Timeline of Bern

Last updated

The following is a timeline of the history of the municipality of Bern, Switzerland.

Contents

Prior to 19th century

19th century

20th century

21st century

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bern</span> Federal city of Switzerland

Bern, or Berne, is the de facto capital of Switzerland, referred to as the "federal city". With a population of about 133,000, Bern is the fifth-most populous city in Switzerland, behind Zürich, Geneva, Basel and Lausanne. The Bern agglomeration, which includes 36 municipalities, had a population of 406,900 in 2014. The metropolitan area had a population of 660,000 in 2000.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Basel-Landschaft</span> Canton of Switzerland

Basel-Landschaft or Basel-Country, informally known as Baselland or Baselbiet, is one of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation. It is composed of five districts and its capital city is Liestal. It is traditionally considered a "half-canton", the other half being Basel-Stadt, its urban counterpart.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carl Hilty</span> Swiss lawyer and philosopher (1833–1909)

Carl Andreas Hilty was a Swiss lawyer, professor of constitutional law, politician, philosopher, lay theologian and writer.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Valerius Anshelm</span>

Valerius Anshelm, born as Valerius Rüd, was a Swiss chronicler working in Bern.

<i>Historical Dictionary of Switzerland</i> Encyclopedia on the history of Switzerland

The Historical Dictionary of Switzerland is an encyclopedia on the history of Switzerland. It aims to present the history of Switzerland in the form of an encyclopaedia, published both on paper and on the internet, in three of the country's national languages: German, French and Italian. When it was completed at the end of 2014, the paper version contained around 36,000 articles divided into thirteen volumes. At the same time, a reduced edition of the dictionary has been published in Romansh under the title Lexicon istoric retic (LIR), and constitutes the first specialist dictionary in the Rhaeto-Romance, Switzerland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Englisberg</span> Village in the district of Seftigen in Canton Bern, Switzerland

Englisberg is a village in the district of Seftigen in Canton Bern, Switzerland. On January 1, 2004, the independent municipality merged with Zimmerwald to form the new municipality of Wald BE. Situated on the Längenberg, above the valley of the Aare river, it combines the villages of Englisberg and Kühlewil. Englisberg is first documented in 1166 [Endlisperc]. It is believed that Englisberg was created out of the much older village of Kühlewil [Cullenwil, Cullenwilare - originally of Celtic origin] the latter of which having since attained the status of a hamlet of the former. In the 14th century a castle is documented in Englisberg, owned by the family of the same name. It was abandoned by the following 15th century and quickly fell into disrepair and disintegration. The feudal rights over Englisberg were acquired by the von Erlach family of Bern in 1433 and passed in 1542 to the Baumgartner family of the same place. After 1570, these feudal rights were sold to local farming families Guggisberg and Zimmermann which over the course of several generations were split into 70 shares. In the 18th century, these rights were successively purchased by the aristocratic von Graffenried and von Tscharner families seated at the Lohn estate in Kehrsatz only to lose it all when Switzerland was invaded by the French in 1798 that resulted in the abolishment of the ancient order. Englisberg belonged until 1798 to the high court district of Seftigen. Ecclesiastically Englisberg was part of the evangelical reformed parish church of neighboring Belp till 1699 and thereafter was integrated into the newly created parish of Zimmerwald.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Bern</span>

The city of Bern is one of the Zähringer foundations of the late 12th century. By the end of the 13th century, it had acquired de facto imperial immediacy. It became a full member of the Old Swiss Confederacy in 1353, and during the 15th century managed to significantly expand its sphere of influence, notably with the conquest of Aargau in 1415. With the acquisition of Vaud in 1536, Bern became the most powerful city-republic north of the Alps, and one of the leading Protestant cities in early modern Switzerland. The canton of Bern in the Restored Confederacy of 1815 even after the loss of Aargau and Vaud remained the largest Swiss canton, relegated to second rank only with the secession of Jura in 1979. Since 1848 Bern has served as the federal city (capital) of Switzerland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Old City (Bern)</span> Medieval city center of Bern

The Old City is the medieval city center of Bern, Switzerland. Built on a narrow hill bordered on three sides by the river Aare, its compact layout has remained essentially unchanged since its construction during the twelfth to the fifteenth century. Despite a major fire in 1405, after which much of the city was rebuilt in sandstone, and substantial construction efforts in the eighteenth century, Bern's old city has retained its medieval character.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gerechtigkeitsgasse</span>

The Gerechtigkeitsgasse is one of the principal streets in the Old City of Bern, the medieval city center of Bern, Switzerland. Together with its extension, the Kramgasse, it is the heart of the inner city. Hans Gieng's most famous fountain figure, the statue of Lady Justice on the Gerechtigkeitsbrunnen, commands the view of the street's gentle slopes and curves.

The construction and operation of Swiss railways during the 19th century was carried out by private railways. The first internal line was a 16 km line opened from Zürich to Baden in 1847. By 1860 railways connected western and northeastern Switzerland. The first Alpine railway to be opened was under the Gotthard Pass in 1882. A second alpine line was opened under the Simplon Pass in 1906.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Münstergasse</span> Street in the Old City of Bern

The Münstergasse is one of the streets in the Old City of Bern, the medieval city center of Bern, Switzerland. It is part of the Zähringerstadt which was built during the foundation of the old city in 1191. However, until 1967 it was parts of several other streets. It runs along the cathedral and it is part of the UNESCO Cultural World Heritage Site that encompasses the Old City.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Franz Rudolf Frisching</span>

Franz Rudolf Frisching (1733–1807) was a Bernese patrician, officer, politician and industrialist.

The following is a timeline of the history of the municipality of Zürich, Switzerland.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Basel.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Rostock, Germany.

Annie Leuch-Reineck was a Swiss mathematician and women's rights activist. She was one of the most influential participants in the Swiss women's movement during the 1920s and 1930s.

The history of the Jews in Bern dates back to at least the Middle Ages. Following the expulsion and persecution of Jews during and after the Black Death epidemic, few Jews were able to live or work in the canton until the 19th century. The Jewish community of Bern was founded in 1948 and is active to this day.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Samuel Engel</span> Swiss scientist (1702–1784)

Samuel Engel was a Swiss librarian, civil servant, economist and agronomist working in Bern who introduced innovations in several fields. He was convinced of the existence of a Northeast Passage and published several influential books about the Arctic.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Burnaby (diplomat)</span> British diplomat (1701–1774)

John Burnaby (1701–1774) was a British diplomat. He was Resident minister to the Swiss cantons.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Leo Schelbert (2014). Historical Dictionary of Switzerland (2nd ed.). Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. ISBN   978-1-4422-3352-2.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Leo Schelbert (2014). "Chronology". Historical Dictionary of Switzerland (2nd ed.). Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. ISBN   978-1-4422-3352-2.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Benjamin Vincent (1910), "Berne", Haydn's Dictionary of Dates (25th ed.), London: Ward, Lock & Co., hdl:2027/loc.ark:/13960/t89g6g776 via HathiTrust
  4. Wild, Matt, Dölf, Christoph Philipp (2005). "Zeugnisse jüdischen Lebens aus den mittelalterlichen Städten Zürich und Basel", in: Kunst und Architektur in der Schweiz. Synagogen 56:2. pp. 14–20.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. 1 2 "«Judentum», in: Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz HLS online, 2016".
  6. 1 2 "Bern (Kanton)" [Bern (canton)], Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz (in German), retrieved 30 October 2015
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Coolidge, William Augustus Brevoort (1911). "Bern (city)"  . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 795.
  8. Gerhard Dohrn-van Rossum [in German] (1996). History of the Hour: Clocks and Modern Temporal Orders. University of Chicago Press. ISBN   978-0-226-15510-4.
  9. Henri Bouchot (1890). "Topographical index of the principal towns where early printing presses were established". In H. Grevel (ed.). The book: its printers, illustrators, and binders, from Gutenberg to the present time. London: H. Grevel & Co.
  10. Glenn Ehrstine (2002). Theater, Culture, and Community in Reformation Bern: 1523 - 1555. Brill. ISBN   90-04-12353-9.
  11. 1 2 3 4 "Bern (Gemeinde)" [Bern (municipality)], Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz (in German), retrieved 30 September 2015
  12. ((cite book| first=Nikolaus |ladt=Linder |title=Die Berner Bankenkrise von 1720 und das Recht. Eine Studie zur Rechts-, Banken- und Finanzgeschichte der Alten Schweiz|place= Zürich |publisher=Schulthess Juristische Medien |date= 2004}}
  13. James E. McClellan (1985). Science Reorganized: Scientific Societies in the Eighteenth Century. Columbia University Press. ISBN   978-0-231-05996-1.
  14. 1 2 Hans A. Michel (1985). "Das wissenschaftliche Bibliothekswesen Berns vom Mittelalter bis zur Gegenwart". Berner Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Heimatkunde (in German) (47): 167–234 via ETH-Bibliothek.
  15. 1 2 Gustav Grunau (1908). Gedenkschrift zum 50-jährigen Bestehen der Berner Musikschule (in German). Bern: Grunau.
  16. "«Antisemitismus», in: Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz HLS online, 2009".
  17. "Archiv des Historischen Vereins des Kantons Bern". DigiBern (in German). Universitätsbibliothek Bern  [ de ]. Retrieved 30 September 2015. (links to fulltext publications of the society)
  18. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Evolution de la population des communes 1850-2000 (xls) (in French), Swiss Confederation, Federal Statistical Office, 2005
  19. 1 2 "Switzerland". Europa World Year Book. Taylor & Francis. 2004. ISBN   978-1-85743-255-8.
  20. Colin Lawson, ed. (2003). "Orchestras Founded in the 19th Century (chronological list)". Cambridge Companion to the Orchestra. Cambridge University Press. ISBN   978-0-521-00132-8.
  21. A.J. Mackintosh (1907). "Mountaineering Clubs, 1857-1907". Alpine Journal . UK (177). hdl:2027/njp.32101076197365.
  22. 1 2 3 "History". Bern Airport. Flughafen Bern AG. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  23. 1 2 James C. Docherty; Peter Lamb (2006). "Chronology". Historical Dictionary of Socialism (2nd ed.). Scarecrow Press. ISBN   978-0-8108-6477-1.
  24. "Russische Fürstin wirkte Wunder in Bern", Berner Zeitung (in German), 15 September 2012
  25. Andreas Ladner (2004). Stabilität und Wandel von Parteien und Parteiensystemen: Eine vergleichende Analyse von Konfliktlinien, Parteien und Parteiensystemen in den Schweizer Kantonen (in German). Springer Fachmedien  [ de ]. ISBN   978-3-322-80995-7.
  26. Vernon N. Kisling, ed. (2000). "Zoological Gardens of Switzerland (chronological list)". Zoo and Aquarium History. USA: CRC Press. ISBN   978-1-4200-3924-5.
  27. "Berner Zeitschrift für Geschichte". DigiBern (in German). Universitätsbibliothek Bern. Retrieved 30 September 2015. (links to fulltext)
  28. Lubrich, Naomi (2021). Pässe, Profiteure, Polizei. Ein Schweizer Kriegsgeheimnis. Passports, Profiteers, Police. A Swiss War Secret. Basel/ Biel: Edition Clandestin, Jüdisches Museum der Schweiz.
  29. Don Rubin; et al., eds. (1994). "Switzerland". World Encyclopedia of Contemporary Theatre: Europe. Routledge. pp.  828+. ISBN   9780415251570.
  30. "Germany and Switzerland, 1900 A.D.–present: Key Events". Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art . Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  31. "Switzerland Profile: Timeline", BBC News, 8 May 2012, retrieved 30 September 2015
  32. "Polish rebels seize embassy in Bern", The New York Times, 7 September 1982
  33. "Switzerland: Bern City Guide", Time Out , UK, retrieved 30 September 2015
  34. "Sprengstoffanschlag auf Reitschule: Prozess könnte noch heuer stattfinden", Der Bund (in German), Bern, 25 June 2015
  35. "Switzerland reeling as radicals create havoc at rightwing political rally", The Guardian , UK, 7 October 2007
  36. Back to normality for Berne after Dutch invasion, Reuters, 10 June 2008
  37. Berne police fired pellets on rowdy fans, Reuters, 12 June 2008
  38. "Chronologie: Ein Park mit einem zehnjährigen Auf und Ab", Berner Zeitung (in German), 2 July 2010
  39. "Bevölkerung", Jahrbuch 2014 (in German), Stadt Bern

This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia and French Wikipedia.

Bibliography

in English

in German