Last updated
Tintamarre Fredericton 2010.jpg
Tintamarre noisemakers in Fredericton, New Brunswick in 2010
FrequencyAnnually and/or at gatherings of Acadians
Location(s) Acadia
CountryPrimarily Canada
Years active1955–present
Founded10 August 1955 (1955-08-10)
FounderNorbert Robichaud

Tintamarre is an Acadian tradition of marching through one's community making noise with improvised instruments and other noisemakers, usually in celebration of National Acadian Day. The term originates from the Acadian French word meaning "clangour" or "din". The practice is intended to demonstrate the vitality and solidarity of Acadian society, and to remind others of the presence of Acadians. It originated in the mid-twentieth century, likely inspired by an ancient French folk custom. [1] [2]



Tintamarre is a recent tradition established by people of Acadian descent in Canada in the mid-20th century, although it is believed to have been inspired by the ancient French folk custom of Charivari . [1] In 1955, during the commemorations of the 200th anniversary of the Expulsion of the Acadians, the Archbishop of Moncton, Norbert Robichaud, circulated an instruction sheet for the marking of the event. He advised families to kneel in outdoor prayer once the church bells began to ring, and he wrote:

Une fois la prière terminée, on fera pendant plusieurs minutes, un joyeux tintamarre de tout ce qui peut crier, sonner et faire du bruit: sifflets de moulin, klaxons d'automobiles, clochettes de bicyclettes, criards, jouets, etc. ("Once the prayer is finished, there will be a joyful tintamarre lasting for several minutes, featuring anything, everything and everyone that can make noise, shout and ring: mill whistles, car horns, bicycle bells, squawking objects, toys, etc.") [3]

René Lévesque, a Radio-Canada journalist, was in Moncton covering the commemoration of the Acadian deportation, and described the tintamarre in his report:

Écoutez encore, c'est la vie de l'Acadie française en 1955, deux siècles après la mort qu'on prévoyait. ("Listen! It is the sound of the heartbeat of French-speaking Acadia in 1955 - two centuries after it was supposed to have been extinguished.") [1]

In 1979, the Société Nationale des Acadiens sought to revive the Tintamarre for the celebrations in Caraquet, New Brunswick of the 375th anniversary of the founding of Acadia. [3] Organizers urged celebrants to reaffirm their Acadian identity loudly and clearly, so as to emphasize the slogan of the celebrations: On est venus c'est pour rester ("We've come back and we're here to stay"). In 1980, although there were no official efforts to organize any noisemaking, spontaneous Tintamarres were reported in Caraquet and in other Acadian communities in New Brunswick. By 1984, area newspapers noted discussions of holding "traditional Tintamarres" to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Flag of Acadia, even though the "tradition" was only a few decades old. [1]

The Tintamarre held during the 2009 Festival acadien in Caraquet involved 40,000 participants. [4]

Acadian symbol

The Tintamarre in Caraquet, New Brunswick in 2009 Tintamarre during National Acadian Day 2009, Caraquet New Brunswick.jpg
The Tintamarre in Caraquet, New Brunswick in 2009

Along with the Acadian flag and the hymn Ave Maris Stella , the Tintamarre has become widely recognized as an Acadian symbol. It has become an important part of National Acadian Day celebrations in Canada and of any other events affirming Acadian identity and accomplishments. In 2006, a Tintamarre was held to help inaugurate a new medical training program at the Université de Moncton; when asked why noisemaking had been included in an academic event, organizers explained that the Tintamarre was "an essential Acadian custom". [1] [3] [5]

A number of communities in Atlantic Canada, including Bouctouche, Moncton, Summerside, Caraquet, Clare and Chéticamp, hold annual Tintamarres, with the provincial governments of both New Brunswick and Nova Scotia promoting these events as tourist attractions. [6] The tradition has extended beyond Acadia, with Tintamarres being held to celebrate the Franco-Ontarian community in Hawkesbury, Ontario, [6] to launch the annual "Semaine de la Francophonie" in Toronto, [7] and to mark Acadian Week in the town of Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer, Calvados, France. [8] A Tintamarre was held on the Saint Leonard – Van Buren International Bridge on the Canada–United States border as part of the 2014 Acadian World Congress, which took place in the border counties of Aroostook in Maine, Témiscouata in Quebec, and Victoria, Madawaska and Restigouche in New Brunswick. [9] [10] The largest tintamarre parade is actually held in Bouctouche, New Brunswick, while in Caraquet, New Brunswick people gather in the streets to make noise, making more like a “foire” meaning a fair or festival.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Acadians</span> Descendants of the 17th-century French colonists who settled in Acadia

The Acadians are an ethnic group descended from the French who settled in the New France colony of Acadia during the 17th and 18th centuries. Most Acadians live in the Northern American region of Acadia, as it is the region where the descendants of a few Acadians who escaped the Expulsion of the Acadians re-settled. Most Acadians in Canada continue to live in majority French-speaking communities, notably those in New Brunswick where Acadians and Francophones are granted autonomy in areas such as education and health.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Acadia</span> Colony of New France in northeastern North America

Acadia was a colony of New France in northeastern North America which included parts of what are now the Maritime provinces, the Gaspé Peninsula and Maine to the Kennebec River. During much of the 17th and early 18th centuries, Norridgewock on the Kennebec River and Castine at the end of the Penobscot River were the southernmost settlements of Acadia. The French government specified land bordering the Atlantic coast, roughly between the 40th and 46th parallels. It was eventually divided into British colonies. The population of Acadia included the various indigenous First Nations that comprised the Wabanaki Confederacy, the Acadian people and other French settlers.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Antonine Maillet</span> Canadian writer and scholar

Antonine Maillet, is an Acadian novelist, playwright, and scholar. She was born in Bouctouche, New Brunswick, Canada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Brunswick Route 11</span> Highway in New Brunswick

Route 11 is a provincial highway in northeastern New Brunswick, Canada. The 440-kilometre (270 mi) road runs from Moncton to the Quebec border, near Campbellton, at the Matapédia Bridge, following the province's eastern and northern coastlines.

The Acadian World Congress, or Le Congrès Mondial Acadien, is a festival of Acadian and Cajun culture and history, held every five years. It is also informally known as the Acadian Reunion. Its creator was André Boudreau (1945-2005).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">UNI Financial Cooperation</span>

Caisse populaire acadienne ltée, operating as UNI Financial Cooperation, is a Francophone credit union based in New Brunswick, Canada whose members are primarily Acadians. UNI's administrative headquarters are in Caraquet on the Acadian Peninsula.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of the Acadians</span> Acadia viewed from a historical point of view

The Acadians are the descendants of 17th and 18th century French settlers in parts of Acadia in the northeastern region of North America comprising what is now the Canadian Maritime Provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, the Gaspé peninsula in eastern Québec, and the Kennebec River in southern Maine. The settlers whose descendants became Acadians primarily came from the southwestern and southern regions of France, historically known as Occitania, while some Acadians are claimed to be descended from the Indigenous peoples of the region. Today, due to assimilation, some Acadians may share other ethnic ancestries as well.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Phil Comeau</span>

Phil Comeau, CM is a Canadian film and television director, born in Saulnierville, Nova Scotia. He lives in Moncton, New Brunswick and Montreal, Quebec.

<i>LAcadie Nouvelle</i>

L'Acadie Nouvelle is an independent French newspaper published in Caraquet, New Brunswick, Canada since June 6, 1984. It is published from Monday through Saturday and is the only French-language daily newspaper in New Brunswick.

Festival international du cinéma francophone en Acadie, or FICFA, is a francophone international film festival held annually in Moncton, New Brunswick.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Léonard Forest</span> Canadian filmmaker and writer (born 1928)

Léonard Forest is an Acadian filmmaker, poet and essayist. He was born in Massachusetts, United States, and grew up in Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Caraquet</span> Town in New Brunswick, Canada

Caraquet is a town in Gloucester County, New Brunswick, Canada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Acadian cuisine</span> Cuisine of the Acadian people

Acadian cuisine comprises the traditional dishes of the Acadian people. It is primarily seen in the present-day cultural region of Acadia. Acadian cuisine has been influenced by the Deportation of the Acadians, proximity to the ocean, the Canadian winter, bad soil fertility, the cuisine of Quebec, American cuisine, and English cuisine, among other factors.

Françoise Enguehard a French-speaking author from Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon who now resides in Canada. She served as president of the National Society of Acadia from 2006 to 2012 and is the current president of the National Acadian Foundation. She and her husband have been involved in promoting the history and education about Acadian people, through the development of schools. She speaks throughout the French-speaking countries to promote French culture. She received the rank of Knight in the Order of La Pléiade in 2011 and was honored as a knight in the Legion of Honour, France's highest award, in 2015 for her commitment to preserving the heritage of Acadians and Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon.

Corinne Gallant was a Canadian professor emeritus and feminist. She held the office of Vice-Dean of the Faculty of Arts and director of the philosophy program at the Université de Moncton. As a feminist leader, she co-chaired a working committee that led to the creation of the New Brunswick Advisory Council on the Status of Women and chaired the Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women. She was made a member of the Order of Canada in 1988 and received the Order of Moncton in 2012.

Louis Haché was a Canadian writer considered to be one of the great Acadian novelists.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Les Hôtesses d'Hilaire</span> Canadian rock band

Les Hôtesses d'Hilaire is a Canadian rock band based in Moncton, New Brunswick.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Acadia (region)</span> Region in Canada

Acadia is a North American cultural region in the Maritime provinces of Canada where approximately 300,000 French-speaking Acadians live. The region lacks clear or formal borders; it is usually considered to be the north and east of New Brunswick as well as a few isolated localities in Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia. Some also include a few localities in Quebec and/or Maine.

Mathilda Blanchard was a Canadian labour leader. She was nicknamed la pasionaria acadienne due to her engagement and defense of Acadian workers in New Brunswick, particularly in the seafood trade.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sainte-Anne-du-Bocage Sanctuary</span> Catholic sanctuary located in Caraquet, Canada.

Sainte-Anne-du-Bocage, or simply Le Bocage, is a Catholic sanctuary in Caraquet, New Brunswick (Canada).


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Labelle, Ronald. "Tintamarre: a New Acadian "Tradition"". Encyclopedia of French Cultural Heritage in North America. Archived from the original on 2013-11-11. Retrieved September 3, 2010.
  2. Nabuurs, Jody (August 16, 2010). "Acadians gather in Caraquet to mark Tintamarre". Telegraph-Journal . Retrieved September 3, 2010.
  3. 1 2 3 "Le Tintamarre". Cyber Acadie. Archived from the original on 2014-04-09. Retrieved September 3, 2010.
  4. "History". Festival acadien de Caraquet. Archived from the original on 2014-04-13. Retrieved 11 April 2014. The 2009 Tintamarre, which drew 40,000 participants, will forever be remembered as the largest gathering of its type in Acadian history!
  5. Hanlon, Michael (June 16, 2001). "Joyful hullaballoo greets visitors to Acadian festival". Toronto Star . p. L.14.
  6. 1 2 Millette, Dominique. "Tintamarre". The Canadian Encyclopedia . Historica Dominion Institute. Archived from the original on 2014-04-13. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  7. Hinkson, Kamila (20 March 2013). "Semaine de la Francophonie kicks off in Toronto". Archived from the original on 2014-04-13. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  8. "Grand tintamarre". Calvados Tourisme. Conseil Général du Calvados. Archived from the original on 2014-04-13. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  9. Olmstead, Kathryn (10 April 2014). "Van Buren, Canadian towns reach across border to get ready for World Acadian Congress in August". Bangor Daily News . Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  10. Olmstead, Kathryn (14 August 2014). "Moved by the Acadian celebration". Bangor Daily News . Archived from the original on 2014-08-20. Retrieved 14 August 2014.