Timeline of Mozart's Requiem

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Autograph score of "Dies irae" K626 Requiem Dies Irae.jpg
Autograph score of "Dies irae"

The composition of Mozart's unfinished Requiem, K. 626, his last work, is surrounded by the following events.


Before 1791


After 1791

Use in other funerals and memorial services

19th-century musicians whose funerals or memorial services used Mozart's Requiem included Carl Fasch (1800); Giovanni Punto (1803); Joseph Haydn (1809); Jan Ladislav Dussek (1812); Giovanni Paisiello (1816); Andreas Romberg (1821); Johann Gottfried Schicht (1823); Carl Maria von Weber (1826); Ludwig van Beethoven (1827); Franz Schubert (1828); Alexandre-Étienne Choron (1834); Mme Blasis (1838); Ludwig Berger (1839); Frédéric Chopin (1849); Luigi Lablache (1858); Gioachino Rossini (1868); Hector Berlioz (1869); and Charles Hallé (1895). [5]

19th-century artists whose funerals or memorial services used Mozart's Requiem included Friedrich Schiller (1805); Heinrich Joseph von Collin (1811); Johann Franz Brockmann  [ de ] (1812); Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1832); and Peter von Cornelius (1867). [5]

Among other 19th-century figures whose funerals or memorial services used Mozart's Requiem included Carl Wilhelm Müller  [ de ] (1801); Jean Lannes, 1st Duc de Montebello (1810); Princess Charlotte of Wales (1817); Maria Isabel of Portugal (1819); August Hermann Niemeyer (1828); Thomas Weld (1837); Napoleon (1840); John England (1842); John Fane, 11th Earl of Westmorland (1860); and Nicholas Wiseman (1865). [5]

In 1989, Mozart's Requiem was used for the Requiem Mass of Zita of Bourbon-Parma, Empress-Consort of Austria and Queen Consort of Hungary. [6]

Related Research Articles

Anton Paul Stadler was an Austrian clarinet and basset horn player for whom Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote, amongst others, both his Clarinet Quintet and Clarinet Concerto. Stadler's name is inextricably linked to Mozart's compositions for these two instruments.

The year 1791 in music involved some significant events.

<i>La clemenza di Tito</i> Opera by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

La clemenza di Tito, K. 621, is an opera seria in two acts composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to an Italian libretto by Caterino Mazzolà, after Pietro Metastasio. Mozart began the work while he was finishing Die Zauberflöte, the last of his principal operas. La clemenza di Tito premiered on 6 September 1791 at the Estates Theatre in Prague.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Requiem (Mozart)</span> Mass composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in Vienna in 1791

The Requiem in D minor, K. 626, is a Requiem Mass by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791). Mozart composed part of the Requiem in Vienna in late 1791, but it was unfinished at his death on 5 December the same year. A completed version dated 1792 by Franz Xaver Süssmayr was delivered to Count Franz von Walsegg, who had commissioned the piece for a requiem service on 14 February 1792 to commemorate the first anniversary of the death of his wife Anna at the age of 20 on 14 February 1791.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Franz Xaver Süssmayr</span> Austrian composer and conductor

Franz Xaver Süssmayr was an Austrian composer and conductor. Popular in his day, he is now known primarily as the composer who completed Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's unfinished Requiem. In addition, there have been performances of Süssmayr's operas at Kremsmünster, and his secular political cantata (1796), Der Retter in Gefahr, SmWV 302, received its first full performance in over 200 years in June 2012 in a new edition by Mark Nabholz, conducted by Terrence Stoneberg. There are also CD recordings of his unfinished clarinet concerto, one of his German requiems, and his Missa Solemnis in D.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Franz von Walsegg</span> European noble (1763–1827)

Count Franz von Walsegg was a German aristocrat, living in Stuppach Castle near Gloggnitz, who is best remembered for having commissioned a requiem mass from Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1791 following the death of his twenty-year-old wife Anna. A Freemason and amateur musician, Walsegg had a penchant for commissioning works from composers of the day and then passing them off as his own in private performances. In his account of the commission of the requiem mass from Mozart, Anton Herzog states:

Herr Franz, Count von Walsegg... was a passionate lover of music and the theatre; hence, every week, on Tuesdays and Thursdays... quartets were played... So that we would not lack for new quartets, in view of so frequent productions of them, Herr Count not only procured all those publicly announced but was in touch with many composers, yet without ever revealing [their] identit[ies]... they delivered to him works of which he retained the sole ownership, and for which he paid well. To name one man, Herr Hoffmeister...

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Robert Levin (musicologist)</span>

Robert David Levin is an American classical pianist, musicologist, and composer who served as the artistic director of the Sarasota Music Festival from 2007 to 2017.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Emanuel Schikaneder</span> German actor and singer

Emanuel Schikaneder was a German impresario, dramatist, actor, singer, and composer. He wrote the libretto of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's opera The Magic Flute and was the builder of the Theater an der Wien. Peter Branscombe called him "one of the most talented theatre men of his era". Aside from Mozart, he worked with Salieri, Haydn and Beethoven.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Joseph Leopold Eybler</span> Austrian composer

Joseph Leopold Eybler was an Austrian composer and contemporary of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Constanze Mozart</span> Wife of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1762–1842)

Maria Constanze Cäcilia Josepha Johanna Aloysia Mozart was a trained Austrian singer. She was married twice, first to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart; then to Georg Nikolaus von Nissen. She and Mozart had six children: Karl Thomas Mozart, Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart, and four others who died in infancy. She became Mozart's biographer jointly with her second husband.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Horn Concerto No. 1 (Mozart)</span>

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Horn Concerto No. 1 in D major, K. (412+514)/386b was written in 1791. The work is in two movements. Unusually, each movement received a distinct number in the first edition of the Köchel catalogue:

  1. Allegro 4/4
  2. Rondo (Allegro) 6/8
<span class="mw-page-title-main">Death of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart</span> 1791 death of Austrian composer Mozart

On 5 December 1791, the composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart died at his home in Vienna, Austria, at the age of 35. The circumstances of his death have attracted much research and speculation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mozart family</span> Family of the Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

The Mozart family were the ancestors, relatives, and descendants of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. The earliest documents mentioning the name "Mozart", then spelled "Motzhart" or "Motzhardt", are from the Bavarian part of Swabia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Requiem (Michael Haydn)</span>

Michael Haydn wrote the Missa pro defuncto Archiepiscopo Sigismondo, or more generally Missa pro Defunctis, Klafsky I:8, MH 155, following the death of the Count Archbishop Sigismund von Schrattenbach in Salzburg in December 1771. Haydn completed the Requiem before the year was over, signing it "S[oli] D[eo] H[onor] et G[loria.] Salisburgi 31 Dicembre 1771." At the beginning of that year, his daughter Aloisia Josefa died. Historians believe "his own personal bereavement" motivated the composition. Contemporary materials which have survived to the present day include the autograph score found in Berlin, a set of copied parts with many corrections in Haydn's hand in Salzburg and another set at the Esterházy castle in Eisenstadt, and a score prepared by the Salzburg copyist Nikolaus Lang found in Munich.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mass in C major, K. 220 "Sparrow"</span>

The Sparrow Mass is a mass in C major K. 220/196b, Mass No. 9, Missa brevis No. 5, composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1775 or 1776 in Salzburg. The mass is sometimes termed a missa brevis et solemnis, because it is short in a simple structure as a missa brevis, but festively scored like a missa solemnis with brass and timpani in addition to four soloists, strings and organ. It was possibly first performed on 7 April 1776 in a mass for Easter at the Salzburg Cathedral. The nickname is derived from violin figures in the Hosanna which resemble bird chirping.

Joseph Leopold Eybler's Clarinet Concerto in B-flat major was written in 1798, probably for Mozart's clarinetist Anton Stadler. It is catalogued by Herrmann as HV 160.

This article lists some of the modern completions of the Requiem by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

Dietrich Berke was a German musicologist and Chief editor of the Bärenreiter music publishing house.


  1. Wolff, Christoph. Mozart's Requiem: historical and analytical studies, documents, score, 1998, University of California Press, p. 65
  2. Wolff, Christoph (1998). The New Bach Reader: A Life of Johann Sebastian Bach in Letters and Documents. New York: W. W. Norton.
  3. H. C. Robbins Landon, Mozart's Last Year, 1998, VII. 'Requiem for a country house', p. 81
  4. "What Musical Events did Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart Organize?". Myron Yusypovych. 2016.
  5. 1 2 3 Simon P. Keefe (2012). Mozart's Requiem: Reception, Work, Completion. Canmbridge UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 86. ISBN   978-0-521-19837-0.
  6. Funeral of Zita of Bourbon-Parma, 1989, Vienna on YouTube