until his death in 1964.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (Ontario Section)</span> Political party in Canada

The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation – The Farmer-Labor Party of Ontario, or more commonly known as the Ontario CCF, was a democratic socialist provincial political party in Ontario that existed from 1932 to 1961. It was the provincial wing of the federal Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF). The party had no leader in the beginning, and was governed by a provincial council and executive. The party's first Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) was elected by voters in the 1934 Ontario general election. In the 1937 general election, no CCF members were elected to the Ontario Legislature. In 1942, the party elected Toronto lawyer Ted Jolliffe as its first leader. He led the party to within a few seats of forming the government in the 1943 general election; instead, it formed the Official Opposition. In that election, the first two women were elected to the Ontario Legislature as CCFers: Agnes Macphail and Rae Luckock. The 1945 election was a setback, as the party lost most of its seats in the Legislature, including Jolliffe's seat. The party again became the Official Opposition after the 1948 general election, and defeated the Conservative premier George Drew in his seat, when Bill Temple unexpectedly won in the High Park constituency. The middle and late 1940s were the peak years for the Ontario CCF. After that time, its electoral performances were dismal, as it was reduced to a rump of two seats in the 1951 election, three seats in the 1955 election, and five seats in the 1959 election. Jolliffe stepped down as leader in 1953, and was replaced by Donald C. MacDonald.

George Hewison is a Canadian folk singer, trade unionist and former politician. He was formerly a long-time member of the Communist Party of Canada and served as the party's general secretary from 1988 to 1992.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James Gareth Endicott</span>

James Gareth Endicott was a Canadian Christian minister, missionary, and socialist.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Harpal Brar</span> Communist politician

Harpal Brar is an Indian communist politician, writer and businessman, based in the United Kingdom. He is the founder and former chairman of the Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist–Leninist), a role from which he stood down in 2018.

The 1936 Manitoba general election was held July 27, 1936 to elect Members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Manitoba, Canada. The Liberal-Progressives won minority government in this election, taking 23 seats out of 55 and 35 percent of the vote.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Albert Edward Smith</span>

Albert Edward Smith, known as A. E. Smith, was a Canadian religious leader and politician. A social gospeller, Smith was for many years a minister in the Canadian Methodist Church before starting his own "People's Church". He served in the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba from 1920 to 1922 as a Labour representative. In 1925, he became a member of the Communist Party of Canada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dominion Communist–Labor Total War Committee</span>

The Dominion Communist–Labor Total War Committee was a front organization of the then-banned Communist Party of Canada. The Committee originated as the "Tim Buck Plebiscite Committees" which were organized by the party in 1942 to campaign for a "yes" vote in the 1942 referendum on conscription.

The Labor-Progressive Party was the legal front of the Communist Party of Canada and several provincial wings of the party from 1943 to 1959.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hardial Bains</span> Indian-Canadian communist (1939–1997)

Hardial Bains was an Indo-Canadian microbiology lecturer, but was primarily known as the founder of a series of left-wing movements and parties foremost of which was the Communist Party of Canada (Marxist–Leninist). Presenting himself as staunchly anti-revisionist and pro-Stalinist, until his death, Bains acted as the spokesperson and ideological leader of the CPC (ML) — known in elections as the Marxist–Leninist Party of Canada. During his lifetime, Bains' outlook swung from supporting the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin, to Mao Zedong's China, then later to Enver Hoxha's Albania. Shortly before he died, and abandoning his previous sharp criticisms of the country, Bains turned to Fidel Castro's Cuba for inspiration. Spending most of his life in Canada, Bains was also politically active in England, Ireland, United States and India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Communist Party of Canada (Marxist–Leninist)</span> Far-left political party in Canada

The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist–Leninist) is a Canadian federal political party founded by Hardial Bains in 1970. The CPC(M-L) has been registered with Elections Canada as the Marxist–Leninist Party of Canada (MLPC) since 1974 as the party is prohibited from using the Communist Party name in Canadian elections to avoid confusion among voters. The party developed separately and independently from the Communist Party of Canada (CPC), originating among students and intellectuals in Canada during the 1960s. After a period of alignment with Maoism and China, the CPC(M-L) pursued a Hoxhaist, pro-Albanian line until the early 1990s. At present, the party directs most of its public support to Cuba and North Korea.

Nelson Clarke was a Canadian politician. Clarke was born in Regina, Saskatchewan in 1914.

References

  1. "Tim Buck". Canadian Encyclopaedia.
  2. Rodney, William. Soldiers Of The International; A History of the Communist Party of Canada, 1919–1929. Victoria, British Columbia. University of Toronto Press (1968) P.137
  3. The Worker vol.11 Number 523, December 17, 1932, see image above
  4. The CPC Condemns Publication of Tim Buck's Reminiscences, Communist Party of Canada, 1977, Marxists Internet Archive
  5. Yours in the Struggle: Reminiscences of Tim Buck – Reviewed by Ian Angus, May 1979, Marxists Internet Archive
  6. Announcing the Second Edition of Canadian Bolsheviks: The Early Years of the Communist Party of Canada By Ian Angus, Marxists Internet Archive
  7. "Tim Buck, 82, Former Leader Of Canadian Communists, Dies". The New York Times. March 14, 1973. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved July 8, 2022.